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Section 21. About Configuring the Wireless Router

Section 21. About Configuring the Wireless Router

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ThedefaultSSIDformostwirelessroutersisthenameofthe

companythatmakestherouter.Forexample,onaLinksys

router,thedefaultSSIDisLINKSYS.OntheNetgearwireless

routerIusedtoexplainthebasicconfigurationandsetupofa

routerin InstalltheRouter,thedefaultSSIDwas

NETGEAR.



Thetwobasicsetsofconfigurationoptionsthatyouwilldeal

withrelatetoyourInternetconnection(suchastheIPaddress

usedbythewirelessrouter)andthewirelessnetwork(options

suchastheSSIDnameandthenetworkmode).Theseinitial

settingscanoftenbeconfiguredusingasetupwizardthatison

aCDorDVDincludedwiththewirelessrouter.Inmostcases,

youhavetheoptionofconfiguringthewirelessrouterwithout

thewizardbyconnectingtotherouterusingyourwebbrowser.

AlmostallwirelessroutersprovideasetupCDthathelpsyouto

connecttotherouter.



[Viewfullsizeimage]



Tip

Makesurethatthecomputerattachedtothewirelessrouteris

configuredtoreceiveitsIPaddressandotherTCP/IPsettings

fromthewirelessrouterviaDHCP.IntheTCP/IPProperties

dialogboxforthecomputer'snetworkadapter,theObtainan

IPaddressautomaticallyoptionandtheObtainDNSserver

addressoptionshouldbothbeselected.



AURLisprovidedinyourwirelessrouter'sdocumentationthat

allowsyoutoaccesstherouterfromthecomputerconnected

(viatheLANcable)totherouter.Forexample,theURLformy

Netgearrouteris

http://www.routerlogin.net/basicsetting.htm.The

documentationformyrouteralsoprovidedalogonnameof

adminandapasswordofpassword.Whenyouhavelogged

ontotherouter(eitherusingawizardprovidedbytherouter's



setupCDorbyusingtheURL),youcanaccessthevarious

settingsusinglinksprovidedonthevariouswebpages

associatedwiththerouter'sconfiguration.







22.AccessRouterConfiguration

BEFOREYOUBEGIN



AboutConfiguringtheWirelessRouter



Toconfigurethewirelessrouter,youmustaccesstherouter.

Youdothisfromthecomputerthatisdirectlyconnectedtothe

wirelessrouterbyanetworkcable.Aftertheinitial

configuration,youcanlateraccesstherouterusingthe

computer'swebbrowser,suchasInternetExplorer.

Afteryouaccesstherouter,itmakessensetoturnonWiFi

accesssothatcomputersonthenetworkcanconnecttothe

WiFirouter'saccesspoint.ItalsomakessensetoallowSSID

broadcasts(theWiFinetworknameisbroadcastbytherouter),

whichmakesiteasierforyoutoconfiguretheWiFi-enabled

computersthatwillconnecttotherouter'saccesspoint.



Note

Althoughnetworksecuritymightnotbeoneofyourmajor

worriesinrelationtoyourhomenetwork,itisdefinitelya"best

practice"toturnoffSSIDbroadcastsaftertheWiFinetworkis

upandrunning.See turnOffServerSetIDs(SSIDs)

BroadcastsforinformationonhowtoturnoffSSID

broadcasts.



AccessRouterConfiguration



EnterURLforWirelessRouter

Inyourwebbrowser(suchasInternetExplorer),typethe

URLprovidedbyyourwirelessroutermanufacturer(lookin

thequickstartdocumentationthatcamewiththerouter)in



theAddresstextboxandclickGo.Asecuritydialogbox

opens.

EnterUsernameandPassword

Entertheusernameandthepasswordprovidedinyourrouter

documentation(again,youwillprobablyfindthisinformation

inthequickstartmaterialsshippedwiththerouter).Click

OK.Theroutermanagerwindowopensinthebrowser

window.



Tip

Ifyouwanttomakeiteasiertoconnecttotherouterinthe

future,selecttheRemembermypasswordcheckboxin

thesecuritydialogbox.



EnableWirelessAccessandSSIDBroadcast

SelecttheWirelessSettingsoptiononyourWiFirouter's

configurationpage.FormyNetgearWiFirouter,Iclick

WirelessSettingsundertheAdvancedheadingontheleft

sideofthebrowserwindow.IthenclickEnableWireless

RouterRadioandEnableSSIDBroadcasttoturnonWiFi

networkingandtoallowtheWiFiroutertobroadcastthe

networkSSID.Thenamesoftheoptionsyouchoosemight

varydependingontheconfigurationsoftwareandWiFirouter

youareusing,butyoushoulddefinitelyenablethesetwo

settings,whateverthey'recalled,atthispoint.



Note

Youwillfindthatthewebpagesusedtoaccessthewireless

router'sconfigurationarefairlysimilarregardlessofwhatbrand

ofrouteryouareusing.Theinterfaceistypicallysimpleand

easytoworkwithasyouconfigureormonitortherouter.







23.AboutInternetSettings

BEFOREYOUBEGIN



AboutConfiguringtheWirelessRouter

AccessRouterConfiguration



Thewirelessrouter'sInternetsettingsareessential;theymust

beenteredcorrectlysothatthewirelessroutercanconnectto

thebroadbanddeviceandultimatelytoyourISPthatprovides

yourInternetconnection.Youshouldhavethefollowing

information(itwasprovidedtoyoubyyourISPwhenyou

signedupwiththeservice)atthereadytoconfigurethe

router'sInternetsettings:

LoginNameandPasswordIfyourserviceprovider

requiresyoutologintoaccesstheInternet,yourISP

shouldhaveprovidedyouwithaloginandpassword.These

settingsmustbeenteredintotherouterconfigurationto

accesstheInternet.Thislogonnameandpasswordarenot

thesameasthelogonnameandpasswordyouuseto

accesstheWiFirouterthroughyourwebbrowser.Youmust

getthisspeciallogonandpasswordfromyourInternet

serviceprovider.



Note

SomeISPsmightalsoprovideyouwithaservicenameto

accesstheInternet.Youwillalsoneedthisinformationto

configurethewirelessrouter.CallyourISP'shelpdeskbefore



configuringtheWiFiroutersothatyoucangatherthe

informationnecessarytoconfiguretheroutercorrectly.



IPAddressandSubnetMaskIfyourISPhasprovided

youwithastaticIPaddress,youwillneedtheaddresswith

whichyouwereprovided.Otherwise,youwillconfigurethe

wirelessroutersothatitgetsitsIPaddressandother

TCP/IPsettingsdynamically.

DNSServerNamesSomeISPsrequireyoutoconfigure

theroutersothatitknowstheIPaddressesofyourprimary

andsecondaryDNSnameservers.Otherwise,this

informationisconfigureddynamically.

Makesurethatyoujotallthisinformationdownonapieceof

papersothatyoucanconfiguretherouterwhenyouaccessthe

configurationutility.Insituationswhereyoudon'tneedalogon

name(andpassword)andreceiveyourIPaddressandother

TCP/IPsettingsdynamicallythroughyourISP'sDHCPserver,

youwon'tneedanyofthisinformation,whichmakestherouter

configurationextremelystraightforward.

Aswithanyoftherouterandwirelessnetworkadaptersettings

thatwediscuss,theactualsettingsvaryfromdevicetodevice.

However,youwillfindthattherouterconfigurationutilitiesfor

variousvendors'wirelessroutersareverysimilarintermsof

howsettingsaregroupedontheconfigurationscreens.



24.ConfigureInternetSettings

BEFOREYOUBEGIN



AccessRouterConfiguration

AboutInternetSettings



In AccessRouterConfiguration,youlearnedhowtoopen

themainconfigurationsettingsscreenforyourwirelessrouter.

Dependingontherouteryouareconfiguring,youmightfindthe

InternetsettingslocatedundertheBasicsettingscategory(as

isthecasewithNetgearrouters)becauseInternetsettingsare

essentialtotherouterprovidingyournetworkwithanInternet

connection.However,youmightfindtheInternetsettings

locatedintheirowncategory(forexample,youmightaccess

themusingalinknamedInternetsettings).

Ifyouareuncomfortableconfiguringthesesettingsyourself,

usethesetupCDthatcamewithyourWiFirouter.Itguidesyou

throughthebasicconfigurationoftherouter.TheCDshouldbe

placedinthecomputerthatisdirectlyconnectedtotheWiFi

routerbyaLANcable.



ConfigureInternetSettings



AccessBasicInternetSettings

Connecttothewirelessrouterusingyourcomputer'sweb

browser(entertheURLfortherouterandprovidethelogin

andpasswordyouweregivenintherouter'squickstart

documentation).Inthebrowserwindow,selectthesettings

categorythatallowsyoutoconfiguretheInternet-related

settingsfortherouter(suchasBasicSettingsonaNetgear

router).



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Section 21. About Configuring the Wireless Router

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