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Table 17. The relationship between depression and child characteristics (n=171)

Table 17. The relationship between depression and child characteristics (n=171)

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Depressive score



Childcharacteristics



(Mean ± SD)



Age of acquiring asthma

≤ 5 years

> 5 years

The severity of asthma

Mild intermittent

Mild persistent

Moderate persistent

Severe persistent

*: p< .05



9.43 ± 7.22

12.87 ± 7.18

9.23 ± 6.89

11.78 ± 7.72

12 ± 8.91

4±0



72



p

.01*



0.14



4.6.4. Relationship between social support and parenting stress

A Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient was computed to assess

the relationship between Informal Support, Formal Support, Informational Support

and Total Support and parenting stress score. There was a negative correlation

between Informal Support and parenting stress score, r = 0.32, n = 171, p < 0.001.

There was a negative correlation between Formal Support and parenting stress

score, r = 0.24, n = 171, p=0.001. There was no correlation between Informational

Support and parenting stress score, r = 0.1, n = 171, p = 0.19. There was a negative

correlation between Total Support and parenting stress score, r = 0.30, n = 171, p <

0.001. A scatterplot summarized the results (Figure 1). Overall, there was a weak,

negative correlation between social supports and parenting stress. Increases in

social supports were correlated with decreases in parenting stress score.



73



stress

4



informalsp



2

0

1.5

1



formalsp



.5

0

3

2



infosp



1

0

2



totalsp



1

0

20



40



600



2



40



.5



1



1.50



1



2



3



Figure 2. Scatterplot summarized the correlation between stress score and social support

scores

4.6.5 Relationship between parenting stress and depression



A Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient was computed to assess

the relationship between stress score and depression score. There was a positive

correlation between depression score and parenting stress score, r = 0.28, n = 171,

p < 0.001. A scatterplot summarized the results (Figure 2). Generally, increases in

parenting stress were correlated with increases in depression score among parents.



74



stress



30



20



depression

10



0

20



40



60



Figure 3. Scatterplot summarized the correlation between stress score and depression

score

4.6.6 Potential predictors of parenting stress



A multiple linear regression was calculated to predict parenting stress based

on depression, duration of marriage, number of children and education level. A

significant regression equation was found (F(4,166) = 8.16, p < .001), with an R 2

of 0.16. Parents’ predicted stress score is equal to 43.33 + 0.35(depression) –

0.26(duration of marriage) – 2.89(education level), where depression is measured

as point, duration of marriage is measured as years, and education level was coded

as



1=elementary



school-secondary



school,



2



=



high



school



and



3=Graduate/college/Postgraduate. Parenting stress score increased 0.35 point for

each point of depression, decreased 0.26 point for each of years of marriage and



75



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Table 17. The relationship between depression and child characteristics (n=171)

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