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2 . Questions to determine the main idea or the title of the passage.

2 . Questions to determine the main idea or the title of the passage.

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+ Connect the information of the paragraphs to guess gthe general idea of the whole

reading lesson.

+ Use both contrasting methods and exclusive method. Some multiple choice is only

the detailed information or the main idea of one paragraph. This detailed information

sometimes has other expressions to classify the levels of difficulty.

For instance, the quetion “Which of the following best describes the main idea of this

passage?” in the national general secondary sample test, 2017. Reading lesson consists

of three paragraphs, the first one mainly decibes whales, the second one talks abot their

behaviors, the third talks about the dangers whales are facing with. Comparing with the

options we see that the answer “Successful attempts to rescue whales all over the world”,

is the information mentioned in the third paragraph,



th answer “Some remarkable



similarities of whales to humans” is also the information mentioned in the secon

paragraph, and the answer “Whales as the largest, gentlest but vulnerable creatures” is a

true option because it covers the general idea of three paragraphs, the option C is the true

answer for the question.



II.3. Questions for vocabulary.

Determing meaning of the words through situation is a very important skill when

reading, because it helps students overcome the discouragement due to the long reading

lesson with a lot of new words. The course book English 12, practising reading skill is

chiefly through translation into Vietnamese. (Give the Vietnamese equivalents to the

following words). If students do like this, they will have to both determine meaning and

find Vietnamese equipvelents. This is unnecessary and it is a waste of time. For the

national general secondary test this requirement is completely different Đối với câu hỏi

rèn luyện kỹ năng này trong đề thi THPT Quốc gia được thực hiện một cách hoàn toàn

khác, the total questions of this type are 2 or 3 ones in two reading lessons. These types

og wuetions often appear in the tests as the following:

Question: The word/phrase _____ in the passage/paragraph _____ is closest in meaning

to

Question: The word/phrase ______ in the passage/paragraph _____ could best be

replaced by which of the following?

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Question: The word/phrase _______ in the passage probably means ______



II.4. Questions for reference objects.

After analysing the recent national general secondary tests as well as the sample tests

2017, 2018 I see that each reading lesson has one question for referrence object. Through

the reality of teaching and analysing students’ result of doing reading exercises, I do not

think this is a kind of difficult question if the students know procedures to do reading

lesson.Some types of these questions often appear in the te\he tests such as the following.

Question: The word/phrase _______ in the passage refers to

Question: What does the word/phrase ______ in the paragraph _____refer to?



2.4.1. Questions for reference objects found from the national general

secondary tests.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to

indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

The concept of urban …….

“We’ve created a curriculum that is fundamental in nature, addressing the principles of

sustainable agriculture and what a food system is – how it functions both locally and

globally,” Niebler says. “These courses are challenging, robust and inspirational. One of

the really wonderful things about them is that we offer service learning opportunities,

where students volunteer a portion of their time to working with local partner

organizations. They can do a research project, or a service learning option. The ideal

would be to prompt students into careers that involve sustainable practices in an urban

agriculture setting.”

Adapted from “Promoting Sustainable Agriculture” by Marlene Cimons



Question: The word “them” in paragraph 6 refers to ______.

A. courses



B. opportunities



C. principles D. students



2.4.2. Guide student stategies to do this type of questions.

The words, phrases for referrence objects often appearing in the reading parts of

test are personal pronouns, possessive pronouns and adjectives, demonstrative adjectives,

adverbs of time and places …. the referring words or phrases often appear after the

referred words or phrases. To do well this type of questions, I give students the following

strategies.

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+ Locating the referring words or phrases (bold words or phrases in the reading lesson).

+ Read the previous sentences or the rearword sentences. Normally the referring objects

are after the referring word or phrase.

+ Determine the referring object, contrast with the options to find the corrects one, notice

the singular and plural form of the referring words to choose the true answer.

For instance: The question “The word “them” in paragraph 6 refers to ______.” in the

national general secondary test, 2016. we have to determine the position of “them” in the

sentence “These courses are challenging, robust and inspirational. One of the really

wonderful things about them is that we offer service learning opportunities, where

students volunteer a portion of their time to working with local partner organizations.”

The word opportunities and students can not be the referring object because it appears

after “them”

. The word “principles” also can not be be the referring object because it is too far from

the referring word. So the correct answer in this case is A.



2.5. Question for inferring.

These of questions do not often appear in the tests but they are difficult questions,

because the information does not express directly in the reading passages. To do these

types of questions, the students need a basic amount of vocabulay to understand the

content of the passage, they have good strategies as well. These questions are often

Question: It can be inferred from the passage that …

Question: Which of the following can be inferred from paragraph _____ /the passage?

Question: Based on the information in paragph ______ /the passage, which of the

following can be inferred?

Question: It is implied in the passage/paragraph _______ that

Question: According to the passage/paragraph ______, with which satements do you

think the author would most probably agree?



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2.5.1. The referring question in the reading lesson of the second

national general secondary test, 2017

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet

to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

It's called 42 - the name taken from the answer to the meaning of life, from the science

fiction series The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. 42 was founded by French

technology billionaire Xavier Niel, whose backing means there are no tuition fees and

accommodation is free. Mr Niel and his co-founders come from the world of technology

and start-ups, and they are trying to do to education what Facebook did to communication

and Airbnb to accommodation.

Students at 42 are given a choice of projects that they might be set in a job as a software

engineer - perhaps to design a website or a computer game. They complete a project

using resources freely available on the Internet and by seeking help from their fellow

students, who work alongside them in a large open-plan room full of computers. Another

student will then be randomly assignedto mark their work.

The founders claim this method of learning makes up for shortcomings in the traditional

education system, which they say encourages students to be passive recipients of

knowledge. "Peer-to-peer learning develops students with the confidence to search for

solutions by themselves, often in quite creative and ingenious ways."

Like in computer games , the students are asked to design and they go up a level by

completing a project. They graduate when they reach level 21, which usually takes three

to five years . And at the end, there is a certificate but no formal degree. Recent graduates

are now working at companies including IBM, Amazon, and Tesla, as well as starting

their own firms.

"The feedback we have had from employers is that our graduates are more apt to go off

and find out information for themselves, rather than asking their supervisors what to do

next," says Brittany Bir, chief operating officer of 42 in California and a graduate of its

sister school in Paris. Ms Bir says 42's graduates will be better able to work with others

and discuss and defend their ideas - an important skill in the “real world” of work. "This

is particularly important in computer programming, where individuals are notorious for

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lacking certain human skills," she says.

But could 42's model of teacherless learning work in mainstream universities? Brittany

Bir admits 42's methods do not suit all students . "It suits individuals who are very

disciplined and self-motivated, and who are not scared by having the freedom to work at

their own pace," she says.

(Adapted from http://www.bbc.com/news/business-37694248)



Question: It can be inferred from the passage that .

A. 42 is a good choice for people of all ages and nationalities

B. all 42’s graduates are employed by world leading technology companies

C. 42’s students have to handle the task assigned without any assistance

D. 42 adopts project-based and problem-solving learning methods



2.5.2. Guiding students how to do this type of questions.

Through observing the teacing periods, evaluating students’ reading tests, most of the

students can not do this type of question correctly. So I can say this is a difficult type of

the quetion to classify the levels of the students. To do it we should to give students the

following ponts:

+ Updating a number of the words relating to the topics they have learnt so that they are

not so discouraged when seeing the reading units, thanks to this, they can understand the

reading lessons.This quetion should be done eventually, after finishing all other questions

in the reading passage.

+ Look through the answering options.

+ Eliminating the false options basing on the information in the lesson., the incorrect

options are possible, because the information in the passage is not clear or not main

informain, or excessive expression by using the words such as: always, never, none,

impossible, without, most, all, every, the only, the best, the worst…

For instance: the quetion : "It can be inferred from the passage that” in the secon

national sample test. We need to read the passage carefully one more after finishing other

questions. Reading the answering options we see that the answer ‘42 is a good choice for

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people of all ages and nationalities’ is incorrect because it contains an excessive

expression,” people of all ages”; the answer; “all 42’s graduates are employed by world

leading technology companies” is wrong because of unclear information; the answer 42’s

students have to handle the task assigned without any assistance this if an excessive

expressio using the word “without”. So the correct answer is D.



3.



The positive impacts brought abot from my study.

The quality of doing reading lesson on objects has been experienced.

After having been presented in fron of my group of English on April fifth, 2019. With



acquring my collegues’ ideas, I have applied the study to my designing the reading lesson

plans to the Englisg classes I am teaching.

Through my evaluation, observation, I realise that there is a positive progress in

practising my students’ reading skill. The student are aware of the importance of

improving vocabulary, concentrating on the strategies of doing reading lessons.

To prove the effectiveness of my study, I do a survey again on 90 students from the

classes which I had taught the strategies to do the reading lessons, especially for the types

of reading questions in the national general secondary tests in the next May

This survey, I also choose 90 students accidentally



to do a test of reading



comprehension consisting of 15 questions, both common and advanced questions in 20

minutes. The result shown in te chart below.



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Chart 3: The result of doing reading lessons after applying the study.

The chart 3 demonstrates: Most students gaining from 2 to 7 true sentences make up

to about 82%, the number of the students getting from 8 to 12 corrects sentences acounts

for 19% per the total 15 sententeces. This corresponds with over 19 percent getting over

arverage marks of reading parts. This result shows that the students’ reading competence

is low, however, this rate compared with that in the table 1 is much better, because the

number of the students getting from 2 to 5 true answers reduced, whereas the students

gaining from 6 to 8 true answer increase dramatically, even some of those students reach

8 to 12 correct answers, there is, however, noone getting the maximum score. This result

shows that the considerable impact of the study is proved to be effective.



4.



The scope of applying of the study.



With the aim of improving the practice of reading skill, helping students at Nong

Cong 4 high school access to the types of reading questions in the national general

secondary tests. In my study “ Solutions to improve reading skill helping students at

Nong Cong 4 high school do the national general secondary tests of English better”

can completely be applied at all periods of practising reading skills of the coursebooks

English 10, 11, 12. This is listed below:

On the field of method and ideas of teaching. This study is approriately applied for the

students at different levels of the cirriculum of upper secondary education. I have

presented some types of questions designed to improve reading skill and help students

access to the reading questions in the national general secondary tests of English below.

These types of questions are also applied in the official periods of teaching of the

coursebook English 12 at upper secondary schools. they are also evidences for

effectiveness, perspetive and application of the study at high schools:

Unit 1: Home Life

Part A: Reading

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct

answer to each of the questions.

Question 1: According to passage, how many people are there in the author’s family?

A.2



B. 3



C. 4



D. 5



Question 2: The word “they” in paragraph 1 refers to

A.The author’s parents



B. projects



C. women



D. children



Question 3: The phrase “join hands” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to which of

the following?

A.shake hands



B. work together



C. take hands D.combine with



Question 4: Which of the following is NOT true about the author’s mother?

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A. She is responsible for doing the housework.

B. She always gets up early in the morning.

C. She prepares breakfast for her children.

D. She often hurries home right now after hospital.

Question 5: According to paragraph 3, what does the author is attempting to do after

secondary school?

A. She is attempting to be allowed to study at a university.

B. She is attempting to overcome her study pressure.

C. She is attempting to help her parents with household chores.

D. She is attempting to look for a job.

Question 6: Based on the information in paragraph 4, which of the following can be

inferred?

A. Members of the family need each other.

B. Members of the family are not confident enough.

C. Members of the family have very close relationships.

D. Members of the family are never close to each other.

- Suggested answers:



1. D



2. A



3. B



4.D



5.A



6. C



Unit 6: Future Jobs

Part A: Reading

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the

correct answer to each of the questions.

Question 1: According to the passage, what should we do before a job interview?

A. send a letter of application and our resumes to the company

B. send our school certificates

C. reduce the feeling of pressure

D. create a good impression on the interviewer

Question 2: Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. a letter of application



B. a letter of recommendation



C. an identity card



D. school certificates



Question 3: Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A. Try to reduce the feeling of pressure and make a good impression on the

interviewer.

B. Find out as much information as you can about the job and the vacancy.

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C. Your voice should be clear, polite and honest.

D. Don’t say goodbye to the interviewer before leaving the office.

Question 4: The word “keenness” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A. interest



B. responsibility



C. understanding



D. knowledge



Question 5: The phrase “jot down” in the passage probably means

A.note down B. mention



C. type



D. write



Question 6: Which of the following is true during the interview?

A. Concentrate on what the interviewer is saying.

B. Don’t need answer all questions.

C. Always show your weakness.

D. Interrupt when the job is explained to you.

Question 7: The word “they” in the last paragragh refers to

A. interview



B. congratulations



C. comments



D. you



Question 8: What does the passage mianly discuss?

A. Advice on how to answer the interviewer’s questions

B. Advice on how to find a job

C. Advice on how to repare for a new job

D. Advice on how to overcome difficulties

- Suggested answers: 1. A



2.C



3. D



4. A 5. B



6. A



7.C



8.C



Unit 10: Endangered Species

Part A: Reading

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the

correct answer to each of the questions.

Question 1: According to the passage, how many species of plants and animals are

threatened with extinction?

A. over 8,300B. exactly 15,500



C. over 15,500



D. 1,500



Question 2: The word ‘them’ in paragraph 1 refers to ______.

A. many thousands of species



B. biologists C. causes



D. forests



Question 3: According to paragraph 2, which of the following is NOT mentioned as a

primary cause of species extinction?

A. pollution



B. habitat destruction



C. overpopulation



D. natural selection



Question 4: Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

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A. Overexploitation of animals for food and other products has reduced the number of

rare species.

B. Plant and animal extinction leads to a loss of biodiversity.

C. People have made different efforts to save endangered species.

D. The Red List is a book which provides names of extinct species.

Question 5: The development of wildlife habitat reserves helps ________.

A. save a large number of endangered species

B. make a list of endangered species

C. enact laws to protect wildlife

D. develop commercial trade and overhunting

Question 6: The phrase “a wide range of ” is closest in meaning to ________.

A. a large number ofB. a big difference



C. a few of D. a little of



Question 7: The best title for the passage is _________.

A. Endangered Species and Conservation Measures

B. Endangered Species and their Benefits

C. The Global Extinction Crisis

D. Endangered Species Extinction: Causes and Conservation Measures

- Suggested answers: 1. C



2. A



3. D



4. D



5. A



6. A



7. D



Unit 16: The Association of southeast Asian nations

Part A: Reading

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct

answer to each of the questions.

Question 1: According to the passage, when was ASEAN founded?

A.in 1967



B. in 1984



C. in 1995



D. in 1997



Question 2: When did Vietnam join this association?

A.in 1984



B. in 1995



C. in 1997



D. in 1997



Question 3: According to paragraph 1, one of the main goals of the Association is to

accelerate __________.

A.economic growth and social progress

B. economic growth and cultural development

C. economic growth, social progress, and cultural development

D. social progress and cultural development

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Question 4: The word “its” at the beginning of paragraph 2 refers to

A.ASEAN



B.population C.region



D. area



Question 5: What was the combined gross domestic product of ASEAN in 2007?

A. It was US$1282 billion.



B. It was US$ 1405 billion.



C. It was US$ 5755 million.



D. It was US $ 4464 million.



- Suggested answers: 1. A



2. B



3. C



4. A



5. A



PART III. CONCLUSION

I. Conclusion.

After finishing the study, I realize that this study makes a great contribution to the

process of improving reading skill, it is an integral part in help my students access to the

types of reading questions in the national general secondary tests of English as well.



II. Experience lessons.

First, There are differences between the reading questions in the cousebooks and those in

the national general secondary tests so students often feel discouraged whe seeing them.

Second, Reading lessons in the national tests cover larger content, focus on some types of

questions such as; questions for detail of information, question for main ideas, question

for referring object, questions for vocabulary, questions for infering… whereas the

reading questions in the coursebooks chiefly focus on choosing True/False statements,

answering the comprehension questions .. so teachers need to contrast and compare the

differences between two types of questions in coursebook and those in the national tests

to students then give them the strategies for each type of questions.



III. Proposals to the leaders.

After studying the problem, I see that the successful lessons depend on a lot of reference

documents as well as visual aids, so the schools need to buy and add more equipment for

teaching such as projectors, videos and reference books. That will make the process of

teaching and learning reading skill better.

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2 . Questions to determine the main idea or the title of the passage.

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