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Chapter 5. iChat and Bonjour for Easy Communication

Chapter 5. iChat and Bonjour for Easy Communication

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Text,Audio,orVideoChat

iChatAVrequiresabuddynameandacomputerwithMacOSx

installed.Thebuddynamecanbeyour.Macaccountname

(remember,anyonecangetatrialmembershipforfreeand

thenkeepthename),yourAOLbuddyname(ifyouhavean

AOLaccount),oranAIM(AOLInstantMessenger)buddyname

thatyoucanget,free,attheAIMwebsite(www.AIM.com).



Tip

A.Macmember'sinstantmessagingnameincludes

@mac.com.

AnAIMorAOLinstantmessagingnamedoesnot

include@anything.



ThevariouswaystouseiChathavevaryingrequirements:

Textchat.Textmessagingneedsonlyalowbandwidth

connection,aslowasadial-upmodem.

Audiochat.Anaudiochatrequiresabroadbandconnection

(suchascable,DSL,orWi-Fi)andamicrophone(allrecent

Maclaptopshavebuilt-inmicrophones).

Videoconference.Avideoconferencerequiresa

broadbandconnection,suchascable,DSL,orWi-Fi.Italso

requiresaFireWire-enabledvideocamera.

Apple'siSightcamera,availablefromtheApplesiteissmall,



compact,inexpensive,andincludesabuilt-inmicrophone.

TheMacBookProlaptopshaveiSightcamerasbuiltin.

AllcurrentApplelaptopsareequippedtohandleaudioand

videochats.Ifyouplantochatwithpeopleondesktop

computers,thedesktopcomputerneedstobeatleastaG3

witha600MHzprocessorforaudioorvideoconferencing.



CluesinYourBuddyList

WehavetoassumethatiChatissetupandfunctioning.Your

BuddyList,shownbelow,givesyouaninstantclueastowhat

kindofchatyoucandowiththatperson,soyoudon'thaveto

worryaboutallthosetechnicalspecstofindout.Ifyoudon't

haveanyoneinyourBuddyListyet,seethefollowingpages.



IfyouneedhelpsettingupiChat,pleaseseeCoolMacApps,ortheiChatHelp

files(fromtheHelpmenuwheniChatisopen),orthetutorialsontheApple.com

site.



Noicon.Thisbuddycanonlyusetextmessagestochat.

Phoneicon.Thisbuddyhasamicrophoneattachedorbuilt



inandcanusetextoraudiotochat.

Multiple-phoneicon.Thisbuddyhasasystempowerful

enoughtosupportanaudiochatwithmorethanone

person.

Cameraicon.Thebuddyhasavideocameraattachedand

canusetext,audio,orvideotochat.

Multiple-cameraicon.Thebuddyhasabigol'machine

andamultiple-personvideochatispossible,aswellastext

andaudio.

Greenorb.Thebuddyisonlineandyoucanstartachatwith

her.

Amberorb.Thebuddyisonline,buthiscomputerisidle,

meaninghe'sprobablybeenawayfromitforabit.

Redorb.Thebuddyhaschosentobeunavailableanddoesn't

wanttobedisturbed,eventhoughhe'sonline.



Tip

Thedimmedbuddiesatthebottomofthelistare

offlineandunavailable

Tohideofflinebuddies,gototheViewmenuand

uncheck"ShowOfflineBuddies."



QuickStart

Ifyou'resetupandyou'vegotsomebuddiesinyourlist,try

thesetipsbelow.

Double-clickthebuddynameandiChatwillinitiatea

textchat.



Single-clickthemediaicon(thephoneorcamera)and

iChatwillinitiatethekindofchatindicatedbytheicon.

Toinitiateaspecifickindofchat,Single-clickona

buddy'sname,thenclickoneofthechatbuttonsatthe

bottomofthewindow.

Control-clickabuddyname,thenchooseachatoption

fromthecontextualmenuthatopens.







CreateaBuddyList

Nomatterwhatkindofchattingyouplantodo(text,audio,or

video),thefirstthingyouneedisaBuddyList.TheBuddyList

letsyouseewhenyourfriendsorassociatesareonline,and

withtheclickofabuttonyoucanstartachatorsendafile.

ToaddsomeonetoyourBuddyList:

1. OpeniChat.Ifyoudon'tseeyourBuddyListonthescreen,

pressCommand1(thenumber"one"),orgotothe

Windowmenuandchoose"BuddyList."

2. IntheBuddyList,clickthe+button(circledbelow-left).A

sheetcontainingyourAddressBookcontactsdropsdown

fromthetopofthewindow(below-right).



[Viewfullsizeimage]



3. IfthepersonyouwanttoaddisinyourAddressBook,

selecthisorhername,thenclickthe"SelectBuddy"button

(circledabove).

Ifthisperson'saddresscardincludesaninstantmessaging

name,(asshowntotheleft)thenameisaddedtoyour



BuddyList.You'redone.

Ifthecarddoesnotincludeaninstantmessagingname,

followthestepsbelow.

IfthepersonyouwanttoaddisnotinyourAddress

Book,oriftheiraddresscarddoesnotincludeaninstant

messagingname,clickthe"NewPerson"button(circled

above).

4. Anewsheetdropsdown,asshownontheoppositepage.

Fromthe"AccountType"pop-upmenu,select".Mac"ifthe

newpersonusestheirMac.comaccountforinstant

messaging.

Orchoose"AIM"ifthenewbuddyusesanAOLorAIM

screenname.



5. Enterthenewnameinthe"AccountName"field.

TheBuddyListusestheentryfromtheFirstNameandLast

Namefieldstonamethebuddyinthelist.Ifyoudon'tenter

afirstorlastname,theBuddyListdisplaystheAccount

Name.

Whateveryouenterinthissheetisactuallybeingaddedtoa

newcardinyourAddressBook.Later,ifyouwanttochange

abuddy'sinformation,youcanopenAddressBookand

changeitthere.



OryoucanselectabuddyintheBuddyList,thenfromthe

Buddiesmenuinthemenubar,choose"GetInfo"toopen

anAddressBookwindowforthatbuddy.

6. Toaddaphotoorcustomicontoabuddy'snameinthe

list,draganimageontopofthe"BuddyIcon"well,shown

below-left.ThephotocanbeaJPEG,GIF,TIFForPhotoshop

file.

7. Clickthe"Add"buttontoaddthenewbuddytoyourBuddy

List(andtoyourAddressBook).



Tip

Afteryouaddaphotoorimage,youcanchooseto

havetheoneyouaddedoverridetheoneyour

buddyhaschosen.Dothisinthe"GetInfo"window

forthatbuddy.



[Viewfullsizeimage]







TextChat

Textchatsarequickandeasyandhavethatemailadvantageof

beingastepbackfromthemorepersonalaudioandvideo.

Makesureyou'reconnectedtotheInternetbeforeyoutryto

chat.



TextChatsareEasytoStart

Youcanhaveatextchatwithonepersonorwithagroupof

people.Eachonestartsinadifferentway;thatis,youcan't

startaone-personchatandthenaddmoreyoumustdecide

beforeyouopenthechatwhichoneyouwant.

Tostartatextchatwithoneperson:

1. OpeniChatandtheBuddyList(ifthelistisnotimmediately

visible,choose"BuddyList"fromtheWindowmenuinthe

menubar).

2. Double-clickaname(notanicon)intheBuddyList;this

automaticallyopensatextchatwindow.Aninvitationto

chatissenttothebuddy.

3. Starttypinginthetextfieldatthebottomofthechat

window.

Toaddasmileyicon(anemoticon),clickonthelittle

smileyfaceinthetextfieldandchooseone.Ifyoutype

anemoticon,suchas;-),itwillturnintothecartoon

versionautomatically.



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Chapter 5. iChat and Bonjour for Easy Communication

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