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V. Major Finding and Discussion
development of the technology in education, after collecting data about technology use,
we had to show them in the chart below.
Chart 1: Usage of technology in universities
Looking at the bar chart, we can see that most students and teachers (86% of students
and 75% of the teachers who do this survey) said that their universities are using
technology in learning and teaching. It means that the technology is very common in
education at the University. Only a small portion of students and teachers surveyed said
that their universities have not yet to apply technology to the study, account for 14% of
the students and 25% of teachers surveyed.
Although studying and teaching in the technology environment, not all students and
teachers would also be satisfied with the use of technology in schools. Based on the
survey data, we have reviews and show it in the chart below.
Chart 2: The percentage of interviewee who satisfy or not about technology use in
Throughout this chart, we can see that the percentage of students satisfied with the
quality of the technology in the universiy is 52% nearby the percentage of students who
not satisfied with this, account for 48%. This means that the quality of using technology
in university that we do survey have not yet good enough to satisfied the students. In
contrast, the majority of teacher satisfied with the quality of the technology in their
university with two-thirds of teachers (67%) of satisfaction and a third of the teachers
were not satisfied. Throughout this question, we can see that the number of students
who are satisfied and not satisfied were constituted and the majority of teachers satisfied
with quality of technology in their university.
5.1.2 Kinds of technology often used in classroom
Technology is considered as an instructional tool on business in general and education
in particularly. Technology has integrated into classroom in so many ways. In this report,
we had pointed out some kinds of technology often used in class and showed the
difference data about technology that often used in classroom.
Chart 3: Kinds of technology that often used
This pie chart gives information about kinds of technology that often used in university.
As is observed from the pie chart, we can see that the computer is the device are both
students and teachers use a variety of learning and teaching in the universities, with
42% of the students and 33% teachers choose to use regularly. Next, cellphone is the
device often used in learning with 45% of the students surveyed choose this answer.
8% of students admitted that they often use video recorder in their studies and only 5%
of students said they frequently used the projection screen in the study. , most teachers
account for 42% asserted that they often use a projection screen in the teaching and
25% of teachers choose answers other, which could mention the answers as they often
use the technology tools such as the digital equipment, digital network, internet services
or support software such as Microsoft Excel or Powerpoint.
In conclusion, there are some difference between students and teachers in the choice of
using the equipment. This comes from their purpose use is different so the regular use of
a device is also different.
Consumption of technology per day
Chart 4: Frequency of using technology per day
Based on the chart above, it can be easily to see that the majority of teachers
(account for 58.33%) said they often spend 3-5 hours per day for the using technology
for learning and teaching. Besides, there are up to 25% of teachers said they spend
more than 5 hours for use of instructional media technology and 16.67% of teachers
admitted that they spent 1-3 hours for the use of technology. Surprisingly, there are no
teacher would use the technology less than 1 hour per day for teaching. It can be seen
that teachers often spend most of their time in the use of technology to teach school. To
explain for this issue, we have directly interviewed teachers to know why they spend as
much time as such. The majority of teachers said that most of the lessons that they
teach all have to resort to the devices of technology to support and they have to teach
average 2-5 lessons per day. This is one of the reason make they have to spend a lot of
time for the use of technology in teaching.
On the other hand, the majority of students (approximately 42%) said that they
usually spend an average of 1-3 hours for the use of technology in learning. Besides,
students spend from 3-5 hours for the use of the technology are also quite big ,
accounting for 35.6% and 17.8% students said that they often spend more than 5 hours
to use the technology. Only a small portion of students with 4.95% stated that they often
spend less than 1 hour for the use of technology in learning equipment. Based on the
interview results, the majority of students complain that they have quite a lot of
homework so students must spend a lot of time in using technology to support their
Barrier when they applying technology in university .
Not all students and teachers can use technological devices easily, they also
have a number of barriers in applying technology in university. The researcher has data
and show it in this table below:
Lack of technical support
Resistance to change
Lack of training
on this data from this table, it is noticed that 25.75% of students said that they met
obstacles due to lack of technical support, 14.85% of students thought that they resist to
change, 27.72% of students admitted that their barrier when applying technology on
learning is insufficient infrastructure and 31.68% said that they lack of training for some
special technology tools. Figures collected from the teacher also has the same
percentage of students. The majority of teachers ( account for 41.67%) said that they
lack of training when using technology on teaching, 16.67% of teachers said they afraid
to change the method of teaching, 16.67% of teachers thought that they have difficulties
in using technology on learning due to they lack of infrastructure and 25% of teachers
said they met obstacles due to lack of technical support.
5.2 The advantages and disadvantages of using technology on learning environment
Chart 5: The advantage of using technology on learning environment
As is observe from this bar chart, the majority of both teachers and students
(account for 33.4% and 36.63% respectively) agree that the greatest benefit of the
technology is to bring the rich resources unlimited. In addition, 18.81% of students and
25% of teachers think the biggest benefit of the application of technology in education is
to create more motivated at work. Some students and teachers thought that the biggest
benefit is to help users with improve skills necessary to serve as a foundation for the
future. A small percentage accounted for 6.93% of students think that the benefits of
technology that saves precious resources. Finally, there is 9.91% of students and 25% of
teachers choose different answers. Combined with the results collected from the
interview survey, its may include a number of other benefits such as improve retention
information, save time, make learning and teaching become more interested and easier.
Moreover, a number of teachers interview also said that technology helps them to make
their work become more simplie, they can easily calculate the average score of students
in software excel or ease out exercises, discussion or connect with students by using
Chart 6: The disadvantage of using technology on learning environment
This bar chart gives information about disadvantages of using technology on
university in Hanoi. As we can see from this bar chart, the majority of students and
teachers (account for 44.5% of students and 33% teachers) admitted that the most
disadvantage of using technology on university is distraction. To better understand about
this problem, the researcher had done interview question. The majority of teachers and
students when asked about the described disadvantage of applying technology in
education, they said that using technology makes them easy distract and neglect
teaching and learning. When using the equipment and technology they easily fall into
other purposes, such as entertainment and easy to forget the main purpose. In addition,
15.84% of students said that using technology can foster cheating in university.
Technology abetting fraudulent check and increase the rate of students cheating (Shahla
Simin et al, 2013). Subsequently, 11.88% students and 16.67% teachers said that
technology can do hinder some basic skill. For example, when users abuse the
technology and spend much of their time to use it, it is easily to lose social skills such as
communication skills and be harmful to their lives in the long time. 14.85% students and
33.3% teachers believe that the use of technology can lead to inappropriate access.
They can inapproriate access to the information and sometimes its may have unsuitable
content. Finally, there are 12.87% students and 16.67% teachers choose different
answers. Combined with the results of interview methods, it can mention some other
damage they cited as sources of information are not reliable, the quality of information
they find may not be good and especially some interviewee believes that technology can
replace teachers in the future.
1. For students
For many students, learning is really boring and they only learned of the
compulsory situation. With the assistance of technology, it has been partially solved this
problem. First, the learning of the students seems to become easier with modern
technology equipment such as computers, mobile phones, ... Instead of manually
calculating complex formulas and easily confused, students can use directly the
computer with tools such as Microsoft Office Excel or SPSS and instantly they get
accurate results. However, not everyone is proficient in accessing and using it.
Therefore, providing all students with the knowledge and access to appropriate
technologies is essential. (Courduff, 2011). To accomplish this, the teacher can use and
specific instructions about the technology tools as part of the lesson. In the case of the
restricted hours, the teacher can have the extra class is the tutorial class to devote
whole sessions to tutorials about technology that pertains to subjects. On the other
hand, to have an environment of modern learning, schools should invest facilities
infrastructure with full technological machinery necessary to connect the Internet to the
learning process is favorable and students can search for learning materials anytime.
(Tutkun, 2011). In case the student can access to the software and the website without
permission, it should be disabled and limited access to the software and the site to avoid
taking advantage of technology and the neglected influence results the set of students.
2. For teacher
Teachers should be allowed to set contacts to consultants, updated many models
and different pedagogical curriculum through technology. This not only helps teachers
have more knowledge than what they had, learn more from the foreign professors and
also help for their lectures became so compelling, attract more students. Besides,
schools should use technology that empowers teachers. Media platforms such as
Twitter, Facebook, Email allows for increased interaction between teachers and
students. (Aỗkaln, 2009)
3. Other recommendations:
To find out how to use technology effectively, we have conducted a survey with
teachers and students about ways to use technology effofectively and it obtained the
Do not misuse
As we observe from this table, the majority of students and teachers said that the
best way to use có technology most effectively is do not misuse on using technolgy.
Besides, 11.88% students and 16.67% teachers thought that improving information
transfer is the best recommendation to use technology effectively. Moreover, 15.84%
students and 8.33% teachers believed that support active learning is the way to use
technology effectively. Finally, 10.9% students and 25% teachers said that to use
technology effectively, we should diversify to our teaching and learning.
Some other suggestions we received from the interview survey as schools
should encourage students and teachers to use the technology and organization of
classroom instruction using technology.
The implementation report encountering some limitations as follows: Since time
is limited, the researcher can not do surveys with many students and teachers, this leads
to the sample size may be inaccurate when representatives for students and teachers in
universities. There is probability of a few mistake to a limited extent. Through this report,
its may have noticed that technology have a greatly affect to the quality of teaching and
learning in universities. Its direct impact on the outcome of the students in particular and
the process of teaching and learning in general. Its bring lots of benefits for both
teachers and students but if they do not use information technology properly,its will
cause some detrimental to them. Throughout this study, we hope readers can learn and
draw out the experience to use technology information most effectively.
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