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Chapter 1. How the Mac Is Different

Chapter 1. How the Mac Is Different

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Chapter1.HowtheMacIsDifferent

Whenyougetrightdowntoit,thejobdescriptionofevery

operatingsystemisprettymuchthesame.Whetherit'sMacOS

X,WindowsVista,orBillyBob'sSystem-SoftwareSpecial,any

OSmustserveastheambassadorbetweenthecomputerand

you,itshumanoperator.Itmustsomehowrepresentyourfiles

andprogramsonthescreensothatyoucanopenthem;offer

somemethodoforganizingyourfiles;presentonscreen

controlsthataffectyourspeakervolume,mousespeed,andso

on;andcommunicatewithyourexternalgadgets,likedisks,

printers,anddigitalcameras.

Inotherwords,MacOSXoffersroughlythesamefeaturesas

recentversionsofWindows.That'sthegoodnews.

Thebadnewsisthatthesefeaturesarecalleddifferentthings

andparkedindifferentspots.Asyoucouldhavepredicted,this

rearrangementoffeaturescanmeanagooddealofconfusion

foryou,theMacintoshforeigner.Forthefirstfewdaysor

weeks,youmayinstinctivelyreachforcertainfamiliarfeatures

thatsimplyaren'twhereyouexpecttofindthem,thewayyour

tonguekeepsstickingitselfintothesocketofthenewly

extractedtooth.

Tominimizethefrustration,therefore,readthischapterfirst.It

makesplainthemostimportantanddramaticdifferences

betweentheWindowsmethodandtheMacintoshway.



1.1.PowerOn,Dude

Asacriticmightsay,Appleisalwaysconsistentwithits

placementofthepowerbutton:It'sdifferentoneverymodel.

OniMacsandMacMinis,thepowerbuttonisonthebackpanel.

OntowerMacs(MacPro,PowerMac),it'sonthefrontpanel.

AndonlaptopMacs,thebuttonisneartheupper-rightcornerof

thekeyboard.(Thenagain,ifyouhavealaptop,youshouldget

intothehabitofjustclosingthelidwhenyou'redoneworking,



andopeningittoresume;thepowerbuttonrarelyplaysarole

inyourlife.)

Ineverycase,though,thepowerbuttonlooksthesame(Figure

1-1):itbearsthe logo.

Figure1-1.EveryMac'spowerbuttonlookslikethis,

althoughitmightbehardtofind.Thegoodnews:Once

youfindit,it'llprettymuchstayinthesameplace.



Part1:WelcometoMacintosh

Chapter1

Chapter2

Chapter3

Chapter4



Chapter1.HowtheMacIsDifferent

Whenyougetrightdowntoit,thejobdescriptionofevery

operatingsystemisprettymuchthesame.Whetherit'sMacOS

X,WindowsVista,orBillyBob'sSystem-SoftwareSpecial,any

OSmustserveastheambassadorbetweenthecomputerand

you,itshumanoperator.Itmustsomehowrepresentyourfiles

andprogramsonthescreensothatyoucanopenthem;offer

somemethodoforganizingyourfiles;presentonscreen

controlsthataffectyourspeakervolume,mousespeed,andso

on;andcommunicatewithyourexternalgadgets,likedisks,

printers,anddigitalcameras.

Inotherwords,MacOSXoffersroughlythesamefeaturesas

recentversionsofWindows.That'sthegoodnews.

Thebadnewsisthatthesefeaturesarecalleddifferentthings

andparkedindifferentspots.Asyoucouldhavepredicted,this

rearrangementoffeaturescanmeanagooddealofconfusion

foryou,theMacintoshforeigner.Forthefirstfewdaysor

weeks,youmayinstinctivelyreachforcertainfamiliarfeatures

thatsimplyaren'twhereyouexpecttofindthem,thewayyour

tonguekeepsstickingitselfintothesocketofthenewly

extractedtooth.

Tominimizethefrustration,therefore,readthischapterfirst.It

makesplainthemostimportantanddramaticdifferences

betweentheWindowsmethodandtheMacintoshway.



1.1.PowerOn,Dude

Asacriticmightsay,Appleisalwaysconsistentwithits

placementofthepowerbutton:It'sdifferentoneverymodel.

OniMacsandMacMinis,thepowerbuttonisonthebackpanel.

OntowerMacs(MacPro,PowerMac),it'sonthefrontpanel.

AndonlaptopMacs,thebuttonisneartheupper-rightcornerof

thekeyboard.(Thenagain,ifyouhavealaptop,youshouldget

intothehabitofjustclosingthelidwhenyou'redoneworking,



andopeningittoresume;thepowerbuttonrarelyplaysarole

inyourlife.)

Ineverycase,though,thepowerbuttonlooksthesame(Figure

1-1):itbearsthe logo.

Figure1-1.EveryMac'spowerbuttonlookslikethis,

althoughitmightbehardtofind.Thegoodnews:Once

youfindit,it'llprettymuchstayinthesameplace.



1.2.ThatOne-ButtonMouse

YoucangetterrificmileageoutofshortcutmenusontheMac,

justasinWindows(Figure1-2).

Figure1-2.Afteryearsofresisting,Applenowincludesa

two-buttonmousewitheveryiMacandMacPro

(althoughtherightbuttonisinvisible).Youcanrightclickonlaptoptrackapds,too,eventhoughtheyappear

tohaveonlyasinglebutton.It'sworthlearninghowto

right-click,though,becauseshortcutmenus,shownhere

inWindows(left)andontheMac(right),aresohandy.



Butforyears,ittooktwohandstoopenaMacshortcutmenu.

YoudiditbyControl-clickingsomethingonthescreen—andyou

canstilldothat.ButWindowsveteranshavealwayspreferred

theone-handedmethod:right-clicking.Thatis,clicking

somethingbypressingtherightmousebuttononatwo-button

mouse.

"Ah,butthat'swhat'salwaysdrivenmenutsaboutApple,"

goesthecommonrefrain."Theirrefusaltogetridoftheirstupid

one-buttonmouse!"

Well,notsofast.



Firstofall,youcanattachanyold$6USBtwo-buttonmouseto

theMac,andit'llworkflawlessly.

Furthermore,ifyouboughtadesktopMacsincelate2005,you

probablyalreadyhaveatwo-buttonmouse—butyoumightnot

realizeit.Takealook:Isitawhiteshinyplasticcapsulewith

tiny,gray,scrollingtrack-peaonthefarend?Thenyouhavea

MightyMouse,andithasasecretrightmousebutton.Itdoesn't

workuntilyouaskforit.

Todothat,choose

SystemPreferences.ClickKeyboard&

Mouse.ClicktheMousetab.There,inallitssplendor,isa

diagramoftheMightyMouse.(There'sapictureinFigure1513.)

YourjobistochooseSecondaryButtonfromthepop-upmenu

thatidentifiestherightsideofthemouse.(Thereasonit'snot

called"rightbutton"isbecauseleft-handersmightpreferto

reversetherightandleftfunctions.)

Fromnowon,eventhoughtherearen'ttwovisiblemouse

buttons,yourMightyMousedoes,infact,registeraleft-clickor

aright-clickdependingonwhichsideofthemouseyoupush

down.Itworksalotmoreeasilythanitsoundslikeitwould.

TheoldControl-clickingtechniquestillworks.Butinthisbook,

you'llbeinstructedto"right-click"things,sincethat'sprobably

whatyou'reusedto.

Tip:Youcanright-clickusingaMaclaptop'strackpad,too.See

page467.



1.3.On,Off,andSleep

Ifyou'retheonlypersonwhousesyourMac,finishingupa

worksessionissimple.Youcaneitherturnoffthemachineor

simplyletitgotosleep,inanyofseveralways.



1.3.1.SleepMode

It'sclearthatAppleexpectsitscustomersnottoshutdown

theirmachinesbetweensessions,becausethecompanyhas

gonetogreatlengthstomakedoingsoinconvenient.(For

example,youhavetosaveyourworkinallopenprograms

beforeyoucanshutdown.)

That'sOK.Sleepmode(calledStandbyonthePC)consumes

verylittlepower,keepseverythingyouweredoingopenandin

memory,andwakestheMacupalmostimmediatelywhenyou

pressakeyorclickthemouse.Tomakeyourmachinesleep,

useanyofthesetechniques:

Choose

Sleep.(The menu,availablenomatterwhat

programyou'reusing,isattheupper-leftcornerofyour

screen.)

PressthePowerbuttononyourmachine—or,ifyoudon't

haveoneeasilyaccessible,pressControl- key.Onsome

models,doingsomakestheMacsleepimmediately;on

others,youhavetoclickSleepinthedialogboxthat

appears(Figure1-3).

Justwalkaway,confidentthattheEnergySavercontrol

paneldescribedinSection15.11willsendthemachineoff

todreamlandautomaticallyatthespecifiedtime.

Figure1-3.OncetheShutDowndialogboxappears,

youcanpresstheSkeyinsteadofclickingSleep,R

forRestart,EscforCancel,orEnterforShutDown.



1.3.2.Restart

Youshouldn'thavetorestarttheMacveryoften.Butonthose

rareoccasions,includingseveretroubleshootingmystification,

hereareafewwaystodoit:

Choose

Restart.ClickRestart(orpressEnter)inthe

confirmationdialogbox.

PressthePowerbuttonorControl- tosummonthedialog

boxshowninFigure1-3,ifyourMacdoesn'tautomatically

gotosleep.ClickRestart(ortypeR).

Ifallelsefails,pressControl-



-Powerkey.(Onnewer



keyboardsthatlackapowerkey,useControl- instead.)ThatrestartstheMacinstantly,butyouloseany

chancetosavechangesinyouropendocuments.



1.3.3.ShutDown

Toshutdownyourmachinecompletely(whenyoudon'tplanto

useitformorethanacoupleofdaysorwhenyouplanto

transportit,forexample),dooneofthefollowing:

Choose

ShutDown.Asimpleconfirmationdialogbox

appears;clickShutDown(orpressEnter).

PressControl-Option- - .(It'snotascomplexasitlooks

—thefirstthreekeysareallinatidyrowtotheleftofthe



Spacebar.)

PressthePowerkeyorControl- tosummonthedialog

boxshowninFigure1-3;clickShutDown(orpressEnter).

Asalastresort,holddownthePowerkeyforaboutfive

seconds.TheMacwillshutdowninasnap,butyou'lllose

anyunsavedwork.

Note:TheMacintoshaHibernatemode,justlikethe

modernWindowsPC,butyoucan'ttriggeritoncommand.

Itkicksinonlywhenyouchangealaptop'sbattery.



1.3.4.LogOut

IfyoushareyourMacwithotherpeople,youshouldlogout

whenyou'redone.Doingsoensuresthatyourstuffissafefrom

theevilandthecluelesswhenyou'reoutoftheroom.Todoit,

choose

LogOut(orpressShift- -Q).Whenthe

confirmationdialogboxappears,clickLogOut(orpressEnter),

orjustwaitfortwominutes.TheMachidesyourworldfrom

viewanddisplaysthelogindialogbox,readyforthenext

victim.

Anotheroptionistousefastuserswitching—afeaturethatlets

youswitchfromoneusertoanotherwithoutactuallylogging

out,justasinWindowsXPorVista.Withfastuserswitching

turnedon,yourMaccanhaveseveralpeopleloggedinatonce,

althoughonlyonepersonatatimeactuallyseeshisown

desktop.

Ineithercase,thiswholeaccountssystemisdescribedinmuch

moredetailinChapter13.

Tip:IfyoupresstheOptionkeyasyoureleasethemouse

whenchoosingtheRestart,ShutDown,orLogOutcommands,



youeliminatethe"Areyousure?"confirmationdialogbox.The

mouseclicksyousaveeachtimecanreallyaddup.



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