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Hofstede’s Model Applied to Organizations and Management (cont.)

Hofstede’s Model Applied to Organizations and Management (cont.)

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Power Distance

•• Power

Power distance

distance concerns

concerns how

how cultures

cultures deal

deal with

with

inequality

inequality and

and focuses

focuses on

on

•• Norms

Norms that

that tell

tell superiors

superiors (e.g.,

(e.g., bosses)

bosses) how

how much

much

they

they can

can determine

determine the

the behavior

behavior ofof their

their

subordinates

subordinates

•• Values

Values and

and beliefs

beliefs that

that superiors

superiors and

and subordinates

subordinates

are

are different

different kinds

kinds ofof people

people



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Power Distance (cont.)

•• High

High power

power distance

distance countries

countries have

have norms,

norms, values,

values,

and

and beliefs

beliefs such

such as

as

•• Inequality

Inequality isis fundamentally

fundamentally good

good

•• Everyone

Everyone has

has aa place:

place: some

some are

are high,

high, some

some are

are low

low

•• Most

Most people

people should

should be

be dependent

dependent on

on aa leader

leader

•• The

The powerful

powerful are

are entitled

entitled toto privileges

privileges

The

The powerful

powerful should

should not

not hide

hide their

their power

power

Copyrightâ 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Exhibit 2.2: Managerial

Implications for Power

Distance



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Uncertainty Avoidance

•• Norms,

Norms, values,

values, and

and beliefs

beliefs regarding

regarding tolerance

tolerance for

for

ambiguity

ambiguity

•• Conflict

Conflict should

should be

be avoided

avoided

•• Deviant

Deviant people

people and

and ideas

ideas should

should not

not be

be tolerated

tolerated

•• Laws

Laws are

are very

very important

important and

and should

should be

be followed

followed

•• Experts

Experts and

and authorities

authorities are

are usually

usually correct

correct

•• Consensus

Consensus isis important

important

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Hofstede’s Model Applied to Organizations and Management (cont.)

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