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Table 3.3: The teacher’s opinion about the uses of warm up activities
for the reading lessons. Such as the crossword helped students build up and
remember new words.
c. The difficulties when using warm up activities in reading lessons.
Being asked about the difficulties when using warm up activities, 50% of
the teachers at Long Chau Sa high school said that shortage of time was the
major problem for them because reading parts were now redesigned with many
more tasks, so the teachers only focused on completing all the tasks without
warm up activities. Besides, 16.7% teachers believed that it was difficult to find
suitable activities for each topic and it could generate noise and be time
consuming because of the large size class.
To sum up, the students at Long Chau Sa high school didn’t like reading
skill because the following reasons: the reading texts were very long and they
felt tired and bored when reading, they lacked of motivation. The teacher rarely
used warm up activities in reading lessons because they thought that the warm
up activities were not important, it was time consuming to prepare and lack of
time for following activities. From these facts, the researcher suggested 3 warm
up activities: using pictures, games and videos in teaching reading skill.
3.1.3 Suggestion of some warm up activities for teaching reading skill
The researcher bases on current situation of teaching and learning
English reading skill which was found in the previous part, she suggests three
warm up activities for reading lessons including: using pictures, videos and
crossword. With the hope that these activities will bring about effectiveness in
teaching reading skill for students at Long Chau Sa high school.
a. Using crossword game
- To draw students’ attention on the new lessons
- To motivate students
- To introduce the new lesson naturally
- To create a comfortable environment
Crossword is used in unit: 12 Music and unit 15 Cities (E10 Textbook)
Type: groups work
Time: 5-7 minutes
Materials: projector, hand out
- Introduce the game: Cross word game
- Explain the rules of the game
- Play the game
- Feedback: elicit the vocabularies and structures
- Elicit the topic for the new lessons.
b. Using videos
- To prepare for the new lesson (new words or background knowledge)
- To make students more confident and ready to read
- To motivate students
- To lead into new lesson
Videos are used in unit 13 Film and Cinema and unit 10 Conservation - Reading
Type: individual work
Time: 5-7 minutes
Materials: Projector, speaker
- Prepare a short video which is suitable to the topic of film and cinema and
- Give some guided questions
- Show it to the class
- Ask students to watch video to relax; answer the questions and guess the topic
of the new lesson
c. Using pictures
- Elicit the new words for reading lesson
- To activate students’ background knowledge
- To get students ready to read
- Introduce the new topic naturally
The researcher applied this activity in unit 14 The world Cup and unit 11
National Park (E10 textbook)
Type: individual or group work
Time: 4-6 minutes
- Introduce the activity
- Give questions and ask students to look at the pictures and answers questions.
- Give feedback: elicit the new words from the pictures
- Ask students to guess the topic of the new lesson
- Lead in to the new lesson.
CHAPTER IV: EXPERIMENT
In this chapter, the researcher will carry out an experiment to grade 10A6
students at Long Chau Sa high school base on 3 suggested activities in the
chapter III. Then the outcome will be analyzed, evaluated and discussed to give
implications of the study.
4.1. Objectives of experiment
The teaching experiment was carried out to find out about the
effectiveness of three activities which the researcher has suggested in the
4.2 Description of the experimental teaching
Before experiment, the researcher used pre-test to check students’ ability to
do reading tasks. (see appendix 6)
The researcher carried out an experiment using warm up activities for
reading skill within 6 weeks in 6 reading lessons at class 10A6 - Long Chau Sa
high school. The researcher suggested 3 Warm up activities: Using pictures;
videos and crossword puzzle. Each activity was applied in two units (English 10
textbook). Six reading lessons consist of unit 10, 11 12, 13, 14 and 15.
Using videos was employed to warm up in reading lessons unit 10Conversation and unit 13- Film and cinema in the first and fourth week. (Lesson
plan 2 and 5- see appendix 5)
Crossword puzzle was carried out in the third and sixth week on two
reading lessons: Unit 12 – Music and unit 15- Cities. (Lesson plan 1 and 4-see
The researcher carried out using warm up activity: using pictures on unit
11- National Park and unit 14- The World cup in the second and the fifth week.
(Lesson plan 3 and 6- see appendix 5)
After 6 weeks the researcher continued to deliver a questionnaire for
students to assess the usefulness of these warm up activities. The researcher also
used the post-test to evaluate the effectiveness of these warm up activities in
reading lessons. (see appendix 7)
4.3. Students evaluation of the suggested warm up activities
After 6 weeks of experimental teaching, the effectiveness of warm up
activities were then evaluated by the students using questionnaire (appendix 3).
The results was collected and showed in the tables below:
4.3.1. The result from the questionnaire after experiment
a. Student’s attitude toward warm up activities in reading lessons.
Table: 4.1. Students’ attitude toward the suggested warm up activities
The figures from the table shown that all of students in class 10A6 had a
positive attitude toward warm up activities sin the reading lessons. 88.1% of
students stated that they really liked because it made them interested and relaxed
in the reading lessons, moreover it helped students be confident when starting
When being asked about their expectation in future reading lessons,
90.5% of students said “yes”. It means that they liked to join in warm up
activities in all of reading lessons. So the teachers should try to design and
conduct warm up activities effectively and successfully as possible as they can.
100% of the students confessed that they liked warm up activities, they
wanted all of reading lessons to have warm up activities. Because they felt
excited and motivated with reading lessons. These warm up activities brought
about a lot of fun and comfort when starting new lessons. Obviously, it
motivated students into interesting lessons, it provided background and any new
words for the reading text, helped students reading easier and could complete all
the tasks as much as possible.
According to the statistics, we could see that almost of the students had
positive attitude toward using warm up activities in reading lessons and they