Tải bản đầy đủ - 0 (trang)
Figure 2.2 - The Target Marketing Process

Figure 2.2 - The Target Marketing Process

Tải bản đầy đủ - 0trang

Market Segmentation

 Dividing a market into distinct groups with common 

needs, who respond similarly to a marketing situation

 Criteria

 Geographic segmentation: Markets are divided into 

different geographic units

 Demographic segmentation: Dividing the market on 

the basis age, sex, family size, education, income, and 

social class

 Psychographic segmentation: Dividing the market on 

the basis of personality, lifecycles, and/or lifestyles

Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of

McGraw-Hill Education.



5



Bases for Market Segmentation

Behavioristic segmentation

• Dividing consumers into groups according to

their usage, loyalties, or buying responses to

a product

• 80-20 rule: 20 percent of buyers account for

80 percent of sales volume

Benefit segmentation

• Grouping of consumers on the basis of

attributes sought in a product

Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of

McGraw-Hill Education.



6



Selecting Target Market 

Determine how many segments to

enter



Determine which segments offer

the most potential



Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of

McGraw-Hill Education.



7



Market Coverage Alternatives

Undifferentiated marketing

• Ignoring segment differences and offering just one product

or service to the entire market



Differentiated marketing

• Involves marketing in a number of segments, developing

separate marketing strategies for each



Concentrated marketing

• Selecting a segment and attempting to capture a large

share of this market

Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of

McGraw-Hill Education.



8



Positioning Strategies



Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of

McGraw-Hill Education.



9



Repositioning

 Altering a product’s or brand’s position due to: 

 Declining or stagnant sales

 Anticipated opportunities in other market positions



 Difficult to accomplish because of entrenched 

perceptions and attitudes toward the product or 

brand



Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of

10

McGraw-Hill Education.



Product Decisions

 Product symbolism: Refers to:

 What a product or brand means to consumers

 What consumers experience in purchasing and using a 

product



 Branding

 Building and maintaining a favorable identity of the 

company and its products



 Packaging

 Provides functional benefits such as economy, 

protection, and storage

Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of

11

McGraw-Hill Education.



Branding

Builds and maintains brand awareness and interest

Develops and enhances attitudes toward the company or

product

Builds relationships between the consumer and the brand

Brand identity: Combination of name, logo, symbols,

design, packaging, and image of associations held by

consumers

Brand equity: Intangible asset of added value



Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of

12

McGraw-Hill Education.



Price Decisions

 Price variable ­ Refers to what the consumer has to 

give in exchange for a purchase

 Factors that determine price

 Costs

 Demand factors 

 Competition

 Perceived value

 Product quality

 Advertising

Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of

13

McGraw-Hill Education.



Marketing Channels 

 Interdependent organizations involved in making a 

product or service available for use 

 Direct channels: Directly deal with customers

 Driven by direct­response ads, telemarketing, the 

Internet

 Used when selling expensive and complex products



 Indirect channels: Network of wholesalers and/or 

retailers

Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of

14

McGraw-Hill Education.



Promotional Push Strategies

 Programs designed to persuade the trade to stock, 

merchandise and promote a manufacturer’s 

products

 Goal

 Push the product through the channels of 

distribution by selling and promoting it 



 Trade advertising: Used to motivate wholesalers 

and retailers to purchase products for resale

Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of

15

McGraw-Hill Education.



Tài liệu bạn tìm kiếm đã sẵn sàng tải về

Figure 2.2 - The Target Marketing Process

Tải bản đầy đủ ngay(0 tr)

×