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From the above theoretical and practical issues, being the principal of a non-public preschool in Ho Chi Minh City, I know the issue "management of education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children at non-public

From the above theoretical and practical issues, being the principal of a non-public preschool in Ho Chi Minh City, I know the issue "management of education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children at non-public

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injuries for children at non-public preschool establishments in Ho Chi Minh City,

contributing to improving the quality of comprehensive education to meet the

requirements of comprehensive fundamental innovation of education and

training today..

* Research tasks

Clarifying the theoretical basis for managing education activities of

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for preschool children and assessing

the reality of management of education activities of preventing and controlling

accidents and injuries for preschool children; proposing major measures of

management of education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and

injuries for preschool children. Testing measures of management of education

activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for preschool children.

3. The subject, object, scope of research and

scientific hypothesis

* Research subject: Education activities of preventing

and controlling accidents and injuries for children at non-public

preschool establishments in Ho Chi Minh City

*Research objects: Management of education activities of preventing

and controlling accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool

establishments in Ho Chi Minh City

* Scope of research:

The content: the dissertation has studied in depth the situation of

education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children at non-public preschool establishments , from which we proposes and

tests the necessity as well as feasibility of such measures. The survey: the

dissertation focuses on investigating and surveying at 19 non-public preschools

and classes in 10 districts in Ho Chi Minh City; With a total number of

surveyed guests: 240 people including staff of education bureaus, education

departments; Principal; Vice Principal (30 people); Teachers and staff (210

people). About time, limited from June 2015 to the present.

* Scientific hypothesis:

Scientificly managing the educational activities of injury prevention will

ensure children enjoy the quality and safe educational impacts at non-public

preschools. In the past years, education activities of prevention of injuries and

management of child injury prevention and combat activities in non-public

preschools in Ho Chi Minh City have been concerned, there are still many

limitations. The main reason is that measures to manage education and injury

prevention activities are not really appropriate. If the principal of the school performs

well the planning of educational activities; direct the implementation of serious and

effective education plans; guide teachers to teach children self-injury prevention

skills; focus on building a safe environment; effective coordination with families,

local authorities and social organizations in the educational process, and scientific and

effective management of the educational outcomes implemented, will well manage

educational activities. The school's pedagogical forces on injury prevention for

children in non-public preschools contribute to improving the quality of preschool

education in Ho Chi Minh City today..

4. Methodology and research methods

* Methodology: In the course of researching the dissertaion, we

always grasp the basic principles of Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh's



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thought in studying issues of education and management of educational

activities; apply the views of the Communist Party of Vietnam in preschool

education development. At the same time in the research process, the

dissertaion uses the main approaches: the system approaching ; logical historical approaching ; the educational process approaching ; management

function and practical view approaching.

* Research methods: The dissertation uses a combination of theoretical,

practical research methods and additional research methods, namely:

Theoretical research methods. Practical research methods: Observation

method; active product research methods; survey and survey methods; deep

interview methods; expert consultation method; method of summarizing

experience; assay method; Test methods and complementary methods:

Methods of processing data by mathematical statistics.

5. New contributions of the dissertation

Clarifying educational activities of prevent accidents and injuries and

management of education activities of preventing and controlling accidents

and injuries is an urgent task to be implemented in the current period at nonpublic preschool establishments in Ho Chi Minh City; Clarify, supplement and

concretize the concepts of education activities of preventing and controlling

accidents and injuries for children in non-public preschools; clearly define the

management contents, specify the affecting factors of management of

education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children at non-public preschool establishments; Proposing a system of 6

measures of management of education activities of preventing and controlling

accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool establishments in

accordance with the conditions of Ho Chi Minh City, contributing to improving

the quality of management of preschool education and education quality for

preschool children in Ho Chi Minh City.

6. Significances of the dissertation

In terms of theory: Developing the theoretical system of educational activities

to prevent, control accidents and injuries for children in non-public preschools,

management of education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries

for children at non-public preschool establishments serve as a basis for proposing

measures of management of education activities of preventing and controlling

accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool establishments in Ho Chi

Minh City to manage the effectiveness of educational activities to prevent and control

accidents and injuries for children in schools, contributing to improving the quality of

preschools establishments in non-public preschools.

In terms of practice: The survey results provide honest data to help

schools clearly recognize and assess the situation of educational activities to

prevent and to control accidents and injuries for children in non-public

preschools in Ho Chi Minh City. The proposed measures in the dissertation are

suggestions which help leaders and managers at administration levels to apply

in the training practice in schools as well as contributing to improving the

quality of protection, education and nurturing preschool children at non-public

nursery education establishments..

7. Structure of the dissertation



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The dissertation includes introduction, four chapters (15 periods),

conclusions, list of scientific works of the author related to the dissertation, list

of references and appendices .

Chapter 1

OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH ISSUES RELATED TO

DISSERTATION

1.1. Scientific research works on accidents and injuries of

children

Children are not miniature adults. Physical and cognitive abilities, level of

dependence, activities and risk behaviors all change fundamentally when they grow up

(Prüss-Ürsün and Corvalán, 2006) [86]. As children develop, their curiosity and desire to

experiment are not always commensurate with their ability to understand and respond to

danger. Children are not only affected by injury to themselves, but also by injuries that

occur to others (Rahman et al., 2005 [87]; Grossman, 2000 [73]. ). However, Vietnam is

in the process of transforming the economy, so, like other countries in the region, the

situation of injuries in general and child injury in particular is happening very well.

complex and increasing (Do Thanh Thai, 2014) [49]. In fact, there have been many

studies discussing the characteristics and situation of child injury in Vietnam, thus giving

the correct view that child injury is a public health issue, requires the whole society to

develop and implement strategies to reduce the burden of this problem. A high risk of

injury in boys compared to girls is also observed in many other countries and is thought to

be related to more active behavior, tend to carry behaviors at risk of boys higher than girls,

and the fact that parents and communities are less restrictive than boys domestic and noncommunity activities (Paden, 2008) [84].

1.2. Scientific research works on preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries; education activities of preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children

Education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries

for children at non-public preschool establishments is feasibility and effective

solution to decrease accidents and injuries of children. Children learn to behave

through both instruction and observation from parents, teachers, relatives,

friends ... and people who serve as role models for their behavior and

observation. Child's behavior will be strengthened and adjusted by the

consequences of their actions and the response of others to their behavior.

Young children learn how to behave through observation and interaction with

society rather than just words. Therefore, Budara (1977) suggests that young

children need to be taught skills through instruction, practice (repetitive) and

feedback rather than just speaking theory [70]. According to Nguyen Thuy

Quynh, Le Vu Anh and Nguyen Duc Quang (2010), child injuries can happen

to all age groups and public health issues are currently concerned. In

developing countries in general and Vietnam in particular, compared to the

causes of infectious and non-communicable diseases, child injury is becoming

the leading cause of death for children. Accidents and injuries of children can

be completely prevented through various measures, which enhance the

knowledge and skills of injury prevention and injury and create a safe learning

and playing environment. To implement these measures, a school-based

approach is considered feasible and effective [47].



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1.3. Scientific research works on management of education

activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries of children

at non-public preschool establishments

In preschool, the teacher is the closest person to the child and the first to apply

first aid. According to the report of Li (2012), the level of first aid knowledge of

preschool teachers is generally low [77]. Therefore, it is important for preschool

teachers to be provided with first aid and practice as well as basic first aid training

and education that is mandatory in schools (Campbell , 2012).

Orton and his colleague (2016) reviewed evidence of the impact of

educational programs in schools to prevent and control unintentional accidents,

injuries for children and adolescents. Accident and injury prevention and control for

children is very important because common injuries at this age can cause serious and

long-term effects on children and their families. Schools are good environment

providing educational programs to prevent accidents and injuries.

Therefore, the authors conducted a review of the results from 27 studies on

the effectiveness of child education on prevention and controlling of accident and

injury, improving their knowledge of injury and accident prevention as well as

improving their behavior related to safety. The results reinforce the views of accident

and injury prevention education programs that can improve children's safety skills,

safety behaviors and safety knowledge [83].

In Vietnam, there are a number of studies which have conducted surveys

on accidents and injuries of children at preschools, thereby proposing measures

to prevent accidents and injuries in accordance with specific preschool

environment. According to Dao Thi Minh Tam (2014), the situation of

accidents and injuries of children in preschool establishments in our country,

especially in the home childcare groups, private preschools is complex.

Because facilities do not meet the requirements, the number of children is too

large, the children are very active, curious and inexperienced so it is very easy

for the children to have accidents and injuries. On the other hand, some

preschool establishments have not been trained to handle urgent situations.

They don’t have experiences, skills for dealing with emergency children.

Thereby, the author recommends a number of measures of management

of education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children at non-public preschool establishments in which focus on education

management measures, that is to increase education communication aimed at

raising awareness of preschool education and teachers about safe school

construction and accident and injury prevention.

The author emphasizes that ensuring safety for prevention and control

of accidents and injuries for preschool children is an important and urgent role

in the current care and education of children. contribute to improving the

effectiveness of childcare and education in preschool [48].

1.4. Overview of research results of published scientific works

related to dissertation and issues that need to be solved.

1.4.1. Outline the results of the published scientific work

Firstly, injuries and accidents are soon recognized as dangerous killers

for children, a global public health problem, attracting the attention of many

researchers and international organizations. Therefore, in all countries, children

have the right to get the highest health insurance and a safe environment,

without injury and violence.



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Secondly, research works around the world have presented a complete

picture of child injury and accident problems in which identifies the causes of

child injuries and accidents, included: unintentional injuries, such as traffic

injuries, drowning, burns, falls, poisoning; and other unintentional injuries,

such as suffocation, choking, tracheal obstruction, animal or snakebite,

hypothermia and high body temperature. Consistent with the views of

researchers and international organizations, on the basis of analyzing the

characteristics related to child injuries and accidents as well as the situation of

child injury in Vietnam, research projects in Vietnam identificate the leading

cause of fatal injuries in Vietnam is drowning, traffic accidents, poisoning,

falls, burns and animal bites, thereby affirming child injuries is an important

public health problem that requires the concern of the whole society.

Thirdly, the prevention of controlling accidents and injuries for children,

this not only has the effect of reducing the current injury rate but also has the

effect of changing safe behavior for future generations. . Many research

projects in the world affirmed that in order to prevent child injury accidents,

there is a need for effective prevention strategies, tools and programs for injury

prevention. In Vietnam, there should be many different measures suitable to the

characteristics of non-public preschools in order to improve the knowledge and

skills of injury prevention and to create a safe learning and playing

environment for Children are indispensable.

Fourthly, the management of educational activities to prevent and

control accidents and injuries for children at the preschools not only reduce the

current injury rate but also change safe behavior for future generations. A

number of studies have conducted surveys on accidents and injuries for

preschool children, from which proposing the appropriate measures of

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries, such as games, rolling/group,

model /training on prevention skills, educational interventions, planning for

child safety systems at child care facilities ... Experience shows people who

provide necessary the life skills, must have the right and responsible

professional, including social activists, teachers and psychologists. They play a

very important role in determining the success of preventing and controlling

accidents and injuries for children in preschools..

1.4.2. The issues that dissertation to be solved

Firstly, research to solve theoretical issues about accidents and injuries,

educational activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries and

management of educational activities of preventing and controlling accidents and

injuries for children at non-public preschool schools in Ho Chi Minh city. Secondly,

identifying the goals, tasks and contents of the management of education activities of

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool in

Ho Chi Minh city. Thirdly, making surveys and sketch the current situation of

educational activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children

and to manage educational activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries

for children at non-public preschool schools in Ho Chi Minh city and this is practical

foundation for proposing measures to manage educational activities of preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children in non-public preschool schools in Ho

Chi Minh City. Fourthly, proposing measures to manage educational activities of

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children in non-public preschool in



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Ho Chi Minh city in an appropriate and effective manner with characteristics of each

school and locality.

Thus, researching measures to manage educational activities of preventing

and controlling of accidents and injuries at non-public preschools are contributing

to improving the quality of education and nurturing children at preschool

institutions in general and non-public preschools in Ho Chi Minh City.

Besides, the above research results there are many unresolved issues in

Vietnam and foreign scientists are an important support for us to build a

theoretical basis for the implementation of the dissertation..

Conclusion of Chapter 1

From research reviews on accidents and injuries for children,

educational activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children and management of education activities of preventing and controlling

accidents and injuries for children at preschools, it can be seen that there are many

profound and comprehensive research works on these issues. Particularly for

managing educational activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries

for children in non-public preschools in Ho Chi Minh City, there are only a few

research projects discussing measures to ensure prevention and control of accidents

and and injuries for children at non-public preschools. In fact, there has not been

any studies specialized in education management systematically and concretely

about education management of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries

for children in non-public preschool schools in Ho Chi Minh City - a leading city in

the country in the number of child injury accidents. This shows the urgency of the

topic that the author chooses to study.

Chapter 2

THEORETICAL BASIS OF MANAGEMENT OF EDUCATION

ACTIVITIES OF PREVENTING AND CONTROLLING ACCIDENTS

AND INJURIES FOR CHILDREN AT NON-PUBLIC PRESCHOOL

ESTABLISHMENTS IN HO CHI MINH CITY

2.1. Theoretical issues of education activities of preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool

establishments

2.1.1. Concept of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries

for children at non-public preschool establishments

* Accidents and injuries for children

So far, the concept of "accidents and injuries" has not been defined in a

consistent and clear way. However, the understanding of the concepts of accidents

and injuries is widely supported and recognized by the World Health Organization as:

" Accidents and injuries are those that occur due to random factors, or intentional

factors, causing physical and mental injury to people” (WHO) [59, 2].

* Preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children at nonpublic preschool establishments

Preventing and controlling accidents and injuries is a system of

managers' measures to minimize or limit injuries to the human body.

For preschool children, preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children at non-public preschool establishments is the direct care and education of parents

and relatives in child’s families; teachers and staff at non-public preschools and related



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people who work together in caring and protecting children, creating a safe environment

for children in meals, participating in activities of playing, studying, avoiding the risks that

can endanger your child's body and mind.

2.1.2. Education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and

injuries for children at non-public preschool establishments

* Education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and

injuries for children at preschool establishments

Education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and

injuries for children at preschool establishments are all educational, training

and fostering activities of educational subjects, helping pedagogical forces

with solid knowledge, skills and positive attitude to actively prevent accidents

and injuries for children in preschools.

* Education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and

injuries for children at non-public preschool establishments

Education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children at non-public preschool establishments are all activities of education,

training, retraining and inspection and supervision of the school, headed by the

principal which making pedagogical forces of non-public preschool establishments

have solid knowledge and skills as well as a proactive attitude in preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children at preschool in a way that is

consistent with the characteristics of task of each person.

* Contents of education activities of preventing and controlling

accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool establishments,

included 5 contents

Firstly, knowledge and skills of preventing and controlling accidents and

injuries for children in organizing meals for children; Secondly, knowledge and skills

of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children in organizing to

sleep; Thirdly, knowledge and skills of preventing and controlling accidents and

injuries for children in learning activities; Fourthly, knowledge and skills of

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children in organizing play

activities; Fifthly, knowledge and skills of teaching children to ensure safety.

2.2. Theoretical issues of management of education activities of

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children at nonpublic preschool establishments

2.2.1. Concept of management of education activities of preventing

and controlling accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool

establishments

* Educational management

Educational management is the management of systematic,

scientific, conscious and purposeful impacts of management subjects on

the subject of management, the educational process that makes teaching

and educational activities take place in planning to controll and adapt to

the educational purposes.

* Management of education activities of preventing and controlling

accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool establishments

It can be generalized: Management of education activities of preventing

and controlling accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool

establishments are systematic, planned, conscious and targeted impacts of the

managing subjects to all forces in the school, first of all, the people who taking



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care of and educating children to acquire knowledge, skills and attitudes to

meet the requirements of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

preschool children as well as other forces participate in education activities of

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children in order to

achieve the goal of child care and education.

2.2.2. Contents of management of education activities of preventing

and controlling accidents and injuries for children at non-public preschool

establishments

2.2.2.1. Making plan of education of preventing and controlling

accidents and injuries for children at preschools

2.2.2.2. Organizing of education of preventing and controlling accidents

and injuries for children at preschools

2.2.2.3. Directing the construction of the safety school environment for

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries at non-public preschool

establishments

2.2.2.4. Checking and evaluating the results of educational activities of

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children at non-public

preschool establishments

2.2.2.5 Managing the management staff, teachers, and school staff in

the implementation of educational care, nurturing children safely

2.2.2.6. Managing the conditions of facilities, technical facilities for

educational activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children at non-public preschool establishments

2.3. Affecting factors of the efficiency of management of education

activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children

at non-public preschool establishments

2.3.1. Policies of the Party and State on non-public

preschool education

2.3.2. The interest of leaders at Ho Chi Minh City on injury

prevention for preschool children

2.3.4. Economic, political, social and cultural conditions of Ho Chi

Minh City

2.3.4. The level of awareness, knowledge and skills of managers,

teachers and school staff

2.3.5. Conditions of facilities, pedagogical environment, prestige and

brand of the school

Conclusion of Chapter 2

Due to the age characteristics, preschool children are not able to protect

themselves, are not aware of the dangers to their lives and health, preschool

children are easy to encounter dangerous accidents, sometimes causing injuries

with long-term influence on the development of children in the future, at the

same time cause anxiety for their parents, sometimes arise the public opinion is

not good for preschool education and the school, especially the preschool nonpublic. It is said that the tasks of prevention and control of accidents and

injuries, the protection of children 's safety, especially in non - public

preschools, are extremely important.

Preschool teachers and people in direct contact with preschool children



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must understand the knowledge and skills in prevention and controlling

accidents and injuries, dangers for children in the process of carrying out their

preschool duties. With non-public preschool establishments, the preschool

principal is the highest responsible person in organizing all the activities of the

management staff, teachers, and school staff in the preschools, as well as is the

highest management subject for prevention and controlling accidents and

injuries for children. Through their organization and control activities, the

principals of non-public preschool establishments must attach importance to

education for the school's forces, especially the staff of preschool teachers with

high sense of responsibility; have knowledge and skills to prevent and control

accidents and injuries for preschool children in all activities according to their

responsibilities, and at the same time control and mobilize all favorable factors

to ensure facilities and absolutely safe environment for children in school.

Chapter 3

PRACTICAL BASIS OF MANAGEMENT OF EDUCATION

ACTIVITIES OF PREVENTING AND CONTROLLING

ACCIDENTS AND INJURIES FOR CHILDREN AT NONPUBLIC PRESCHOOL ESTABLISHMENTS IN HO CHI MINH

CITY

3.1. Overview of non-public preschool establishments in Ho Chi

Minh City

3.2. Overview of the practical situation study

3.2.1. Purpose of investigation and survey

Making survey to collect information, specific, accurate and complete

data on education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries

for children at non-public preschool establishments, management of education

activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children at

non-public preschool establishments in Ho Chi Minh City. Since then, it serves

as a practical basis to comprehensively assess the status of management of

education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children at non-public preschool establishments in Ho Chi Minh City. On that

basis, we conduct analyzes, explanations, points out the advantages,

limitations, objective and subjective reasons to propose measures to manage

the education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children at non-public preschool establishments in Ho Chi Minh City

3.2.2. Centents of investigation and survey

The contents of investigations and surveys include: Practical situation

of education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children at non-public preschool establishments; Practical situation of

management of education activities of preventing and controlling accidents

and injuries for children at non-public preschool establishments in Ho Chi

Minh City and the real situation of factors affecting the management of

education activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children at non-public preschool establishments in Ho Chi Minh City .

3.2.3. Subjects, sites, time of investigation and survey

* Subjects of the survey, focusing on: the staff of Department of Education

and Training, Education & Training Officer, Principal, Vice Principal, teachers and

staff of non-public preschools in districts in Ho Chi Minh city .



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* Survey sites: We conduct surveys at 19 non-public preschool

establishments in 10 districts in Ho Chi Minh city.

* Survey time: limited from 2015 to now.

3.2.4. Methods of investigation and survey

Implementing the specific research methods that are: Survey method by

questionnaire; deep interview methods; observation methods; discussion

method; research methods of active products; expert method and data

processing method.

3.2.5. Survey and data processing tools

The author builds 01 survey form for managers (Appendix 1), 01 survey form

for teachers and staff (Appendix 2). To assess the status of management of education

activities of preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children at nonpublic preschool establishments, authors use 3-scale scale corresponding to the

performance levels: Good, rather good, Medium; Very often, often, not often; Very

necessary, necessary, not necessary; Very guaranteed, guaranteed, not guaranteed;

Very influential; influential, no influential.

3.3. Practical situation of management of education activities of

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children at nonpublic preschool establishments in Ho Chi Minh City

3.3.1. Practical situation of awareness of types of accidents and

injuries for children often encountered for children in non-public preschools

3.3.2. Practical situation of awareness about the

objective of education activities of preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children

3.3.3. Practical situation of contents of education activities of

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children

3.3.4. Practical situation of methods of education activities of

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children

3.3.5. The results of education of the school's pedagogical forces on

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children

3.4. Practical situation of management of education activities of

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children

3.4.1. Practical situation of building plan of education activities of

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children

As a result of the survey, we have the following remarks: most of the nonpublic preschools in Ho Chi Minh city set up an education plans of preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children along with the school year plan with

highest rate: 73.3%; and the plans have been implemented, accounting for 72.7%.

When planning non-public preschool establishments based on requirements,

regulations and relevant legal documents of ministries, branches and localities.

However, the education plan for preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children based on regulations - reaching a good and very good level is only 49.3%.

The contents were assessed at a relatively high level such as: Education plan for

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for preschool children, clearly

determining the purpose and content of education; Developing education plan for

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children of the school, compiled

from the plans of the professional teams; The plan has clearly defined the tasks of

each pedagogical force to be rated at 62.0%, 66.0% and 66.7%, respectively. This is



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also the difficulty of the non-public preschool establishments because it is difficult to

find human resources, so it is more difficult to keep people. In addition, the

prevention and control of accidents and injuries for children is relatively new to nonpublic preschools, so the planning is still general, the purpose and content of

education are clearly and scientifically and in line with the characteristics of the

establishments, planning for preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children is in line with the yearly plan of studying at non-public preschools. Ho Chi

Minh city is only average, and many schools have not performed well, accounting for

40.0%. Similarly, the development of a plan of education activities of preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children has concretized the time and method of

implementation with an average rate of nearly 50.0%, which indicates that non-public

preschools have been limitation of specifying time and instructions on how to

implement it clearly. Finally, the content: “The plan of education activities of

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children are developed from the

proposals of managers, teachers, and staff” is rated the lowest one of the above 9

items. It is shown that the way to set up the plan at non-public preschools is often

subjective. Most managers give less reference plans or synthesize proposals from

teachers and staff, so when implementing less effective. Therefore, in order to

improve the prevention and controlling accidents and injuries education for children

in the school, there is a need to actively and further study and research of the school

management staff on this issue.

3.4.2. Practical situation of organizing education activities of

preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children

According to the survey, 80% is the highest rate assessed by the

pedagogical forces of the schools. "Paying attention to exchange experiences of

pedagogical forces in the process of education activities of preventing and

controlling accidents and injuries for children” and “Arranging people to be

involved in preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for children in

accordance with the conditions for performing professional tasks” is rated at

75.3%. This figures proves that non-public preschool establishments in Ho Chi

Minh city know how to use the resources available in the school in this

activity. The 04 contents that accounting for 60.0% is assessed “good” 60,0%

and “very good” 61.3%; the contents related to the focus on fostering and

training activities in the educational process is 63,3% and 69,3%; Using the

results of training for preventing and controlling accidents and injuries for

children with the practice of child education; Using a combination of various

forms and methods in education, fostering and promoting the self-education

and self-fostering role of pedagogical forces in schools. Thus, the

implementation of these contents at the non-public preschool establishments

Ho Chi Minh city is generally satisfactory. However, there are some preschools

that have not performed well due to many objective and subjective reasons.

Besides, determining the content of preventing education and controlling

accidents and injuries for children close to the professional tasks of each

position of the pedagogical force is rated at a good level of 58% and the

organization of talks and rehearsals Professional training with specialists in

prevention and controlling accidents and injuries for children at preschool

public schools is also not appreciated, only 50.0%.



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