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III. Some tips on teaching vocabulary.

III. Some tips on teaching vocabulary.

Tải bản đầy đủ - 0trang

c. Realia : use real things.

teacher brings clock , chair , telephone, an apple, flowers………. Into the class )



Ex: apple (n):

Teacher points the envelope and ask : “ What’s this ?”

d. Situation / Explanation : Teacher use real situation.

Ex : invent (v):

Teacher ask: Who is Thomas Edinson?

- He invented the elictric bulb.

e. Examples : Give examples.

Ex: disease (n)

Teacher tells names of some diseases such as headache,

toothache, broken heart, lung cancer,....These are diseases.

f. Synoyms / antonyms :

Ex : bad # good , quick # slow

sick = ill

g. Translation: Use this way to present abstract words.

Teacher: How do you say “phát minh” in English?

Student : invent (v)

1.2. Modelling : Teacher reads word loudly and clearly.

Ex: “ Listen to me , disease.............disease.....................disease................”

* Choral repetition : Students repeat word which teacher has read.

Ex :

T : “ Class, listen and repeat...................

SS : disease

T : Again, please !

SS : disease ( 3 times )”

* Individual repetition :

Ex:

T: Nam, again

Nam : disease

T : Long

Long : disease

1.3. Checking pronunciation: Check students' pronunciation.

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Ex:

Long : “disease”

T : No, listen to me “ Disease / z/ not /s/”

Long : “ disease”

1.4. Copying, checking meaning: Teacher writes the word on the board and ask

students copy down on their notebooks.

Ex :

T : Copy this, please! “ disease” in Vietnamese ?

SS : căn bệnh

1.5. Checking stress, form, use.

Ex:

T : “ disease / ‘dizi:z/ or disease / di’zi:z/”

SS : disease /di’zi:z/

T : noun or verb ?

SS : noun

1.6. Checking understanding:

After presenting new words, teacher is able to use some techniques to check

students' understanding.

a. Rub out and remember : After students write new words, teacher

asks them to close their notebooks.

+ Delete some English words, point to Vietnamese meaning and

ask:

“ What’s this in English ?”

+ Ask students to write English words on the board.

Ex:

(n) : máy khâu

(v) : khâu vá

(v) : thử

b. Slap the board :

+ T elicits and write all words on the board ( may use Vietnamese or pictures)

+ Call two teams.

+ Teacher reads, students slap the board.

+ Student who slaps first gets a point. Team that has more points is the winner.

Ex :

Physical

education

Music

Geography



Physics



Biology



Chemistry



c. What and where :

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+ The teacher prompts and repeats the learned words.

+ Write the words on the board and circle them.

+ After writing all new words, teacher deletes the words and

leaves the circles.

+ Teacher points to each circle on the board.

+ Students repeat and remember the position of each word.

+ Teacher put student up on the board and fill in the correct

word.

Ex :

map



how to use



use



last



be interested in



computer science



d. Matching :

Ex :



e.Bingo :

+ Teacher asks syudents to write six new words on a piece of

paper.

+ Teacher reads some words. If it matches with your words,

students mark the piece of paper.

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+ Students who mark six words will shout "Bingo" and is the

winner.

f. Pelmanism: This technique may be used to teach verb infinitive, past or past

participles, synonyms and antonyms.



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Ex :

1

go



2

have



3

talk



4

visit



buy



be



went



had



talked

d

9



visted



bought



was / were



10



11



7



8



5



6



12



g. Ordering Vocabulary: After introducing the new words, the teacher reads a

paragraph containing the new words, but not in the correct order on the board.

Students listeb and number 1, 2, 3.... on the words that they hear .

Some above techniques are able to apply for all students. They can remember

both words and the meaning of words.

2. Practice the use of the word.

In class, teacher usually has no private lesson to practice using words. However,

vocabularies can be practiced in grammar period, reading, listening, further

practice, warm-up and speaking. For example, in grammar lesson, the teacher

guides students how to use words through grammar structure, using adjectives

and adverbs. (Unit 13: Period 81. A3,5. Sports)

He is a good soccer player. He plays soccer well

bad

badly

careful

carefully

skillful

skillfully

quick

quickly

Or let students substitutes the elements of the sentence in his

or her language to form a maeningfull sentence.

Ex : I’d like to buy some stamps and envelopes

S1: I’d like to buy a phone card

S2: I’d like to buy some meat

a. Odd one out:

Literature - author, writing, paintings, stories

History - basketball games, famous people, world events, important days

Science - experiments, meter, preposition, temperature

English - words, verbs, England, pronouns

b. Matching: Match the verbs to the correct phrases

Play

an essay

Use

the refrigerator

Do

the guitar

Repair

experiments

Write

a computer

c. Gap - fill:

+ Ex1: Add the mising verbs to complete the recipe

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(1) Slice the beef

(2)......... the green pepper and onions ( slice )

(3)..........the pan

( heat )

(4)..........the beef

( stir - fry )

(5)..........some soy sauce to the dish

( add )

(6)..........rice

( cook )

(7)..........salt to the the spinach

( add)

+ Ex2 : Use the words given to complete the following sentences

medical



records



temperature



waiting room



scales



weighed



(1) Your............... is 37 degree celsius.

(2) They filled in their medical..................

(3) The students are having a.................... check - up.

(4) I’d like to weigh you. Would you stand on the..................., please ?

(5) We are sitting in the .................... to wait for the doctor.

(6) I’m 40 kilos. The nurse ..................... me.

Answer key :

(1) temperature

(2) records

(3) medical

(4) scales

(5) waiting room

(6) weighed

+ Ex3 : Fill in the gaps with correct letters

(1) h- - rd- e- - er

( hairdresser )

(2) dr- - sm- k- r

( dressmaker )

(3) h- bb( hobby )

(4) c- sh- - n

( cushion )

(5) m- ter- - l

( material )

d. Sentence making :

Ex : Make sentences using these following phrases

- play basketball ( I like playing basketball )

- some coffee

( Would you like some coffee ? )

- go to the beach ( Let’s go to the beach )

- go shopping

( I usually go shopping with my mother on Sunday )

- listen to music

( What about listening to music ? )

e.Multiple choice :

Ex :

(1) What’s your ( height / kilos / weight ) ? - I’m 40 kilos

(2) The medicines can relieve the ( symptoms / fever / temperature )

(3) The common cold is a common ( sickness / disease / pain )

(4) He got a ( note / paper / form ) from the doctor

(5) What was ( problem / matter / wrong ) with her ?

f. Story, text, picture retelling: After reading or listening a text, a story, the

teacher asks students to retell by their own language or use pictures to retell that

story.

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Ex : Part A2 ( P. 87 - Unit 9 ), teacher asks students to retell the

Robinson's trip to Nha Trang based on pictures on page 88. This

exercise helps students revise the words as well as the meaning

of words.



g

. Grouping: The teacher writes a list of about twenty words and

then asks students to group words with different topics.

Ex : Put these words into 2 groups : sports and diseases

baseball, roller - skating, temperature, roller - blading, symtoms, headache,

badminton, swimming, tennis, stomachache, toothache, basketball, common

cold, skateboarding, volleyball,...

Sports



Diseases

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baseball, roller – skating, tennis

roller – blading, badminton, swimming

basketball, skateboarding, volleyball



temperature, symptoms, headache,

stomachache, toothache, common cold



h. Arrangement : Ask students to arrange the words into the sentence.

Ex :

(1)

visit / should/ You / grandmother/ your

(2)

dinner / fish / we / have/ for / lunch / our / and / often

(3)

very / are / good / your / for / health/ vegetables

(4)

chicken / likes / and / does / so / Mai / Hoa

(5)

in / vacation / starts / June / Our / months / for/ lasts / and / three

+ Answer key :

(1) You should visit your grandmother

(2) We often have fish for our lunch and dinner

(3) Vegetables are very good for your health

(4) Mai likes chicken and so does Hoa

(5) Our vacation starts in June and lasts for three months

3. Wordgames :

Get students have fun with the lesson and avoid stress, the

teacher should apply some games in section Warm-up or at the

end of the lesson in order to help them have more chance to

practice words and urge their learning spirit.

a. Bingo .

b.Kim’s Game:

Ex: Show the pictures. Teacher asks students to write the

activities in the pictures.



- Activities: read, listen to music, skip rope, watch TV, play

soccer, play video games, play badminton

c. Jumbled words :

Ex:

athm ( math )

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ishryto ( history )

phygeogra ( geography )

sicalphy ucaedtion ( physical education )

d. Crossword puzzle:

Ex : “ At the post office” -Unit 8 .



e. Wordsquare:

R



T



T



F



S



L



I



N



R



O



P



O



H



L



I



I



F



S



H



E



V



E



I



G



Q



S



G



I



V



E



W



C



N



M



U



T



A



T



B



A



A



L



K



V



P



E



S



K



A



T



I



E



O



S



I



N



G



P



O



C



T



A



L



K



A



Z



I



M



E



H



D



N



S



Z



J



E



O



O



U



J



Q



A



P



V



T



K



S



T



O



P



give, sing, talk, stop

wait, clean, think, listen, sit, eat

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f. Shark attact / Hang man :

Ex :

It is the name of thing in the house

- - - - - - - - - - ( Television )

--------( Telephone )



4. Expansion of vocabulary for students.

a.Related words

Ex: Some words relate to “cook”, :

bake

fry



stir - fry

cook



steam



stew



boil

roast

grill



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b Theme words.

Ex: Sickness



temperature

flu



runny nose



common cold



Sickness

s



fever

stomachache



toothache

headache



cough

c.Synonyms and Antonyms.

Ex:

careful # careless

quick # slow

bad

# good

d. Prefixes and suffixes.

Ex:

-Prefix: tell - retell ( TiÒn tè “re, do” mang nghĩa ngợc lại )

do - undo

- Suffix : quick - quickly ( Adj + ly = Adv )

work - worker ( V + er = N chỉ tác nhân )

e. Compound words.

Ex: ten - minute break

number + N = Adj

f. Game “ building house ”

Ex:

- Teacher give the word “ good”, ends “ d”. Students find word

that starts with "d" and continue.

good

desk

key

year

.................



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III. Some tips on teaching vocabulary.

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