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Exhibit 13.14: A Motivating Job in the Job-Characteristics Model

Exhibit 13.14: A Motivating Job in the Job-Characteristics Model

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Motivation and Job Design:

European Perspective

•• Sociotechnical

Sociotechnical systems

systems (STS)

(STS) approach:

approach: focuses

focuses on

on

designing

designing motivating

motivating jobs

jobs by

by blending

blending the

the social

social

system

system with

with different

different technologies

technologies

•• Autonomous

Autonomous work

work group:

group: team

team or

or unit

unit that

that has

has nearly

nearly

complete

complete responsibility

responsibility for

for aa particular

particular task

task

•• Team’s

Team’s task

task rather

rather than

than individual

individual task

task isis focus

focus ofof job

job

enrichment

enrichment



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Choosing Job-Enrichment

Techniques in Multinational

Settings

•• Distinction

Distinction between

between individualistic

individualistic and

and collectivist

collectivist

cultures

cultures should

should determine

determine the

the choice

choice ofof job-enrichment

job-enrichment

•• U.S.—individual

U.S.—individual

•• Japan—team

Japan—team

•• Social

Social loafing:

loafing: term

term used

used when

when people

people expend

expend less

less

effort

effort when

when they

they work

work inin groups

groups



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Exhibit 13.15: Comparing the

Performance of Chinese, U.S., and

Israeli Managers Working Alone and in

Groups



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



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Exhibit 13.14: A Motivating Job in the Job-Characteristics Model

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