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Exhibit 2.7 Hofstede’s Classification of Countries by Clusters

Exhibit 2.7 Hofstede’s Classification of Countries by Clusters

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Exhibit 2.7 Hofstede’s

Classification of Countries by

Clusters



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



7d Cultural Dimensions Model

•• Builds

Builds on

on traditional

traditional anthropological

anthropological approaches

approaches to

to

understanding

understanding culture

culture

•• Culture

Culture exists

exists because

because people

people need

need toto solve

solve basic

basic

problems

problems ofof survival

survival

•• Challenges

Challenges include

include

•• How

How people

people relate

relate toto others

others

•• How

How people

people relate

relate toto time

time

How

How people

people relate

relate toto their

their environment

environment

Copyrightâ 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



7d Cultural Dimensions Model

(cont.)

•• Dimensions

Dimensions that

that deal

deal with

with relationships

relationships include:

include:

•• Universalism

Universalism vs.

vs. Particularism

Particularism

•• Collectivism

Collectivism vs.

vs. Individualism

Individualism

Neutral

Neutral vs.

vs.Affective

Affective

Diffuse

Diffuse vs.

vs. Specific

Specific

Achievement

Achievement vs.

vs.Ascription

Ascription



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7d Cultural Dimension Model

(cont.)

•• Dimensions

Dimensions dealing

dealing with

with how

how aa culture

culture manages

manages time

time

and

and how

how itit deals

deals with

with nature

nature

•• Sequential

Sequential vs.

vs. Synchronic

Synchronic

Internal

Internal vs.

vs. External

External control

control



Copyrightâ 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Exhibit 2.8: The 7d Model of

Culture



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Universalism vs. Particularism

•• Pertain

Pertain toto how

how people

people treat

treat each

each other

other based

based on

on rules

rules

or

or personal

personal relationships

relationships

•• Universalistic

Universalistic

•• Right

Right way

way isis based

based on

on abstract

abstract principles

principles such

such as

as

rules,

rules, law,

law, religion

religion

•• Particularistic

Particularistic

•• Each

Each judgment

judgment represents

represents unique

unique situation

situation that

that can

can

be

be dealt

dealt with

with based

based on

on relationships

relationships

Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



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Exhibit 2.7 Hofstede’s Classification of Countries by Clusters

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