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Chapter 12. Provisioning and Operating an ONS 15454 SONET/SDH Network

Chapter 12. Provisioning and Operating an ONS 15454 SONET/SDH Network

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controlmultiplenetworkelementsonaSynchronousOptical

Network(SONET)network.



Note

TheCiscoTransportManager(CTM)isdesignedto

control,manage,andmonitorthousandsofnetwork

elementsinaverylargenetwork.



CTCalsoenablestheusertoprovisionacircuitautomatically

fromonenodetoanotheronanetwork.Thisisanimportant

featurebecausetheautoprovisioningfunctionalityautomatically

createsthecircuitsthatpassthroughtheintermediatenodeson

anetworkwithoutmanualintervention.Thisisadesirable

featureformanyorganizations;however,someorganizations

mightnotownallthenodesonanetwork,sothiscouldprohibit

anend-to-endcircuitassignment.TheONS15454canjustas

easilyprovisionacircuitwithinasinglenodeforthose

applications.

TL1(TransactionLanguage1)isalsoanoptionforprovisioning

oftheONS15454.

TL1isthemostcommonman-machinelanguageusedinthe

telecommunicationsindustry.Itiscommonamongallmajor

manufacturersoftelecommunicationsequipment,including

digitalcross-connects,SONETtransport,digitalloopcarrier

(DLC),andlegacypreSONETopticaltransportequipment.TL1

canbeusedviaaterminalsessionthroughaserialconnection

ontheTCC2interfacemoduleonthe15454orthroughaTL1

windowintheCTCGUI.

TheONS15454alsoprovidesthecapabilitytoautomatically

recognizeandprovisionthevariouscommonmodulesandthe



variousinterfacemodulesastheyareinstalledintheslotsof

theshelf.



TurningUptheONS15454

ThissectionexplainshowtoprovisionandturnupaCiscoONS

15454forservice,includingassigningthenodename,dateand

time,timingreferences,andnetworkinformation,suchasthe

InternetProtocol(IP)address,subnetmask,defaultrouter,

usersandsecuritylevels,andinterfacemoduleprotection

groups.Thissectiondiscusseshowtoinstalltheshelfand

externalcablestothebackplane,installinterfacemodules,and

connectaPCandlogintotheONS15454usingtheGUIcalled

CTC.



InstallingandPoweringtheShelf

TheCiscoONS15454comesshippedfromthefactoryina

sturdy,well-protectedcardboardbox.Inthetopofthelarger

boxisasmallerboxthatcontainsmiscellaneousinstallation

material,includingvarioustie-wraps,screws,instruction

manuals,mountingstuds,plasticfiber/cable-routingguides,

andanaccesstool.

ToinstalltheONS15454shelf,youneedtoinstallthetwo

mountingstudsfromthemiscellaneousinstallationmaterialinto

holesintherackorbay.Thesestudscanbeinstalledintwo

ways:YoucanhangtheONSshelffromthem,ortheycanbe

usedtosupporttheweightoftheshelfwhileyouareinstalling

theshelf-mountingscrews.

TopowertheONS15454shelf,youfirstneedtoensurethatthe

officegroundhasbeeninstalledatthetopofthebayorframe,

accordingtolocalelectricalspecifications.Then,toinstallthe

framegroundfromtheONSshelftotheframeorbay,makeup

thegroundingcableusingalengthof#6AWGstrandedcopper

wireandtwodouble-holecompressionlugs.Afterthis,you



attachoneendoftheframegroundwiretothebackofthe

frameorbay,andattachtheotherendtothestudsmarked

"FrameGround,"undertheplasticcoveronthelower-rightside

oftheONSshelf.Figure12-1illustratesONS15454framegroundingexample.



Figure12-1.ONS15454Frame-Grounding

Example



ToconnecttheDCpowertotheONSshelf,youuse#10AWG

strandedcopperwire(redandblack)anddeterminethesource

oftheDCpower.Thesourcecouldbeafuseandalarmpanel,a

batterydistributionfusebay(BDFB),or,insomecases,theDC



outputofasmallrectifier.TheONSshelfhasaDCterminalstrip

inthelower-leftcornerofthebackoftheshelf.Thisstrip

supportstwoDCpowerconnections(redundant);eachsetis

labeledasBat1,Ret1andBat2,Ret2.Figure12-2shows

ONS15454DCpowerconnections.



Figure12-2.ONS15454DCPowerConnections



UsingaredwireforBat1andablackwireforRet1,connect

theBat1andRet1oftheONSshelftothesameterminal

designationsonthesource.Ifaredundantpowerfeedis

desired,repeatthisforBat2andRet2,usingasecondsetof

redandblackwires.Useavoltmetertoverifythatthevoltages

forbothAandBbatteryarebetween42VDC(volts,direct



current)and57VDC.



InitialConfiguration

TheONS15454turnsupinaninitialconfigurationasa

unidirectionalpath-switchedring(UPSR)node.Ithasadefault

IPaddressandsubnetmask,atargetidentifier,date,time,and

timezone.Italsohasadefaulttimingconfiguration.Allthe

serviceinterfacemodules(wheninstalled)initiallyareworking

oractive,withoutanymodulesassignedasprotectorstandby.

Theindividualassignedtotheprovisioningofthesystemmust

maketheproperchangestoalltheappropriateparameters.

Thisprocessisusuallycontrolledbyanengineeringor

informationtechnology(IT)groupthatassignstheappropriate

parametersandslotassignmentsforallinterfacemodules.



Detailedshelfturn-upprocedurescanbefoundintheONS

15454documentationlocatedat

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/optical/ps2006/tsd_products_su



InstallingCommonEquipmentCards

Thecommonequipmentcards(interfacemodules)consistof

thecardsinSlots7,8,9,10,and11.Slots7and11contain

thetimingcommunicationandcontrolcards;oneisactiveand

theotherisstandby.

Slots8and10containthecross-connectcards,eithertheXCVT,

XC10G,orXC10GVX,dependingontheapplicationand

assignmentbyengineeringorITdocumentation.Onemoduleis

active,andtheotherisstandby.

Slot9containstheAlarmInterfaceCard(AIC).Thiscardis

usedforprovidinghousekeepingalarmcontactinterfacestoan



externalalarm-pollingsystemlocatedinanunmannedlocation.

Anexampleofahousekeepingalarmmightbeacommercial

powerfailureoranopendoor.



Theprocedureforinstallingthecommonequipmentcardsis

describedintheinstallationandturn-uppracticesoftheONS

15454,whichislocatedat

www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/optical/ps2006/tsd_products_support_



TimingCommunicationsandControlCard

TheAdvancedTimingCommunicationsandControl(TCC2)card

performssysteminitialization,provisioning,alarmreporting,

maintenance,diagnostics,InternetProtocol(IP)address

detection/resolution,SONETsectionoverhead(SOH)data

communicationchannel/genericcommunicationchannel

(DCC/GCC)termination,andsystemfaultdetectionfortheONS

15454.TheTCC2alsoensuresthatthesystemmaintains

Stratum3(TelcordiaGR-253-CORE)timingrequirements.It

monitorsthesupplyvoltageofthesystem.TheTCC2cardcan

beeitheractiveorstandby,whichmeansthattherearetwo

TCC2cardsintheONSshelfinSlots7and11.

TheTCC2cardcanbeinstalledineitherSlot7orSlot11by

unlockingtheextractorsonthetopandbottomedgesofthe

card,slidingthecardintoSlot7orSlot11,fullyseatingthe

cardintheslot,andthenclosingtheextractorstolockthecard

intotheslot.WhentheTCC2cardisintheslot,thelight

emittingdiodes(LEDs)onthefaceofthecardbegintoblink

andflashinthefollowingsequenceofevents:

1. AllLEDsturnonbriefly.

2. TheredFAILLED,theyellowACT/STBYLED,theredREM

LED,thegreenSYNCLED,andthegreenACOLEDturnon

forabout10seconds.



3. TheredFAILLEDandthegreenACT/STBYLEDturnonfor

about40seconds.

4. TheredFAILLEDblinksforabout10seconds.

5. TheredFAILLEDturnsonforabout5seconds.

6. AllLEDs(includingtheCRIT,MAJ,MIN,REM,SYNC,and

ACOLEDs)blinkonceandturnoffforabout10seconds.

7. TheACT/STBYLEDturnson.

ThesecondTCC2cardcanbeinstalledatthistimeusingthe

samemethodaswiththefirstcard.TheLEDsonthesecond

cardalsoperformthesamesequenceasthefirstTCC2card.



Cross-ConnectCard(XCVT/XC10G/XC-VXC-10G)

TheXCVTcardestablishescross-connectionsattheSTS-1and

VTlevels.TheXCVTprovidesnonblockingSTS-48capacityto

Slots5,6,12,and13,andnonbidirectionalblockingSTS-12

capacitytoSlots1to5and14to17.AnySTS-1onanyport

canbeconnectedtoanyotherport,meaningthattheSTS

cross-connectionsarenonblocking.

TheXC10Gcardcross-connectsSTS-1,STS-12,STS-48,and

STS-192signalrates,aswellasconcatenatedsignalratesof

STS-3c,6c,9c,12c,24c,48c,and192c.TheXC10Gallowsup

tofourtimesthebandwidthofcurrentXCVTcards(usedfor

OC-3,OC-12,andOC-48systems).TheXC10Gprovidesa

maximumof1152STS-1cross-connections.AnySTS-1onany

portcanbeconnectedtoanyotherport,meaningthattheSTS

cross-connectionsarenonblocking.

TheXC-VXC-10GcardestablishesconnectionsattheSTSand

VTlevels.TheXC-VXC-10GprovidesSTS-192capacitytoSlots

5,6,12,and13,andSTS-48capacitytoSlots1to4and14to



17.AnySTS-1onanyportcanbeconnectedtoanyotherport,

meaningthattheSTScross-connectionsarenonblocking.

TheXCVT/XC10G/XC-VXC-10Gcanbeinstalledusingthe

extractors,asdescribedintheTCC2section,inSlots8and10,

whichalsoprovidesanactivestandbyarrangement.Whenthe

cross-connectcardisintheslot,theLEDsonthefaceofthe

cardbegintoblinkandflashinthefollowingsequenceof

events:

1. TheredLEDturnsonandremainslitfor20to30seconds.

2. TheredLEDblinksfor35to45seconds.

3. TheredLEDremainslitfor5to10seconds.

4. AllLEDsblinkonceandturnon.

5. TheACT/STBYLEDturnson.



AlarmInterfaceController-International(Optional)

TheoptionalAlarmInterfaceControllerInternational(AIC-I)

cardprovidescustomer-definedalarminput/output(I/O)and

supportsuserdataandlocalandexpressorderwire.Itprovides

12customer-definedinputand4customer-definedinput/output

contacts.Thephysicalconnectionsarethroughthebackplane

wire-wrappinterminals.Apower-monitoringfunctionmonitors

thesupplyvoltage(48VDC)fortheONSshelf.

Thiscardisoptionalandtypicallyisinstalledonlywhen

"housekeeping"alarmsarerequiredtobetransportedacross

thenetworktoanalarmcenterornetworkoperationscenter

(NOC).

Housekeepingalarmsareusuallyassociatedwithalarmsor

eventsthatareexternaltotheMSPPsystem.Examplesofthese



typesofalarmsoreventsareopendoors,hightemperatures,a

commercialpowerfailure,andsoon.



OpticalandElectricalInterfaceModules

Thevarioustypesofopticalorelectricalinterfacemodulescan

beinstalledinthesystemasdeterminedbydocumentation

fromengineeringorIT.Theseinterfacemodulescanbe

assignedtoserviceSlots1to6or12to17oftheONS15454

shelf.Installingthesemodulesatthistimefacilitatesthe

assignmentofsystemturn-upparametersassociatedwith

synchronizationorDCCs,mentionedlaterinthischapter.



GeneralNetworkElementInformation

Whenallthecommoncardsareinstalledandtheappropriate

LEDsarelit,youcanbegintoprovisiontheONS15454shelf.

Tobegintheprovisioningprocessorturn-upoftheONS15454,

youmusthavesomegeneralinformationforeachnetwork

element(NE)orshelfinanetwork.Thisinformationusuallycan

beprovidedbyaengineeringorITgroupandconsistsofthe

following:

Nodename,ortargetidentifier(TID)

Locationofthenode

Contactinformation

Currentdateandtime

Usernamesandpasswords(usedforusersecurity



purposes)

Youalsoneedtoknowthenetworkrequirements:

IPaddress

Subnetmask

IPaddressofthedefaultrouter

IPaddressoftheDHCPserver,ifrequired

Youalsoneedtoknowthetypesofservicesinthesystem,such

astheDS3,DS1,OCN,andsoon.Youneedtoknowhowthe

protectiongroupswillbeassignedaswell.

ONS15454providesprotectiontointerfacemodulesandports

ofinterfacemoduleswithprotectiongroups.Thisgivesadded

valuetoamoduleorportthatmightbeprovidingservice(such

asDS-3orOC-N).Providingprotectionisoftenabillableitem

toacustomerwhoneedsareliablecircuitorservice.This

meansthatacustomerwhosubscribestoaprotectedservice

willhavea"working"circuitanda"protect"circuit,incasethe

workingcircuitfailsforsomereason.AllinterfacesoftheONS

15454canbeeitherprotectedorunprotected.

Protectiongroupsareassignedas1:1or1:Nforelectrical

interfaces,and1+1foropticalinterfaces.Whenyouassign

protectiongroups,youassignaprotectinterfacemoduletoa

singleworkinginterfacemodule,asina1:1relationship,orto

multipleworkinginterfacemodules,asina1:Nrelationship

withNbeing1to5.

Inthecaseofassigningprotectiongroupstoopticalinterface

modules,theoptionchoiceis1+1.Opticalinterfacemodules

canalsobeprovisionedasUPSRorBLSR,butthisprocessisn't



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Chapter 12. Provisioning and Operating an ONS 15454 SONET/SDH Network

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