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Exhibit 7.6: Royal Vopak Geographic Structure

Exhibit 7.6: Royal Vopak Geographic Structure

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Worldwide Product Structure

•• Worldwide

Worldwide product

product structure

structure

•• Gives

Gives product

product divisions

divisions responsibility

responsibility toto produce

produce

and

and sell

sell their

their products

products or

or services

services throughout

throughout the

the

world

world

•• Implements

Implements strategies

strategies that

that emphasize

emphasize global

global

products

products

•• Provides

Provides an

an efficient

efficient way

way toto organize

organize and

and centralize

centralize

the

the production

production and

and sales

sales ofof similar

similar products

products

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Exhibit 7.7: Worldwide

Product Structure



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Hybrids

•• Both

Both worldwide

worldwide product

product structure

structure and

and worldwide

worldwide

geographic

geographic structure

structure have

have advantages

advantages and

and

disadvantages

disadvantages

•• Product

Product structure:

structure: supports

supports global

global products

products

•• Geographic

Geographic structure:

structure: emphasizes

emphasizes local

local adaptation

adaptation

Multinationals

Multinationals often

often want

want both

both abilities

abilities

Use

Use hybrids

hybrids

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Front-back Hybrid Structure

•• The

The front

front side

side has

has units

units based

based on

on geography

geography toto provide

provide

aa multidomestic

multidomestic or

or regional

regional focus

focus

•• The

The backside

backside has

has units

units based

based on

on product

product groups

groups toto

capture

capture global

global economies

economies ofof scale

scale inin R&D

R&D and

and

production

production



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Exhibit 7.8: Tetra Pak’s FrontBack Hybrid Structure



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Worldwide Matrix Structures

•• Symmetrical

Symmetrical organization

organization with

with equal

equal emphasis

emphasis on

on

•• Worldwide

Worldwide product

product groups

groups and

and

•• Regional

Regional geographical

geographical divisions

divisions



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Exhibit 7.6: Royal Vopak Geographic Structure

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