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74 the 2 (school / the school etc.)

74 the 2 (school / the school etc.)

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Unit



Exercises



74



74.1



Complete the sentences with school or the school.

1 Why aren’t your children at school today? Are they ill?

2 When he was younger, Ben hated

, but he enjoys it now.

3 There were some parents waiting outside

to meet their children.

4 What time does

start in the morning?

5 How do your children get to and from

? Do you take them?

6 What was the name of

you attended?

7 What does Emily want to do when she leaves

?

8 My children walk to

.

isn’t very far.



74.2



Which is right?

1 a

b

c

d



Where is university / the university? Is it near here? (the university is correct)

Neil left school and got a job. He didn’t want to go to university / the university.

In your country, what proportion of the population study at university / the university?

This is a small town, but university / the university is the biggest in the country.



2 a

b

c

d



My brother has always been healthy. He’s never been in hospital / the hospital.

When my friend was ill, I went to hospital / the hospital to see her.

When I was visiting my friend, I met Lisa, who is a nurse at hospital / the hospital.

I saw an accident. A woman was injured and was taken to hospital / the hospital.



3 a Why is she in prison / the prison? What crime did she commit?

b There was a fire at prison / the prison. Firefighters were called to put it out.

c Do you think too many people are sent to prison / the prison?

4 a John’s mother is a regular churchgoer. She goes to church / the church every Sunday.

b John himself doesn’t go to church / the church.

c The village is very nice. You should visit church / the church. It’s interesting.

74.3



74.4



Complete the sentences. Choose from the box.

1 How did you get home after the party?

2 How do you usually go

in the morning? By bus?

3 Sam likes to go to

early and get up early.

4 I don’t have my phone. I left it

.

5 ‘Have you seen my keys?’ ‘Yes, they’re on

.’

6 Shall we meet

tomorrow evening?

7 I like to read

before going to sleep.

8 It was a long tiring journey. We arrived

very late.

9 Tom usually finishes

at five o’clock.

10 It’s nice to travel around, but there’s no place

.



bed

the bed

in bed

home

home

at home

like home

work

to work

after work



Complete the sentences. Choose at/in/to + hospital, school etc.

bed

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8



home



hospital



hospital



prison



school



university



Kate’s mother has to have an operation. She’ll be in hospital for a few days.

In your country, from what age do children have to go

?

Mark didn’t go out last night. He stayed

.

There is a lot of traffic in the morning when people are going

When Sophie leaves school, she wants to study psychology

Ben never gets up before 9 o’clock. It’s 8.30 now, so he is still

The accident wasn’t serious. Nobody had to go

.

If people commit crimes, they may end up

.



➜ Additional exercise 29 (page 319)



work



.

.

.



149



Unit



the 3 (children / the children)



75

A



When we are talking about things or people in general, we do not use the:

I’m afraid of dogs. (not the dogs)

(dogs = dogs in general, not a specific group of dogs)

Doctors are usually paid more than teachers.

Do you know anybody who collects stamps?

Life has changed a lot in the last thirty years.

Do you like classical music / Chinese food / fast cars?

My favourite sport is football/skiing/athletics.

My favourite subject at school was history/physics/English.

We say ‘most people / most shops / most big cities’ etc. (not the most …):

Most shops accept credit cards. (not The most shops)



B



We use the when we mean specific things or people.

Compare:

In general (without the)



C



Specific people or things (with the)



Children learn from playing.

(= children in general)



We took the children to the zoo.

(= a specific group, perhaps the

speaker’s children)



I couldn’t live without music.



The film wasn’t very good, but I liked

the music. (= the music in the film)



All cars have wheels.



All the cars in this car park belong to

people who work here.



Sugar isn’t very good for you.



Can you pass the sugar, please?

(= the sugar on the table)



English people drink a lot of tea.

(= English people in general)



The English people I know drink a lot

of tea. (= only the English people I

know, not English people in general)



The difference between ‘something in general’ and ‘something specific’ is not always very clear.

Compare:

In general (without the)



Specific people or things (with the)



I like working with people.

(= people in general)

I like working with people who say

what they think.

(not all people, but ‘people who say

what they think’ is still a general idea)



I like the people I work with.

(= a specific group of people)



Do you like coffee?

(= coffee in general)

Do you like strong black coffee?

(not all coffee, but ‘strong black coffee’ is

still a general idea)



150



the 1–2 ➜ Units 73–74



The coffee we had after dinner

wasn’t very good. (= specific coffee)



the + adjective (the young / the English etc.) ➜ Unit 76



Unit



Exercises

75.1



75



Choose four of these things and write what you think about them:

bananas

hot weather



boxing

maths



cats

opera



Use: I like … / I don’t like …

I love … / I hate …



I don’t mind …



Apples / The apples are good for you. (Apples is correct)

Look at apples / the apples on that tree. They’re very big.

Who are people / the people in this picture?

It annoys me when people / the people throw rubbish on the ground.

My memory isn’t good. I’m not good at remembering names / the names.

What were names / the names of those people we met last night?

First World War / The First World War began in 1914 and ended in 1918.

A pacifist is somebody who is against war / the war.

He’s lazy. He doesn’t like hard work / the hard work.

Did you finish work / the work you were doing yesterday?



Complete the sentences using the following. Use the where necessary.

(the) basketball

(the) questions

(the) biology

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12



75.4



I think ... is/are …

I’m (not) interested in …



horror movies

zoos



Which is right?

1 a

b

2 a

b

3 a

b

4 a

b

5 a

b



75.3



fast food

supermarkets



I don’t like hot weather very much.



1

2

3

4

5

75.2



crowds

snow



(the) grass

(the) meat

(the) water



(the) patience

(the) information

(the) spiders



(the) people

(the) hotels

(the) lies



My favourite sport is basketball .

The information we were given wasn’t correct.

Some people are afraid of

.

A vegetarian is somebody who doesn’t eat

.

The test wasn’t hard. I answered

without difficulty.

Do you know

who live in the flat next to yours?

is the study of plants and animals.

It’s better to tell the truth. Telling

often causes problems.

We couldn’t find anywhere to stay in the town.

were all full.

Don’t swim in this pool.

doesn’t look very clean.

Don’t sit on

. It’s wet after the rain.

You need

to teach young children.



Which is right?

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9



Steve is very good at telling stories / the stories.

I can’t sing this song. I don’t know words / the words.

Don’t stay in that hotel. It’s noisy and rooms / the rooms are very small.

I don’t have a car, so I use public transport / the public transport most of the time.

All books / All the books on the top shelf belong to me.

Life / The life is strange sometimes. Some very strange things happen.

We enjoyed our holiday. Weather / The weather was good.

Everybody needs water / the water to live.

I don’t like films / the films with unhappy endings.



➜ Additional exercise 29 (page 319)



151



Unit



the 4 (the giraffe / the telephone / the old etc.)



76

A



Study these sentences:

The giraffe is the tallest of all animals.

The bicycle is an excellent means of transport.

When was the camera invented?

The dollar is the currency of the United States.

In these examples, the … does not mean one specific thing.

The giraffe = a specific type of animal, not a specific giraffe.

We use the … in this way to talk about a type of animal,

machine etc.

In the same way we use the for musical instruments:

Can you play the guitar?

The piano is my favourite instrument.

Compare a and the:

I’d like to have a piano.

but I can’t play the piano.

We saw a giraffe at the zoo. but The giraffe is my favourite animal.

Note that man (without the) = human beings in general, the human race:

What do you know about the origins of man? (not the man)



B



the old, the rich etc.

We use the + adjective (without a noun) to talk about groups of people. For example:

the old

the elderly



the rich

the poor



the homeless

the unemployed



the sick

the injured



the old = old people, the rich = rich people etc. :

Do you think the rich should pay higher taxes?

We need to do more to help the homeless.

Note that we say: the old (not the olds), the poor (not the poors) etc.

The rich, the homeless etc. are plural. For one person, we say:

a rich man (not a rich) a homeless person (not a homeless)



C



the French, the Chinese etc.

We use the + a few nationality adjectives that end in -ch or -sh. For example:

the French

the Dutch

the British

the English

the Spanish

The meaning is plural – the people of that country.

The French are famous for their food. (not French are …)

We do not say ‘a French’ or ‘an English’ (singular). For example, we say:

I met a French woman / an English guy.

We also use the + nationality words ending in -ese or -ss. For example:

the Chinese

the Portuguese

the Swiss

These words can also be singular (a Chinese, a Swiss etc.).

With other nationality words, the plural ends in -s (usually without the). For example:

an Italian → Italians

a Mexican → Mexicans

a Thai → Thais

Italians / Mexicans / Thais are very friendly.

In all cases you can use adjective + people. For example, you can say:

French / Chinese / Mexican people are very friendly.



152



a/an and the ➜ Unit 72



the ➜ Units 73–75



Names with and without the ➜ Units 77–78



Unit



Exercises

76.1



76



Answer the questions. Choose the right answer from the box. Don’t forget the.

1



2

animals

tiger

rabbit

giraffe



1 a

b

c

2 a

b

c

3 a

b

c

4 a

b

c

76.2



76.3



elephant

cheetah

kangaroo



3

birds

eagle

swan

parrot



penguin

owl

pigeon



4

inventions

telephone

telescope

helicopter



Which of the animals is the tallest?

Which animal can run the fastest?

Which of these animals is found in Australia?

Which of these birds has a long neck?

Which of these birds cannot fly?

Which bird flies at night?

Which of these inventions is the oldest?

Which one is the most recent?

Which one was especially important for astronomy?

What is the currency of India?

What is the currency of Canada?

And the currency of your country?



wheel

laser

typewriter



peso

rupee

yen



the giraffe



Put in the or a.

1 When was the telephone invented?

2 Can you play

musical instrument?

3 Jessica plays

violin in an orchestra.

4 There was

piano in the corner of the room.

5 I wish I could play

piano.

6 Our society is based on

family.

7 Martin comes from

large family.

8

computer has changed the way we live.

9 When was

bicycle invented?

10 Do you have

car?

Complete these sentences. Use the + adjective. Choose from:

elderly



injured



rich



sick



unemployed



young



1 The young have the future in their hands.

2 Helen is a nurse. She’s spent her life caring for

3 Life is all right if you have a job, but things are hard for

4 Ambulances arrived at the scene of the accident and took

to hospital.

5 More and more people are living longer. How are we going to care for

6 It’s nice to have lots of money, but

76.4



currencies

dollar

euro

rouble



What do you call the people of these countries?

one person (a/an …)

a Canadian

1 Canada

2 Germany

3 France

4 Russia

5 Japan

6 Brazil

7 England

8 and your country



.

.



?

have their problems too.



the people in general

Canadians



153



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