Tải bản đầy đủ - 0 (trang)
Table 878. Stars with Radial Velocities Greater than 200 km/sec

Table 878. Stars with Radial Velocities Greater than 200 km/sec

Tải bản đầy đủ - 0trang

ECLIPSING BINARIES *



TABLE 879.-SPECTROSCOPIC



Mass



Radius

Star



Period

days



V 444 Cyg ...

4.212

A 0 Cas ......

3523

y Cyg

2.996

S Z Cam .....

2.698

AH Cep .....

1.775

6 Ori ........

5.733

V 478 Cyg ...

2.881

VV Cep ...... 7430

V Pup .......

1.454

V 470 Cyg ...

1.873

1.446

p' s c o ........

TT Aur .....

1.333

EO Aur .....

4.066

2.051

u Her ........

2.729

CW Cep .....

2.029

A G P e r ......

1.210

SX Aur ......

E Aur ........ 972.15

3.452

U CrB .......

1.677

U Oph .......

1.849

V 599 Agl . . .

z Vul ........ 2.455

1.950

6 Agl ........

3.063

T X UMa . . . .

p Per ........

2.867

4.135

AR Aur .....

p Lyr ........ 12.908

3.381

U Sge .......

.718

GO Cyg ......

3.960

p Aur ........

1.813

TV Cas ......

1.779

RX Her .....

1.677

MR Cyg .....

3.378

W X Cep . . . . .

2.060

T X Her .....

1.605

CM Lac . . . . .

5.905

UX Mon .....

12.208

RX Gem .....

2.525

WW Aur . . . .

,648

S Aut . . . . . . . .

3.993

Z Her .......

4.798

R S CV . . . . . .

2.904

V Z H y a .....

.334

WUMa . . . . . .

4.183

W Z Oph .....

U V L e o .....

,600

R T And .....

.629

t Boo

........ .268

4.630

WW Dra . . . .

1.983

A r L a c ......

5.074

R T Lac ......

.408

A H V i r .....

,814

Y Y Gem .....



........



2

L



SP 1



Ri



SP



2



m



8.4

5.8

7.0

7.0

6.6

2.4

8.9

6.6

4.5

8.7

3.0

8.1

7.6

4.6

7.6

6.5

8.2

6.6

7.6

5.8

6.5

7.0

5.0

6.8

2.2

5.8

3.4

6.4

8.3

2.1

7.3

7.1

8.5

9.1

8.3

8.3

8.7

8.5

5.7

8.8

7.2

8.0

9.2

8.3

9.7

8.5

9.0

6.6

8.8

7.3

8.8

9.7

8.6



06

0 8.5

0 9

BO

BO

BO

B .5

B

B1

B2

B3

8 3

B3

B3

B3

B3

B 3.5

B6

8 5

B5

B5

B3

B8

B8

B8

B9

cB 9

B9

B9

A0

A0

A0

A0

A2

A2

A2

A3

A4

'47

A8

P2

F4

E5

E8

GO

GO

GO



G2



gG 2



G5

G9

KO

M1



WN6

0 8.5

0 9

;( );



(E



2!5

cM 2

B3

B2

B6



B3

B4

B 3.5

cK4



'.;z



);



B8



...



B8

"F 2



A0



...

G2

...



A0



...



A0

( A 0)

( A 5)

A2

A8

G2

KO

A7

A8

;( );



F3

F8

GO

G2

K1

G2



""K

K1

KO

M1



( i n 0)



13

16

5.9

12.7

6.1

17

7.1

13

6.1

6.0

5.2

3.8

13

4.4

4.5

2.7

5.1



3:3.1:



7.8

4.6

3.6

2.1

2.7

1.8

47

4.5

2.0

2.6

2.4

2.3

3.2

3

1.6

1.3

1.8

2.2

2.2

1.4

1.5

1.6

1.3

.8

1.3

1.1

.8

.7

4.8

1.8

4.9

1.3

.6



767



R?

(in



0)



...



10

5.9

5.6

6.1

10

7.1

1200

5.5

7.2

5.7

3.4

16

4.4

4.0

2.6

4.4

200

5.5

3.0

4.4

4.3

3.6

3.4

2.8

1.8

31

5.8

1.4

2.6

2.5

1.8

3.6

3

1.6

1.7

6.6

5.5

2.2

1.1

3.1

5.3

1.o

.6



1.2

1.2

1.4

.6

8.3

3.0

4.9

.8

.6



(ifb)



(i,M6,



Ref



35

31

17.4

36

16.5

26

15.4

33

16.6

13

14.0

6.7

27

6.8

10.0

5.0

10.7

10

6.4

5.3

12

5.3

6.8

2.8

2.3

2.6

52

6.7

1.6

2.4

1.7

2.1

3.0

1.0

2.0

2.0

3.4

3.1

2.2

1.o

1.5

1.9

1.2

1.o

1.4

I .3

1.5

1.o

3.5

1.4

1.o

1.4

1.o



20

29

17.2

10.3

14.2

10

15.2

47

9.8

11

9.2

5.3

27

5.4

9.8

4.4

5.6

22

2.4

4.6

6.4

2.4

5.4

.9

.6

2.3

43

2.0

1.3

2.4

1.0

1.9

2.6

1.o

1.8

1.5

1.5

.6

1.9

.9

1.3

1.7

1.1

.9

1.3

1.2

1.0

.5

2.5

1.4

1.9

.6

.9



a



180



b

C



d

e

f



s



h



t



I



k

1

m



!

1



0

P

q



r



S



t

U



V

W



C

W

X



Y

Z



a1

bl

cl

d l

el



fl

gl

11 1

r

il

9



L:



11

ml

nl

01

P l

q l



kl

rl

sl

t l



Prepared by Z. Kopal Harvard College Observatory.

h, Wood, Astrophys.

Keferences: a , Keep'ing, Pub!. Dominion Astrophys. Obs., vol. 7 , p. 349, 1947.

C , Dugan, Princeton Contr., No. 12, 1931.

d, Kopal (unpublished).

e,

Journ., vol. 108, p. 28, 1948.



(coirtiitued)



SMITHSONIAN PHYSICAL TABLES



768



T A B L E 879.-SPECTROSCOPIC ECLl PSI NG BI N A R l ES (concluded)



Huffer and Eggen Astrophys. Journ., vol. 106,

313 1947.

f Luyten-Struve-Morgan Yerkes Publ. vol. 7

4, 1939.

h, Geodicke, Michigar;

g,'McDonald, Publ. Dominion .Pstrophys. Obs., vbl. 7, p. 135, 1949.

ubl., vol. 8. No. 1. 1939.

I , Popper, Astrophys. Journ., vol. 97, p. 394, 1943.

j, Gaposchkin, Astron.

Tourn.. vol. 53. n. 112. 1948.

k. Stihbs. Monthlv Notices. Rov. Astron. SOC..vol. 108. n. 398. 1948.

1. Tov



gt.



~~



Astrophys. Journ. vol. 105, p. 217, -1917.

6 , Kopal, Astrophys. Journ., vol. 93, p. 92, 1941.

x. Joy,

Astronhvs. Tourn..' vol. 71. n. 336. 1930.

v. Pierce. Astron. Tourn.. vol. 48. 0. 113. 1939.

z. Piotrowski.

As!rophks. sourn.; vol. 1 0 8 , ' ~ . 510, 1918; Sm.ith. Astrophys. JoGrn., v d . 108. p. '504, 1948.

a 1, McDiarmid;

Princeton Contr. No.

No, 7, 1924.

t) 1, Wood, Astrophys. Journ., vol. 110, p. 465, 1949.

c 1, Fracastaro,

Arcetri Pulil.. v h . 55,

37, 1937.

d 1, Sahade and Cesco, Astrophys. Journ., vol. 102, p. 128, 1945.

g 1, Struve,

f 1, Wachmann.

e 1. Baker, Laws Bull.,

31, 1921.

Wachmann, Astron. Journ., vol. 259, p. 323, 1936.

946.

h 1, Gaposchkin. Astrophys. Journ., vol. 104, p. 376, 1946.

Astrophys. Journ. vol. 106, p. 255, 1947.

Ii I , JOY,

Joy, AstrophGs. Journ., vbl.

vol. 64, p. 293, 1926.

1 1, Sitterly, Princeton

n Contr..

Contr., No. 11,-1930.

11, 1930.

k 1.

k1.

Wood, Princeton Contr.. No. 21. 1946.

1946

11. Huffer. Astroohvs. Tourn.. vol. 79. n. 369. 1934..

m 1. GaDoschn 1,' Gaposchkin, Asirop,ys. Journ., voi., 104, p. 370 1946. . p 1,

kin H a r v a r d Bull. Nb. 907 '1938.

E d e n , iktrophys. journ., vof. 108. p. 15. 1948.

q 1, Plant,

ISS. Leiden, 1939.

r 1 Fowier Astrophys.

s 1, Chang, .\strophys. Journ., vol. 107, p. 96, 1948.

t i, Kuipe;, Astrophys.

p r n . , vol. 52, p. 261, 1920.

ourn., vol. 88, p. 456, 1938.



&.



T A B L E 880.-SPECTROSCOPIC



BINARY STARS



*



These binary systems were di>covered and investigated by measuring the Doppler displacements of the spectrum lines. All except the widest systems are too close t o each

other to he observed a s double stars through the telescope. T h e data given a r e from J. H.

Moore's "Fifth Catalogue of Spectroscopic Binaries." 2u1 In the table a designates the semimajor axis of the orbit in kilometers and refers to the center of gravity of the system;

i is the inclination of the orbit plane t o the plane of the s k y ; and llz designates the mass of

each component. W h e n both components of a binary system are bright enough to record

their spectral lines, individual mass functions can be derived and these a r e shown in

column 8. When only the spectrum of one star is visible a more complicated mass function

is obtained involving the total mass of the system and the mass ratio. Several systems in

the table a r e eclipsing stars and for them the inclination is nearly 90: Hence for them

the quantity sin' i in columns 8 and 9 is nearly equal t o 1.

a sin i

100 km



i



m2s sin3 i



Period

days



Eccentricity



.1

.7

.6

.3

.4

.02

.OO

.3



M1



2.08

6.91 y r

29.6 y r

27.1 vr

973

104

1.49

120

4.0

4.39

2.93

9.21

340 y r

.81



V Puppis . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1



B1



1.45



.OO



W Ursae Majoris . . . 8.3



F8



.33



.oo



. . . . . . . . . . 1.2



B2



4.01



.1O



e Aquilae . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4



8 9



17.12



.61



:::: { -..j

i:;"6 { %:

{ ::: ::; ...

!:;: { :::: ...



Y Cygni . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.0



09



3.00



.14



...

...



Star



Mas



13 Ceti A . . . . . . . . . . 5.6

13 Ceti A B . . . . . . . . . 5.2

a U r s a Minoris . . . . . 2.5

e Aurigae

. . . . . . . . . . 3.1

[ Turigae . . . . . . . . . . . 4.9

a Aurigae .......... .2

VV Orionis ah . . . . . 5.3

VV Orionis a h c . . . . . . . .

p Aurigae . . . . . . . . . . 2.1

29 Canis Majoris . . . . 4.5

'

a Geminorum . . . . . . 2.8

'a Geminorum . . . . . . 2.0

'

a

a2 Gem . . . . . . . . .

Y Y Gem . . . . . . . . . . . 9.0



t!r



+



a Virginis



Class



F7



...



1: 7

F2

K 4+B

G1

R2



...

A0

07

A8

A3



...



.oo

.O6

.oo

.SO

.43

.OO



Prepared by 0. Struve, University of California, Berkeley.

Lick Obs. Bull. No. 521, 1949.



t System of Castor.



SMITHSONIAN PHYSICAL TABLES



1.06



....

466

2014

294



(43;



2.7

20.5

5.9

13.0

1.28

1.42



....



m, sjn3



m2 sins i ( m 1 - t m - 2



....



....

....

....



(i:d$

....

....

.._.

....

....

....



.04

3.34

1.03



...

...



.36

.02

2.21

4.60

,010



...



...



...

...

...

...

...

...



{



...



1



{ 1;:;



.o 1



...



{ :$



...



769

T A B L E 88I.-PROPERTIES



A N D C L A S S I F I C A T I O N O F STAR C L U S T E R S *



Star clusters fall into two distinctly different types:

Globular.-Typical,

Messier 13 ; open, Messier 4 ; elongated, Messier 19. Have strong

central condensations, rich in faint stars. Scattered widely in latitude, restricted in longitude. Many variables-nearly 1,300 in 62 clusters. Radial velocities > 100 km/sec. All

more than 5,000, and one-third more than 50,000 light-years away. Very few new ones

found-about 100 known. Very definitely part of galaxy. Although concentrated toward

its plane, only 2 within 4" of it (obstruction by interstellar dust clouds). Diameters about

35 parsecs. Many stars, tens and hundreds of thousands. Many giants and supergiants

with maximum luminosity about -2.5.

Galactic.-Very

varied : rich, M 11 ; irregular, M 35 ; nebulous, Pleiades ; accidental,

M 103. Almost exclusively in Milky Way, all longitudes ; apparently no variables. Radial

velocities rarely > 40 km/sec, generally less. Almost all less than 4,000 light-years distant. Almost exclusively in galactic region devoid of globulars. Tens and hundreds,

rarely thousands of stars. Hyades type, yellow stars as dominant as A type. Pleiades

type, almost all B's and A's, on Russell's main sequence.

Prepared hy H . Shapley, Harvard University.



Part 1.-Globular



star clusters



This table contains those with galactic latitudes 5 20", for which space absorption can

be evaluated and distance correctly estimated (also the giant cluster Omega Centauri in

lower latitude)."*

Galactic

NGC



104 (47Tuc) .

288 . . . . . . . . . .

362 . . . . . . . . . .

1261 ..........

1851 . . . . . . . . . .

2419 . . . . . . . . . .

4147 . . . . . . . . . .

4590 ( M 68) . . .

5024 ( M 53) ...

5053 . . . . . . . . . .

5139 ( w Cen) . .

5272 ( M 3) . . . .

5466 . . . . . . . . . .

5634 ..........

5694 . . . . . . . . . .

5897 . . . . . . . . . .

5904 ( M 5 ) . . . .

6205 ( M 13) ...

6218 ( M 12) . . .

6229 ..........

6254 ( M 10) . . .

6341 ( ~ 9 2 j. . .

6752 . . . . . . . . . .

6809 ( M 5 5 ) . . .

6864 ( M 75) ...

6934 . . . . . . . . . .

6981 ( M 72) ...

7006 . . . . . . . . . .

7078 ( M 15) ...

7089 ( M 2 ) . . . .

7492 ..........



RA

h



(1900)

m



0 19.6

0 47.8

0 58.9

3 9.5

5 10.8

7 31.4

12 5.0

12 34.2

13 8.0

13 11.5

13 20.8

13 37.6

14 1.0

14 24.4

14 33.8

15 11.7

15 13.5

16 38.1

16 42.0

16 44.2

16 51.9

17 14.1

19 2.0

19 33.7

20 .2

20 29.3

20 48.0

20 56.8

21 25.2

21 28.3

23 3.1



Dec



-72"38'

-27 08

-71 23

-55 36

-40 09

+39 06

+I9 06

-26 12

+I8 42

+18 13

-46 47

+28 53

+29 00

- 5 32

-26 36

-20 39

+ 2 27

+36 39

- 1 46

+47 42

- 3 57

+43 15

-60 48

-31 10

-22 12

7 04

-12 55

+15 48

+11 44

- 1 16

-16 10



+



I.(inx



272"

157

268

237

212

148

226

269

305

310

277

8

8

310

299

312

332

27

344

40

343

36

303

336

347

20

3

32

33

21

22



I.at



Apparent Distance

(kilomagniparsecs)

tude



-45"

-88

-47

-51.5

-34.5

+26

+79

+36

+79

+78

+15

+78

+72.5

t48.5

+29

+29

+46

+40



(4.5)

8.96

8.0

9.5

7.72

11.51

11.01

9.12

8.68

10.9

(4.7:)

7.21

10.39

10.8

10.87:

9.61

7.04

6.78



-4-22

+35

-26.5

-25

-27

-20

-34

-21

-28

-36

-64



1;:

7.64

7.30

7.2:

7.08

9.50

10.01

10.24

11.45

7.33

7.30

12.33



2:



7.6

14.5

10.0

22

14

56.2

20.0

13.5

20.2

17.4

6.8

12.2

17.0

32

33.1

13.8

10.1

9.5

8.3

30

8.3

10.3

5.8

5.8

42

18

16.6

44

11.5

13.8

25.1



Ahsolute

magnitude



No. of

vanables



-10.2

8

- 6.8

2

- 7.3

14

- 7.2

0

- 8.1

3

- 7.7

36

- 5.5

4

- 6.8

28

- 7.8

42

- 5.3

10

-10:

168

- 8.2 186

- 5.8

18

- 6.7

7

- 7.1 :

0

- 6.5

0

- 8.0

97

- 8.1

15

- 7.3

1

- 7.1

21

- 7.6

2

- 7.8 16

- 7.4:

1

- 7.7

2

- 8.9:

11

- 7.0 51

- 6.6

31

- 7.3

20

- 8.3

66

- 8.5

17

- 4.7

9



ma Shapley, Proc. Nat. Acad. S c i . , vol. 30, p. 63, 1944; Pop. Astron., vol. 5 7 , p. 9, 1949. For numher of variables see Sawyer, Helen I%., Puhl. David Dunlap Obs., vol. 1, p. 388, 1947.



(continued)



SMITHSONIAN PHYSICAL TABLES



770

A N D CLASSIFICATION O F STAR CLUSTERS

(concluded)



T A B L E 881.-PROPERTIES



P a r t 2.-Galactic



star clusters



Columns 2 through 6 from Shapley."* Distances from R. J. Trumpler, unpublished.

Linear diameters computed on basis of revised distances. 1 kiloparsec = 31x00" km =

3X107 light-years.

Galactic

%

*r-



NGC



RA

(1900)

h m



663 . . . . . . . . 1 39.2

869 . . . . . . . . 2 12

884 . . . . . . . . 2 15.4

Pleiades . . . 3 41

Hyades . . . . 4 14

1960 . . . . . . . 5 29.5

2099 . . . . . . . 5 45.8

2632 . . . . . . . 8 34.3

Me1 111 . . . . 12 20

6705 . . . . . . . 18 45.7

7654 . . . . . . . 23 19.8

~3



Dec



+60"44'

+56 41

+56 39

+23 48

+15 23

+34 04

+32 31

+20 20

;t26 40

- 6 23

+61 03



Long



Lat



98"

102.5

103

134.5

147

143

145

173.5

200

355

80.5



.4"

- 3.1

- 3.1

-22.3

-22.6

2.4

4.5

+34.0

+85.4

- 4.2

.5



+

+



+



Diameter

&

Ayg

L inear

pc



11

36

36



5.8

15.7

15.7



Distance

(kiloparsecs)



No.



star s



80



..



...

...

...



12

20



3.5

5.8



60

150



..



..



...

...



3.8

4.9



200

120



..

..



..



10

12



..



1.8

1.5

1.5

.15

.04

1.0

1.0

.15

.07

1.30

1.40



..



..



S t a r clusters, p. 228, McCraw-Hill, 1930.



T A B L E 882.-OUR



GALAXY, I T S CENTER AND R O T A T I O N *



The center of the galaxy apparently lies among the dense Milky Way clouds in Sagittarius, at

a distance of about 9,000 to 10,000 parsecs from the sun. About this center the sun revolves with

a period of some 200 million years at an orbital speed of nearly 300 km/sec. The amount of

matter within the sun's orbit is probably more than 200 billion times the sun's mass. In the

table, A is the differential orbital radial velocity per kiloparsec of distance from the sun, rA is

the maximum group velocity for a distance r , and 1, is the longitude of the galactic center. The

sun is about 33 parsecs above the galactic plane.""



Stars



No.



0-M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210

0 - B 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 849

Interstellar . . . . . . . . . 261

R-I<

. ..... .. . . . . . 3786

. . . . .... .. ... .

P G C and 18 C . . . . 4233

K . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392

Plan Neb . . . . . . . . . . . 110

Cenheids . . . . . . . . . . . 156

0 B. Cenh. c. e a s . . . . . . .

c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205

05-I3 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . 957

Irreg var ........... 116

1



~



.



l



Y

I



Vis

mag

limit



8.0

7.5

8.6



..

..



7.5

..



14.1

8.4

6.4



..



Max



Distance

k pc



.2.2.4-



A

km/sec km sec-' kpc-1

rA



1.1

1.4

1.2



35

22.2

13.5



.2

.5--12.0

.4- 2.3

2--10.0

.2- 1.3

.3- 1.1

.5



264

39.4

39.6

26.6

18.8

9.5



...

...



...



...



19.0

15.0

16.6

15.0

15.0

17.0

14.0

20.9

17.7



...

...

...



10



Dist

to

center

kpc Source



324

324.4

331.7

324



6.3

10.0

..

6.5

8.8



17

333.0

325.3

326.0

324.4



9.4

10.0

9.4



325.7



..



....



2(15



a



b

c

d



..

..



..



k

1



-



PI-el>are(l11:) A . H . Joy. Mount Wilson Ollservatory.

Gerasimif, T.uyten, Proc. Na t . Acad. Sci., vol. 13, p. 180, 1927.

n l s a , Oort. ISull. Astron. Inst. Netherlands, vol. 4, p. 83, 1927.

1). Plaskelt, Pearce. Publ. Dominion

167,

r , Plaskett, Pearce, Puhl. Dominion Astrophys. Obs.. vol. 5,

Astrophys. 0l)s.. vol. 5. p. 241, 1936.

e, Wilson, R., k t r o n .

d. I.indl)lail, Monthly Notices, Roy. Asti-on. SOC., vol. 90, p. 503, 1930.

1933.

g, Ber man,

f , Retlman. Puhl. Dominion Astrophys. Ohs.. vol. 6 . p. 27, 1931.

Tourn.. vol. 40, 1). 121. 1930.

h. Jov. Astr-ophys. Journ.. vol. 89. p. 356, 1939.

1, Wilson,

1,ick 01,s. Dull.. vol. 18, p. 57, 1937.

k. Wilson, Astrophys. Jour n., vol. 94. p. 12, 1941.

I , Wilson,

Astrophys. Tourn.. vol. 93. p. 212. 1941.

Astrophys. .lourn., vol. 96, p. 371, 1942.

"1



SMITHSONIAN PHYSICAL TABLES



Tài liệu bạn tìm kiếm đã sẵn sàng tải về

Table 878. Stars with Radial Velocities Greater than 200 km/sec

Tải bản đầy đủ ngay(0 tr)

×