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III. Some tips on teaching vocabulary.
c. Realia : use real things.
teacher brings clock , chair , telephone, an apple, flowers………. Into the class )
Ex: apple (n):
Teacher points the envelope and ask : “ What’s this ?”
d. Situation / Explanation : Teacher use real situation.
Ex : invent (v):
Teacher ask: Who is Thomas Edinson?
- He invented the elictric bulb.
e. Examples : Give examples.
Ex: disease (n)
Teacher tells names of some diseases such as headache,
toothache, broken heart, lung cancer,....These are diseases.
f. Synoyms / antonyms :
Ex : bad # good , quick # slow
sick = ill
g. Translation: Use this way to present abstract words.
Teacher: How do you say “phát minh” in English?
Student : invent (v)
1.2. Modelling : Teacher reads word loudly and clearly.
Ex: “ Listen to me , disease.............disease.....................disease................”
* Choral repetition : Students repeat word which teacher has read.
T : “ Class, listen and repeat...................
SS : disease
T : Again, please !
SS : disease ( 3 times )”
* Individual repetition :
T: Nam, again
Nam : disease
T : Long
Long : disease
1.3. Checking pronunciation: Check students' pronunciation.
Long : “disease”
T : No, listen to me “ Disease / z/ not /s/”
Long : “ disease”
1.4. Copying, checking meaning: Teacher writes the word on the board and ask
students copy down on their notebooks.
T : Copy this, please! “ disease” in Vietnamese ?
SS : căn bệnh
1.5. Checking stress, form, use.
T : “ disease / ‘dizi:z/ or disease / di’zi:z/”
SS : disease /di’zi:z/
T : noun or verb ?
SS : noun
1.6. Checking understanding:
After presenting new words, teacher is able to use some techniques to check
a. Rub out and remember : After students write new words, teacher
asks them to close their notebooks.
+ Delete some English words, point to Vietnamese meaning and
“ What’s this in English ?”
+ Ask students to write English words on the board.
(n) : máy khâu
(v) : khâu vá
(v) : thử
b. Slap the board :
+ T elicits and write all words on the board ( may use Vietnamese or pictures)
+ Call two teams.
+ Teacher reads, students slap the board.
+ Student who slaps first gets a point. Team that has more points is the winner.
c. What and where :
+ The teacher prompts and repeats the learned words.
+ Write the words on the board and circle them.
+ After writing all new words, teacher deletes the words and
leaves the circles.
+ Teacher points to each circle on the board.
+ Students repeat and remember the position of each word.
+ Teacher put student up on the board and fill in the correct
how to use
be interested in
d. Matching :
+ Teacher asks syudents to write six new words on a piece of
+ Teacher reads some words. If it matches with your words,
students mark the piece of paper.
+ Students who mark six words will shout "Bingo" and is the
f. Pelmanism: This technique may be used to teach verb infinitive, past or past
participles, synonyms and antonyms.
was / were
g. Ordering Vocabulary: After introducing the new words, the teacher reads a
paragraph containing the new words, but not in the correct order on the board.
Students listeb and number 1, 2, 3.... on the words that they hear .
Some above techniques are able to apply for all students. They can remember
both words and the meaning of words.
2. Practice the use of the word.
In class, teacher usually has no private lesson to practice using words. However,
vocabularies can be practiced in grammar period, reading, listening, further
practice, warm-up and speaking. For example, in grammar lesson, the teacher
guides students how to use words through grammar structure, using adjectives
and adverbs. (Unit 13: Period 81. A3,5. Sports)
He is a good soccer player. He plays soccer well
Or let students substitutes the elements of the sentence in his
or her language to form a maeningfull sentence.
Ex : I’d like to buy some stamps and envelopes
S1: I’d like to buy a phone card
S2: I’d like to buy some meat
a. Odd one out:
Literature - author, writing, paintings, stories
History - basketball games, famous people, world events, important days
Science - experiments, meter, preposition, temperature
English - words, verbs, England, pronouns
b. Matching: Match the verbs to the correct phrases
c. Gap - fill:
+ Ex1: Add the mising verbs to complete the recipe
(1) Slice the beef
(2)......... the green pepper and onions ( slice )
( heat )
( stir - fry )
(5)..........some soy sauce to the dish
( add )
( cook )
(7)..........salt to the the spinach
+ Ex2 : Use the words given to complete the following sentences
(1) Your............... is 37 degree celsius.
(2) They filled in their medical..................
(3) The students are having a.................... check - up.
(4) I’d like to weigh you. Would you stand on the..................., please ?
(5) We are sitting in the .................... to wait for the doctor.
(6) I’m 40 kilos. The nurse ..................... me.
Answer key :
(5) waiting room
+ Ex3 : Fill in the gaps with correct letters
(1) h- - rd- e- - er
( hairdresser )
(2) dr- - sm- k- r
( dressmaker )
(3) h- bb( hobby )
(4) c- sh- - n
( cushion )
(5) m- ter- - l
( material )
d. Sentence making :
Ex : Make sentences using these following phrases
- play basketball ( I like playing basketball )
- some coffee
( Would you like some coffee ? )
- go to the beach ( Let’s go to the beach )
- go shopping
( I usually go shopping with my mother on Sunday )
- listen to music
( What about listening to music ? )
e.Multiple choice :
(1) What’s your ( height / kilos / weight ) ? - I’m 40 kilos
(2) The medicines can relieve the ( symptoms / fever / temperature )
(3) The common cold is a common ( sickness / disease / pain )
(4) He got a ( note / paper / form ) from the doctor
(5) What was ( problem / matter / wrong ) with her ?
f. Story, text, picture retelling: After reading or listening a text, a story, the
teacher asks students to retell by their own language or use pictures to retell that
Ex : Part A2 ( P. 87 - Unit 9 ), teacher asks students to retell the
Robinson's trip to Nha Trang based on pictures on page 88. This
exercise helps students revise the words as well as the meaning
. Grouping: The teacher writes a list of about twenty words and
then asks students to group words with different topics.
Ex : Put these words into 2 groups : sports and diseases
baseball, roller - skating, temperature, roller - blading, symtoms, headache,
badminton, swimming, tennis, stomachache, toothache, basketball, common
cold, skateboarding, volleyball,...
baseball, roller – skating, tennis
roller – blading, badminton, swimming
basketball, skateboarding, volleyball
temperature, symptoms, headache,
stomachache, toothache, common cold
h. Arrangement : Ask students to arrange the words into the sentence.
visit / should/ You / grandmother/ your
dinner / fish / we / have/ for / lunch / our / and / often
very / are / good / your / for / health/ vegetables
chicken / likes / and / does / so / Mai / Hoa
in / vacation / starts / June / Our / months / for/ lasts / and / three
+ Answer key :
(1) You should visit your grandmother
(2) We often have fish for our lunch and dinner
(3) Vegetables are very good for your health
(4) Mai likes chicken and so does Hoa
(5) Our vacation starts in June and lasts for three months
3. Wordgames :
Get students have fun with the lesson and avoid stress, the
teacher should apply some games in section Warm-up or at the
end of the lesson in order to help them have more chance to
practice words and urge their learning spirit.
a. Bingo .
Ex: Show the pictures. Teacher asks students to write the
activities in the pictures.
- Activities: read, listen to music, skip rope, watch TV, play
soccer, play video games, play badminton
c. Jumbled words :
athm ( math )
ishryto ( history )
phygeogra ( geography )
sicalphy ucaedtion ( physical education )
d. Crossword puzzle:
Ex : “ At the post office” -Unit 8 .
give, sing, talk, stop
wait, clean, think, listen, sit, eat
f. Shark attact / Hang man :
It is the name of thing in the house
- - - - - - - - - - ( Television )
--------( Telephone )
4. Expansion of vocabulary for students.
Ex: Some words relate to “cook”, :
stir - fry
b Theme words.
c.Synonyms and Antonyms.
careful # careless
quick # slow
d. Prefixes and suffixes.
-Prefix: tell - retell ( TiÒn tè “re, do” mang nghĩa ngợc lại )
do - undo
- Suffix : quick - quickly ( Adj + ly = Adv )
work - worker ( V + er = N chỉ tác nhân )
e. Compound words.
Ex: ten - minute break
number + N = Adj
f. Game “ building house ”
- Teacher give the word “ good”, ends “ d”. Students find word
that starts with "d" and continue.