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Table 7.1 - Variations of the Lecture Method

Table 7.1 - Variations of the Lecture Method

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Presentation Methods (cont.)

Advantages



Disadvantages



Team teaching



Brings more expertise and

alternative perspectives

to the training session.



Require more time on the

part of trainers.



Guest speakers



Motivate learning by bringing

to the trainees relevant

examples and applications.



Presentation does not

relate to the course

content.



Panels



Good for showing trainees

different viewpoints in a

debate.



Trainees who are relatively

naive about a topic may

have difficulty

understanding the

important points.



Student

presentations



Increase the material’s

meaningfulness and trainees’

attentiveness.



Can inhibit learning if the

trainees do not have

presentation skills.

7-5



Presentation Methods (cont.)

 Lecture

Lacks participant involvement, feedback, and

meaningful connection to the work

environment.

Appeals to few of the trainees’ senses

because trainees focus primarily on hearing

information.

It is difficult to judge quickly and efficiently

the learners’ level of understanding.

Is often supplemented with question-andanswer periods, discussion, video, games, or

case studies.

7-6



Presentation Methods (cont.)

 Audiovisual instruction - includes

overheads, slides, and video.

 Video is a popular instructional method

used for improving communications skills,

interviewing skills, and customer-service

skills and for illustrating how procedures

should be followed.



7-7



Hands-on Methods

Advantages

Video



Flexibility in customizing the

session depending on trainees’

expertise.

Trainees can be exposed to

equipment, problems, and

events that cannot be easily

demonstrated.

Trainees are provided with

consistent instruction.

Provides immediate objective

feedback.

It requires minimal knowledge

of technology and equipment.



Disadvantages

 Too much content for

the trainee to learn.

 Poor dialogue

between the actors.

 Overuse of humor or

music, and drama

that makes it

confusing for the

trainee to understand

the important

learning points

emphasized in the

video.

7-8



Hands-on Methods (cont.)

 Training methods that require the trainee

to be actively involved in learning.

On-the-job training (OJT) - new or

inexperienced employees learning in the work

setting and during work by observing peers or

managers performing the job and trying to

imitate their behavior.

Can be useful for training newly hired employees,

upgrading experienced employees’ skills, crosstraining employees, and orienting transferred or

promoted employees to their new jobs.

7-9



Hands-on Methods (cont.)



On-the-job

training (OJT)



Advantages



Disadvantages



 Customized to the

experiences and abilities of

trainees.

 Training is immediately

applicable to the job.

 Save costs.

 Can be offered at any time,

and trainers will be

available because they are

peers.



 Managers and peers may

not use the same

process to complete a

task.

 Overlooks that

demonstration, practice,

and feedback are

important conditions for

effective on-the-job

training.

 Unstructured OJT can

result in poorly trained

employees.

7-10



Table 7.2 - Principles of On-theJob Training



7-11



Hands-on Methods (cont.)

Advantages



Disadvantages



 Allows trainees to learn at  Trainees must be

Self directed

learning –

their own pace and

motivated to learn on

receive feedback about

their own.

employees take

the learning performance.  Higher development

responsibility for all

aspects of learning  Requires fewer trainers,

costs.

including when it is

reduces costs associated  Development time is

conducted and who

with travel and meeting

longer.

will be involved.

rooms, and makes

multiple-site training more

realistic.

 Provides consistent

training content.

 Makes it easier for shift

employees to gain access

to training materials.

7-12



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Table 7.1 - Variations of the Lecture Method

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