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Exhibit 5-4: Examples of Country Risk Ratings Ranked by Composite Overall Rating, Jan. 2015

Exhibit 5-4: Examples of Country Risk Ratings Ranked by Composite Overall Rating, Jan. 2015

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Exhibit 5-4: Examples of Country Risk

Ratings Ranked by Composite Overall

Rating, Jan. 2015



Continued

Chapter 5



Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons,

Inc.



12



Exhibit 5-4: Examples of Country Risk

Ratings Ranked by Composite Overall

Rating, Jan. 2015



Continued

Chapter 5



Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons,

Inc.



13



Exhibit 5-4: Examples of Country Risk

Ratings Ranked by Composite Overall

Rating, Jan. 2015



Chapter 5



Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons,

Inc.



14



3. Terrorism and the World Economy

• According to an IMF study, the September 11, 2001

terrorist attacks in New York and Washington D.C.

resulted in a direct loss of $21.4 billion.

• The short-term lost economic output was estimated

as $47 billion.

• The stock market lost $1.7 trillion.

• Terrorist activities and military skirmishes disrupt

international movement of supplies and

merchandise as well as international financial flow

and tourism.

Chapter 5



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Inc.



15



4. International Agreements

• Group of Seven (G7) is an economic policy

coordination group made up of political leaders from

Canada, England, France, Germany, Italy, Japan,

and the United States.

• Group of Eight (G8) consists of G7 and Russia.

• Group of Twenty (G20) expanded G8 in 1999 to

bring industrialized and developing economies

together to promote economic growth and

international financial stability in the global economy

at the ministerial level.

Wassenaar Arrangement was founded in 1995 as

Copyright

â 2017 John Wiley

& Sons,

a 5multilateral export

control

agreement

on

Chapter

16

Inc.



5. International Law and

Local Legal Environment

• International Law, or “the law of nations,” may be

defined as a body of rules that is binding on states

and other international persons in their mutual

relations. It comes from three main sources:

– Customs

– International treaties

– Court decisions



• Local Legal Systems and Laws

– Business Practices and the Legal System



Chapter 5



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Exhibit 5-6: Legal Issues Facing the

Company



Chapter 5



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5. International Law and

Local Legal Environments

– Regulations on E-Commerce

• Privacy Issues



– Types of Legal Systems

• Common Law

• Code (written) Law

• Islamic Law (Sharia)



– Examples of Different Laws

• Criminal Law

• Civil Law

• Commercial Law



Chapter 5



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5. International Law and

Local Legal Environments

– Cultural Values and Legal Systems

• Japan’s population of lawyers is low as legal

confrontations are very rare.

• In the U.S., emphasis is on explicit contracts and a

reliance on the legal system is high.

• In China, relationships (guanxi) and verbal contracts

are important.

• In Brazil, Jeitinho is used to find solutions outside the

legal contract on a case-by-case basis.



• Jurisdiction

– Planning Ahead

– Arbitration and Enforcement

Chapter 5



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Exhibit 5-7: The Number of Lawyers

per 100,000 Residents



Chapter 5



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6. Issues Transcending National Boundaries

• ISO 9000 certification has become an essential

marketing tool for firms.

• ISO 14000 is based on the principle of selfregulation, thereby minimizing surveillance and

sanctions by the EPA and its state-level

counterparts.

• Intellectual Property Protection

– TRIPS (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property

Rights)

– Patent (“first-to-file” and “first-to-invent” principles)

Chapter 5



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Inc.



22



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Exhibit 5-4: Examples of Country Risk Ratings Ranked by Composite Overall Rating, Jan. 2015

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