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Chapter 2. Working with Tracks in the Timeline

Chapter 2. Working with Tracks in the Timeline

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doesn'tsoundlikemuchfununtilyougetabetterperspective

onthepoweroftracks.Haveyoueverheardofa4-track

recorder?Initstime,the4-trackrevolutionizedthemusic

industryasmuchasthemouserevolutionizedcomputers.The

4-trackrecordermadeitpossibletorecordfourdifferent

instrumenttracksoneatatime,andplaythembackallmixed

together.Eventually,4-trackrecorderswerereplacedby8-track

recorders,andfinallybydigitalrecording.

Whatdoesthatmeantoyou?Foronething,youdon'thaveto

limityoursongstofourtracks.Infact,youcanhaveupto255

RealInstrumenttracksor64SoftwareInstrumenttracks,

dependingonthespeedofyourcomputer.Chancesare,mostof

yoursongscanbearrangedin10orfewertracks,butit'snice

toknowthatifyouneedmoretracks,they'rethereforyou.

Thislessonfocusesonthedifferenttypesoftracks.You'lllearn

toadd,delete,andchangetracks,aswellasevaluatetracksto

determinehowwelltheyfitwiththesong.







UnderstandingTracks

ThinkofthetracksinyourTimelineasthedifferentmusiciansin

yourband.Eachmusicianplaysadifferentinstrumentandis

representedbyaseparatetrack.Astheleaderofyourband,

youcandecidewhichinstrumentsareusedinasongandhow

youwanttorecordthem.Ifyoudon'tlikeaninstrumentpart,

youcanalwaysfirethemusicianorinthiscase,justdeletethe

track.Ifyoureallylikethewayapartsounds,youcanclone

themusician,orjustdoublethattrackintheTimeline.

Thebestwaytounderstandtracksistoworkwiththem,solet's

getstarted.



PreparingtheProject

Openproject2-1AlaskaSunrisefromtheLesson_02folder.Thisis

thesameprojectyouwereworkingoninthepreviouslesson.

Youmaycontinueworkingwith1-1AlaskaSunriseifyouprefer.







ShowingandHidingtheTrackInfoPane

AttheendofLesson1youdraggedtheMoviesforGarageBand

foldertotheMediaBrowser,thenaddedtheAlaskamovieto

theVideoTrackinyourproject.Nowthatyouknowhowtoadd

avideofileandplayitintheVideoPreviewpane,you're

probablywonderinghowtocloseitwhenyoudon'tneedit.The

VideoPreviewpaneisdirectlyabovetheTrackInfopane

(labeledEpisodeInfowhenavideotrackisselected).Anytime

theTrackInfopaneisshowing,you'llalsoseethevideopreview

ofyourproject.

TheTrackInfopaneshowsinformationforanyselectedtrack.

TherearethreeprimarywaysyoucanshoworhidetheTrack

Infopane:

ChooseTrack>ShowInfo(orTrack>HideInfoifitis

alreadyshowing).

ClicktheTrackInfobutton.

PressCmd-I.

BeforewehidetheTrackInfopane,let'sselectamusictrackto

seeitsdetails.

1. SelecttheVideoTrack,ifitisnotalreadyselected.Ifthe

TrackInfopaneisnotshowingontherightsideofthe

window,pressCmd-I.



[Viewfullsizeimage]



2. SelecttheGrandPianotracktoshowthetrackinfoforthat

track.



TheTrackInfopaneshowsthatyouhaveselectedatrack

thatisaSoftwareInstrumenttrack,PianosandKeyboards

instrumentcategory,GrandPianoinstrument.



Thelower-leftcorneroftheTrackInfopanealsoshowsthe

track'sicon,whichinthiscaseisaGrandPiano.

3. SelectoneoftheDryHornSectiontracks.



TheTrackInfopanenowshowsthatyou'veselectedaReal

Instrumenttrack,BandInstrumentscategory,DryHorn

Sectionastheinstrument.Eventhetrack'siconillustrates

thatthetrackincludeshorns.



Note

TheRealInstrumentTrackInfopanealsoincludes

recordinginformationforthetrack,includingInput,

Volume,andMonitor.You'llworkmorewithReal

InstrumentrecordinginLesson6.



4. PressCmd-I,orclicktheTrackInfobutton,tohidetheTrack

Infopane.



Tip

TomaximizetheworkspaceintheTimeline,closethe

TrackInfopanewhenyoudon'tneedit.Youcan

alwaysopenitwhenneededtoseetheVideoPreview

orchangeatrack'siconorinstrument.







SelectingPrerecordedLoopsandSoundEffects

RemembertheForestsoundeffectloopyouauditionedinthe

lastlesson?Well,it'stimetoaddittotheproject2-1Alaska

Sunrise.First,you'llneedtofinditagainintheLoopBrowser

andmakeroomforitatthebeginningofthesong.

1. ClicktheLoopBrowserbutton,orpressCmd-L,toopenthe

LoopBrowser.

2. IftheLoopBrowserdisplaysaviewotherthanPodcast

Sounds,clickthePodcastSoundsViewbuttontolistthe

PodcastSounds.



Note

TheLoopBrowseropensinthelastviewyouused.In

thepreviouslesson,youusedthePodcastSounds

view,soitshouldopenthatway.

3. SelectSoundEffects>Ambience>ForesttoheartheForest

soundeffectloop.



[Viewfullsizeimage]



Inthelastlesson,youauditioned(listenedto)theForest

soundeffectwiththeproject.Nowthatwearereadytoadd

thelooptotheproject,let'sauditionitonemoretimetobe

sure.

4. PressReturnorZtomovetheplayheadtothebeginningof

theTimeline.

5. Pressthespacebartobeginplaybackoftheproject.

6. ClicktheForestsoundeffecttoplayitalongwiththe

project.

Thebirdsseemabitloud,butyoucanalwaysturndownthe

soundeffectonceyouaddittotheTimeline.Youcanalso

usethePreviewVolumeslidertoturndownthevolumeof

theloopsasyoulistentothemintheLoopBrowser.



7. DragthePreviewVolumeslidertowardthelefttolowerthe

previewvolumeoftheForestsoundeffect.

8. Pressthespacebartopauseplaybackwhenthesongends.



Note

Youwon'tbeabletoseetheVideoPreview/Track

InfopaneandtheLoopBrowseratthesametime.So

ifyouwanttoauditionaloop,you'llneedtodoso

withoutlookingatthevideopreview.However,once



you'veaddedalooptotheproject,youcanplayitand

watchthevideoatthesametime.



Thesoundeffectischeerful,anditdefinitelyaddsanaturaland

relaxingfeeltothisNewAgeinstrumentalsong.Troubleis,the

musicstartsattheverybeginningoftheproject,anditwould

bebetteriftheprojectstartedwiththeforestsoundstosetthe

mood,thenhadthemusicjoinin.Noproblem,you'lljustmove

theexistingsongoverameasureortwo.



SelectingandMovingAllRegionsinthe

Timeline

Normally,youmightmoveoneortworegionsatatime.Inthis

case,tomovethemall,you'llselectalltheregionsatonceand

movethemtowardtheright.Keepinmind,thevideoclipwill

notbemoved,anditalwaysstartsatthebeginningofthe

project,regardlessofwherethefirstaudioregionstartsinthe

Timeline.

1. PressCmd-L,orclicktheLoopBrowserbutton,tohidethe

LoopBrowser.

Youwon'tlosetheselectionwhenyouclosetheLoop

Browser.Instead,theLoopBrowserremembersthelast

selectionaslongasyoudon'tclosetheproject.

2. PressCtrl-leftarrowseveraltimestozoomoutofthe

Timelineuntilyoucanseethebeginningandendofthe

projectintheTimeline.

3. ChooseEdit>SelectAll,orpressCmd-A,toselectallofthe

regionsintheproject.



[Viewfullsizeimage]



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