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Exhibit 11.12: Germany’s Apprenticeship Program under Pressure

Exhibit 11.12: Germany’s Apprenticeship Program under Pressure

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Training and Development in

the U.S.

•• Senior

Senior level

level managers

managers often

often identify

identify managerial

managerial

potential

potential

•• Appraisals

Appraisals ofof managerial

managerial readiness

readiness based

based on

on

•• Assessment

Assessment centers

centers

•• Mentoring

Mentoring

•• Fast

Fast track

track careers

careers

Remains

Remains the

the responsibility

responsibility ofof the

the individual

individual

Copyrightâ 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Training and Development in

Japan

••

••

••

••

••

••



Permanent

Permanent employment

employment

Recruitment

Recruitment directly

directly from

from universities

universities

Join

Join the

the company

company as

as aa group

group

Selected

Selected on

on personal

personal qualities

qualities that

that fitfit the

the corporate

corporate

culture

culture

Similar

Similar pay

pay and

and promotion

promotion for

for first

first ten

ten years—age

years—age

seniority

seniority

Informal

Informal recognition

recognition ofof those

those high

high performing

performing

managers

managers

Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Training and Development in

Japan

•• Shifting

Shifting social

social institutions:

institutions: pressures

pressures for

for change

change

•• Asahi

Asahi ties

ties promotions

promotions to

to evaluations

evaluations

•• Matsushita

Matsushita uses

uses merit

merit pay

pay for

for managers

managers

Honda

Honda isis phasing

phasing out

out seniority

seniority



Copyrightâ 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Implications for the

Multinational: Training and

Development

••

••



Examine

Examine feasibility

feasibility ofof exporting

exporting training

training

IHRM

IHRM orientation

orientation affects

affects training

training needs

needs ofof local

local

managers

managers

Locations

Locations advantages

advantages



Copyrightâ 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Exhibit 11.13: Workers of the

Future: Student Math and Science

Scores from Selected Countries



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Performance Appraisal

•• Identifying

Identifying people

people toto reward,

reward, promote,

promote, demote,

demote, develop

develop

and

and improve,

improve, retain,

retain, or

or fire

fire

•• Not

Not everyone

everyone can

can climb

climb the

the corporate

corporate ladder

ladder

Need

Need toto assess

assess how

how employees

employees perform

perform



Copyrightâ 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



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Exhibit 11.12: Germany’s Apprenticeship Program under Pressure

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