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Appendix A.  Sources of Linux Information

Appendix A.  Sources of Linux Information

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system,andisoftenusedforgettingimmediateanswersto

questionsfromotherusers.



Mailinglists

MostLinuxandopensourceprojects,fromthekernelto

KDE,usemailinglistsastheprimarymeansforproject

developerstocommunicate.ManyLinuxusergroupshave

mailingliststhatcanprovidealocalperspective.







A.1.LinuxDocumentationProject

TheprimarysourceoffreedocumentationonLinuxistheLinux

DocumentationProject(LDP).ThemainLDPwebsiteis

http://www.tldp.org,buttherearemanymirrorsitesaround

theworld,oneofwhichmaybeclosertoyouorlessbusy.

ThedocumentationintheLinuxDocumentationProjectis

organizedintoseveraltypes.TheGuidesarelong,oftenbooklength,manualscoveringindetailsuchlargertopicsas

networking.TheHOWTOsaremedium-lengthdocuments

coveringspecifictasks,suchasconfiguringasoundcard.For

smallertasksonspecializedtopicsthatdon'tjustifyafull

HOWTO,therearemini-HOWTOs.Finally,thereareanumberof

FAQsthatanswerfrequentlyaskedquestionsonLinux.

TheLDPdocumentsareprovidedinanumberofdifferent

formats,includingHTML,plaintext,PDF,andPostScript.Many

ofthedocumentshavealsobeentranslatedintodifferent

languagesbyateamofvolunteertranslators.







A.2.FTPSites

AlthoughyourLinuxdistributionprovidesprecompiledbinary

packagesformanyLinuxapplications,oftenyouneedtobuild

themfromsourcecodebecausethesoftwareisnotavailablein

binaryform,youneedtolookatthesourcecode,oryousimply

prefertobuildityourselffromsource.Herearesomepopular

sitesforthemainsourcesofsoftwarethatrunsonLinux.

Manyofthesesitesareextremelypopularandbusy.Itishighly

recommendedthatyouuseamirrorsite(anothercomputer

systemthatdownloadsthesoftwarefromtheprimarysiteona

regularbasis)thatisclosertoyou.Amirrorsiteisusually

easiertoconnecttoandrunsfaster.

AswellastheFTPsiteslistedhere,manyofthewebsiteslisted

inthisAppendixAlsohavecorrespondingFTPsitesfor

downloads.

FTPsite



Description



ftp://ftp.gnu.org



ThemaindownloadsitefortheGNUProject



ftp://ftp.ibiblio.org



AlargeLinuxarchivesite,andoneofthefirstLinuxarchivesitestobe

setup(assunsite.unc.edu)



ftp://ftp.x.org



ArchiveforXWindowSystemsoftware



A.3.WorldWideWebSites

ThissectionlistsjustafewofthethousandsofLinuxwebsites

ontheInternet,brokendownintosomewhatarbitrary

categories.DuetothedynamicnatureoftheWeb,someof

thesesitesmaynolongerbeactiveandmanynewoneswill

undoubtedlyexistbythetimeyoureadthis.



A.3.1.GeneralDocumentation

Thesesitesofferonlinedocumentation,articlesaboutLinux,or

informationgearedtospecificareasofLinux.

Website



Description



http://www.andamooka.org



Awebsitewithanumberoffreeonlinebooks,someof

whichareLinux-related,suchasKDE2.0Development



http://www.justlinux.com



Asiteofnewsandforums



http://www.linas.org/linux



LinuxEnterpriseComputingsite



http://www.linux-laptop.net



LinuxonLaptopssite



http://www.linuxfocus.org



LinuxFocus,afreeonlinemagazine



http://www.linuxgazette.com



LinuxGazette,amonthlyonlinemagazine



http://www.linuxjournal.com



WebsiteforLinuxJournalmagazine



http://www.linuxmagazine.com ThewebsiteforLinuxMagazine

http://www.linuxquestions.org LinuxQuestions,averypopularandinformation-richsite



http://www.tldp.org



MainsitefortheLinuxDocumentationProject



A.3.2.OpenSourceProjects

Listedherearewebsitesforsomeofthemorepopularopen

sourceandfreesoftwareprojects.

Website



Description



http://freedesktop.org



Freedesktop.org,aprojectsupportedbyseveralvendorsto

harmonizedesktopprojectsandprovidenewfunctionalityin

common



http://koffice.kde.org



TheKDEOfficeSuiteproject



http://www.abisource.com TheAbiWordwordprocessor

http://www.alsaproject.org



AlternativeLinuxSoundArchitecture(ALSA)sounddriver

project



http://www.apache.org



TheApachewebserverproject



http://www.cups.org



TheCommonUNIXPrintingSystem(CUPS)



http://www.gnome.org



TheGNOMEDesktopproject



http://www.gnu.org



TheGNUProject



http://www.isdn4linux.de ISDN4Linux,supportingISDNonLinux

http://www.kde.org



TheKDesktopEnvironment(KDE)



http://www.kernel.org



TheofficialLinuxkernelsite



http://www.linux-usb.org TheLinuxUSBproject

http://www.mozilla.org



TheMozillawebbrowserproject



http://www.mysql.com



TheMySQLdatabase



http://www.openoffice.org



TheOpenOffice.orgofficesuiteproject,theopensourceversion

ofStarOffice



http://www.postfix.org



ThePostfixmailerproject



http://www.povray.org



ThePersistenceOfVisionraytracer



http://www.winehq.com



TheWineproject



http://x.org



MaintainersoftheXWindowSystem



A.3.3.ProgrammingLanguagesandTools

ThesesitesarerelatedtopopularLinuxprogramming

languagesandtothehostingofLinuxsoftwareprojects.

Website



Description



AsitethathostsmanyLinuxsoftwareprojects,providinga

http://www.sourceforge.net placefordocumentation,asourcecoderepository,bug

tracking,andsoftwarebuilding



http://savannah.gnu.org



GNUSavannah,asiteofferingfeaturessimilartoSourceForge,

butofficiallyendorsedbytheFreeSoftwareFoundation

becauseallthehostingsoftwareislicensedundertheGPL



http://www.blackdown.org ThehomepageoftheLinuxJavaportingproject



http://www.perl.com



OfficialsiteofthePerlprogramminglanguage



http://www.php.net



WebsiteforthePHPprogramminglanguage



http://www.python.org



HomepageofthePythonprogramminglanguage



A.3.4.NewsandInformationSites

ThesesitesoffernewsofinteresttoLinuxusers.

Website



Description



http://www.desktoplinux.com AsitededicatedtoLinuxonthedesktop



http://www.linux.com



AgeneralLinuxinformationandnewssite(withavery

desirableURL)



http://www.linuxtoday.com



LinuxTodaywebsite



http://www.lwn.net



LinuxWeeklyNewswebsite,whichhasin-depthcoverageof

thekernelandotherdevelopments



http://linuxsecurity.com



NewsandgeneralinformationonLinuxsecurityissues



http://www.newsforge.com



NewsForgewebsite



http://www.slashdot.org



Thepopularnewsanddiscussionsitethatbillsitselfas

"NewsforNerds.StuffthatMatters."



http://www.theregister.co.uk



TheRegister,aUKsiteforITindustrynewswithapro-Linux

slant



http://www.varlinux.org



VarLinuxnewssite,forValueAddedResellers(VARs)



A.3.5.LinuxSoftwareDirectoriesandDownload

Sites

Listedherearesomesitesthatmaintainlargesearchable

librariesofLinuxsoftwarewithlinkstodownloadsites.

Website



Description



http://www.freshmeat.net



AhugedirectoryofLinuxandopensourcesoftware



http://www.icewalkers.com



ThelargeIcewalkersLinuxsoftwaredirectorysite



http://www.linuxberg.com



TheLinuxbergsoftwaredirectorysite



A.3.6.LinuxDistributions

Hereisalongbutbynomeanscomprehensivelistofsomeof

thedifferentLinuxdistributionsavailable.Theserangefrom

thosebackedbylargecompanies,suchasRedHat,to

specializeddistributionsdevelopedbyindividualsorsmall

groups.TheDistroWatchsite(http://distrowatch.com)has

interestingnewsandstatisticsonthemanyavailable

distributions.

Website



Description

DebianGNU/Linux,apopularcommunity-developed



http://www.debian.org



distribution



http://fedora.redhat.com



FedoraCore,anopensourceversionofRedHatthat

undergoesrapiddevelopment



http://www.gentoo.org



GentooLinux,afast-movingcommunityprojectthat

focusesonsourcedistribution



http://www.knoppix.net



Knoppix,aliveCDgoodfortryingoutLinuxanddoing

systemrecovery



http://www.kubuntu.org.uk



KubuntuLinux,aversionofUbuntuthatofferstheKDE

desktop



http://linspire.com



Linspire,astable,end-user,desktopcommercialproduct



http://www.lycoris.com



Lycoris



http://www.mandriva.com



MandrivaLinux



http://www.opensuse.org



OpenSUSE,theopensourceversionofSUSELinux



http://www.redhat.com



RedHatLinux



http://www.slackware.com



SlackwareLinux



http://www.suse.com



SUSELinux,nowdistributedbyNovell



http://www.turbolinux.com



Turbolinux,adistributionpopularinEastAsia



http://www.ubuntulinux.org



UbuntuLinux,anend-userdesktopsystem



http://www.xandros.com



XandrosDesktopLinux



http://www.yellowdoglinux.com YellowDogLinux,adistributionforMacintoshhardware



A.3.7.CommercialLinuxSoftwareCompanies

Listedherearesomecompaniesthatoffercommercialsoftware

andservices,otherthanLinuxdistributions,fortheLinux

platform.

Website



Description



CodeWeavers,developerofCrossOverOfficeandCrossOver

http://www.codeweavers.com Plugin,productsbasedonthesoftwareoftheWineproject

thatoffertheabilitytorunWindowsapplicationsonLinux



http://www.trolltech.com



TrollTech,developerofQt,across-platformgraphicaltoolkit.

QtisusedasthebasisfortheKDE.



http://www.vistasource.com



VistaSource,formerlyApplix,isthedeveloperofthe

ApplixwareOfficeSuite.



http://www.vmware.com



VmWaresellsvirtualmachinesoftwarethatallowsrunning

oneoperatingsystemontopofanother,suchasWindowson

Linux,andviceversa.



A.3.8.InternetRFCsandOtherStandards

Theseareafewofthemanysitesthathoststandardsusedby

LinuxandtheInternet.

Website



Description



http://www.faqs.org/rfcs



AnarchivesiteforRequestsForComments,orRFCs,the

technicaldocumentsthatdescribemanyoftheprotocols

aroundwhichtheInternetisbuilt.Italsoincludesmany

otherstandardsdocumentsandFAQs.



TheFreeStandardsGroup,anonprofitorganization

dedicatedtoacceleratingtheuseandacceptanceofopen

http://www.freestandards.org sourcetechnologiesthroughthedevelopment,application,

andpromotionofstandards.



http://www.linuxbase.org



TheLinuxStandardBase,aprojectoftheFreeStandards

Groupthatdevelopsandpromotesasetofstandardsto

increasecompatibilityamongLinuxdistributionsandenable

softwareapplicationstorunonanycompliantLinuxsystem.



http://www.w3c.org



TheWorldWideWebConsortium,anorganizationthat

developsspecifications,guidelines,software,andtoolsfor

theWorldWideWeb.



A.3.9.Miscellaneous

Finally,herearesomesitesthatdefiedcategorizationinanyof

theothersections.

Website



Description



http://counter.li.org



TheLinuxCounter,auniquesitethatcollectsdatainanattemptto

estimatethetotalnumberofLinuxusersworldwide.



http://www.li.org



LinuxInternational,anonprofitorganizationthatworkstowardthe

promotionofLinuxandtheLinuxcommunity.







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