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Chapter 17. Accounts, Permissions, and Logging On

Chapter 17. Accounts, Permissions, and Logging On

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11.1InternetExplorer6

InternetExplorer(orIE,asit'softenabbreviated)isthemost

famousWebbrowseronearth,thankstoseveralyearsof

Justice-departmentscrutinyandnewspaperheadlines.The

initialreleaseofWindowsXPcomeswithIEversion6,which

youcanopeninanumberofways:

ChoosingitsnamefromtheStartmenu(eithertheleft

columnortheAllProgramsmenu).

ClickingitsshortcutontheQuickLaunchtoolbar.

ChoosingaWebsite'snamefromyourStart

menu(thatis,ifyou'veputfavoritesthere).



Favorites



TypingaWebaddresssometimescalleditsURL(Uniform

ResourceLocator)intoawindow'sAddressbar.AWebpage

URLusuallybeginswiththeprefixhttp://,butyoucan

leavethatpartoffwhentypingintotheAddressbar.

Clickingablue,underlinedlinkonaWindowsHelpscreen.

…andsoon.

AsyoucanseeinFigure11-1,theInternetExplorerwindowis

filledwithtoolsthataredesignedtofacilitateasmoothtrip

aroundtheWorldWideWeb.



Figure11-1.TheInternetExplorerwindowoffers

toolsandfeaturesthatletyounavigatetheWeb

almosteffortlessly;thesevarioustoolbarsand

statusindicatorsaredescribedinthischapter.



Chiefamongthem:theAddressbar,which

displaystheaddress(URL)oftheWebpage

you'recurrentlyseeing,andthestandardsetof

buttons,whichletyoucontroltheWeb-page

loadingprocess.



11.1.1BrowsingBasicsandToolbars

NavigatingtheWebrequireslittlemorethanclickingbuttonsor

thoseunderlinedbluephrases,asshowninFigure11-1.

Whenyouclickanunderlinedlink(orhyperlink),you're

transportedfromoneWebpagetoanother.Onemaybethe

homepageofGeneralMotors;anothermaycontaincritical

informationaboutabillinCongress;anothermighthavebaby

picturespostedbyaparentinOmaha.Severalhundredmillion



Webpagesawaityourvisit.

AroundtheedgesofanyWebpage,aswellaswithinit,you'll

encounterstandardInternetfeatures.Forexample:

Explorerlogo.Whenthisglobeisspinning,yourPCisstill

downloading(receiving)theinformationandgraphicson

theWebpage.Inotherwords,you'renotseeingeverything

yet.

Buttonandpicturelinks.Clickingapictureorabutton

generallytakesyoutoanewWebpage.

Textlinks.ClickingalinktakesyoutoadifferentWeb

page(oradifferentplaceonthesameWebpage).



NOTE

Textlinksaren'talwaysblueandunderlined.Infact,

modernWebdesignerssometimesmakeitverydifficultto

tellwhichtextisclickable,andwhichisjusttext.Whenin

doubt,justmoveyourcursoroversometext.Ifthearrow

changestoapointing-fingercursor,you'vefoundyourselfa

link.

Actually,youcanchoosetohideallunderlines,atrickthat

makesWebpageslookcleanerandmoreattractive.

Underlinesappearonlywhenyoupointtoalink(andwaita

moment).Ifthatarrangementappealstoyou,open

InternetExplorer.ChooseTools InternetOptions,clickthe

Advancedtab,scrolldownto"Underlinelinks,"selectthe

Hoveroption,thenclickOK.



Graphicsworthsaving.Whenyouseeapictureyou'dlike



tokeep,right-clickitandchooseSavePictureAsfromthe

shortcutmenu.Afteryounamethepictureandthenclick

theSavebutton,theresultisanewgraphicsfileonyour

harddrivecontainingthepictureyousaved.(Youcanalso

chooseSetasBackground,whichmakesthepicturepartof

yourdesktopimageitself.)

Scrollbars.Usethescrollbartomoveupanddownthe

pageortosavemousing,presstheSpacebareachtimeyou

wanttoseemore.PressShift+Spacebartoscrollup.(The

Spacebarhasitstraditional,space-makingfunctiononly

whentheinsertionpointisblinkinginatextboxorthe

Addressbar.)

Youcanalsopressyourupanddownarrowkeystoscroll.

PageUpandPageDownscrollinfull-screenincrements,

whileHomeandEndwhiskyoutothetoporbottomofthe

currentWebpage.



NOTE

IfyouhaveanIntelliMousemousefromMicrosoft,youcanuse

yourrollerwheel(andusesimilarscrollingtricks)toscrollthe

page,too.



11.1.2InternetExplorerToolbars

ManyofInternetExplorer'smostusefulcontrolscomeparked

ontoolbarsexactlylikethosedescribedinChapter3.You

summonorhidethesetoolbarsthesameway,too:bychoosing

theirnamesfromtheView Toolbarssubmenu.Here'swhat

you'llfindoneach.



NOTE



Dragthetiny"grabbar"attheleftendofatoolbarupordown

torearrangethebars'verticalstackingorder.Youcanevendrop

thisgrabbarhalfwayacrossanothertoolbar,thusplacingtwo

toolbarsside-by-sideonthesamehorizontalstrip.



11.1.2.1TheStandardButtonstoolbar

Thistoolbar,identifiedinFigure11-1,containsthebuttonsthat

mostpeopleuseforbrowsingmostofthetime.Someofthem

lacktextlabels,butalloffertooltiplabels:

Backbutton,Forwardbutton.ClicktheBackbuttonto

revisitthepageyouwerejuston.(Keyboardshortcut:

Backspace,orAlt+leftarrow.)

Onceyou'veclickedBack,youcanthenclicktheForward

button(orpressAlt+rightarrow)toreturntothepageyou

wereonbeforeyouclickedtheBackbutton.Clickthetiny

blacktriangleforadrop-downlistofalltheWebpages

you'vevisitedduringthisonlinesession.

Stopbutton.ClicktointerruptthedownloadingofaWeb

pageyou'vejustrequested(bymistake,forexample).

(Keyboardshortcut:Esc.)

Refresh.Clickifapagedoesn'tlookorworkquiteright,or

ifyouwanttoseetheupdatedversionofaWebpage(such

asastockticker)thatchangesconstantly.Thisbutton

forcesInternetExplorertoredownloadtheWebpageand

reinterpretitstextandgraphics.

Homebutton.ClicktobringuptheWebpageyou've

designatedasyourhomepage(seeSection11.1.8.1).



NOTE

Youcanrearrangethesebuttons,deletesome,oraddadditional

functionbuttons,bychoosingView Toolbars Customize.For

detailsonoperatingMicrosoft'stoolbar-rearrangementwindow,

seeSection3.3.1.



11.1.2.2TheAddressbar

WhenyoutypeanewWebpageaddress(URL)intothisstrip

andpressEnter,thecorrespondingWebsiteappears.(Ifonly

anerrormessageresults,thenyoumayhavemistypedthe

address,ortheWebpagemayhavebeenmovedor

dismantledarelativelyfrequentoccurrence.)

BecausetypingoutInternetaddressesissocentraltothe

Internetexperienceandsuchatypo-pronehassle,theAddress

barisrichwithfeaturesthatminimizekeystrokes.Forexample:

Youdon'thavetoclickintheAddressbarbeforetyping;

justpressAlt+D.

Youdon'thavetotypeoutthewholeInternetaddress.You

canomitthehttp://wwwand.comportionsbypressing

Ctrl+EnterwhichmakesInternetExplorerfillinthose

standardaddressbitsforyou.Tovisithttp://Amazon.com,

forexample,aspeedfreakmightpressAlt+Dtohighlight

theAddressbar,typeamazon,andthenpressCtrl+Enter.

EvenwithouttheCtrl+Entertrick,youcanstillomitthe

http://fromanyWebaddress,sinceInternetExploreradds

itautomatically.(Mostofthetime,youcanomitthewww,

too.)Tojumptotoday'sDilbertcartoon,type

http://dilbert.comandthenpressEnter.



WhenyoubegintotypeintotheAddressbar,the

AutoCompletefeaturecompareswhatyou'retypingagainst

alistofWebsitesyou'verecentlyvisited.IEdisplaysa

drop-downlistofWebaddressesthatseemtomatchwhat

you'retyping.Tospareyourselfthetediumoftypingoutthe

wholething,justclickthecorrectcompleteaddresswith

yourmouse,orusethedownarrowkeytoreachthe

desiredlistingandthenpressEnter.Thecompleteaddress

youselectedthenpopsintotheAddressbar.

(TomakeWindowsforgetoneoftheWebsitesyou've

visitedrecently,highlightitinthedrop-downAutoComplete

listandthenpressyourDeletekey.Or,tomakeWindows

forgetallofthesitesyou'veseen,chooseTools Internet

Options,clicktheGeneraltab,andthenclicktheClear

Historybutton.)



NOTE

IEcanalsorememberusernames,passwords,andother

informationyoutypeintoWebpagetextboxes(forms).You

canturnonthisfeaturebychoosingTools Internet

Options,clickingtheContenttab,clickingAutoComplete,

andturningontheappropriatecheckboxes.Oryoucanjust

waitforInternetExplorertoinviteyoutoturniton,viaa

littledialogboxthatappearswhenyoufirsttypesomething

intosuchaform.Havingyourbrowserrememberthe

namesandpasswordsforyourvariousWebsitesisagreat

timeandmemorysaver,eventhoughitdoesn'tworkonall

Websites.

WhenyouwantInternetExplorerto"forget"your

passwordsforsecurityreasons,forexamplechooseTools

InternetOptions,clicktheContenttab,clickthe

AutoCompletebutton,andthenclickClearFormsandClear

Passwords.



PressF4(orusethedrop-downlistattherightendofthe

Addressbar)toviewalistofURLsyou'vevisitedduringthis

browsingsession.(ThelistdropsdownfromtheAddress

bar.)Onceagain,youcanclicktheoneyouwantorpress

theupordownarrowkeystohighlightone,andtheEnter

keytoselectit.

YoucanalsotypeaplainEnglishphraseintotheAddressbar.

WhenyoupressEnter,IEdoesaWebsearchforthattermand

opensupthefirstWebpagethatseemstocontainwhatyou're

lookingfor.Atthesametime,theSearchpaneappearsatthe

leftsideofthebrowserwindow,offeringalistofotherWeb

sitesthatseemtomatchyourquery.



NOTE

FormorecontroloverwhichsearchsiteInternetExploreruses,

downloadTweakUI,afreeMicrosoftutilitythatcomeswith

Powertoys(whichyoucandownloadfrom

http://www.missingmanuals.com).Afterinstallingthe

Powertoys,chooseStart AllPrograms Powertoysfor

WindowsXP TweakUI.ClickInternetExplorerinthelistatleft,

andthenclickSearch.

You'reofferedthechancetocreatelittlekeywordsthat,when

theyprecedeyoursearchterm,willdirectWindowstoacertain

searchpage.YoucouldsetupggltomeanGoogle,forexample.

ThereafteryoucouldtypegglllamasintotheAddressbarto

makeInternetExplorersearchfor"llamas"at

http://www.google.com.



11.1.2.3TheLinkstoolbar

TheFavoritesmenudescribedinSectionB.4isonewayto



maintainalistofWebsitesyouvisitfrequently.Butopeninga

Webpagelistedinthatmenurequirestwomouseclicksan

exorbitantexpenditureofenergy.TheLinkstoolbar,onthe

otherhand,letsyousummonafew,veryselect,veryfavorite

Webpageswithonlyoneclick.

Figure11-2illustrateshowtoaddbuttonsto,andremovethem

from,thistoolbar.It'salsoworthnotingthatyoucanrearrange

thesebuttonssimplybydraggingthemhorizontally.



Figure11-2.Onceyou'vegotajuicyWebpageon

thescreen,youcanturnitintoaLinksiconjust

bydraggingthetinyExplorer-pageiconfromthe

AddressbardirectlyontotheLinksbar,asshown

here.(Youcanalsodraganylink,likeablue

underlinedphrase,fromaWebpageontothe

toolbar.)Toremoveabutton,right-clickitand

chooseDeletefromtheshortcutmenu.



NOTE

AsshowninFigure11-2,youcandragalinkfromaWebpage

ontoyourLinkstoolbar.Butyoucanalsodragitdirectlytothe



desktop,whereitturnsintoaspecialInternetshortcuticon.To

launchyourbrowserandvisittheassociatedWebpage,just

double-clickthisiconwheneveryoulike.

Betteryet,stashafewoftheseiconsinyourStartmenuor

QuickLaunchtoolbarforeveneasieraccess.(Ifyouopenyour

MyComputer C:drive DocumentsandSettings [Your

Name] Favoritesfolder,moreover,you'llseetheseshortcut

iconsforallyourfavoritelinks.Feelfreetodragthemtothe

desktop,QuickLaunchtoolbar,Linkstoolbar,orwhereveryou

like.)



11.1.3StatusBar

Thestatusbaratthebottomofthewindowtellsyouwhat

InternetExplorerisdoing(suchas"Openingpage…"or

"Done").Whenyoupointtoalinkwithoutclicking,thestatus

baralsotellsyouwhichURLwillopenifyouclickit.

Ifyouconsultthisinformationonlyrarely,youmaypreferto

hidethisbar,thusincreasingtheamountofspaceactually

devotedtoshowingyouWebpages.Todoso,chooseView

StatusBar.(AcheckmarkappearsnexttoitsnameintheView

menutoindicatethatthestatusbarisshowing.)



11.1.4ExplorerBar

Fromtimetotime,theExplorerbarappearsattheleftsideof

yourbrowserwindow.ChoosingcommandsfromtheView

ExplorerBarmenutriggersanumberofhelpfullists:Search,

Favorites,History,andsoon.They'redescribedingreaterdetail

onSection3.1.2.



11.1.5WaystoFindSomethingontheWeb

There'snotidycardcatalogofeveryWebpage.BecauseWeb

pagesappearanddisappearhourlybythehundredsof

thousands,suchanexercisewouldbefutile.

Thebestyoucandoistouseasearchengine:aWebsitethat

searchesotherWebsites.Thebestofthem,suchas

http://www.google.com,consistoflittlemorethanatextbox

whereyoucantypeinyourdesiredsubject.Then,whenyou

clicktheSearchbutton(orpressEnter),you'reshownalistof

Websitelinksthatcontaintheinformationyouwant.

Otherpopularsearchpagesincludehttp://yahoo.com,

http://altavista.com,http://infoseek.com,and

http://hotbot.com.UsingtheSearchpaneloftheExplorerbar,

youcanevensearchseveralofthesesimultaneously.That's

handy,becausenosinglesearchengine"knowsabout"every

Webpageonearth.



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Chapter 17. Accounts, Permissions, and Logging On

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