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Bridging science and art: The importance of visually interpreting and communicating science, Sofia Jain-Schlaepfer [et al.]

Bridging science and art: The importance of visually interpreting and communicating science, Sofia Jain-Schlaepfer [et al.]

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Encouraging Women Scientists to Support

Marine Research in Indonesia

Ni Kadek Dita Cahyani

∗ 1,2,3


Indonesian Biodiversity Research Center, Bali, Indonesia – Jalan Raya Sesetan Gang Markisa No. 6,

Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia


Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, UCLA – 610 Charles E. Young Dr. East, Los

Angeles, California, 90095, United States


Yayasan Biodiversitas Indonesia (Bionesia), Bali – Jalan Sulatri, Gang XII, No. 4, Denpasar Timur,

Bali, 80237, Indonesia

Ni Kadek Dita Cahyani is originally from Bali, Indonesia. She is interested in marine biodiversity research and currently conducting research to measuring genetic diversity of marine life

in Indonesia using ARMS (Autonomous Reef Monitoring Structure) method. Cahyani believes

that research in marine biodiversity in Indonesia is important due to Indonesia’s significant

as the center of marine biodiversity. Furthermore, anthropogenic stress, global warming, and

overfishing have been threatening this mega biodiversity which requisite more research and biodiversity assessment to support conservation and policy-making. The challenge for Indonesian

marine research is not only the small number of paper published by Indonesian scientist but

also the lack of expertise from Indonesian scientist, particularly in the molecular genetic study.

As a marine researcher, also a woman and a mother, Cahyani wants to encourage more young

scientist especially women to promote Indonesian marine research. At present, there are many

women scientist from Indonesia, and they have been giving an enormous contribution to marine

research in Indonesia. Notwithstanding, they should be acknowledged in a broader scale by

actively engage in international collaboration and share their ideas through conference, seminar

and publishing scientific papers in a global scale. By participating in this conference, Cahyani

wants to share her experience of being a women scientist from Indonesia. She aspires to meet

the leading scientist from around the world and open the opportunity for future research collaboration and educational program in marine science in Indonesia.



Field surveys, research, and outreach

activities for public awareness of the

conservation of diadromous fishes

Mari Kuroki


∗ 1

Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo – Bunkyo, Tokyo

1138657, Japan

My research career started during a western North Pacific R/V Hakuho Maru cruise in the

summer of 2002 to study the Japanese eel spawning area by seeking for tiny eel larvae called

leptocephali. I have now joined 18 research cruises onboard Japanese, Indonesian and German

research vessels in the Atlantic, Indian Ocean, and North and South Pacific to study the larval

migration patterns and early life-histories of anguillid eels. As a result, I proposed a ”Migration

Expansion Hypothesis” about the evolution of the large-scale, thousands-of-kilometer migrations

of temperate eels from the small-scale, tens-to-hundreds of kilometer migrations of tropical eels.

After my University of Tokyo PhD, I studied salmon life-history and transgenerational otolith

marking at the University of Washington, USA, and then I got an assistant professor job at

the University of Tokyo Museum. Beside my own work on fish ecology, the Museum’s mission

was for communication of scientific knowledge about research frontiers to the public through

attractive and innovative methods. We organized an eel exhibition at the University Museum

that displayed eel-related items such as museum specimens of all anguillid eel species, eel fishing

gear, eel art, research-cruise movies, and historical materials. Special exhibitions were living

leptocephali, glass eels climbing up a small fish-ladder, and a silver eel in a swim tunnel. After

this exhibition, some contents were packaged and transferred to other museums in Japan, Taiwan

and France as mobile exhibitions. I also made lectures at the museum or a public aquarium

for educating children up to high school age and their parents about eels and the declining

eel resources crisis, which allowed them to touch scientific specimens and communicate with

scientists. A public eel symposium is held every year on the special July ”eel day”, and we

wrote and edited English books entitled ”Eels on the Move” (2012) and ”Eels and Humans”

(2013) that included eel biology, cultural, and social aspects of eels in different countries. I also

published a children’s picture book ”An Eel’s Great Voyage” (2014). Such outreach activities are

intended to inspire people’s interest in eels, eel conservation, and sustainable use of eel resources.



From cows to marine fishes: discovering

anglerfishes, engaging with Indigenous

communities, and becoming a leader to

female students in STEM

Rachel Arnold


∗ 1

Northwest Indian College (NWIC) – 2522 Kwina Road, Northwest Indian College, United States

As a first-generation college student from a small dairy farm in Wisconsin, I received my B.S.

in Biology at a university where faculty fostered my passion for ichthyology and took a personal

interest in my success. As I became more confident of myself as a female in the sciences, I

decided to continue my education and pursue teaching and research. I entered my graduate

career at the University of Washington where I studied the evolutionary biology and life history

of anglerfishes (Order Lophiiformes). This work took me overseas for the first time, to Australia

and then to Indonesia, Saba Island, Japan, and Ghana. Always interested in culture and food,

I forged many friendships with the local people and learned knowledge from them that helped

me find the elusive anglerfishes. After I received my Ph.D. in 2014, I became research faculty

at Northwest Indian College (NWIC) in Washington state. My many, and sometimes hilarious,

experiences resulting from being a first-generation college student, and my solo trips overseas

that relied heavily on local peoples, especially in the Indo-Pacific, shaped my desire to work with

Indigenous students, many of whom are also female and first-generation college students. My

primary goal today is to bring research experiences to Indigenous students that are meaningful

to them and their tribal communities. These experiences have helped my students think about

the long-term health of their resources in the face of global change and given them the skills to

become leaders in their communities.



From the tropics to the subantarctic islands:

using stereo-baited remote underwater

video systems to understand fish ecology

and functional diversity

Elisabeth Myers

∗ 1


New Zealand Institute for Advanced Study, Massey University (NZIAS) – Massey University

Auckland (East Precinct) Albany Expressway (SH17) Albany 0632 New Zealand, New Zealand

I am a 27-year-old M¯

aori woman from a small coastal town on the northeast coast of New

Zealand, called Tutukaka. Tutukaka is adjacent to the world renowned Poor Knights Islands

Marine Reserve, where I have spent a lot of time both growing up as a child, and working at for

a marine-based tourism company as an adult. I have also worked as a marine biologist for a dive

company on the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, a marine research assistant at two Western

Australian universities, and as an intern within the ichthyology department of the National

New Zealand Museum. I completed my undergraduate and honours degrees in marine science

at the University of Western Australia, with a semester exchange at James Cook University in

Townsville. My work and focus of study have always been on fish ecology, and this has taken

me to places such as the remote Kimberley region of Western Australia, Ningaloo Reef (Western

Australia), Fiji, and the Subantarctic Snares, Auckland and Campbell islands of New Zealand.

My honours project used stereo-Baited Remote Underwater Video (stereo-BRUV) systems to

study fine-scale patterns in the diel composition of a temperate reef fish assemblage in Western

Australia. Currently, I am one year into a PhD at Massey University in Auckland, New Zealand,

looking at how the functional biodiversity of New Zealand’s marine fishes changes with depth

and latitude, supervised by Professor Marti Anderson. I will touch on results from these projects

and discuss some of my work with fish in remote places around Australia and New Zealand.



Gendered differences in authorship patterns

in tropical fish biology

Cynthia Riginos


∗ 1

University of Queensland (UQ) – School of Biological Sciences The University of Queensland St Lucia,

QLD 4072, Australia

Peer-reviewed publications are the primary currency of scientific reputation. With growing

awareness that career experiences can differ by gender, quantitative examinations of key career

attributes have the potential to reveal systematic disparities and prompt further investigation

and discussion. Here, I use publication records from Web of Science and Google Scholar to

explore whether author profiles differ by gender within the field of tropical fish biology. The

following questions are addressed: How wide is the discrepancy in gender balance among coauthors on typical papers? Are women more likely to be first, second, middle, or last authors?

Does publishing longevity differ by gender? Are citations per paper affected by either the number

of co-authors or the gender balance of co-authors? How have these patterns changed over time?

Finally, I propose that we consider a new metric (the G index) as a measure of gender balance

both for evaluating papers and individual career average records of co-authorship.



Home is where the shark is

Ornella Weideli



∗ 1,2

PSL Research University, EPHE-UPVD-CNRS, USR 3278 CRIOBE (CRIOBE) – Universit´e de

Perpignan Via Domitia, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Centre National de la Recherche

Scientifique : USR3278 – 52 Avenue Paul Alduy 66860 Perpignan, France

Save Our Seas Foundation (SOSF) – Rue Philippe Plantamour 20 CH-1201 Geneva, Switzerland

Seychelles, French Polynesia, USA, Bahamas, Mexico, Costa Rica, Fiji, France, Taiwan...

The list of countries I’ve been fortunate to study and work with sharks is long and highly

versatile. In some of the countries, like the Seychelles, USA, and French Polynesia, I’ve been

living up to six months, which allowed me to get to know the environment, the culture and the

people I was working with. In other countries, like Costa Rica and Mexico, I’ve only stayed for

a week, which required a very fast and straightforward adaption to a new team, a place and the

working schedules. To be able to adapt and to feel home wherever I am, is to me one of the

most exciting and rewarding feeling that requires a large amount of respect, open-mindedness

and tolerance. The world is a fast changing place and the ocean needs now, more than ever,

globally-thinking, determined, communicative and passionate women that love the challenge and

are able to work in different places to benefit from our globalized world and to reach bigger and

more significant aims. With this presentation, I hope to inspire other young female scientists

to go out of the comfort zone, start a new project, or a new collaboration. The opportunities

and potential international collaborations are numerous, we only need to try hard, be persistent

and go for it. The result will be worth it, even if it might mean to learn a new language, a new

scientific method, or simply to leave home.



Marine science: a life of adventure?

Emily Fobert


∗† 1

University of Melbourne – Melbourne, Australia

I discovered my fascination with the marine environment almost accidentally, as an undergraduate journalism student in landlocked Ottawa, Canada, when a friend convinced me to join

her on a coral reef ecology field course in Cuba. I was easily convinced, because it sounded

like an adventure. At the age of 22, I was a first-time visitor to the underwater world The

field course opened my eyes to a new-found passion for research and exploration, and changed

the direction of my life entirely. After completing two undergraduate degrees and a M.Sc. in

Canada, I migrated to the ocean for a Ph.D. in marine ecology at the University of Melbourne,

Australia, where I refined my passion to encompass larval fish ecology. My interests now fall at

the intersection of environmental change and individual variability of marine organisms, primarily fishes. As I have seen first-hand how quickly human impacts can irrevocably change a marine

ecosystem, I am driven to understand how anthropogenic stressors can impact the behaviour,

fitness, and survival of marine fishes, in the hopes of reducing our footprint in the oceans. My

current research is on the emerging topic of light pollution in the marine environment, and is

focused on the impacts of artificial light at night on reef fish behaviour and fitness. I have

continued to chase adventure at every opportunity, and my research has taken me throughout

Europe, Australia, Indonesia and French Polynesia. With the current scientific landscape in

Australia and around the world, being adventurous and a risk-taker in research is not always

easy or supported. However, now, more than ever, we need to keep exploring and discovering.


Corresponding author: emilyfobert@gmail.com


Marine taxonomist: My Dream, My


Yonela Sithole


∗ 1,2

South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB) – Private Bag 1015 Grahamstown, 6140

South Africa, South Africa


Rhodes University (RU) – Drosty Rd, Grahamstown, 6134, South Africa

I am a black female of 28 years, born and raised in one of the villages in the Eastern part

of South Africa. After finishing secondary school I enrolled in a Bachelor of Science majoring

in Botany and Zoology. During my final year of study I was accepted for the South African

Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB) Winter School Programme. As I spent my childhood

surrounded by rivers and dams and having been to a disadvantaged university, I was fascinated

by collecting fish specimens in estuaries and from the sea for the first time in my life and

identifying them was a bonus. It is at this stage where I realised that I want to identify species

in future. Unfortunately, after obtaining my undergraduate degree, I could not proceed to

post-graduate studies due to financial constraints. After a year of trying to find a job, I was

accepted by SAIAB as an intern in Marine Systematics Research. This internship was a stepping

stone toward my dream of identifying species as I was working closely with experts in this field.

After the internship, I enrolled for an Honours and then a Masters Degree in Ichthyology and

Fisheries Science under the supervision of SAIAB marine scientists. For both of my degrees I

was investigating the taxonomy of marine fishes using morphology and genetics. I am currently

doing an internship at SAIAB but I’m looking forward to starting my PhD in marine taxonomy

in 2018.



Ocean-locked: How a girl from the

heartland became a marine biologist in the

heart of the Pacific

Lillian Tuttle


∗ 1

University of Hawai’i at Mnoa (UHM) – 2500 Campus Road Honolulu, HI 96822, United States

I am a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Hawai’i at M¯anoa, and received my

PhD in Zoology with a minor in Statistics from Oregon State University. I work in the fields

of behavioral ecology, community ecology, invasion biology, and conservation. My love for the

ocean motivates my personal and professional life, but I was born and raised on a rural farm

in land-locked Kentucky. After becoming scuba-certified in a freshwater-filled rock quarry, I

could hardly imagine a life spent too long above water. I attended a small liberal arts college

and spent my summers as a coastal intern studying fish-parasite ecology. Upon graduating, I

was a Fulbright Advanced Student in southern France where I studied immunological ecology

of fishes, and was a primary school teacher in rural Kenya. I was fortunate enough to receive a

National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship to begin my PhD. My dissertation

investigated how the invasive Indo-Pacific red lionfish (Pterois volitans) affects and is affected

by members of a native interaction web of parasites, cleaner fish, and fish hosts on Atlantic

coral reefs. My research revealed mechanisms by which lionfish may be successful in their

invaded range, including low infection rates and an ability to learn quickly. My goal is to better

understand and mitigate human-caused disturbances on coral reefs by studying changes in animal

behavior. I also aim to integrate traditional ecological knowledge and modern ecological theory

to better manage fisheries that are culturally important to Hawai’i and the greater Pacific region.




eane, when the name fits the job

Oc´eane Salles


∗ 1


Laboratoire Evolution

Diversit´e Biologique (EDB) – CNRS : UMR5174 – Universit´e Paul Sabatier

Toulouse, France

My connection with the sea started before I was born, my parents named me Oc´eane. My

first field work was in my early 6 months in Gruissan beach, where I drank my first cup of sea.

Few years later, my father introduced me to fishing and scuba diving. I rapidly realized that

there is a whole world under the sea just waiting to be explored and preserved from the inevitable

environmental changes. I have made every effort to turn my passion into my professional career.

I recently received a PhD from the Practical School of High Studies that focused on whether reef

fish populations have the evolutionary potential to adapt to inevitable environmental changes.

To answer to this critical question, I worked on 10-year genetic survey of the orange clownfish

population at Kimbe Island (Papua New Guinea). Building upon a unique multi-generational

pedigree, I used a quantitative genetic approach to measure the heritable variation of fitness,

which is the only reliable measure of adaptive potential available in the wild. This approach

revealed the low (< 1%) but significant heritability of local fitness (the contribution of an

individual to the local replenishment of the population). These results imply that the orange

clownfish population has little genetic potential for adaptive evolution by selection. However,

genetic variation for fitness is not the only heritable source of adaptive potential. Non-genetic

sources of transgenerational inheritances (e.g., ecological niche transmission, epigenetic, social

interactions) also exist in nature. I am now in post-doctoral position, working on the nongenetic inheritances of fitness variation. I contributed to the development of a practical guide

based on simulated data of mermaids to distinguish genetic and non-genetic causes of phenotypic

similarity. I tested this approach on the Kimbe Island orange clownfish population to evaluate

alternative sources of adaptive potential in the wild. In parallel to my researches, I am strongly

involved in science outreach to share my experiences and my knowledge with children in order

to ensure the protection of marine life for future.



Researching the role of marine parks on the

Great Barrier Reef: a career overview

April Hall


∗† 1

College of Science and Engineering, James Cook University (JCU) – James Cook University, 1 James

Cook Drive, Australia

The Great Barrier Reef (GBR) is an area of outstanding beauty and biology diversity,

yet it faces a myriad of human induced threats that have been highlighted more than ever

in recent times. My research focusses on the ecological impacts of fisheries on the GBR, and

particularly on the use of no-take marine parks zoning as a conservation tool. After completing

my undergraduate degree at Griffith University on the Gold Coast, my love of coral reefs then led

me to Townsville, where I earned my honours degree and PhD at James Cook University (JCU).

My PhD research examined the importance of no-take marine parks in protecting predatory

fishes. My passion for marine parks research also led me to Fiji, where I worked with the Society

for Conservation Biology examining locally managed marine parks. In January 2017 I welcomed

my beautiful daughter into the world, and soon after was awarded an Advance Queensland

Early Career Research Fellowship. My ongoing research in this post-doctoral position focusses

on the value of partially protected areas (conservation parks) on the GBR in contributing to

biodiversity protection. As a young mother, and an early career research scientist, I look forward

to connecting with other female scientists during IPFC in the women in marine sciences session.

I would take great benefit from engaging with experienced women who are leaders in their field,

as well as fellow female early career researchers.


Corresponding author: april.hall@jcu.edu.au


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