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Hack 1. Fine-Tune Yahoo! Web Search Queries

Hack 1. Fine-Tune Yahoo! Web Search Queries

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Completephrase

Tosearchforwordsinaspecificorder,enclosethewordsin

quotationmarks.Asearchfor"grammarschool"willreturn

documentsthatcontainthecompletephrasegrammar

school.Youcancombinekeywordandphrasesearches.To

finddocumentsthatcontainthephrasegrammarschool

andalsohavethewordOregonsomewhereinthe

document,youcouldsearchfor"grammarschool"Oregon.



ORkeyword

Youcanchangethedefaultbehaviorofkeywordsearches

byusingthecapitalizedkeywordORbetweenwords.A

searchforgrammarORprimarywillreturndocumentsthat

containeithergrammarorprimary,butnotnecessarilyboth

words.



Excludewordsorphrases

Tofinddocumentswithoutacertainword,youcanusethe

minussign(-)alongwiththewordyouwanttoexclude.Ifa

searchforOregonschoolreturnstoomanypagesforschools

inthecityofPortland,youcouldtypeOregonschool-Portland

toexcludeanypageswiththewordPortlandfromthe

results.

Onceyouhavethebasicsdown,youcanstartmixingand

matching,andgroupingqueriestogetherwithparentheses.To

finddocumentsthatcontainthewordOregon,andthephrase

grammarschoolorthephraseelementaryschool,youcould

typeOregon("grammarschool"OR"elementaryschool").The

parenthesesarerequiredtoshowwheretheORshouldbeused.



Withouttheparentheses,Yahoo!wouldlookfordocumentsthat

containboththewordOregonandthephrasegrammarschool,

ordocumentsthatsimplycontainthephraseelementaryschool.

BecausethewordOregonisnecessaryacrossdocuments,the

twosecondaryphrasesneedtobegroupedintoasingleunit

withparentheses.



1.2.2.SearchMetaWords

Inadditiontothebasicoperators,therearekeywordsthat

Yahoo!callsSearchMetaWordsthatyoucanusetorefineyour

search:



site:

Usethiskeywordtolimitsearchresultstoasinglewebsite.

YoucansearchforthewordmarszacrossNASAsitesby

typingmarssite:nasa.gov.Alloftheresultswillbefromsites

hostedatthenasa.govdomain.Youalsousethiskeyword

tolimitresultstoasingletop-leveldomain,suchas.org,

.com,or.edu.Tofindmentionsofthewordmarsacross

academicsites,typemarssite:.edu.



hostname:

Thiskeywordlimitsresultstoaspecifichostatasite.For

example,NASA'sMarsExplorationProgramhasawebsite

athttp://mars.jpl.nasa.gov.Ifyouwanttosearchthis

specificsectionofthenasa.govdomainforthewordrover,

youcouldtyperoverhostname:mars.jpl.nasa.gov.



link:

Youcanusethiskeywordtofindsitesthatlinktoaspecific

URL.Thiskeywordworkswellifyouwanttojudgethe

popularityofaspecificpagebyfindingthenumberofother

siteslinkingtoaparticularpage.You'llneedtoincludethe

fullURL,sotofindpagesthatlinktotheAmazonHacks

pageattheO'ReillyHackssite,type

link:http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/amazonhks/.



linkdomain:

Insteadofaspecificpage,thiskeywordlooksforanylinks

toaspecificdomain.Ifyou'reinterestedinpagesthatlink

tohttp://www.oreilly.com,typelinkdomain:oreilly.com.



url:

ThiskeywordletsyoulookupasinglepageatYahoo!by

specifyingtheURL.YoucanlookuptheO'ReillyHacks

homepagebytypingurl:http://hacks.oreilly.com.Youcould

usethiskeywordtoseehowpagesatasitearedisplayedin

Yahoo!'sWeb,Images,andVideoSearchresults.



inurl:

Usethiskeywordtofindsitesthathaveaspecificword

withintheURL.Tofindallsitesthathavethewordmarsin

theURL,typeinurl:mars.



intitle:



Likeinurl:,thiskeywordreturnsdocumentsthathavea

specificwordinthedocumenttitle.Tofinddocumentswith

marsinthetitle,useintitle:mars.

Youcanalsousethebasicsearchoperatorsincombinationwith

theSearchMetaWordstorefineyoursearch.Sayyou'dliketo

searchforthewordmarsacrossdocuments,butyoudon'twant

pagesfromanynasa.govsite;typemars-site:nasa.gov.Because

Yahoo!supportsverylongqueries,youcouldspecifyawhole

listofsitesthatyoudon'twantinformationfrom:marssite:nasa.gov-site:mars.com-site:space.com.Buttosearchthose

sitesexclusively,takeawaytheminussymbol,groupthesite

listtogetherwithparentheses,andusetheORkeywordlikethis:

mars(site:nasa.govORsite:mars.comORsite:space.com).Again,note

thattheuseoftheORkeywordrequirestheuseofparentheses.

Someofthesequerycombinationscanalsobeaccomplished

withtheadvancedsearchform[Hack#5]availableat

http://search.yahoo.com/web/advanced.



Hack2.SaveTimewithSearchShortcuts



Byusingafewspecifickeywords,youcanhaveYahoo!

answercommonquestionswithinyoursearchresults,

providespecificinformation,orpointdirectlytoyour

answer.

Atitsmostbasic,Yahoo!Searchallowsyoutotypeinsearch

terms,clicktheSearchbutton,andreceivedocumentsthat

includethatwordorphrasefromacrosstheWeb.Thismakes

Yahoo!akeywordsearchengine,andknowingthiscanhelpyou

puttogetheryourqueries.

Yahoo!Searchacceptsanumberofkeyphrasesthatcan

providequickanswerstocommonquestions.Toillustrate,

here'sanexampleinwhichsearchshortcutscangiveyoua

fasteranswerthankeywordsalone.

Imagineyou'reinCaliforniaandyou'dliketocallafriendin

London,England.Youcan'trememberthetimedifferenceand

youdon'twanttocallat3a.m.Londontime,soyouturnto

Yahoo!forhelp.Browsingtohttp://search.yahoo.com,youfind

yourselfinfrontofthesearchform,abouttotype.What'sthe

bestquery?Ifyouwereaskingahumanbeingfortheanswer

youmightbetemptedtotypeinacompletequestion:whatis

thetimeinLondon?.

BecauseYahoo!Searchlooksformatchingwordsorphrases,

you'vetoldYahoo!tofinddocumentsthatincludethewordsin

yourphrase.Sothetopresultswilllikelybethewebsiteforthe

LondonnewspaperTheTimesandotherdocumentsthatcontain

thesearchtermsLondonandtime.You'llprobablyfindyour

answeratsitesthatareintheresults,butthere'samuchfaster



waytotellYahoo!Searchexactlywhatyou'relookingfor.

Understandingthetimezoneandothersearchshortcutswill

giveyouquickanswerstosomecommonquestions.



1.3.1.Yahoo!SearchShortcuts

WhenYahoo!Searchencountersakeyphrase,Yahoo!triesto

provideadirectanswer,inadditiontomatchingdocumentsthat

includethetermsinthephrase.Forexample,ifyouwantto

knowthecurrenttimeinLondon,youcantypetimeinLondon

andyou'llfindthecurrenttimeinLondonabovethesearch

results,asshowninFigure1-3.



Figure1-3.AnanswerusingaYahoo!Search

shortcut



Byusingthisshortcut,you'llhavetheanswerwithoutlooking

throughtheresultsorvisitingothersites.ReplaceLondonwith

anycityorwithacity-and-statecombination,andyou'llnever

havetoworryaboutcalculatingtimezonedifferencesagain.

You'llknowyou'veusedaYahoo!shortcutwhenyouseea

resultatthetopmarkedwiththeYahoo!Y!,asshowninFigure

1-3.Youcanbrowseacomplete,updatedlistofYahoo!Search

shortcutsathttp://tools.search.yahoo.com/shortcuts/.Hereare

afewoftheshortcutsavailable:



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Hack 1. Fine-Tune Yahoo! Web Search Queries

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