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Table 121. Densities and Melting and Boiling Points of Organic Compounds

Table 121. Densities and Melting and Boiling Points of Organic Compounds

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123

T A B L E 121.-DENSITIES

A N D M E L T I N G A N D BOILING POINTS OF

ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (continued)



Substance



Chemical

formula



Density

g/cm3



Tpmp.



C



Melting

pzint

C



Boiling

yint

C



Pressure 1 atm

unless

otherwise

stated



Acetylene series : CnHzn.z. Normal (:ompounds only

Acetylene ......... CzHz .........613

- 80

.

81.8 .

83.6

Allylene ........... C3Hl .........660

- 13 -104.7 .

27.5

Ethylacetylene ..... CIHs .........668

0

-130

18.5

Propylacetylene

CsH8 .........722

0

.

95

40

Butylacetylene ..... CBHlo .......

-150

71.5

Amylacetylene ..... CIHlz ........738

13

.

70

110.5

Hexylacetylene .... C8Hlr ....... 270

0

125

Undecylidene ......

213

Dodecylidene ......

.810 - 9 - 9

Y'mHg

105

Tetradecylidene ....

306

6.5

6.5

134

160

"

"

"

Hexadecylidene

304

20

20

"

"

"

184

Octadecylidene .....

302

30

30

Monatomic alcohols : C,,H,.+,OH. Normal communds only

Methyl alcohol ..... CH30H . . . . . .792

20

64.5

.

97.8

Ethyl alcohol ...... CzHsOH .....789

20

78.5

-117.3

Propyl alcohol ..... CsH, O H

804

20

97.8

-127

Butyl alcohol ...... C. HDOH .....810

20

117.7

.

89.8

Amy1 alcohol

C5Hl10H .....817

20

137.9

.

78.5

Hexyl alcohol ..... C.H. O H .....820

20

155.8

.

51.6

175.8

Heptyl alcohol

GHlsOH .... 317

22

34.6

Octyl alcohol

GH.. O H . . . . .827

20

194

.

16.3

Nonyl alcohol ...... CoHlpOH .....828

20

215

- 5

231

Decyl alcohol ...... CIoH2,O H ... 329

20

+ 7

Undecyl alcohol .... C,,H, O H ... 333

20

146

30 mmHg

19

24

Dodecyl alcohol

C..H, O H ... 331

20

259

Tridecyl alcohol .... C13HnOH . . . .822

31

15 mmHg

156

30.5

Tetradecyl alcohol .. C.. HmOH . . . .824

38

38

167

15 mmHg

Pentadecyl alcohol .. ClSH, OH ...

46

49.3

Cetyl alcohol ...... C16HmOH . . . .798

79

344

Octadecyl alcohol .. C18Hs10H ... 312

59

58.5

210.5 15 mmHg



+

+



....



+



....



+



....



......

.....

.......



+



....



Dimethyl ether .....

Diethyl ether ......

Dipropyl ether .....

Di-n-butyl ether

Di-sec-butyl ether

Di-iso-butyl ether

Diamyl ether ......

Di-iso-amyl ether

Dihexyl ether ......

Diheptyl ether .....

Dioctyl ether .......



...

..

..

..



Alcoholic ethers :

C. H.0 .......6606

GHIDO .......714

C.H,,O .......747

C8H180 .......769

'I

.756

'I

.762

CloHZ20 ......774

"

.783

C..H, 0 .....

C..H, 0 ......815

C..H, 0 ......820



C.Hm+zO

20

-138

20

-116.3

20

-122

20

21

20

20

12



0

0



Ethyl ethers : C.Hzn+20

20

Etbyl-methyl ...... C3H80 .......73

-propyl ....... C5HlzO .......747

20 <- 79

-isopropyl

.745

0

.n . butyl ...... C.H.. 0 .......752

20

-iso-butyl .....

.751

20

.is,. amyl ..... CrHlaO .......764

18

.n . hexyl

C8Hls0 .......63

.n . heptyl ..... CDHzoO.......790

16

.n . octyl ...... ClnHpO . . . . . .794

17

(continued)



..

..

..

.



......



.....



SMITHSONIAN PHYSICAL TABLES



.

24.9



+ 34.5



89

149

121

122.5

190

172.2

208.8

260

291.8



+



7.9

61.4

54

91.4

80

112

137

166.6

183



8-123.3



b. pt



.



124

T A B L E 12l.-DENSITIES

AND M E L T I N G AND BOILING POINTS O F

ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (concluded)



Miscellaneous

Substance



Densitv and

terny i a t u r e



C



Chemical

formula



Acetic acid ........... C H L O O H ............. 1.115

0

Acetone .............. CH3COCHa ..............792

0

Aldehyde ............. CIHIO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .783

.

0

Aniline ............... CoH6NHz ............... 1.038

0

Beeswax ......................................

9 6 2 ...

Benzene .............. CeHs .................... 879

20

Benzoic acid .......... GHeO, ................. 1.293

4

Benzophenone ........ (C.H.). CO .............. 1.090

50

Butter ......................................... 90

...

Cainphor ............. CioHieO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

.

10

Carbolic acid ......... C.H. O H ................ 1.060

21

Carbon bisulfide ...... CS. ....................

1.292

0

tetrachloride .. CCl, ....................

1.582

21

Chlorobenzene ........ CeHrCl ................. 1.111

15

Chloroform ........... CHCI. .................. 1.4989

15

Cyanogen ............ CZNz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Ethyl bromide ........ CzHaBr ................. 1.45

15

chloride ........ CzHsCl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .918

8

ether ........... C. HioO ..................716

0

14

iodide .......... CzHsI .................. 1.944

Formic acid .......... HCOOH ............... 1.242

0

Gasoline .......................................

6 8 2 ...

Glucose .............. CHO(HCOH).CH, O H .. 1.56

...

Glycerine ............. C.H.O. ................. 1.269

0

Iodoform ............. CHI3 ................... 4.01

25

Lard .......................................... 90

...

Methyl chloride ....... CH. C1 ...................0992 -24

iodide ........ CHJ ................... 2.285

15

Naphthalene .......... CaH,.C,H4 .............. 1.152

15

Nitrobenzene ......... C.H.O. N ............... 1.212

7.5

Nitroglycerine ........ C.H.N.0, ............... 1.60

...

Oleomargarine ................................

.92-. 93 20

Olive oil ...................................... 92

...

Oxalic acid ........... C2H,04.2Hz0 ........... 1.68

...

Parafin wax. soft ..................................

hard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Pyrogallol ............ CBH.(0H), ............. 1.46

40

Spermaceti ..............

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95

.

15

Starch ............... C.H.

................ 1.56

...

Stearine .............. ( C.gH3.0.),C3H. . . . . . . . . . .925

65

Sugar. cane ........... C..H..O..

............... 1.588

20

Tallow. beef ...................................

94

15

mutton ................................

94

15

Tartaric acid ......... C.H.O. ................. 1.754

...

Toluene .............. CoH6CHI ............... 322

0

Xylene ( 0 ) ........... CRH4(CH3)2. . . . . . . . . . . . . 863

.

20

(m) .......... C.H.(CH.).

. . . . . . . . . .864

20

(P) ........... CeH. ( CHI)

. . . . . . . . . .861

20



.



SMITHSONIAN PHYSICAL TABLES



Melting

point



Boi!ing



16.7

- 94.6

-124

- 6

62

5.48

121

48

25

176

41

-108

- 28



118.5

56.1

20.8

183.9



“C



-40



- 63.3

- 35



-117

-141.6

-116

108

8.6



...



146

17

119

29k

.

98



.

64



80

5



3

35-38

20 t

190

35-52

5256

133

45 k

none

71

160

27-38

32-41

170

.

92

.

28

54

15



point



“C



...



80.2

249

305.9



...



209

182

46.2

76.7

132

61.2

-21

38.4

12

34.6

72

100.8

70-90



...



290



...

...



-24.1

42.3

218

211



...



3002

35b-390

390-430

293



...

...

...

...

...

...



iiO.31

142

140

138



TABLE 122.-MELTING



POINT OF MIXTURES



OF METALS



125



Melting points, "C

Percentage of metal in second column



6



Metals



Pb Sn

Bi

Te

Ag

Na

Cu

Sb

Al Sb

Cu

Au

Ag

Zn

Fe

Sn

Sb Bi

Ag

Sn

Zn

Ni Sn

Na Bi

Cd

Cd Ag



....

....

....

.. .

....

....

....

....

....

. .. .



Zn

Au Cu

Ag

Pt

K Na



....

...



T1



?f

Cu Ni

Ag

Sn

Zn

Ag Zn

Sn

Na Ha



....



.. ..

. .. .



....



....



....

....

....

....



...



....

....

....



10



327

327

327

327

327

327

327

660

660

660

660

660

660

660

631

631

631

631

1453

97.5

97.5

321

321

321

1063

1063

1063

63

63

63

1083

1083

1083

1083

961

%1

97.5

~~~



30



20



40



60



(0



TABLE 123.-MELTlNG



80



70



262

240

20

190

276

- 179 145 126

790

600

880 917

760

545

705

620 650

590

370

400

420

330 290

920 925 945

950

955

275

490

330

440

395

840 925

950

970

945

580 610

560

600

540

970

800 855 915

740

615

580

590

575

600

620

600

580 560 530

1015 1110 1145 1145 1220

635

605

590

625

620

540

575

590

520

555

570

545

520

500

505

430

395

570

525 480

~.

540

570

565

510

540

1290 1200 1235 1290 1305

720

645 690

520

590

330

185 245

285

325

610

520

700

760 805

270

262

285

258 245

295

327

340

270

313

975

925

895 905

890

1061 1058 1054 1049 1039

1190 1250 1320 1380 1455

11

-10

26

5

-3.5

- 90 110

220

133 165 188 205

215

1180 1240 1290 1320 1335 1380

1035 990

945 910

870 830

630

725

755

680

1005 890

900

1040 995 930

880 820

690 660 630

850 755

705

450

550

870

750 630

495

22

60

90

80

70

45



295

290

710

460

360

870

250

750

630

675

625

640

861)

645

610

595

600

555

1380

425

125

420

300

280

910

1062

1125

17.5



185 200

168 205

410

480

840

775

250 200

985 1005

560

525

1000 1040

930

755

1025 1055

650

570

510 475

1315 1425

570

560

405

470

545 680

310

350

52s

. ~ .510

...

1230 1060

730

715

340

360

850 895

210.

230

355

370

1025

1025 1006

1530 1610

41

58

135 162

280

240

1410 1430

814

788

530

580

780

700

6io 570

375

420

95

55



90



216



-



425

905

130

1020

600

1010

1055

675

750

425

1500

540

330

850

255

470



8nrl

-__



570

390

940

235

390

1060

982

1685

77

265

305

1440

875

440

580

505

300

215



GO

232

271

452

%1

97.5

1083

630

630

1083

1063

961

419

1533

232

271

961

232

419

232

271

321

961

303

419

1083

~ .

96 1

1769

97.5



-



303

1453

961

232

419

419

232



POINT "C O F LOW-MELTING-POINT ALLOYS



*



Percent



Cadmium .. . . . . ... .

Tin . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .

Lead . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Bismuth . .. . . .. . . . .

Solidification at



10.8

14.2

24.9

50.1



. . .. 65.5"



10.2

14.3

25.1

50.4



14.8

7.0

26.0

52.2



13.1

13.8

24.3

48.8



6.2

9.4

34.4

50.0



7.1



6.7



39.7

53.2



43.4

49.9



-



-



67.5" 68.5" 68.5" 76.5" 89.5" 95"

Percent



Lead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32.0

Tin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.5

Bismuth . . . . . . . . . . . 52.5

Solidification a t



....



96"



See Table 201.



SMITHSNIAN PHYSICAL TABLES



~~



25.8 25.0 43.0

19.8 15.0 14.0

54.4 60.0 43.0

101" 125" 128"



33.3

33.3

33.3

145"



10.7 500

23.1 33.0

66.2 17.0

148" 161"



35.8

52.1

12.1

181"



20.0

60.0

20.0

182"



70.9

9.1

20.0



234"



.



~



T A B L E 124.-REVERSIBLE



126



TRANSITIONS I N CRYSTALS *



Values are given, for the more important crystals, of the inversion temperature in "C,

the heat of inversion in cal/g and the inversion volume change in cm*/g. No monotropic

inversions have been included.

h,, inversion temperature on heating ; m, metastable inversion temperature ; e, estimated ;

g, gradual inversion (not to be confused with slow retarded inversions).



Transition Pressure

atm

t'C



Phases



Substance



AgClOI ...............

AgBrO, ...............

AgI ...................



AgzS ..................

Ag&e .................

AgzSOr ...............

&Nos ...............

AlBr3 .................

AS203 .................

AszSz .................

AS& .................

Bit03 .................

BaCL .................

BaClOr ................

BaSO, ................

BaC03 ................

Br30s .................



co ...................



CH, ...................

CHxOH ...............

CClr ..................



....



158

98.5



....



1-11

1-111

11-111



....



....

....

....



red-black

red-yellow



....

....

....



....

....

I



I



0



1-11

11-IT1

1-111



CBr,



..................



1-11

1-111



CHzIi



.................



CHrNz0

(Urea)



..............



CHZCOOH



............



11-111

L-1-11

L-11-111

I-11-IV

11-IIT-IV

1-11

1-111

11-111

L-I



L-I1

CHaCONH, ...........

(Acetamide)

(CH3)zCO Z ...........

C2Cla .................

(Perchlor ethane)

GH,NO, (IJrethane) ...



1-11



L-I

L-I1

1-11

1-11

1-11

11-111

L-I

L-I1

L-I11

1-11



11-111

1-111



{%.4

99.4

99.4

175

133

412

159.5

70

275

267

170

704 t

924

284

1149

811 & 982

- 35

-212.8

-252.7

-112



5!1{-:



115

115



{lE

112.6

112.6

8.6

42.8

9.4

38

102.3

102.3

102.3



....



1

2720

2720

2720



....

....

....

....

....



....

....

....

....



....

....

....

....

....

....

....



1

8460

8460

8460

1

2110

2110

21 10

180

1930

325

1825

6535

6535

6535

1

203 1



55.7

55.7

127

127

127

-140 to -150

71.1

42.7



{ :2:z

{%

76.8

{ 22:;

{ 25.5



z:



2033

2033

5220

5220

5220



....



1



1



1



2270

2270

4090

4090

2270

3290

4990

3290

3290



Transition

heat

cal/g



....

....



Transition

volume

change

Cms/K



....



....



5.72

4.95

4.22

.76

3.85

5.65



.OO%

.0101

.014

.0241



3.37



.0025



....



....

6

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

5.4



1.15



4.8

7.1

9.8

.9

10.7

5.04

4.58



....



....



....



....

....



....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....



....



....



4.66



.026"

.0173

,0054

.0227

.0205

,0150

.0029

.0121



2.34

10.14

7.80

45

46.4

48.2

1.85

60.9

58.5

2.41



,0480

.0486

.0006

.I560

.0862

.0992

.0130

.0319

.0649

.0330



.25



....

....

....



<.5



6.93

2.63

40.7

37.9

35.9

34.4

40.6

2.07

1.64

6.12

5.50

3.87



....

....

....

....



....



,0280

.0097

.0599

.0253

.0355

.0184

,0640

.o102

,0092

.0456

.0482

.0574



' Arranged by F. C. Kracek, Geophysical Laboratory, Cnrnegie Institution. All other footnotes at end

of table.

(Corltinllctf)



SMITHSONIAN PHYSICAL TABLES



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Table 121. Densities and Melting and Boiling Points of Organic Compounds

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