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Exhibit 14.8: Culturally Contingent Beliefs Regarding Effective Leadership Styles

Exhibit 14.8: Culturally Contingent Beliefs Regarding Effective Leadership Styles

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Exhibit 14.8: Culturally Contingent

Beliefs Regarding Effective Leadership

Styles



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Exhibit 14.8: Culturally Contingent

Beliefs Regarding Effective Leadership

Styles



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Exhibit 14.8: Culturally Contingent

Beliefs Regarding Effective Leadership

Styles



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Exhibit 14.8: Culturally Contingent

Beliefs Regarding Effective Leadership

Styles



Copyrightâ 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



GLOBE findings













Leadership

Leadership styles

styles vary

vary by

by countries.

countries.

Team-oriented

Team-oriented leaders

leaders are

are preferred

preferred inin Latin

Latin European

European

and

and Southern

SouthernAsian

Asian countries.

countries.

Anglo

Anglo and

and Germanic

Germanic cultures

cultures prefer

prefer participative

participative

leaders.

leaders.

South

SouthAsian

Asian cultures

cultures prefer

prefer humane

humane leader.

leader.

All

All countries

countries agree

agree that

that autonomous

autonomous leaders

leaders and

and selfselfprotective

protective leaders

leaders universally

universally impeded

impeded leadership.

leadership.

Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



National Context and

Preferred Leader-Influence

Tactics

•• Influence

Influence tactics:

tactics: tactical

tactical behaviors

behaviors leaders

leaders use

use toto

influence

influence subordinates

subordinates

•• U.S

U.S managers

managers favor

favor seven

seven influence

influence tactics

tactics

•• Assertiveness

Assertiveness

•• Friendliness

Friendliness

•• Reasoning

Reasoning

•• Bargaining

Bargaining

•• Sanctioning

Sanctioning

•• Appeals

Appeals toto aa higher

higher authority

authority

Coalitions

Coalitions

Copyrightâ 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Exhibit 14.9: Preferred Leader

Influence Tactics in Four Countries



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



National Context and

Subordinates’ Expectations

•• Subordinates’

Subordinates’expectations:

expectations: expectations

expectations regarding

regarding

what

what leaders

leaders “should”

“should” do

do and

and what

what they

they may

may or

or may

may

not

not do

do

•• High

High power-distance

power-distance –– autocratic

autocratic leadership

leadership

•• E.g.,

E.g., many

many ofof the

the Latin

Latin and

andAsian

Asian countries

countries

•• Low

Low power-distance

power-distance –– leader

leader be

be more

more like

like them

them

E.g.,

E.g., Sweden

Sweden and

and Norway

Norway

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