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In this book, there are totally 10 units, so 10 project lessons are designed with a view to making students practice with real-life situations. They required competences and objectives of the project section in each unit are shown in the following table.
Table 1.3: Checklist of project in current “English 10” Textbook
1. Family Life
2. Your Body and You
4. For a Better
6. Gender Equality
7. Cultural Diversity
8. New Ways to Learn
9. Preserving the
-Doing on survey on family life of the students
in the class
- Doing on survey on the importance of
categories in staying healthy
-Doing research on a (Vietnamese folk) song
and a Dangdul song
-Making a plan to help a person/ a place in need
in the student’ community
-Describing an imaginary invention
-Do a survey about gender equality in the class/
-Prepare a presentation about some aspects of
-Do a survey to find out how students use
electronic devices to learn English
-Prepare a presentation about environmental
problems of the local area and an action plan to
deal with them
-Do a survey to find out students’ experience in
In short, this chapter has presented the methods of the present study
concerning the participants of the study, the methods and procedures of data
collection and data analysis. Briefly, the study was conducted among 42
students and two teachers of English at Cam Khe high school. The next
chapter deals with the analysis of the results received from the teachers’
interview, students’ questionnaires and the observer classroom
This chapter reviews theory of CL, project, PBL, definitions of CL,
project and PBL their significances, types and characteristics are clearly
presented. Theoretical background of CL in this chapter is adapted from many
researchers. The theory is quite appropriate to my study so I chose their theory,
which will be of benefits for the researcher to analyze data and suggest feasible
recommendations for the research issue.
CHAPTER 2 II: METHODOLOGY
This chapter is concerned with the selection of subjects and the
instruments of collecting data, analyzing data. It describes in some details of the
design of the instruments and the descriptive quantitative and qualitative
procedures that were undertaken for analysis of the data.
2.1. Settings of the study
Cam Khe High school is situated at Cam Khe district, Phu Tho province.
After 60 years of development and tirelessly striving, Cam Khe High school has
gained appreciable results which take important part in the cause of education
and training of Cam Khe district in particular and of Phu Tho province in
general. English has been taught as a compulsory subject at Cam Khe high
school. Teachers said that English is a difficult subject for all students. So,
students more and more meet difficulties.
2.2. Participants of the study
Grade 10 students
The target sample of the research consisted of 42 students from grade
10A4 at Cam Khe high school. There are 25 boys and 17 girls. They had similar
backgrounds, that is, most of them come from Cam Khe district, almost finished
secondary school with 4 years of learning English in Cam Khe high school.
The students under investigation have just finished the first term of school
year. Although they have had learned English for many years, their English
proficiency has been at medium level. They are keen on English but sometimes
they have not reached the result that they expect. Most of them can do grammar
exercises very well but have difficulties in mastering four skills, especially
doing in project which students find most challenging and boring.
Table 2.1: The English entrance examination scores of grade 10A4
Score of students
Number of students
Cam Khe High school has 6teachers of English aged from 35 to 46.
However, in my study, 2 of them was chosen because only two of them are
qualified enough (with C1 level in CEFR) to teach new English pilot book. In
general, they are both well-trained and rather professionally experienced with at
least twelve years in teaching. Both of them have got the University Bachelor’
Degree in English. In Cam Khe high school, and they have many opportunities
to upgrade their teaching and have a lot of teaching facilities and materials to
help their work. They are helpful, friendly and dedicated teachers. They all have
a great desire to acquire knowledge of how to teach English well as well as how
to widen their English background. Also, they are always willing to help their
students tackle with difficulties in learning.
2.3. Instruments of the study
In order to accomplish this thesis systematically and adequately, the study
uses the following instruments:
2.3.1. Survey questionnaires
Survey questionnaires were chosen because they allowed collecting a
large amount data in a relatively short time. A strong point of this method is that
it is quite easy to summarize, analyze and report the collected data as all
informants submit the answer to the same question. In addition, the informants
can express their opinions on teaching and learning doing in project assignment
in free way as their personal information is not included in the questionnaires.
Clear instructions were given when the questionnaire was administered.
In order to get information to fulfill the aims of the study, 2 survey
questionnaires were designed for 42 students of class 10A4 and 2 teachers in
10th grade group. The questionnaire number 1 (Appendix 1) was delivered to
find out the current situation in project part in English pilot book 10 and the
questionnaire number 2 (Appendix 2) was delivered to explore the student’s
responses after applying CL in project. Besides, the research also used the
interview questions for teachers before and after experiments.
questionnaires were constructed within Vietnamese contexts, aiming to provide
a general picture of background to each situation, and to capture the
participants’ ideas and attitudes to the issue. The questionnaires were written in
a logical order so that they could gradually lead the respondents into the theme
of the study.
Table 2.2: Summary of the students’ questionnaires
- Students’ understanding in doing project
- Students’ attitudes towards teaching and
learning doing project assignments
- Students’ understanding about CL
- Students’ attitudes towards doing project
- Students’ opinion towards cooperative
- Students’ suggestions for using cooperative
At the same time, there are also 5 interview questions in the teachers’
interview (Before applying of CL) (Appendix 3) which are designed to find out
the current situation teaching of project part in English pilot book 10.There are
also another 5 questions to find out their attitudes towards the effectiveness of
using CL in doing project assignments as well as encountered problems when
implementing it. Moreover, teacher suggestions for better usage of CL are also
expected to be discovered in the survey questionnaire. The summary is
presented in the below table.
Table 2.3: Summary of the teachers’ interview questions
1. Current situation of teaching “project” in
3. Teachers’ opinion about the difficulties of
4. Teachers’ expectations for teaching in
doing project effectively
1.Teachers’ attitudes towards using of CL in
doing project assignments
2. Current situation of using cooperative
learning in doing projects
3. Teachers’ suggestions for using cooperative
2.3.2. Research procedure
With the permission of Cam Khe High school headmaster, the study was
conducted in 4 weeks from March 5th , 2018 to April 7th, 2018.
-Firstly, the researcher chooses 42 students and two teachers in class 10A4
at Cam Khe high school. According to personal view as well as teacher’s
evaluation, these classes are appropriate for the study because this is the typical
class with most of the better students than other classes. Moreover, the new
English pilot textbook is also being used in this class. And then I made the
acquaintance with them. My expectation is to find out current situation in doing
project in this class.
-Secondly, I talked to teachers about my study on the effectiveness of CL
and suggested applying CL in doing project assignments.