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Table 185. Some Physical Properties of the Elements

Table 185. Some Physical Properties of the Elements

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TABLE 1 8 5 . 4 O M E PHYSICAL PROPERTIES O F T H E ELEMENTS (continued)

S ecific



Element



Krypton ....................

Lanthanum .................

Lead .......................

Lithium ....................

Magnesium .................

Manganese .................

Mercury ...................

Molybdenum ...............



Relative

hardness



...

...



1.5

.6

2

5.0

1.5

6



Neodymium ...................

Neon ..........................

Nickel .....................

5

Niobium ......................

Nitrogen ......................

Osmium ................... 7.0

Oxygen .......................

Palladium .................. 4.8

Phosphorus (yellow) ...........

Platinum ................... 4.3

Polonium .....................

Potassium .................. .5

Praseodymium ............. ...

Protactinium ..................

Radium ....................

...

Radon .........................

Rhenium ......................

Rhodium ................... 6

Rubidium .................. .3

Ruthenium ................. 6.5

b



At -62'C.



C



Density

at 20'C

g/cmS



Melting

p?int



3.488d

6.15

11.34

.53

1.74

7.44

13.55

10.2



-157.3 f . 5

920 k 5

327.3 2 . 1

180.55'-e 5

650 2 2

1244 f20

-38.87k.02

2610 250



7.05

.8387'

8.9

8.57

1.1649'

22.48

1.3318'

12.0

1.82

21.45



1024 2 4 0

-248.59~3

1453 z1

2480 f 5 0

-209.972.3

2700 2200

-2 18.79k .3

1552 -~

k1

44.2 k . 1

1769 2 1

254*

63.2 '-el

935 *so

300*

700

- 71

3150*

1960 2 3

38.8 f 1

2400 &lo0



...



.86

6.63



...



5.0

4.40

20

12.44

1.53

12.2



C



%eat

at

r.-t.

cal g-1



*c-1



...



.045

.030



.n



249

.lo7

.033

.065



Coeff. of

Latent

linear

heat

thermal

expansion

of

fusion "C at r.-t.

x 100

cal/g



...



6.3

159

70.0

64.8

2.7



...



28.7

56

25.2

23



.045



...

... 4.911

......



.iiz



73.8 ii.ill



...

...



.247

.031

.218

.059

.177

.032



...



.i77

.458



...

...

...



.035



,060



.080

.061



...



7.1



Thermal

conductivity

at r.4.

watts cm-1



.89 a



...



.35

.71

1.55



...



.w



1.46



...



4.57

.90



...



...



2.51



3.3

34.2 ii.8

5.0 125

27.1

8.9



2.47

.70



6.2



...



1'4.5



6.1



83.



......

......

......

......

......

...

6.1



...



From 20" to SO'C.



(continued)



8.1'

90

9.1



...



...



.69



...

.99

...

...

...



...

...



.88



...

...



Electrical

resistivity

microhmcm



...



59(18"C)

20.65(20°C)

8.S5(O0C)

4.33( 18'C)



...



94.1(OoC)

5.17(OoC)



0



Modulus

of elasticity

kg/mma



... ...

1.33

1800

... ...



4600

16000



35660



1O.8(2O0C)

1oi7(11oc)

9.81(OoC)



...



6.15(OoC)

88(18"C)



...

...

.

..



4.3(0°C)

12.5(20"C)

10( 18"C)



9.15 (sand cast)

39.0 (annealed)



iZ0 (annealed



...



79( 18"C)



...

6.84(20°C)

...

...

9.5(2OoC)

...



...



Tensi 1e

strength

kg/mm2



21b%



wire)



...



32.3



... ...

... ...

... ...

...



12Iii

1so00



14.0 (annealed)



...



16 (annealed)



... ...

... ...

... ...

... ...

.. ...

...



30000



...

... ...

...



T A B L E 1 8 5 . P O M E P H Y S I C A L PROPERTIES OF T H E E L E M E N T S (concluded)



si;

F



-I



$



Element



.....................

.....................

Selenium ...................

Silicon .....................



Relative

hardness



Samarium



; Scandium

Silver



.....................



2.0

7.0

2.7



Sodium ....................

.4

Strontium .................. 1.8

Sulfur (rhombic) ........... 2.0

Tantalum ................... 7

Technetium ...................

Tellurium .................. 2.3

Terbium ......................

Thallium ................... 1.2

Thorium ......................

Tin ........................

1.8

Titanium ................... 4.0

Tungsten .................. 7

Uranium ......................

Vanadium .................. ...

Xenon ........................

Ytterbium .....................

Yttrium .......................

Zinc .......................

2.5

Zirconium .................. 4.5



Densit

at 2008

dcm'



7.7

2.5

4.81

2.4

10.49

.97

2.6

2.07

16.6



...

6.24

...



11.85

11.5

7.30

4.54

19.3

18.7

5.68

5.49Sd



...



5.51

7.14

6.4



Melting

point



"C



>lo50

1400

217.4 k5

1410 220

960.8 2 . 0

97.822.2

770 2 1 0

119 2 . 2

2980 2100

2700*

450 2 1 0

1450 2 5

303.6 2 3

1695 2150

231.912.1

1675 2100

3380 2 2 0

1132 2 1

1890 2 5 0

-112.5 2 1

824

1490 &200

419.50k.l

1852 2700



Specific

heat

at

r.4.

cal g-1



oc-l



...

...



.084

.176

.056

.295



...



.175

.036



...



.047



...



.031

.028

.054

.142



.034

.028

.115



...

...

...



.09

.066



coeff. of



Latent linear

heat

thermal

of

Sxpansion

fusion C at r.-t.

cal/g

x 1(P



... ...

... ...

... 37

...



24.3

27.5

25

9.3



...



...

7.2



44



...

...



...



.84

4.08



71



1.35



64t



26.4 *

.54



...

6.6



28

11.1t

23

8.5

4.3



...

...



... ...

... ...



...

24.1

...



...

...



2.8-7.3

18.9



...

... 16.8t

... ...



...

14.4

...



Thermal

conductivity

at r.4.

watts cm-1



if%t

5.6



Electrical

resistivity

microhmtm



...

...



1.20(20°C)

85X1P(20°C)

1.62(2OoC)



.060



...

.39

...

.64



...

...



1.99



...



14.6(18"6)



...

...

...



17.65(0" C)

18.62(20"C)

11.S(2OOC)

80(0°C)

5.5(20"C)

60(18"C)



5.19"



...

...



...

1.1

...



5.92 (20°C)

41.O( O°C)



...



... ...

... ...



ll&i

7200



Tensile

strength

kg/mm'



...



...



15.1 (rod,

annealed)



... ...

...



...

...



Modulus

of elasticity

kg/mmP



...

...



19660

2ih



...



...



50 (wire)



...



1.12 (wire)



... ...

4ijOO

8500

35000



56.0 (wire)

1.4



iio (wire)

...

... ...

... ...

...

... ...



8400

7500



10.5

30.0 (rod,

annealed)



-



TABLE 186.-MECHANICAL



In



PROPERTIES O F ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOYS



E



-



**



\D



N



4



iz



z

>



I

P



<

i



In



...

.8.



8



c



VI*

VI



4

.D

W

I

-



rn



In



22



.

I



c



z



't(



8



6



V



cgs



0



F!



;m:



...



0



P u r e and commercial aluminum

...

A1-99.95

Annealed

cu-4.5

Sand-cast ; h.-t. and aged 2.75

(195-T6)

Al (commercial) Hard-drawn (93% red) 2.71



cgs



cgs



kg/mmz



kg/mmt



...



.33



2.8

3.45



i2.8



7200



.53



3.75



23.6



. ..



.. .

...



.37



4.3



23.5



7200



.. .



Aluminum-copper-magnesium-manganese alloys

Cu-4.0, Mg-.5,

Wrought: annealed

2.79

.41

Mn-.5

(17s-0)



3.8



23.5



7200



...



Cu-4.32. Mg-1.44, Plate, &in. w.-q. from

920" F (24s-T)

Mw.48, Fe-.16



Aluminum-copper-magnesium alloys

Cu-2.5, Mg-.3

Wrought; h.-t. and aged 2.74

(A17S-T)



Rod, 4 in. diam. h.-t.

Cu-4.4, Fe-.81,

Mg.67, Mw.64, and aged

Si-22

Forged; h.-t. and aged

(14s-T)



Cu-4.4, Mn-.8,

Si-.S, Mg-.4



Sheet, h.-t. and coldC ~ 4 . 5 Mg-1.5,

,

worked (24s-RT)

Mn-.6

Aluminum-comer-nickel allovs

Cu-4.0, Ni-2.0,

Sand-cast : aged

Mg-1.51

(142-TS71)



..



h general



2.1 (2% offset)

15.5 (.2% perm.)



...



kg/mrnP



34



15

80



2 (2 in.)



..



..



9.5 t



70



7.0 (.2% perm.)



18



22* (2 in.)



7.7t



45



34.0



48



20



29.4 (.l% perm.)



42.0



19.7

(4VG)



...



...



. ..



. ..



...



. ..



7600



26.4



2.80



.37



23.0



7200



...



39



(2% perm.)



49



.. .



...



23.2



7200



. ..



39



(2% perm.)



49



2.78



.32



22.5 , 7200



. ..



20



(2% perm.)



22



56 p. 187.

to all' wrought forms except large-sized extrusions; elongations apply to $ in. diameter test specimens.



(continued)



4.6t



27*



23.2



5.1



60 (2 in.)

5 (2 in.)



30



5.7



...



kg/mmz



(.2% perm.)



17



.29



4.3



percent



6.3

25



2.77



** For reference see footnote

Values apply



.70



kg/mm,



18



120



..



..



14 (2 in.)



llt



135



13 (2 in.)



..



116



5.6f



85



.5 (2 in.)

t



5x108.



TABLE 186.-MECHANICAL



Ill



PROPERTIES O F A L U M I N U M AND ALUMINUM ALLOYS (continued)



5



2g



U M



&J%



d

ra



F



D

4

W



rn

r



cgs



cgs



Aluminum-copper-silicon alloys

Cu-4.0, Si-3.0

Sand-cast (108)



2.73



.29



5.6



Cu-4.5, Si-2.5



Chill-cast : h.-t.

(B 195-T4)



2.78



.33



4.9



Cu-7.0, Si-2.0,

Zn-1.5, Fe-1.2



Sand-cast



2.85



. ..



Aluminum-copper-zinc alloys

Cu-7.0, Zn-1.7,

Sand-cast (1 12)

Fe-1.2



2.85



.29



Aluminum-magnesium alloys

Mg-1.0, Si-.6

Wrought ; ann.

Cr-.25, Cu-25

(61s-0)



2.70



Mg-1.3, Si-.7

Cr-.25

Mg-2.5, Cr-.25



VI



cgs



kg/mmz



22.0



7200



kg/mmz



kg/mmz



kg/rnmz



percent



kg/mmz



22.0



7200



...

...



.. .



7200



.. .



9.8 (.2% offset)



5.7



22.0



7200



...



10.5 (2% perm.)



17



1.5 (2 in.)



6.3t



70



.41



3.8



23.5



7200



.. .



5.6 ( 2 % perm.)



13



22 (Zin.)*



5.6t



30



Wrought ; h.-t. and aged 2.69

(53s-T)



.37



4.3



23.5



7200



.. .



23



(2% perm.)



27



20 (2in.)*



7.7t



80



Wrought ; hard

(52s-H)



.33



4.9



23.7



7200



...



25



(.2% perm.)



29



8 (2in.)* 14.5t



85



8.4 (.2% perm.)



2.68



...



10

13



(.2% perm.)



(2% perm.)



15



2 (2in.)



6f



55



26



10 (2in.)



6.7t



75



13-16



0-1.5

(2 in.)



6.0t



55-80



Mg-3.8



Sand-cast (214)



2.61



.33



4.9



23.9



7200



9 (2 in.)



3.9t



50



Chill-cast (A 214)



2.66



.32



23.9



...



11



(.2% perm.)



19



5 (2in.)



..



60



Mg-10.00



Sand-cast h.-t.

(220-T4)



2.52



21



5.1

8.2



...

...



18



Mg-3.8, Zn-1.8



24.5



7200



. ..



18



(.2% perm.)



32



14 (2in.)



4.9t



75



3.4



23.6



7200



. ..

...



4.2 (.2% perm.)



11

18



40 (2in.)*



4.9t



28



20 (2in.)



9.8



45



Auminum-manganese alloys

Mn-1.2

Wrought; ann. (3s-0)



2.73



.46



Mn-1.25, Mg-1.0



2.72



...



Annealed



... . ..



,



..



(continued)



c(



I



5



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Table 185. Some Physical Properties of the Elements

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