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Exhibit 1.8: Risk Ratings of Selected Countries

Exhibit 1.8: Risk Ratings of Selected Countries

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The Internet and Information

Technology

•• Electronic

Electronic Communication

Communication —

— E-mail,

E-mail, World

World Wide

Wide Web,

Web,

etc.

etc.

•• Allows

Allows multinationals

multinationals toto communicate

communicate with

with company

company

locations

locations throughout

throughout the

the world.

world.

•• Multinationals

Multinationals can

can also

also monitor

monitor worldwide

worldwide

operations.

operations.

•• Information

Information technology

technology isis spurring

spurring aa borderless

borderless

financial

financial market.

market.

Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



The Rise of Global Products

and Global Customers

•• The

The needs

needs ofof customers

customers for

for many

many products

products and

and

services

services are

are growing

growing more

more similar,

similar,

•• e.g.,

e.g., McDonald’s,

McDonald’s, Boeing,

Boeing,Toyota.

Toyota.

•• Global

Global customers

customers search

search the

the world

world for

for their

their supplies

supplies

without

without regard

regard for

for national

national boundaries.

boundaries.



Copyrightâ 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Privatization

Sale

Sale ofof government-owned

government-owned businesses

businesses toto private

private

investors,

investors,

•• usually

usually through

through stock

stock or

or direct

direct sale

sale toto other

other

companies.

companies.

•• Two

Two types

types ofof privatization

privatization contribute

contribute toto the

the global

global

economy

economy —

— the

the developed

developed world

world and

and the

the developing

developing

world.

world.



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Privatization—Types

•• The

The Developed

Developed Countries

Countries

•• Use

Use privatization

privatization toto make

make formerly

formerly governmentgovernmentcontrolled

controlled enterprises

enterprises more

more competitive

competitive inin the

the global

global

economy.

economy.

•• The

The Developing

Developing Countries

Countries

•• Use

Use privatization

privatization toto jump-start

jump-start their

their economies

economies or

or toto

speed

speed the

the transition

transition from

from aa communist

communist toto aa capitalist

capitalist

system.

system.

Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



New Competitors

•• Free

Free market

market reforms

reforms are

are creating

creating aa potential

potential group

group ofof

new

new competitors.

competitors.

•• Korean,

Korean, Russian,

Russian,Taiwanese,

Taiwanese, and

and Mexican

Mexican companies

companies

are

are all

all emerging.

emerging.

•• Chinese

Chinese companies

companies are

are also

also on

on the

the move.

move.



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



Exhibit 1.9: Top 25 Emerging

Market Economies



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



New Competitors are

Emerging

•• Global

Global trade

trade has

has two

two important

important effects

effects inin developing

developing

new

new competitors:

competitors:

•• When

When developing

developing countries

countries are

are used

used as

as low-wage

low-wage

platforms

platforms for

for high-tech

high-tech assembly,

assembly, multinationals

multinationals

facilitate

facilitate the

the transfer

transfer ofof technology.

technology.

•• Aggressive

Aggressive multinationals

multinationals are

are also

also expanding

expanding

beyond

beyond their

their own

own borders.

borders.



Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved



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Exhibit 1.8: Risk Ratings of Selected Countries

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