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Exhibit 14.3: A Simplified Model of Path-Goal Theory

Exhibit 14.3: A Simplified Model of Path-Goal Theory

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Path-Goal Theory: Key

Suggestions

•• When

When subordinates

subordinates have

have high

high achievement

achievement needs—

needs—

adopt

adopt the

the achievement-oriented

achievement-oriented style

style

•• Subordinates

Subordinates with

with high

high social

social needs—adopt

needs—adopt the

the

supportive

supportive leadership

leadership style

style

•• When

When job

job isis unstructured—adopt

unstructured—adopt aa directive

directive style

style or

or an

an

achievement-oriented

achievement-oriented style

style



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Traits, Behaviors, and

Contingencies

•• No

No consistent

consistent leadership

leadership trait

trait or

or behavior

behavior that

that works

works

best

best

•• AAsuccessful

successful leader

leader must

must diagnose

diagnose the

the situation

situation and

and

pick

pick the

the behaviors

behaviors and/or

and/or develop

develop the

the leadership

leadership traits

traits

that

that fits

fits best.

best.



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



National Context as a

Contingency for Leadership

Behaviors

•• Successful

Successful leadership

leadership inin multinational

multinational companies

companies

requires

requires that

that managers

managers adjust

adjust their

their leadership

leadership styles

styles toto

fitfit different

different situations.

situations.



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



National Context as a

Contingency for Leadership

Behaviors

•• Two

Two steps

steps toto adjust

adjust aa leadership

leadership toto aa multination

multination

•• Step

Step 1:1: understanding

understanding what

what local

local managers

managers do

do toto

lead

lead successfully

successfully inin their

their own

own country

country

•• Step

Step 2:2: using

using this

this knowledge

knowledge toto modify

modify one’s

one’s

leadership

leadership style

style

•• National-context

National-context contingency

contingency model

model ofof leadership:

leadership:

shows

shows how

how culture

culture and

and related

related social

social institutions

institutions affect

affect

leadership

leadership practices

practices

Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Exhibit 14.5: National-Context

Contingency Model of Leadership



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



The National-Context

Contingency Model of

Leadership

•• Outlines

Outlines ofof how

how leadership

leadership behaviors,

behaviors, traits,

traits, and

and

contingencies

contingencies are

are affected

affected by

by the

the national

national context:

context:

•• Leader

Leader behaviors

behaviors and

and traits

traits

•• Subordinates’

Subordinates’characteristics

characteristics

•• Work

Work setting

setting



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



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Exhibit 14.3: A Simplified Model of Path-Goal Theory

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