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60 Preposition (in/for/about etc.) + -ing

60 Preposition (in/for/about etc.) + -ing

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Unit



Exercises

60.1



60



Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first.

1 Why is it useful to have a car?

What are the advantages of having a car

2 I don’t intend to apply for the job.

I have no intention of

3 Helen has a good memory for names.

Helen is good at

4 You probably won’t win the lottery. You have little chance.

You have little chance of

5 Did you get into trouble because you were late?

Did you get into trouble for

6 We didn’t eat at home. We went to a restaurant instead.

We went to a restaurant instead of

7 We got into the exhibition. We didn’t have to queue.

We got into the exhibition without

8 Amy is 90 years old, but she’s fit and healthy.

Amy is fit and healthy despite



60.2



1

2

3

4

5

6



60.4



.

.

.

?

.

.

.



Complete the sentences using by -ing. Choose from these verbs:

borrow



60.3



?



break



drive



press



put



The burglars got into the house by breaking

I was able to reach the top shelf

You turn on the computer

Kevin got himself into financial trouble

You can put people’s lives in danger

We made the room look nicer



stand

a window.

on a chair.

the button at the back.

too much money.

too fast.

some pictures on the walls.



Complete the sentences with a suitable word. Use only one word each time.

1 We ran ten kilometres without stopping .

2 Dan left the hotel without

his bill.

3 It’s a nice morning. How about

for a walk?

4 You need to think carefully before

an important decision.

5 It was a long trip. We were tired after

on a train for 36 hours.

6 I’m not looking forward to

away. I’d prefer to stay here.

7 I was annoyed because the decision was made without anybody

8 After

the same job for ten years, Ellie felt she needed a change.

9 We got lost because we went straight on instead of

left.

10 I like these pictures you took. You’re good at

pictures.

11 Can you touch your toes without

your knees?

12 We’ve decided to sell our car. Are you interested in

it?



me.



For each situation, write a sentence with I’m (not) looking forward to.

1 You are going on holiday next week. How do you feel?

I’m looking forward to going on holiday.

2 A good friend of yours is coming to visit you soon. It will be good to see her again. How do you feel?

I’m

3 You’re going to the dentist tomorrow. You don’t enjoy visits to the dentist. How do you feel?

I’m not

4 Rachel doesn’t like school, but she’s leaving next summer. How does she feel?

5 Joe and Helen are moving to a new apartment soon. It’s much nicer than where they live now.

How do they feel?



➜ Additional exercises 26–28 (pages 317–19)



121



Unit



be/get used to … (I’m used to …)



61

A



Study this example situation:

Lisa is American, but she lives in Britain.

When she first drove a car in Britain, driving on the left

was a problem for her because:

She wasn’t used to it.

She wasn’t used to driving on the left.

(because Americans drive on the right)

But after some time, driving on the left became easier.

She got used to driving on the left.



lisa



Now it’s no problem for Lisa:

She is used to driving on the left.



B



I’m used to something = it is not new or strange for me

You can say:



be

get



used to



something

or

doing something



Paul lives alone. He has lived alone for a long time, so it is not strange for him. He’s used to it.

He is used to living alone.

I bought some new shoes. They felt a little strange at first because I wasn’t used to them.

Our new apartment is on a busy street. I expect we’ll get used to the noise, but at the

moment it’s very disturbing.

Helen has a new job. She has to get up much earlier now than before – at 6.30. She finds this

difficult because she isn’t used to getting up so early.

Katherine’s husband is often away from home. She doesn’t mind this. She’s used to him

being away.



C



We say ‘be/get used to doing something’ (not I’m used to do).

Lisa is used to driving on the left. (not is used to drive)

I’m used to living alone. (not I’m used to live)

When we say ‘I am used to …’ , to is a preposition:

⎫ the noise.



We’re not used to ⎬ it.

⎪ living here. (not live here)



Compare to + infinitive (to do, to live etc.):

We don’t want to live here.



D



Compare I am used to doing and I used to do:

I am used to (doing) something = it isn’t strange or new for me:

I’m used to the weather here.

I’m used to driving on the left because I’ve lived in Britain a long time.

I used to do something = I did it regularly in the past but no longer do it. We use this only for the past

(I used …), not for the present. See Unit 18.

I used to drive to work every day, but these days I usually go by bike.

We used to live just outside the town, but now we live near the centre.



122



used to (do) ➜ Unit 18



to + -ing ➜ Unit 60C



Unit



Exercises

61.1



61.2



Complete the sentences using used to + a suitable verb.

1 I’m not lonely. I don’t need other people. I’m used to being

2 I don’t feel good. I stayed up until 3 am. I’m not

3 Tomorrow I start a new job. I’ll have to get

4 My feet hurt. I can’t go any further. I’m not

5 I like this part of town. I’ve been here a long time, so I’m



61

on my own.

to bed so late.

with new people.

so far.

here.



Read about Sarah and Jack. Complete the sentences using used to.

1 Sarah is a nurse. A year ago she started working nights. At first it was hard for her.

Sarah wasn’t used to working nights. It took her a few months to

Now, after a year, it’s normal for her. She



it.

nights.



2 Jack has to drive two hours to work every morning. Many years ago, when he first had to do this, it was

hard for him and he didn’t like it.

When Jack started working in this job, he

driving two hours

to work every morning, but after some time he

it. Now it’s no

problem for him. He

two hours every morning.

61.3 What do you say in these situations? Use I’m (not) used to … .



1 You live alone. You don’t mind this. You have always lived

alone. friend: Do you get lonely sometimes?

you: No, I’m used to living alone.

2 You sleep on the floor. It’s OK for you. You have always slept on the floor.

friend: Wouldn’t you prefer to sleep in a bed?

you: No, I

3 You have to work long hours in your job. This is not a problem. You have always done this.

friend: You have to work long hours in your job, don’t you?

you:

Yes, but I don’t mind that. I

4 You’ve just moved from a village to a big city. It’s busy and you don’t like the crowds of

people.

friend: How do you like living here now?

you: It’s different from living in a village. I

61.4



Read the situations and complete the sentences using get/got used to.

get used

to the

noise

1 Some friends of yours

have just

moved

into an apartment on a busy street. It is very noisy.

.

They’ll

have to

2 The

children

got a new teacher. She was different from the teacher before her, but this wasn’t

a problem for the children. They soon

.

3 Kate moved from a big house to a much smaller one. She found it strange at first. She had to

in a much smaller house.

4 Anna has lived in Britain for ten years. She didn’t like the weather when she first came, and she

.

still doesn’t like it. She can’t

5 Lee got a new job, but his new salary was much less. So he had less money.

He had to

.



61.5



Complete the sentences using only one word each time.

1 Lisa had to get used to driving on the left.

2 Daniel used to

a lot of coffee. Now he prefers tea.

3 I feel very full after that meal. I’m not used to

so much.

4 I wouldn’t like to share a room. I’m used to

my own room.

5 I used to

a car, but I sold it a few months ago.

6 When we were children, we used to

swimming very often.

7 There used to

a school here, but it was knocked down a few years ago.

8 I’m the boss here! I’m not used to

told what to do.



➜ Additional exercises 26–28 (pages 317–19)



123



Unit



Verb + preposition + -ing

(succeed in -ing / insist on -ing etc.)



62

A



We use some verbs + preposition + object. For example:

verb + preposition + object

We talked

I apologised



about

for



the problem.

what I said.



If the object is another verb, we use -ing:

verb + preposition + -ing

We talked

You should apologise



about

for



going to South America.

not telling the truth.



of

against

of

like

on

to

in

of/about



swearing.

moving to London.

asking them for money.

going out tonight.

paying for the meal.

going away?

finding a job yet?

buying a house.



You can use these verbs in the same way:

approve of

decide against

dream of

feel like

insist on

look forward to

succeed in

think of/about



He doesn’t approve

We have decided

I wouldn’t dream

I don’t feel

They insisted

Are you looking forward

Has Paul succeeded

I’m thinking



You can also say ‘approve of somebody doing something’, ‘look forward to somebody doing

something’ etc. :

I don’t approve of people killing animals as a sport.

We are all looking forward to Andy coming home next week.



B



Some verbs can have the structure verb + object + preposition + -ing.

For example:

verb + object + preposition + -ing

accuse … of

congratulate … on

prevent … from

stop … from

suspect … of

thank … for



He accused

We congratulated

What prevented

The rain didn’t stop

Nobody suspected

I thanked



me

Lisa

you

us

the general

everyone



of

on

from

from

of

for



telling lies.

winning the first prize.

coming to see us?

enjoying our holiday.

being a spy.

helping me.



You can say ‘stop somebody doing’ or ‘stop somebody from doing’:

You can’t stop me doing what I want. or You can’t stop me from doing …

Note this example with not -ing:

He accused me of not telling the truth.

Some of these verbs are often used in the passive. For example:

We were accused of telling lies. (or … accused of lying.)

The general was suspected of being a spy.

Note that we say ‘apologise to somebody for …’ :

I apologised to them for keeping them waiting. (not I apologised them)



124



decide to … ➜ Unit 54A



Preposition + -ing ➜ Unit 60



Verb + preposition ➜ Units 132–136



Unit



Exercises

62.1



62.2



Complete the sentences. Use only one word each time.

1 Our neighbours apologised for making so much noise.

2 I feel lazy. I don’t feel like

any work.

3 I wanted to go out alone, but Joe insisted on

with me.

4 I’m fed up with my job. I’m thinking of

something else.

5 We can’t afford a car right now, so we’ve decided against

one.

6 It took us a long time, but we finally succeeded in

the problem.

7 I’ve always dreamed of

a small house by the sea.

8 It’s great that Amy and Sam are coming to visit us. I’m looking forward to



them again.



Complete the sentences. Use a preposition + one of these verbs (in the correct form):

be

take off

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11



62.3



62



eat

tell



get

try



go out

use



invite

walk



steal



I don’t feel like going out this evening. I’m too tired.

The police stopped the car because they suspected the driver

Our flight was delayed. Bad weather prevented the plane

My phone is very old. I’m thinking

I didn’t want to hear the story but Dan insisted

I’m getting hungry. I’m really looking forward

I think you should apologise to Sarah

There’s a fence around the lawn to stop people

I’m sorry I can’t come to your party, but thank you very much

The man who has been arrested is suspected

I did my best. Nobody can accuse me

not



it.

.

a new one.

me anyway.

something.

so rude.

on the grass.

me.

a false passport.

.



Complete the sentences on the right.

1



It was nice of you to help

me. Thanks very much.



you



I’ll take you to the

station. I insist.



Tom insisted



I hear you got married.

Congratulations!



Dan congratulated me



It was nice of you to come

to see me. Thank you.



Jen thanked



jen



5



Sorry I’m late.



you



Kate apologised



kate



6



You don’t care

about other people.



you



Ann

.



dan



4

sue



.



tom



3

you



me for helping him



kevin



2

ann



Kevin thanked



Jane accused



jane



➜ Additional exercises 27–28 (pages 318–19)



125



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