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Exhibit 11.18: Union Density in Selected Countries

Exhibit 11.18: Union Density in Selected Countries

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Historical and Institutional

Differences: Germany

•• Germany

Germany

•• Formalized,

Formalized, legalistic,

legalistic, and

and low-conflict

low-conflict bargaining

bargaining

between

between unions

unions and

and large

large corporations

corporations

•• French

French

•• Militant/strong

Militant/strong ideologies

ideologies

•• U.S.

U.S.

•• “Bread

“Bread and

and butter”

butter” issues:

issues: wages,

wages, benefits,

benefits, and

and

working

working conditions

conditions

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Union Structures

•• Enterprise

Enterprise union:

union: represents

represents all

all people

people inin one

one

organization,

organization, regardless

regardless ofof occupation

occupation or

or location

location

•• Craft

Craft union:

union: represents

represents people

people from

from one

one occupational

occupational

group,

group, such

such as

as plumbers

plumbers

•• Industrial

Industrial union:

union: represents

represents all

all people

people inin aa particular

particular

industry,

industry, regardless

regardless ofof occupational

occupational type

type



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Union Structures (cont.)

•• Local

Local union:

union: represents

represents one

one occupational

occupational group

group inin one

one

company

company

•• Ideological

Ideological union:

union: represents

represents all

all types

types ofof workers

workers

based

based on

on some

some particular

particular ideology

ideology or

or religious

religious

orientation

orientation

•• White

White collar

collar or

or professional

professional union:

union: represents

represents particular

particular

occupational

occupational group,

group, similar

similar toto craft

craft union

union



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Exhibit 11.19: Popular Form of

Unions in Selected Countries



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Implications for the Multinational:

The Search for Harmony

••

••



Must

Must deal

deal with

with local

local labor

labor practices

practices

AAfactor

factor inin location

location choice

choice



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Exhibit 11.18: Union Density in Selected Countries

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