Tải bản đầy đủ - 0 (trang)
Exhibit 2.10: Managerial Implications of Individualism/Collectivism

Exhibit 2.10: Managerial Implications of Individualism/Collectivism

Tải bản đầy đủ - 0trang

Neutral vs. Affective

••

••



Concerns

Concerns acceptability

acceptability ofof expressing

expressing emotions

emotions

Neutral

Neutral

•• Interactions

Interactions are

are objective

objective and

and detached

detached

•• Focus

Focus isis on

on tasks

tasks rather

rather than

than relationships

relationships

•• Affective

Affective

•• Emotions

Emotions are

are appropriate

appropriate inin all

all situations

situations



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Exhibit 2.11: Managerial

Implications of Neutral vs.

Affective



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Specific vs. Diffuse

••

••



Extent

Extent toto which

which an

an individual’s

individual’s life

life isis involved

involved inin work

work

Specific

Specific

•• Business

Business segregated

segregated from

from other

other parts

parts ofof life

life

•• Contracts

Contracts often

often delineate

delineate relationships

relationships

•• Diffuse

Diffuse

•• Business

Business relationships

relationships encompassing/involving

encompassing/involving

•• Private

Private and

and segregated

segregated space

space isis small

small

Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Exhibit 2.12: Managerial

Implications of Specific vs.

Diffuse



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Achievement vs. Ascription

••

••



Manner

Manner inin which

which society

society gives

gives status

status

Achievement

Achievement

•• People

People earn

earn status

status based

based on

on performance

performance and

and

accomplishments

accomplishments

•• Ascription

Ascription

•• Characteristics

Characteristics or

or associations

associations define

define status

status

E.g.,

E.g., status

status based

based on

on schools

schools or

or universities

universities

Copyrightâ 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Exhibit 2.13: Managerial

Implications of Achievement

vs. Ascription



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Time Orientation

•• How

How cultures

cultures deal

deal with

with the

the past,

past, present,

present, and

and future

future

•• Future-oriented

Future-oriented societies,

societies, such

such as

as the

the U.S.,

U.S., consider

consider

organizational

organizational change

change as

as necessary

necessary and

and beneficial

beneficial

•• Past-oriented

Past-oriented societies

societies assume

assume that

that life

life isis

predetermined

predetermined based

based on

on traditions

traditions or

or will

will ofof God

God



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Exhibit 2.14: Managerial

Implications of Time Horizon



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Internal vs. External Control

••

••



Concerned

Concerned with

with beliefs

beliefs regarding

regarding control

control ofof one’s

one’s fate

fate

Best

Best reflected

reflected with

with how

how people

people interact

interact with

with the

the

environment

environment

•• Does

Does nature

nature dominate

dominate us

us or

or do

do we

we dominate

dominate

nature?

nature?

•• InIn societies

societies where

where people

people believe

believe nature

nature dominates

dominates

them,

them, managers

managers are

are more

more fatalistic.

fatalistic.

Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Tài liệu bạn tìm kiếm đã sẵn sàng tải về

Exhibit 2.10: Managerial Implications of Individualism/Collectivism

Tải bản đầy đủ ngay(0 tr)

×