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Are coral reefs full of multi-coloured fish? Impact of an awareness campaign on the representations of coral reefs by children, Pascale Chabanet [et al.]

Are coral reefs full of multi-coloured fish? Impact of an awareness campaign on the representations of coral reefs by children, Pascale Chabanet [et al.]

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carried out in three French overseas territories (Reunion Island, Mayotte and New Caledonia)

and in mainland France (Eastern Pyrenees), focusing on elementary schools in different social

and cultural contexts (urban, rural and coastal). The aim of the research program is to study

children’s perceptions and representations of coral reefs through drawings and assess the impact

of the environmental awareness campaign before and after using the coral reef teaching toolbox

MARECO. Research methodology was based on an interdisciplinary approach in ecology, ethnoecology, anthropology, and biostatistics, including the use of MARECO, which is composed of

three educational games focusing on the importance and vulnerability of coral reef ecosystems

and their management. More than 1,300 drawings have been realized by children in order to

analyse how they perceived coral reefs in relation to their own experiences and knowledge. Here

we illustrate this interdisciplinary approach and compare children’s representations of coral reefs

in different cultural and environmental contexts. After analysis of drawings and interviews with

the children, we assess the impact of the environmental awareness campaign and observe that

there are relevant differences in coral reef representations before and after the use of MARECO,

particularly regarding knowledge of the ”multi-coloured” biodiversity. The results point out the

performance of MARECO as a playful tool to transfer scientific knowledge to the general public

(in particular children), and beyond, to managers and multi-level decision-makers.



464



Citizen Science: using spot pattern

technology to identify the threatened

common seadragon Phyllopteryx taeniolatus

in the Sydney region.

Selma Klanten

1



2



3



∗ 1



, Kristine O’keeffe 2 , John Turnbull 3 , David Booth



1



School of Life Sciences, University of Technology Sydney (UTS) – PO Box 123, Broadway NSW 2007,

Australia

Underwater Research Group, NSW Sydney (URG) – The URG of NSW PO Box A630, Sydney South

NSW 1235, Australia

Underwater Research Group, NSW Sydney (URG) – The URG of NSW PO Box A630, Sydney South

NSW 1235, Australia



The common seadragon Phyllopteryx taeniolatus (Family Syngnathidae), an endemic species,

has an important role in the public perception and citizens are taking initiative by actively surveying these iconic species by observing, recording and identifying individuals for their conservation. The ecology of the threatened common seadragon is poorly understood, and a non-invasive

method of tracking individuals is required. We tested a body flank spot and pattern identification protocol to track individuals, using underwater in situ photography and the I3S software

program (http://www.reijns.com/i3s/). For several seadragons, we were able to confirm past

sightings at locations by examining old photos, thus building a record of longevity. One such

individual called ‘David’ was recorded over 6 years and moved approx. 700-800 m. We recorded

health (e.g. missing appendage) and the frequency, amount and health of eggs carried by the

male during the breeding season. This technique shows great promise as a tool for citizen

scientists to help fill the knowledge gap in seadragon ecology and conservation.







Speaker



465



Comparative approach of hybrid governance

in Polynesian’s coral reef social-ecological

systems

Pauline Fabre



∗† 1



, Alexander Mawyer 2 , Joachim Claudet 3 , Tamatoa

Bambridge 3



1



Centre de recherches insulaires et observatoire de l´environnement (CRIOBE) – Universit´e de

Perpignan Via Domitia, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes : USR3278, Centre National de la Recherche

Scientifique – BP 1013 Papetoiai 98729 PAPETOAI, France

2

Center For Pacific Islands Studies, University of Hawai’i at Manoa (CPIS-UHM) – 1890 East-West

Road, Moore 212 Honolulu, Hawai‘i 96822, United States

3

Centre de recherches insulaires et observatoire de l’environnement (CRIOBE) – Universit´e de

Perpignan Via Domitia, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Centre National de la Recherche

Scientifique : USR3278 – BP 1013 Papetoiai 98729 PAPETOAI, France



Local and traditional knowledge in Polynesian region can play a key-role during the design

and the implementation of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). However, it requires acceptation

and integration inside conventional practices driven by a scientized and bureaucratic administrative model for marine systems and resources. In the era of global change, ” hybrid ” governance

of MPAs, mixing traditional knowledge and actors with more conventional guidance may be

able to affect conservation program, in a culturally sensitive fashion that increase compliance

and subsequent conservation effects. This presentation will compare two cases of hybrid interactions in French Polynesia and Hawaii and explore the social-ecological dynamics of coastal

communities who are working on and implementing marine resource co-management perspectives that feature traditional, local and scientific dimensions in order to regulate the intensity

of modern threats. The first study case will deal with the rahui in the Tahiti Peninsula, a

customary political institution to forbid land or sea resource access, but which is readapting

nowdays into an institution for conservation biodiversity, cultural legitimacy and resilience to

climate change. The second pragmatic approach will highlight the case of the community-based

subsitence fishing areas (CBSFAs) in Maui Nui, a legislation for the purpose of reaffirming customary fishing practices of native Hawaiian communities. Importantly, this oral presentation

suggests this comparative hybrid marine resource governance approach as an issue for building resilience and assessing continually collective bargaining among the plurality of norms and

engaged stakeholders.









Speaker

Corresponding author: fabre.plc@gmail.com



466



Coral reef conservation on the largest

Brazilian MPA - Linking hybrid governance

and social-ecological resilience

Pedro Pereira ∗† 1,2 , Barbara Pinheiro 2 , Clemente Coelho-Jr. 3 , Karine

Magalhaes 4 , Coralina Souza 1 , Eduardo Almeida 1 , Jose Santos 1 , Iran

Normande 1

1

Costa dos Corais Protected Area (APACC) – Tamandare, Brazil

Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE) – Oceanography Department – Recife, Brazil

3

Instituto de Ciˆencias Biol´

ogicas da Universidade de Pernambuco (UPE) – Recife, Brazil

4

Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE) – Recife, Brazil



2



Coral reefs are one of the most important ecosystems on earth; however extremely threatened

by multiple local and global impacts such as disorderly tourism, sedimentation, overfishing and

global warming. Therefore, in order to achieve real conservation outcomes of such ecosystems

multiple stakeholders must be involved. ”Costa dos Corais” marine protected area (MPA) is the

largest Brazilian MPA including one of the most important reefs complex on the whole South

Atlantic Ocean with around 120 Km of coast line, 413 thousand hectares and twelve municipalities encompassed. Hence, a big challenge for coral reefs conservation and a huge number of

economic, ecological and social conflicts. Despite this problematic scenario, conservation at this

MPA has been extremely successful in the last years been a global example for reef ecosystems

conservation and specifically regarding MPA zoning process and management plan implementation. The zoning process led by the MPA management team has involving a large number

of NGOs, private partnerships, universities, local community members and fishermen. For instance, a recent series of training courses promoted by local NGOs has demonstrated how hybrid

governance and social-ecological resilience could be efficient in determining priority zoning areas.

During the workshops, priority areas for tourism, fishing and relevant ecological sites have been

mapped under locals support and knowledge. Therefore, this information was transferred for

decision makers and together with scientific community detailed field surveys were conducted

in the area in order to match information from local community members with field data. After that relevant match, zoning implementation of more than ten reef areas encompass visiting

areas (only for tourism), fishing areas (only for registered local fishermen’s) and no-take areas.

In conclusion, all the collected info such coral/fish diversity and abundance, reef complexity,

preferred touristic areas, preferred fishing areas; allowed decision makers to select the sites for

each activity together with constant involvement with a network of relevant stakeholders. Systematic biodiversity monitoring is planned to occur before and after zoning, in order to evaluate

the effectives of the zones and their results for conservation.









Speaker

Corresponding author: pedrohcp2@yahoo.com.br



467



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