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Exhibit 3.7: Distribution of Religions Around the World

Exhibit 3.7: Distribution of Religions Around the World

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Christianity

•• Religion

Religion based

based on

on the

the life

life and

and teachings

teachings ofof Jesus

Jesus

•• The

The most

most practiced

practiced religion

religion around

around the

the world

world

•• Protestantism

Protestantism emphasizes

emphasizes wealth

wealth and

and hard

hard work

work for

for

the

the glory

glory ofof God

God

•• Ten

Ten commandments

commandments provides

provides the

the basis

basis for

for ethical

ethical

behaviors

behaviors



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Islam

Religion

Religion based

based on

on the

the submission

submission toto the

the will

will ofofAllah

Allah

(God)

(God)

•• The

The second

second largest

largest ofof the

the world’s

world’s religions

religions

•• Muslims

Muslims live

live according

according toto Islamic

Islamic laws

laws or

or Shariah

Shariah

Based

Based on

on five

five pillars

pillars



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Islam (cont.)

•• Implications

Implications for

for multinationals

multinationals

•• Accommodate

Accommodate praying

praying five

five times

times aa day

day

•• The

The Ramadan:

Ramadan: aa month

month ofof fasting

fasting

•• Natural

Natural concern

concern with

with social

social justice

justice

•• Prohibits

Prohibits the

the payment

payment or

or receipt

receipt ofof interest

interest

Gender

Gender roles

roles



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Hinduism

Acceptance

Acceptance ofof the

the ancient

ancient traditions

traditions ofof India

India that

that are

are

based

based on

on the

the Vedic

Vedic scriptures

scriptures

•• Currently

Currently 760

760 million

million Hindus

Hindus living

living around

around the

the world

world

•• Belief

Belief inin reincarnation

reincarnation

•• The

The caste

caste system

system

•• Ethical

Ethical behaviors;

behaviors; respect

respect for

for parents

parents



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Hinduism (cont.)

Implications

Implications for

for multinationals

multinationals

•• Spiritual

Spiritual achievement

achievement isis an

an important

important value

value for

for most

most

Hindus

Hindus

•• Caste

Caste system

system isis very

very pervasive

pervasive

•• Need

Need toto be

be aware

aware ofof caste

caste system,

system, e.g..

e.g.. lower

lower caste

caste

supervising

supervising higher

higher caste

caste can

can be

be aa problem

problem



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Buddhism

Religious

Religious tradition

tradition that

that focuses

focuses on

on the

the reality

reality ofof world

world

suffering

suffering and

and the

the ways

ways one

one can

can be

be freed

freed from

from suffering

suffering

•• Craving

Craving and

and desires

desires produce

produce suffering

suffering

•• Dominant

Dominant religion

religion ininAsia

Asia



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Buddhism (cont.)

Implications

Implications for

for multinationals

multinationals

•• Encourages

Encourages hard

hard work;

work; laziness

laziness isis seen

seen as

as negative

negative

•• Emphasizes

Emphasizes teamwork;

teamwork; all

all beings

beings are

are

interconnected

interconnected

•• Emphasis

Emphasis on

on compassion

compassion and

and love

love



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Religiosity

Indication

Indication ofof the

the importance

importance ofof acceptance

acceptance ofof the

the core

core

philosophies

philosophies ofof religion

religion inin one’s

one’s life

life

•• Gives

Gives an

an idea

idea ofof the

the degree

degree ofof responsiveness

responsiveness needed

needed

toto accommodate

accommodate religion

religion



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Exhibit 3.8: Religiosity of Selected

Countries from the World Values

Survey



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Education

•• Education:

Education: organized

organized networks

networks ofof socialization

socialization

experiences

experiences that

that prepare

prepare individuals

individuals toto act

act inin society

society

•• Central

Central element

element inin organization

organization ofof society

society

•• Helps

Helps construct

construct competencies,

competencies, professions,

professions, and

and

professionals

professionals



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Exhibit 3.7: Distribution of Religions Around the World

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