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Hack 6. Create a Digital Storyboard

Hack 6. Create a Digital Storyboard

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peopletalking,asviewedfromthehoodofthecar,soyourshotwouldcapture

thepeoplefromtheirshouldersup.Next,youwouldfocusononeperson,

probablycloseupsoyoucanseeonlyhisface.Figure1-7showsasample,

hand-drawnstoryboard.

Figure1-7.Drawingastoryboardbyhand



Dependingonhowambitiousyouare,youcanuseafullsheetofpaperforeach

image,foldthepaperinhalf,foldthepaperinquarters,oruseindexcards.I

preferthesimplicityandportabilityofindexcardsandapencil.Ialsolikethe

factthatIcanwritenotesonthebackofthecards.

1.7.1.2.Indicatingcameramovement.

Quiteobviously,drawingsdon'tmove.So,inordertodemonstratecamera

movement,youshoulddrawarrowstoindicatewhenthecamerashouldpan,

dolly,orzoom.Ifyouwanttoindicateazoom,youcanalsodrawasquare

aroundtheareayouwouldliketozoom,asshowninFigure1-8.

Sinceyourstoryboardisfirstandforemostatoolforcommunication,don'tbe

shyaboutwritingonyourdrawings.Itisbettertobeclearthantodiscoverthere

hasbeenamiscommunicationinthemiddleofshootingascene.



1.7.2.ImportingtheDrawings

Afteryouhavedrawnyourstoryboard,youhavecompletedhalfoftheprocess.

Althoughyouhaveacompletelyfunctionalstoryboard,goingdigitalwillgive

youafewadvantagesintheend.



1.7.2.1.Makinganalogdigital.

Yourdrawingsarelivinginmeatspace(thephysicalworld)andnotcyberspace

(thedigitalworld).Tocorrectthatproblem,youcaneitheruseascannertoscan

alloftheimagesoryoucanuseadigitalcameratotakeapictureofeachimage.

Dr.MichaelJohnson,ofPixarAnimationStudios,hasmentionedthatsomeof

thecreativeteamatPixarusethelattertechnique.

Figure1-8.Usingsquarestoindicatezooming



Afteryouhavebridgedtheanalog-to-digitaldivide,youshouldimportthe

imagesintoyourphotocollectionsoftwareofchoice.ForMacintoshusers,this

willprobablybeiPhoto;forWindowsusers,itwillprobablybePhotoStory;and

forLinuxusers,gPhoto.But,thenagain,therearenumerouschoicesoutthere.

Theimportantthingisthatyoucanimportyourdrawingsandarrangethem.

1.7.2.2.Arrangingtheimages

Whenyouhavesuccessfullyimportedyourimages,youwillneedtoarrange

themaccordingly.Somesoftwareallowsyoutoannotateyourimages,sothe

annotationfeaturecanbeusedtotransferanynotesyoumayhavemadeon



specificimages.Youshouldlookoveryourstoryboardtoseeifthereareany

glaringomissions.Youcanalsotrymovingscenesaround,toseehowthey

affectyourstory.

Atthispoint,youshouldhaveagoodsenseofyourmovieandhowitisgoingto

turnoutandyouhaven'tshotoneframeofvideoyet!



1.7.3.NarratingtheStory

Onceyouhavearrangedyourstoryboard,youcanplayyourstoryboardasa

slideshow.Whilewatchingtheslideshow,sitbackandtrytofollowthestoryyou

areattemptingtotell.Thisisnotthetimetobecriticizingyourartisticskill.



Ifyoursoftwaresupportsit,youshouldnarrateyourstoryboardusing

yourscript.



Ifyouareworkingwithotherpeople,youshouldattempttoreadyourscript

alongwiththeslideshow.Youshouldbeabletogetagoodideaofhowyour

movieisgoingtocomeout,andwhereyourweakspotsarelocated.Ifnecessary,

rewriteportionsofthescript,andchangethestoryboardasnecessary.

Allofthismightseemlikealotofwork,butitisalotlesswork,andalotless

expensive,thandiscoveringproblemsinthemiddleofashootschedule,or

worse…whileediting.



Hack7.CreateaTwo-ColumnScript



Two-columnscriptsclearlyseparatetheaudioandvideoportionsofascene.

Thisapproachprovidesmoredetailtohelpduringthepreproductionand

editingprocesses.

Mostpeoplehaveseenascriptatsomepointintheirlifetime,whetherforaplay,

atelevisionshow,oramovie.Thesearethetraditionalformofscript,or

screenplay,whichfocusondialogue.Theymakemerementionoftheactions

theactorsshouldperform.

Atwo-columnscriptfocusesonboththedialogueofthesceneandthespecific

shotstobeused.Thetwo-columnformatprovidesvisualinstructions,allowing

directors,editors,andeveryoneelseonthecrewtoknowwhatshouldappearon

screen.Two-columnscriptscanbecreatedbeforeoraftershootingandare

especiallyhelpfulwhenworkingonadocumentaryorreality-styleproject.



1.8.1.UnderstandingtheTwo-ColumnConcept

Dialogueinatraditionalscreenplaytypicallylookslikethis:

LAFEU.

Hecannotwantthebest.

Thatshallattendhislove.

COUNTESS.

Heavenblesshim!Farewell,Bertram.

[ExitCOUNTESS.]

Althoughyoucanenvisionthissceneinyourmind,itisdifficulttoensureweall

imaginethesamesetting.Storyboardsareonemethodofcommunicatingwhat

you"see"inyourmind[Hack#6].Atwo-columnscriptprovidesanother

method.ThedialogueinthepreviousexamplemightlooklikeTable1-1ina

two-columnscript.



TableDialoginatwo-columnscript

Video



Audio



TWOSHOTLafeuisonabluevelvetcouchand

Countessisstandingtohisleft.



Lafeu:Hecannotwantthebest.That

shallattendhislove.



TRACKINGSHOTCountesswalkstowardthe

doorandleaves.



Countess:Heavenblesshim!

Farewell,Bertram.



Asyoucantell,thereismoredetailedinformationaboutthesetting.Butforthis

typeofentertainment,atwo-columnscriptisprobablymoreworkthanis

necessary.

So,whenshouldyouuseatwo-columnscript?Well,thereisnohardandfast

rule,butifyoudonothaveascriptandyouhavecapturedyourfootage,atwocolumnscriptcouldbecomeyourmostprizedpossession.



1.8.2.SettingUpaTwo-ColumnScript

IfyouownMicrosoftWord,settingupatwo-columnscriptisfairly

straightforward:

1. Createanewdocument.

2. ChooseTable



Insert



Table….



3. Forthenumberofcolumns,enter2.

4. Forthenumberofrows,enter10.

5. ClickOK.

Afterthetablehasbeeninsertedintoyourdocument,youshouldenterthe



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Hack 6. Create a Digital Storyboard

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