Table 17. The relationship between depression and child characteristics (n=171)
Tải bản đầy đủ - 0trang
Depressive score
Childcharacteristics
(Mean ± SD)
Age of acquiring asthma
≤ 5 years
> 5 years
The severity of asthma
Mild intermittent
Mild persistent
Moderate persistent
Severe persistent
*: p< .05
9.43 ± 7.22
12.87 ± 7.18
9.23 ± 6.89
11.78 ± 7.72
12 ± 8.91
4±0
72
p
.01*
0.14
4.6.4. Relationship between social support and parenting stress
A Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient was computed to assess
the relationship between Informal Support, Formal Support, Informational Support
and Total Support and parenting stress score. There was a negative correlation
between Informal Support and parenting stress score, r = 0.32, n = 171, p < 0.001.
There was a negative correlation between Formal Support and parenting stress
score, r = 0.24, n = 171, p=0.001. There was no correlation between Informational
Support and parenting stress score, r = 0.1, n = 171, p = 0.19. There was a negative
correlation between Total Support and parenting stress score, r = 0.30, n = 171, p <
0.001. A scatterplot summarized the results (Figure 1). Overall, there was a weak,
negative correlation between social supports and parenting stress. Increases in
social supports were correlated with decreases in parenting stress score.
73
stress
4
informalsp
2
0
1.5
1
formalsp
.5
0
3
2
infosp
1
0
2
totalsp
1
0
20
40
600
2
40
.5
1
1.50
1
2
3
Figure 2. Scatterplot summarized the correlation between stress score and social support
scores
4.6.5 Relationship between parenting stress and depression
A Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient was computed to assess
the relationship between stress score and depression score. There was a positive
correlation between depression score and parenting stress score, r = 0.28, n = 171,
p < 0.001. A scatterplot summarized the results (Figure 2). Generally, increases in
parenting stress were correlated with increases in depression score among parents.
74
stress
30
20
depression
10
0
20
40
60
Figure 3. Scatterplot summarized the correlation between stress score and depression
score
4.6.6 Potential predictors of parenting stress
A multiple linear regression was calculated to predict parenting stress based
on depression, duration of marriage, number of children and education level. A
significant regression equation was found (F(4,166) = 8.16, p < .001), with an R 2
of 0.16. Parents’ predicted stress score is equal to 43.33 + 0.35(depression) –
0.26(duration of marriage) – 2.89(education level), where depression is measured
as point, duration of marriage is measured as years, and education level was coded
as
1=elementary
school-secondary
school,
2
=
high
school
and
3=Graduate/college/Postgraduate. Parenting stress score increased 0.35 point for
each point of depression, decreased 0.26 point for each of years of marriage and
75