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Are You Learning English? These Songs May Help

Are You Learning English? These Songs May Help

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Also "Nothing Else Matters" by Metallica.Aurelio Lourenco Costa Gusmao says he began to

like English after his teacher played the ……………….. song "I Have a Dream." He wrote:

That was eight years ago. I was in the seventh ………………...

.And from that day on, my dream of improving my English skills became ……………….. in

my mind. Teachers can use this song to ……………….. the message to their students that

they should have their own dream for the future.

Aurelio's story was no ………………..to another commenter, Katie Kivenko. She especially

likes songs by Michael Jackson and Queen. She wrote: When you listen to your favorite

songs, you feel ……………….. high and it moves you to action.For VOA Special English,

I'm Alex Villarreal. Do you have any favorite songs for learning English? You can share other

music ……………….. for English learners at our website



16.



What Is the Relationship Between Age and Happiness?

Are people …………….happy or more happy the older they get? If you answered more

happy, then you were right, …………….a study published two years ago.

It found that people ……………. become happier and experience less worry after age fifty.

……………., it found that by the age of eighty-five, people are happier with their life than

they were at eighteen.

The ……………. came from a Gallup survey of more than three hundred forty thousand

…………….in the United States in two thousand eight. At that time, the people were

between the ……………. of eighteen and eighty-five.

Arthur Stone in the Department of Psychiatry and ……………. Science at Stony Brook

University in New York led the study. His ……………. found that levels of stress were

highest among adults between the ages of twenty-two and twenty-five.

Stress levels ……………. sharply after people reached their fifties. Happiness was highest

among the youngest adults and those in their early seventies. But the people least

……………. to report feeling negative ……………. were those in their seventies and

eighties.

The ……………. also found that men and women have …………….emotional patterns as

they grow older. However, women at all ages reported more ……………., stress and worry

than men did.

The researchers also ……………. possible influences like having young children, being

unemployed or being single. But they found that ……………. like these did not …………….

the levels of happiness and well-being related to age. So why would happiness increase with

age?

One ……………. is that, as people get older, they become more ……………. for what they

have and have better control of their emotions. They also spend less time thinking about bad

…………….. The findings appeared in the Proceedings of the ……………. Academy of

Sciences.

Happiness is not the only thing that apparently ……………. with age. In a study published

this year, people in their eighties reported the fewest problems with the ……………. of their

sleep. Researchers surveyed more than one hundred fifty thousand American adults.



The study, led by Michael Grandner at the University of Pennsylvania, ……………. in the

journal Sleep. The original goal was to ……………. the popular belief that aging is

……………. with increased sleep problems. The survey did find an increase during

……………. age, especially in women. But except for that, people ……………. that they felt

their sleep quality improved as they got older.



17.



Testing New Ways to Recognize What Makes a Good Teachers

In recent years, Bill Gates has given ……………………. to improve American education. In

two thousand nine, the Bill and Melinda Gates ……………………. launched the Measures of

……………………. Teaching project.

The project tests new ways to ……………………. what makes a good teacher. Its goal is to

help educators and policymakers ……………………. and support good teaching.The study is

being carried out in public school systems in seven American cities.

Thousands of teachers ……………………. to take part. They agreed to have their classes

recorded on video, but only for observation by expert researchers.Last spring, the project

……………………. digital videos of thirteen thousand lessons in the …………………….

taught by the teachers.

They were in …………………….four through nine. Researchers also collected information

from students. They asked students to report their opinions of each teacher's classroom.

Students were also tested in mathematics, English and ……………………..

Officials recently ……………………. early results of the project study. The report says

teachers' past success in raising student scores on state tests is one of the strongest signs of

their ……………………. to do so again. This is known as a teacher's "value-added."The

teachers with the highest value-added scores on state tests also help students understand math

or show reading ability.

The ……………………. also say students know effective teaching when they experience it.

The students gave ……………………. on whether or not their teachers

…………………….about them.

They also gave opinions on how much teachers controlled or managed student

……………………. in the classroom.The report found that classrooms where students

reported ……………………. experiences were more likely to show greater learning gains.

Another finding shows that ……………………. different sources of information helps

administrators provide better comments and ……………………. to teachers. In many cases,

administrators had been basing their comments on student test scores only.The

……………………. of Effective Teaching project continues through twenty twelve when

final results will be released.

Researchers plan to test a new measure that ……………………. what a teacher knows about

how to teach a …………………….. Experts say these findings could also help create better

training and development for teachers.



18.



A Comic Book About Business Finance

You probably have heard of comic book …………… like Superman, Batman and Spiderman.

But what about Tom the motorcycle shop ……………, Joe Knight and Karen Berman?



Tom, Joe and Karen all …………… in a comic book called "Financial Intelligence." But Mr.

Knight and Ms. Berman are …………… people.

In two thousand six, they wrote a book called "Financial ……………: A Manager's Guide to

Knowing What the Numbers …………… Mean." It was written for people who need to learn

quickly about accounting.

The book ……………, in simple ways, often-complex methods of keeping financial

information. It became a ……………. In June, publisher SmarterComics …………… a

comic book that provides the same information in easy-to-understand, picture form.

The new book is a combination of a …………… and a graphic novel. It tells the story of

Tom, a mechanic who must quickly learn how to direct the motorcycle …………… shop his

father founded. Tom has no experience with finance, and is …………… with the business.

Joe Knight and Karen Berman help him. Artist Dave Wachter made illustrations for the comic

book.Franco Arda is the founder and head of SmarterComics. He formerly worked as an

…………………..

He started the company almost three years ago with his own money. He wanted to

…………… educational comic books that increase understanding. Franco Arda ……………

that many people grew up with comics.

He says pictures combined with written text can help people learn an idea much more quickly

than just text ……………. This explains the expression, 'a picture says a thousand words.'

"Financial Intelligence" will help readers quickly understand many of the …………… areas

of accounting.

The new comic book is available in paperback.The website Entrepreneur.com named

SmarterComics to its list of 100 Brilliant Companies of 2012. The company has created

comic book …………… of more than ten other books.

These …………… "Think and Grow Rich" by Napoleon Hill, "The Prince" by Niccolo

Machiavelli and "The …………… of War" by Sun Tzu. Later this year, SmarterComics plans

to release a comic book by rapper 50Cent



19.



Can America Win the Education Race?

President Obama talked a lot about education in his State of the ………….. speech in

January. He said: "We need to out- ………….., out-educate and out-build the rest of the

world.

If Americans want to "win the future," he said, then they also have to win the race to educate

their children.The president said: "Over the next ten years, ………….. half of all new jobs

will require education that goes ………….. a high school education.

And yet as many as a ………….. of our students aren't even finishing high school. The

quality of our math and science education ………….. behind many other nations. America

has fallen to ninth in the ………….. of young people with a college degree.

“Two years ago, Mr. Obama set a goal to regain the world's highest rate of college …………..

by twenty-twenty. He says the ………….. to give every child a chance to succeed begins not

in classrooms, but in homes and …………... He said: "Only parents can make sure the TV is

turned off and ………….. gets done.



We need to teach our kids that it's not just the winner of the Super Bowl who ………….. to

be celebrated, but the winner of the ………….. fair."President Obama talked about his Race

to the Top competition.

It offered ………….. money to develop plans to improve teacher quality and student

…………... Also, he called for preparing one hundred thousand new teachers in science,

technology, engineering and math over the next ten years. Mr. Obama offered to begin

………….. with Congress on immigration reform, and he linked that ………….. to

education.

He said: "Today, there are hundreds of thousands of students excelling in our schools who are

not American …………... Some are the children of undocumented workers. They grew up as

Americans and pledge allegiance to our flag, and yet they live every day with the …………..

of deportation.

Others come here from abroad to study in our colleges and universities. But as soon as they

………….. advanced degrees, we send them back home to compete against us."The speech

came the same day the Education Department ………….. the latest results on student

progress in science.

The goal is for all students to perform at the ………….. or advanced level. But only about

one-third of students in ………….. four and eight and one-fifth of twelfth-graders did that in

two thousand nine. Just one to two percent of students performed at the ………….. level.



20.



Iron, Vitamin D May Lead to Smarter, Healthier Children

Many people have low amounts of iron in their blood. But ……………… women need extra

iron for their own health and their baby's health. Iron is important to the development of a

baby's brain and central ……………… system.

In poor countries, however, providing all pregnant women with iron ……………… can be a

financial issue. Some experts say giving supplements to babies after they are born is enough.

Someone who ……………… is Parul Christian, a nutritionist at the Johns Hopkins School of

Public Health in Maryland. She and other scientists have been doing research in Nepal. She

says their latest findings should ……………… any question about the value of making sure

every pregnant woman ……………… iron supplements.

Iron is a micronutrient. Micronutrients are important ……………… that are found in small

amounts in foods. The researchers first ……………… a study among poor women in Nepal

ten years ago. During pregnancy some of the women received supplements ………………

iron and another micronutrient, folic acid.

Ms. Christian says that study showed the supplements could ……………… child survival.

Now the children are older. The researchers returned to Nepal and tested their neurological

development.

They found improved ……………… among those whose mothers had received iron and folic

acid during pregnancy and for three months after. Another new study looks at ………………

of vitamin D in babies.



It says newborns with the lowest levels were twice as likely to develop respiratory

……………… as those with normal levels of vitamin D. Vitamin D helps build strong bones

and strengthens the body's defenses ……………… disease.

The vitamin is ……………… added to cow's milk and also found in supplements. Vitamin D

is called the sunshine vitamin. The body naturally produces it from ………………. Carlos

Camargo from Harvard Medical School in Massachusetts and other researchers did the study.

It ……………… more than nine hundred children in New Zealand until they were five years

old. Dr. Camargo said the problem of vitamin D ……………… is not limited to countries

with the least sun. There are low levels of vitamin D in people living in areas where there is a

lot of sun. This is because people are spending more time ……………….



21.



Less Salt Can Mean More Life

Even a small …………… in salt in the diet can be a big help to the heart. A new study used a

computer model to …………… how just three grams less a day would affect heart disease in

the United States.

The result: thirteen percent fewer heart ……………. Eight percent fewer strokes. Four

percent fewer deaths. Eleven percent fewer new cases of heart disease. And two hundred

forty billion dollars in …………… savings.

Researchers found it could …………… one hundred thousand heart attacks and ninety-two

thousand

deaths

every

year.

The study is in the New England Journal of ……………. Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo at the

University of California, San Francisco, was the …………… author.

She says people would not even …………… a difference in taste with three grams, or onehalf teaspoon, less salt per day. The team also …………… researchers at Stanford and

Columbia University.

Each gram of salt …………… four hundred milligrams of sodium, which is how foods may

list their salt content. The government says the …………… American man eats ten grams of

salt a day. The American Heart …………… advises no more than three grams for healthy

people.

It says salt in the American …………… has increased fifty percent since the nineteen

seventies, while blood …………… have also risen. Less salt can mean a lower blood

pressure.New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg is leading an effort called the

…………… Salt Reduction Initiative.

The idea is to put pressure on food companies and restaurants. Critics call it government

……………. Mayor Bloomberg has already succeeded in other areas, like …………… fast

food places in the city to list calorie information. Now a study by the Seattle Childrens

Research …………… shows how that idea can …………… what parents order for their

children.

Ninety-nine parents of three to six year olds took part. Half had McDonald's menus

…………… showing how many calories were in each food. The other half got ……………

without the calorie information.



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Are You Learning English? These Songs May Help

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