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- Về phía nhà trường: Chưa thực sự ý thức được vai trò tầm quan trọng của hoạt động giáo dục preventing and controlling accidents and injuries cho trẻ. Chưa kịp thời trang bị tu sửa cơ sở vật chất bị hư hỏng, thiếu an toàn cho trẻ, những trang thiết bị kh

- Về phía nhà trường: Chưa thực sự ý thức được vai trò tầm quan trọng của hoạt động giáo dục preventing and controlling accidents and injuries cho trẻ. Chưa kịp thời trang bị tu sửa cơ sở vật chất bị hư hỏng, thiếu an toàn cho trẻ, những trang thiết bị kh

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of child care, have not implemented the regulations on activities of picking up

children and returning children everyday.

- Parents have not exchanged timely and regularly with the school,

teachers and staff about the physiological characteristics, children's habits,

habits and importance of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children anytime, anywhere.

Conclusion of Chapter 3

The assurance of safety and prevention of accidents and injuries for

preschool children has a very important meaning, a task associated with the

responsibilities of the school, of each manager, teacher and staff. Therefore, the

non-public preschools in Ho Chi Minh city have focused on building schools

that best meet the needs of educational establishments, especially ensuring

safety for children. The education to improve the quality of the school's

pedagogical forces has been carried out, the non-public preschools in Ho Chi

Minh city have recently done well the task of young educational

establishments, and at the same time secured safe for children, contributing

positively to the city's preschool education career.

However, the issue of education for the monks' pedagogical forces while

carrying out professional activities for young educational institutions is

incomplete and ineffective. Therefore, knowledge, skills, attitudes of managers,

teachers and staff on preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children have not met the requirements. The reality of child care in some

preschool establishments still has unfortunate events causing negative public

opinion. The causes of these limitations are related to the implementation of the

functions of managing education activities and preventing and controlling

accidents and injuries for children in non-public preschool establishments ,

which have not been fully and seriously implemented. These are practical

issues for proposing measures to manage the prevention and controlling

accidents and injuries for children in non-public preschool establishments in

Ho Chi Minh city in the next chapter.

Chapter 4

MEASURES OF MANAGEMENT OF EDUCATION ACTIVITIES OF

PREVENTING AND CONTROLLING ACCIDENTS AND INJURIES

FOR CHILDREN AT NON-PUBLIC PRESCHOOL ESTABLISHMENTS

IN HO CHI MINH CITY

4.1. Measures of management of education activities of preventing

and controlling accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool

establishments in Ho Chi Minh City

4.1.1. Planning of education activities of preventing and controlling

accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool establishments

In order to well implement the measure, it is necessary to focus on one

of the following contents: Clearly defining the objectives of the school's accident

and accident prevention education, helping all managers, teachers and personnel all

school members have received the impact of education, thereby raising the sense of



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responsibility to ensure safety for children, developing love for children; actively

and regularly reinforce and improve the knowledge, preventing and controlling

skills and accidents for children when performing their responsibilities as young

educational institutions. Accuracy of educational goals, is the appraisal and

accuracy of the goals through the promotion of the collective wisdom of the

school's numerous pedagogical forces. Principals need to hold comments of

managers and teachers through appropriate forms. Thus the purpose of education

will be practical, close to the characteristics of the school implementation, and the

purpose of education is also thoroughly understood for the pedagogical forces of

the school. Understanding the implementation of the educational plan of the school,

it is the review and retention of the implementation of the education plan to help

the Principal see what time periods can be organized to educate and prevent

education accidents and injuries; Where to implement these educational activities

does not affect the implementation of the school year plan. Review the status of the

capacity and quality of each teacher and staff of the school to specifically classify

management staff, teachers and staff on the status of knowledge, skills, attitude and

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries, seeing the limitations that need to

be completed, identifying the gaps to supplement and work with specific personnel

to participate in fostering activities. The organization that drafted and promulgated

the plan needed to select qualified and experienced people to concretize the

Principal's idea, assign specific tasks, provide the necessary guidance for one or

one number of people drafting the plan. The manuscript should be discussed,

consulted, revised appropriately before the principal approves and issues it.

4.1.2. Directing foster activities of knowledge, skills and attitudes for

the school's pedagogical forces on education activities of preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children

The educational activities of preventing and controlling accidents and

injuries for children in non-public preschools include many different contents,

in which the fostering of knowledge, skills and attitudes for the pedagogical

forces of the school is the first work which creates a knowledge base for school

managers, teachers and staff to unify in awareness; Serious attitude in ensuring

safety for children, skilled in implementing professional tasks to eliminate risks

and accidents for children. Therefore, it is necessary to work hard to be

effective in fostering knowledge, skills, and attitudes about preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children for school pedagogical forces. In

order to implement this measure, it is necessary to start from the correct needs,

content and form of training, ie need to answer the questions: the goal to be

achieved of fostering activities; content needs fostering; subjects of fostering;

force participating in fostering; It is important to guide the activities of

fostering knowledge, skills and attitudes and preventing accidents and

controlling accidents and injuries for children in non-public schools.

4.1.3. Organizing knowledge and life skills for preschool children to

prevent injuries by age

Providing children with proper and adequate knowledge to understand

the causes of accidents and injuries, types of accidents and injuries, ways to

prevent and control accidents and injuries, effective and necessary treatment

methods when accidents and injuries occur. Help children recognize risks and

consequences of accidents and injuries, consequences of accidents and injuries



19

for children and schools. Increasing awareness of preventing and controlling

accidents and injuries for children at school and young living environment to

reduce child mortality and disability due to accidents and injuries.

In order to well implement the measure, it is necessary to focus on a

number of contents: Helping teachers to learn and classify children in their classes in

charge; Support teachers to build content for teaching children appropriately; Helping

lesson teachers to teach children the knowledge and skills to avoid accidents and

injuries suitable for their class groups; Direct teachers to implement lesson plans in their

daily education time; Agree on methods and criteria to assess the results of child

acquisition and prevention practices and accidents

4.1.4. Directing the construction of a safety environment of preschool

for child injury prevention

Providing children with correct and complete knowledge to understand the

causes of building an environment of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries

is an important issue in preschools. For managers, building a school environment to

ensure safety, "green - clean - beautiful", cleaning schools, cleaning equipment and

devices are always clean, tidy, suitable. suitable for each age and safety for children;

Food hygiene and safety is ensured ... are prerequisites and important for our

management and that helps non-public preschool institutions improve their reputation

and quality in their activities. education of preventing and controlling accidents and

injuries for children.

In order to well implement the necessary measures: it is necessary to

build a safe school and class environment; Hygiene and food safety; Organize

to improve knowledge of environmental sanitation, food safety and hygiene for

all managers, teachers and staff in the school at the beginning of the school

year. Implementing education content to build environment to ensure clean

safety in learning activities. Actively coordinate with parents' class in educating

children to protect the environment; abide by the rules and regulations of the

school to ensure safety in the daily activities of children at school. In addition,

all the pedagogical forces of the school must always be educated, always

supervised about the attitude of behavior, how to behave in the right way with

each other and with children so that the children can only receive loving words

at school, considerate care, friendly behaviors in every teacher like being able

to interact with their parents at home.

4.2.5. Directing coordination of schools, families and social

organizations in education activities of preventing and controlling accidents

and injuries for children

Family, school and society are always regarded as important education

"triangles" for every child. In fact, the cooperation between families and

schools in preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children has not

been given adequate attention. The looseness of this relationship stems from

many causes, but by both teachers and students' parents. Therefore, the

coordination of these three factors is essential to improve the effectiveness of

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children in each school.

Like a three-legged stand, simple, solid and indispensable to any leg. In order

to implement this measure, it is necessary to focus on a number of contents:

Determining the role of the school in building coordination relationships

between schools - families and society; Actively proposing content objectives,

appropriate and effective forms of coordination; Coordinating in assessing the

quality and capacity of pedagogical staff, spreading safe school brand, actively



20

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children to attract the

attention of the whole society. The proper assessment will encourage and

encourage the school management staff and teachers to make more efforts and

responsibilities in the professional activities of the educational institutions

safely. Unifying the awareness of the importance of coordinating three

environments: Family - School and society in the education of preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children. Considering coordination is the

constant implementation at all times and is a long process.

4.1.6. Strengthening the inspection and assessment of

the results of education activities of preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children according to

the functions and professional tasks of each officer and

teacher

The promotion of inspection and evaluation activities also aims to help

managers to formulate adjustment mechanisms towards achieving the general

objectives set by the school development plan to meet the requirements of

quality development of preschool. Need to check and evaluate each stage will

help confirm the correctness of the plan and promptly adjust if there are errors.

Periodic testing and evaluation will help managers and staff to recognize the

effectiveness of education to ensure the prevention and control of accidents and

injuries for children, thereby determining the responsibility of the home.

Management and teachers and staff themselves promote strong and flexible

adjustments of errors to suit the set objectives. In order to implement this

measure, it is necessary to develop a plan to inspect and assess the injury

prevention and combat activities simultaneously and synchronously with the

educational plan and professional activities plan of the school; Develop criteria

to assess the results of awareness, attitude and skills of injury prevention in

professional activities of the school. This set of evaluation criteria is based on

the content and educational programs implemented at the school, reflecting the

requirements of knowledge, skills and attitudes in child injury prevention in a

specific way; The form of testing and assessing knowledge and skills, attitude

of injury prevention for children in preschools must be simple but effective. Do

not cause stress for managers, teachers and staff on the issue of assessment and

evaluation, but must be serious, objective and accurate; The results of the

assessment must be kept for a long time as the data of school officials, teachers

and staff. These data help the school to grasp the characteristics of

qualifications, talents and the sense of responsibility of its managers, teachers

and staff, as a basis for using managers and teachers. members and staff

assigned tasks and decided to emulate and reward the school to consider the

need to organize appropriate educational and retraining activities, to send

people to participate in proper and economical education programs.

4.1.7. Relationship between measures

Management measures are a diverse and dynamic system. No measures are

universal, each measure has advantages and certain limitations and has different impacts

on the management object. Measures have a mutual relationship, support and complement

each other in a system. Therefore, many measures must be used to coordinate a task. It is

up to the job, people, circumstances, conditions, time ... to select and combine appropriate

measures. 06 measures of management of education activities of preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool establishments in



21

Ho Chi Minh City have close relations with each other. Each measure has its own

strengths, so no measures can be taken lightly. Each measure is an important link, this

measure is the basis, premise for the other measure and vice versa. The proposed

measures must be implemented in a synchronous, scientific, binding, closely linked

manner, facilitating and complementing each other in the management process.

4.2. Demonstration of measures

4.2.1. Testing the necessity and feasibility of measures

4.2.1.1. General of testing

4.2.1.2. Analysis of test results on the necessity of measures

4.2.1.3. Analysis of test results on the feasibility of measures

4.2.1.4. Comparison between the necessity and feasibility of measures

Table 4.5: Comparison of rank correlation between necessity and

feasibility of measures

Measures

Necessity

Feasibility

D2

Measure 1

1

1

0

Measure 2

2

2

0

Measure 3

4

3

1

Measure 4

5

6

1

Measure 5

6

4

4

Measure 6

7

5

4

To further clarify this issue, it is necessary to use Spearman function to

examine the correlation between the necessity and feasibility of measures :

In this formula:

2

R is the correlation coefficient

6 D

n is the number of proposed

R 1 

n(n 2  1)

measures

D is the difference between the

hierarchy of necessity and feasibility

After changing the number and calculating if 0
feasibility are positively correlated, meaning that the measures are both

necessary and feasible. The change in the above formula has R = 0.71.

Based on the above results, it can be concluded that the necessity and

feasibility of 06 proposed measures are positively correlated, meaning that the

measures are both necessary and feasible. The results of this test may conclude

that these measures, if practical, will contribute to the management of

educational activities preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children in non-public preschools in Ho Chi Minh city..

4.2.2. Testing and analyzing test results of measures

4.2.2.1. General issues about testing

* Purpose of testing

In order to affirm the feasibility and effectiveness of measures to

manage child injury prevention education in non-public preschools in Ho Chi Minh

City, through measures: " Directing activities to foster knowledge, skills and

attitudes for the school's pedagogical forces on child injury prevention and control



22

". At the same time, verify the scientific hypothesis of the dissertation topic .

* Scope and test object

- Scope of content: Due to the conditions of legality and study time, we

only test the content of the second measure: "Directing activities to foster

knowledge, skills and attitudes for the school's pedagogical forces on child

injury prevention ”. Experimental group conducted training to improve

knowledge and skills for pedagogical forces on preventing and controlling

accidents and injuries for children at 03 non-public preschools based on

contents in appendix 4, 5 and 6. Control group does not conduct training.

- Scope of time: The test period is from August 2016 to March 2017.

- Subjects of the test: The selected test sample is guaranteed to represent

60 different participants, including the Principal; Vice-president; Chief

specialist; Teacher; Staff of non-public preschools have chosen to experiment

and control above. We divided 60 subjects into 2 groups: 1 group of A schools

for testing, 1 group for group B as control, each group had 30 people.

- Test sites: Select the schools to test, the schools to control and

determine the testing time. We conducted tests at non-public preschool schools

in Binh Thanh District, Ho Chi Minh City. Specifically: we selected 3 trial and

control schools (03 selected schools have the same management, teachers, and

staff forces with professional qualifications, working seniority, experience,

age ... in each selected position to ensure the same input scale.

- Force to participate in the test: The author of the dissertation and

collaborators at the testing facility.

* Experimental hypothesis

* Test procedure

* Criteria and assessment tools

- Evaluate the knowledge of the school pedagogical force on child

injury prevention in non-public preschools.

- Evaluate school teachers' skills and attitudes about preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children in non-public preschool schools.

4.2.2.2. Processing test results

* Processing test result formulas

* Evaluate test results

* Conclusion after testing

Through understanding the reality of non-public preschools, we can

make the following general assessments:

The guidance of fostering the knowledge, skills and attitudes of the

school's pedagogical forces on preventing and controlling accidents and

injuries for children at non-public preschools has contributed to improving the

quality. management of preventing and controlling education and injuries

education for children in these facilities in Ho Chi Minh city..

Through the experimental results, the measures we propose to

implement in some non-public preschools in Ho Chi Minh city have brought

about remarkable results. The quality of non-public preschools has been

improved. The management of education prevention and controlling accidents

and injuries for children in non-public preschool is conducted in a sequential

manner, gradually improving to meet the requirements of more effective school

management. Thus, we draw conclusions, measures "Directing the activities of

fostering knowledge, skills and attitudes for the school's pedagogical forces for



23

child injury prevention and prevention" to bring effect. Better results, through

the impact of fostering the knowledge and skills of safe child care for the

school's pedagogical forces on preventing and controlling accidents and

injuries at non-public preschool in The Ho Chi Minh city has seen positive

changes, has been significantly improved and needs to be implemented

regularly to promote the quality of current educational institutions at preschool

institutions in general and non-public preschools in particular.

Conclusion of Chapter 4

Management of education activities of preventing and controlling

accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool establishments in

Ho Chi Minh City is a task and content of school management, contributing to

the implementation of comprehensive care and education goals for children at

preschool age. Based on the theory and practice presented in chapters 2 and 3,

the author has proposed 06 measures of management of education activities of

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children at non-public

preschool establishments in Ho Chi Minh City.

Measures of management of education activities of preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool

establishments in Ho Chi Minh City that the proposed topic has aimed at

planning educational activities:

These measures have a close relationship in the process of improving

the quality of management of education activities of preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children. Good implementation of the

measures will help the school's pedagogical forces to master and concretize

measures to ensure safety and innovation to improve the quality of preventing

and controlling accidents and injuries for children in particular and the quality

of the preschool establishments in general at non-public preschool

establishments.

Based on the results of the survey of the situation and based on the

theoretical basis of managing educational activities of preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschools, with

proposed and reviewed measures, experiences from scientists, managers,

teachers and staff confirmed the scientific and feasible measures to manage

education and prevention activities and injuries for children. Each of the

proposed measures ensures scientific principles and is consistent with specific

characteristics for education to ensure safety and preventing accidents and

controlling accidents and injuries for children in non-public preschools.

Moreover, in the research process, the dissertation has conducted a test

of "Directing activities to foster knowledge, skills and attitudes for the school's

pedagogical forces for prevention and controling for children". Experimental

results show that there are changes and changes in a more positive direction

about the level of awareness, knowledge, skills, attitudes and behaviors of

participating forces. This allows the first step to confirm the correctness of the

scientific hypothesis and the completion of the dissertation.

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

1. Conclusion

Early childhood education is the beginning stage of laying the

foundation for the formation and development of child character, the early



24

childhood period is also called the golden age of life. Non-public preschool

education management creates optimal conditions for implementing the goals

of preschool education. Managing the prevention and control of education and

injuries for children is an integral part of the education management of nonpublic preschool in particular and preschools in general contributes to ensuring

great safety for children in all aspects, improve the quality of comprehensive

education for children of preschool age.

Management of education activities of preventing and controlling

accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool establishments in

Ho Chi Minh City are the principal's impacts that make the school's

pedagogical forces full of knowledge, skills and attitudes about preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children in performing professional tasks.

The content of management is aimed at ensuring that educational activities are

planned with practical contents, effective measures, thereby raising awareness,

attitudes and skills for pedagogical forces. of the school to ensure the absolute

safety of children during care time at the school.

The reality of management of education activities of preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool

establishments in Ho Chi Minh City has been managed by the subjects,

especially leaders and the Board of Management of schools and management

staff at functional agencies as well as teachers, staff, parents in non-public

preschools step by step pay attention and innovate in order to improve the

quality and efficiency of management of educational activities and controlling

accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool schools, meeting the

basic and comprehensive innovation requirements of current non-public

preschools. However, the quality and effective management of educational

activities sometimes, at some point and in certain cases of some schools, the

group of classes also revealed many limitations and shortcomings such as:

planning still slow, not close to the reality of each unit; implementing

education plans not strictly; lack of facilities, some equipment are old and

outdated, unsafe; Educational results have not been effectively managed and

used. These limitations have impacted on the quality of child care and

education in non-public preschool in Ho Chi Minh city has not been uniform,

and there are many cases attracting the attention of public opinion.

The cause of those advantages and limitations has both objective and

subjective causes. However, the dissertation has focused on the subjective

reasons of management to find recover.

On the basis of studying the contents, characteristics and requirements

to ensure absolute safety for preschool children during the time of being

educated at school, the dissertation determines measures of management of

education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children at non-public preschool establishments should focus on implementing

well measures based on concretizing management functions into specific

conditions of non-public preschool in Ho Chi Minh city. Management

measures focus on planning the entire educational activity to organize and

direct the training and education for pedagogical forces that always have the

knowledge, skills, attitude to prevent and controlling accidents and injuries for

children when performing professional tasks in appropriate ways; attach

special importance to instructing teachers to teach children the knowledge,



25

skills to prevent and control accidents and injuries for themselves

appropriately; promote building a friendly and safe pedagogical environment in

the school; coordinate the relevant forces in education, and manage the

educational results in a practical and effective way for the quality of fulfilling

the professional tasks of each manager, teacher, and contributing staff improve

the quality and reputation of the school education. Each proposed measure

clearly defines the purpose, basic content, implementation method and

conditions to best implement that measure.

The measures have been verified through a test to collect feedback from

240 managers, teachers, staff and experts, and at the same time test the method

"Directing activities to foster knowledge, skills and attitudes for the school's

pedagogical forces on child injury prevention. The results showed that the

proposed thesis measures were highly appreciated both in terms of feasibility

and necessity. At the same time, the experimental results also show that the

proposed method can facilitate management practices, bringing practical

results of management of education activities of preventing and controlling

accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool establishments in

Ho Chi Minh City.

2. Recommendations

* For Communist Party of Vietnam

* For principls of non-public preschool establishments



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