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Exhibit 7.8: Tetra Pak’s Front-Back Hybrid Structure

Exhibit 7.8: Tetra Pak’s Front-Back Hybrid Structure

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Worldwide Matrix Structures

•• Symmetrical

Symmetrical organization

organization with

with equal

equal emphasis

emphasis on

on

•• Worldwide

Worldwide product

product groups

groups and

and

Regional

Regional geographical

geographical divisions

divisions



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Worldwide Matrix Structures

•• Balances

Balances the

the benefits

benefits produced

produced by

by area

area and

and product

product

structures

structures

•• Creates

Creates equal

equal lines

lines ofof authority

authority for

for products

products and

and areas

areas

•• Works

Works best

best with

with near

near equal

equal demands

demands from

from both

both

sides

sides

•• Requires

Requires extensive

extensive resources

resources for

for communication

communication and

and

coordination

coordination

•• Requires

Requires middle

middle and

and upper

upper level

level managers

managers with

with good

good

human

human relations

relations skills

skills

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Exhibit 7.9: Worldwide Matrix

Organization



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Matrix Structures

•• Problems

Problems emerging

emerging with

with worldwide

worldwide matrix

matrix structures

structures

•• Slow

Slow decision

decision making

making process

process

Too

Too bureaucratic

bureaucratic

Too

Too many

many meetings

meetings and

and too

too much

much conflict

conflict



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Matrix Structures (cont.)

•• Result

Result

•• Companies

Companies have

have redesigned

redesigned their

their matrix

matrix structures

structures

toto be

be more

more flexible

flexible with

with speedier

speedier decision

decision making

making

•• Other

Other companies

companies have

have abandoned

abandoned their

their matrices

matrices

and

and returned

returned toto product

product structures

structures



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The Transnational-Network

Structure

Newest

Newest solution

solution toto the

the complex

complex demand

demand ofof being

being

locally

locally responsive

responsive and

and taking

taking advantage

advantage ofof global

global

economies

economies ofof scale

scale

•• Combines

Combines functional,

functional, product,

product, and

and geographic

geographic subunits

subunits

Dispersed

Dispersed subunits

subunits

Specialized

Specialized operations

operations

Interdependent

Interdependent relationships

relationships

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The Transnational-Network

Structures

••

••

••



Has

Has no

no symmetry

symmetry or

or balance

balance inin its

its structural

structural form

form

Resources,

Resources, people,

people, and

and ideas

ideas flow

flow inin all

all directions

directions

Nodes

Nodes or

or centers

centers inin the

the network

network coordinate

coordinate product,

product,

functional,

functional, and

and geographic

geographic information

information



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Exhibit 7.10: Geographic Links

in the Philips Transnational

Structure



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Exhibit 7.11: Product Links in

the Same Organization



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Exhibit 7.8: Tetra Pak’s Front-Back Hybrid Structure

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