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Chapter 54. Migrating from NetWare to Windows 2000 or Windows 2003

Chapter 54. Migrating from NetWare to Windows 2000 or Windows 2003

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LinuxandtheofferingofnotonlythebaseOSandeDirectory

butallthemodulesaswell.Eachofthesemodulesisinstalled

ontopoftheLinuxkernel.ThisbringsNovellintotherealmof

OpenSourcecomputingwheretheyhavetheirproductsalllined

upandchanneledtocompeteinanymarketspace]closed

source,oropen.

ThischaptercoverswaystomigrateyournetworkfromNovell

NetWaretoWindows2000bydoingthefollowing:

ExaminingfeaturesoftheWindowsoperatingsystemthat

helpprovideconnectivitybetweenWindowsandNetWare

computers.

LookingatMicrosoftWindowsServicesforNetWare5,which

canbeveryuseful,alongwithothertoolsforperforminga

migrationtoaversionofMicrosoftWindowsServer.

Youcantakeagradualapproach,slowlyintegratingWindows

intoimportantrolesinthenetwork,oryoucantaketheall-atonceapproach.Theformerprobablywouldbecheaperinthe

longrun(youcanloseNDSserversbyattritionandyoudon't

needasmanypeopledevotedtothemigrationifyouhavemore

time).And,ifyoutaketheslowroad,youcanlearnfromyour

experiences.Thelatterapproachmightbealotmorecostly,

becauseyou'llneedtohavealargerteamoftrained

professionalstogetthejobdonequickly.Usingtheall-at-once

approachalsoisriskier.Ifsomethinggoeswrong,orifyour

capacityplanningororganizationalplanningisfaulty,you'll

needagoodback-outplan(andprobablyanotherjob).



Note

Whenplanninganymigrationorupgradingproject,

youshouldcarefullyconsideryourchoicesand

experimentinalabsituationtoensurethatyour



solutionworks,amongotherthings.Chapter4,

"UpgradingStrategiesandProjectManagement,"

maybeusefulreadingbeforethischapter.







WindowsProtocolsandServices

AlthoughearlierversionsofNetWareuseNovell'sIPX/SPX

networkprotocols,theTCP/IPprotocolsuiteissupportedwith

NetWare6.xandbeyond.AlthoughNovellstartedtoimplement

itsownversionofTCP/IPintoNetWareversions4and5,this

wasn'ttrueTCP/IP.ThiswasNovell'sversionofthatsuitecalled

NetWareIP(NWIP).

YoucanconfigureaWindowsservertousetheNWLink

protocol,anditthencanbeusedasaserverforNetWare

clients.Ifyou'retakingthegradualapproachforyour

migration,thisistheeasiestwaytointroduceWindowsservers

intoolderversionsofNetWare.Otherwise,ifyoualreadyare

usingTCP/IPonyourNetWareclients,WindowsalsohasafullfeaturedTCP/IPprotocolstackandsupportsmanyrelated

protocolsandservices,suchasDHCPandDNS,aswellasthe

ActiveDirectory,whichcanbeusedtoreplacemostfunctions

providedbyNovellDirectoryServices(whichwasnamedNDS,

andisnowcalledtheeDirectory).

Windows2000providestwobasicservicesthatallowNetWare

andMicrosoftclientstoaccessserversthatresideinboth

environments.Thesetoolsarelistedhere:

ClientServicesforNetWare(CSNW)Thistoolenables

theMicrosoftclienttodirectlyconnecttoaserviceoffered

byaNetWareserver.

GatewayServicesforNetWare(GSNW)Thisutilityalso

enablesaMicrosoftnetworkclienttoaccessfileandprint

sharesofferedbyNetWareservers.Theservicesare

providedtotheMicrosoftclientsthroughagateway

WindowsNTServercomputerthatisusedtocommunicate

withtheNetWareservers.



Lookingfirstatthesetwoservicesandthenexploringsome

otherutilitiesyoucanusetofurtherintegrateNovellNetWare

withMicrosoftWindowscomputerswillhelpyouunderstandthis

migrationpath.



ClientServicesforNetWare(CSNW)

ThisservicecanbeinstalledonWindowsNTWorkstationand

Windows2000Professionalcomputerstoenablethemto

connecttofileandprintservicesprovidedbyNetWareservers

onthenetwork.ByusingCSNW,youcanbeginbygradually

addingMicrosoftWindows2000ProfessionalandXP

Professionalclientstoyournetwork,andtheycanaccess

servicesonyourexistingNetWarenetwork.Thiscanallowyou

thetimetohoneyourWindowsnetworkingskills,whilestill

allowingusersaccesstothesameNetWareresourcestheyare

usedto.



InstallingCSNWonWindows2000ProfessionalClients

ToinstallCSNWonWindows2000ProfessionalorWindowsXP,

thesearethestepstofollow:

1. ClickStart,Settings,NetworkandDial-UpConnections.

2. Right-clicktheLocalNetworkiconandselectPropertiesfrom

themenuthatappears.

3. FromtheLocalAreaNetworkPropertiessheetGeneraltab,

clicktheInstallbutton.TheSelectNetworkComponentType

dialogboxpopsup.ClickonceonClienttohighlightit,and

thenclicktheAddbutton.

4. IntheSelectNetworkClientdialogbox,clickClientService



forNetWareandclickOK.

5. WhentheSelectNetWareLogondialogboxappears,fillin

thefieldsforthepreferredserverifyouaregoingtousethe

clienttoconnecttoabindery-basedNetWareserver.Ifyou

aregoingtousetheservicewithNDS,clicktheDefaultTree

andContextbuttonandentertheNDStreeandcontext

names.Ifyouwanttousealogonscript,selectRunLogin

Script.Whenyou'vemadeyourselections,clickOK.



Whenyouhavefinished,you'llbepromptedtorebootthe

computer.Youcandosoatthattimeorwaituntilamore

convenienttimeforthereboot.Afteryou'verebootedyour

workstation,you'llbeabletoconnecttothepreferredserveror

authenticateyourselftoanother.



Caution

IfyouhavepreviouslyinstalledNovell'sclient

softwareonaWindows2000Professionalor

WindowsXPProfessionalcomputer,you'llhaveto

uninstallthatclientbeforeyoucaninstallMicrosoft's

version.Thetwoarenotcompatibleandwillnotrun

onthesamecomputeratthesametime.



GatewayServicesforNetWare(GSNW)

Microsoftemploystwomethodstoenableitsnetworkingclients

toconnecttoservicesofferedbyaNetWareserver.Client

ServicesforNetWare,discussedintheprevioussections,allows

eachclienttomakeconnectionsdirectlytoNetWareservers,



justasthoughtheywereordinaryNetWareclients.Thismethod

hasadvantages,inthatonlytheMicrosoftclientandthe

NetWareserverareinvolvedinprocessingtheexchangeof

data.However,inanetworkwheretheinteractionbetween

MicrosoftclientsandNetWareserverswillnotbelarge,and

manyclientsmightneedtomaketheconnectionatonetimeor

another,abettersolutionmightbetheGatewayServicesfor

NetWare(GSNW)product.AnotherbenefitofusingGSNWis

that,becausethegatewayservermakesrequestsonbehalfof

theclients,theuserswouldnotneedtohavelogonaccountson

bothWindowsandNetWarenetworks.

Keepinmindthataccessingresourcesthroughthegateway

servicewillbealittleslowerthanaccessbyclientsthathave

theCSNWserviceinstalled.Ifyouhaveclientsonthenetwork

thathavedifferingneedstoaccessNetWareresources,youcan

installCSNWonthosethatmostfrequentlyusethose

resources,andletothersusethegatewayservice.



Note

GatewayServicesforNetWareusesMicrosoft's

implementationofIPX/SPX,calledNWLink,to

communicatewithNetWareservers.ForWindows

2000andWindows2003ServerstheNWLink

protocolisinstalledautomaticallywhenyouperform

theGSNWinstallation.



WhenusingGSNW,asystemwithWindowsServer2000or

Windows2003ServeractsasalinkbetweenMicrosoftclients

andtheNetWareServer.Microsoftclientscontinuetousethe

ServerMessageBlock(SMB)protocolstoaccessnetwork

resources,withthegatewayserverperformingthebridging

functiontotheNetWareservers,whichusetheNetWareCore



Protocol(NCP)forfileandprintfunctions.

Thegatewayserverdoesthisbyredirectingadrivetothe

NetWarevolume.ItthenoffersthedriveasasharetoMicrosoft

clients.Youcantreatthissharejustlikeanyothershareoffered

bytheserver,whenitcomestomanagementutilities.

AnotherfeaturethatGSNWprovidesisthecapabilityforthe

WindowsServersystemthatarehostingthegatewaysoftware

tomakedirectconnectionstoNetWareservices,justas

workstationsdowhenusingtheClientServicesforNetWare

product.Alocaluserontheservercanelecttoconnectto

NetWareresourceswithoutofferingthemtootherclients

throughthegateway.



InstallingGSNWonWindowsServer

YoumustbeamemberoftheAdministratorsgrouponthe

Windowsservertoinstallthegatewayservice.Usethefollowing

stepstoinstallGSNWonaWindowsServer:

1. ClickStart,Settings,NetworkandDial-UpConnections(or

Start,MorePrograms).

2. WhentheNetworkandDial-UpConnectionswindow

appears,right-clickthelocalareaconnectioniconthatyou

wanttousefortheservice.Fromthemenuthatappears,

selectProperties.

3. FromtheLocalAreaConnectionPropertiesdialogboxthat

appears(seeFigure54.1),clicktheInstallbutton.



Figure54.1.ClicktheInstallbuttonontheLocal

AreaConnectionPropertiespagetoinstallthe

GSNWservice.



4. TheSelectNetworkComponentTypedialogboxappears

(seeFigure54.2).ClickonceonClienttohighlightit,and

thenclicktheAddbuttontoaddanewservice.



Figure54.2.UsetheAddbuttontoaddthenew

service.



5. WhentheSelectNetworkClientdialogboxappears(see

Figure54.3),highlightGateway(andClient)Servicesfor

NetWare,andthenclicktheOKbutton.



Figure54.3.Selectthegatewayserviceandclick

theOKbutton.



6. UsetheSelectNetWareLogondialogbox(seeFigure54.4)

tochooseapreferredserver(ifyouareusingabinderybasedNetWarenetwork),orselecttheradiobuttonlabeled

DefaultTreeandContext(ifyouareusingNDS)andfillin

theappropriateinformation.Whenfinished,clicktheOK

button.



Figure54.4.Choosethemethodyouwilluseto

logontotheNetWareserverorNDS.



Note

Ifyoudonothaveavailableatinstallationtimethe

necessaryinformationforloggingontoaNetWare

serverorNDS,youcanperformthisstepafter

you'veinstalledGSNWandrebootedtheserver.



7. Finally,youarepromptedtorestartyourcomputerbefore



thechangesyouhavemadewilltakeeffect.



Aftertheserverreboots,usingthefollowingcommandatthe

commandpromptshoulddisplayalistofserversavailableto

yourgateway:

netview/network:nw



Afteryoureboot,you'llnoticethat,inadditiontoinstallingthe

gatewayservice,theseNWLinkcomponentsalsohavebeen

installedforyou:

NWLinkNetBIOS

NWLinkIPX/SPX/NetBIOSCompatibleTransportProtocol

YoucanseetheseinthePropertiespageforthelocalarea

connection.



ConfiguringGSNWonWindowsServer

Afteryouhaveinstalledthesoftwareandhaveenteredthe

authenticationinformationneededtoaccessservicesonthe

NetWarenetwork,thereareseveralthingsyouneedtodoto

makeNetWareresourcesavailabletoyourMicrosoftclients.

First,youmustbesurethatthereisauseraccountonthe

NetWarenetworkthathastheneededaccessrightstothe

resourcesforwhichyouwanttocreateagateway.Onthe

NetWareside,theremustalsobeagroupnamedNtgateway

thathastheneededrightsfortheresources.TheNetWareuser

accountthatyouwillusemustbeamemberofthisgroup.



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Chapter 54. Migrating from NetWare to Windows 2000 or Windows 2003

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