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I. The real situation of choosing future career among IBD students

I. The real situation of choosing future career among IBD students

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in many fields such as human resources, PR, production management, etc. (Tran Ha. (2015)).

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On the other hand, although Banking & finance are also highly attractive, most subjects are

relatively difficult. Because, students need to be able to think logically, calculate and memorize

well cause by Banking & finance is always exposed to numbers and calculations. (Yen Nhi.

(2018)) 2Moreover, absolute precision is extemely important. Just a small mistake in numbers

could push students to a series of big problems and other troublers.

Therefore, these are objective reasons for this tendency.



2. Reasons for choosing a major.



Making a career has never been easy, so apart from the objective reasons of society and

academics, subjective reasons are based on individual factors should also be considered. This

chart indicates information when being asked IBD students about the reasons for choosing that

major.



Figure 2 IBD students’ reasons for choosing major

First of all, the majority of students choose their careers due to their interests and

hobbies. The student thought about careers early on in life and those who also waited until a

decision was required, showed significance. This is considered by students a very significant

factor in choosing a career and good news for our society. The rate is 59.7% in questions.

1 http://www.uef.vn/tin-huong-nghiep/co-hoi-nghe-nghiep-nghanh-quan-tri-kinh-doanh-513

2 http://phuongnambank.com.vn/nhung-yeu-to-can-va-du-de-theo-nganh-tai-chinh-ngan-hang/



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Secondly, they would like to inherit and maintain the traditional work of the family. This is also

the awareness of young people to continue to develop the work of the family becomes better and

want to devote talent and wisdom to expand the scale to other countries. It occupies 22.4%.

Thirdly, it is unimportant to influence career choices from one person to another for themselves

because at this age they have not been able to make the best choice. So they always need the best

advice to help them better navigate the problem they need to solve. But for those who need

counseling are also very few, they are only about 13.4%. Finally, a small number find a

temporary job to learn the skills and find a suitable job for them to stick with for a long time.

They would like to try themselves in different working environments and where they stop to

make and devote themselves. As far as concerned, they have to be very good people and they do

not would like to be forced into a hard-working environment. They would like to experience and

earn a paycheck that suits with their abilities (accounts for 4.5%).



3. Career guidance



Many career-oriented activities are organized to assist students in choosing their future

careers nowadays. These are supports students in a lot of aspects such as: know the reality of the

labor market, give all students information on all routes, provide work experience, etc.

(Hooley,T. (2017)) 3Participating in career guidance show that students have awareness and

responsibility for the future career.



Figure 3 Percentage of IBD students who get career guidance



3 https://www.theguardian.com/teacher-network/2017/oct/12/is-your-school-doing-enough-on-careers-



guidance

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From the pie chart, we can see the number of students have participated in career guidance. It

occupies 59.7% of students who take part in career orientation and 40.3% students who did not

take part in guidance. The number of students who participated in the guidance was 1.48 times

higher than students who did not participate. These percentages show that some of the students

have a sense of responsibility and interest in future careers in finding the right careers and career

traits. Students join in career-oriented activities to find characteristics of the current occupation.

From percentages, it is positive to say that IBD students know and really care about career

guidance.

On the other hand, 27 students (40.3%) never join in any vocational conselling. It shown that

many students do not know it or understand the benefits of participating in this activities.

Therefore, in next chart will indicates some advantages of getting career guidance by 40 students

(59.7%) who getting career guidance.

4. Advantages of career guidance



This chart indicates information when being asked students about benefits of getting career

guidance.



Figure 4 Avantages of career guidance

From the figure, it could be seen that about 34.3% IBD students agree that career

guidance help them increase knowledge, skills which take a highest point of 3 benefits. It

evidence that career orientation helps students a lot in completing themselves like improving

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their professional knowledge as well as complementary skills to brings success in their chosen

jobs later. Besides, there are 16.4% students who understand more things about professions.

After career-oriented activities, not many students really perceive the profession which they want

to research. Another advantage off career guidance is identifying the strength and weakness of

themselves (23.9%). Therefore, they can innovate and promote their abilities and especially they

will be aware of and orientate which career suits best. 46.3% students in the survey thought that

career-oriented activities give them both of three benefits which are mentioned above.

The fact that career guidance gives students many benefits which support future

career’students a lot. Vocational counseling could reduce the number of changing vocational

choices early in one’s life. Psychologygical testing, one means of helping students focus on an

appropriate career choice, resulted in better employment record, as shown for example in the

stability, promotions earning, and employer ratings thoughout the student’s career. (Supper.

(1957)).4



II.



Opportunities and challenges



Choosing a career is one of the hardest things that people have to do in life. It is not only

pays the bills but one that is also satisfying and above all brings value both to yourself and those

you interact with. This section will show the opportunities and challenges of IBD students who

choose a career.

5. Career opportunities offered to IBD students



In this part, personnel can acknowledge clearly about career opportunities offered to IBD

students.



4



The psychology of careers. New York, NY: Julian Messner.



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Figure 5 Career opportunities offered to IBD students



Figure 6 Source of information

From the figure 6, it could be seen 6 main jobs chance that students can make a choice

after they graduate from IBD. It shows that IBD students have many opportunities into

experiences and training. According to the research of Thanh Tran said that: "The battle for

human resources" is perhaps never as hot as it is today. Students have a lot of job opportunities

after graduation, and countless channels to find out about employers and get access to "n"

messages from employers. (Thanh Tran. (2016))5. As the figure out, the most popular jobs which

5 https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/k%E1%BA%BFt-qu%E1%BA%A3-kh%E1%BA%A3o-s%C3%A1t-



21062-sinh-vi%C3%AAn-vi%E1%BB%87t-nam-n%C4%83m-2016-th%C3%A0nh-tr%E1%BA%A7n



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people really is a Marketing executive, which accounts for 40.3% (27 students) of all 5 jobs. It

demonstrates that this job is very competitive and interesting. Nevertheless, there are 13.4% of

students in the survey who choose a recruitment consultant. Perhaps because of this job requires

learning and thinking about the best way to manage your customers and candidates. Besides, the

number of students who would like to Customer service officer (37.3%), Financial Adviser

(37.3%), Learning Experience Officer (34.3%) is most the same. In general, there are stable

office jobs and requirements for these jobs are not too complex. The figure for the shop assistant

is 27%.

Moreover, figure 7 supplies people the source of information which is mentioned above. Most of

the students identified through the subjects that they were studied in IBD (44.8%). Another

source that people can find limitation is Internship which participated by 29.9% students in this

survey. Furthermore, doing consultations seems to be the least popular way to make people know

more about their career chance.

To sum up, figure 6&7 not only shows 6 opportunities of jobs that students can be got but also

furnishes source provided that.

6. Career challenges



Difficulties of choosing a career

While some people are lucky to know what they want to do for the rest of their lives, others

are not so sure caused by a lot of difficulties. There are some reasons that students have to face.

6.1.



Figure 7 Difficulties of choosing a career



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The most noticeable point is the percent of students’ chose that failed to catch up with

labor market demand. It occupies 43.3% (29 students) of the total number of students who

answered this question. This figure shows that most students worry about labor market demand a

lot. The first and most important cause still comes from the students, the family, and the school

before you enter the University. In Vietnam, the choice of career depends on the parent or career

trends "hot", the opportunity to contact and understand the work in a society with you almost

zero. (Pham Phuong. (2017)). 6Besides, Deputy PM Vu Duc Dam once said: "You can graduate

from university after 4 years, you do not think the knowledge from books, friends, teachers,

work ... can contribute to society. The university offers you basic knowledge but important is the

method and more towards the necessary skills when born.” (Quyen Quyen. (2015))7It could be

said that the college Degree is not at all. Students need to be flexible and develop themselves in

many aspects as required by today’s ever-evolving era. Therefore, this is actually quite difficult

for students.

Furthermore, the percentage of the remaining three issues is not small, accounting for

over 10%. Consent of relative with 28.4% (19 students), suitability with ability and character

occupies 14.9% (10 students), and do not know what i am passionate about accounts for 13.4%

(9 students). A lot of Vietnamese students have to choose their career according to their parents’

expectations or inherit the traditions of their family. However, students do not really love those

jobs. That leads to undesirable consequences as they do not feel disrespectful when choosing

their own careers and do not even know what they would like to be while everything arranged by

their parents.

In conclusion, figure 8 gives a glimpse into the remarkable difficulties of choosing a career.

The most influential people on IBD students’ career choices

Making a career choice is one of the tricky decisions that one has to make in life. As much as

you want to do it right, there is no sure-fire way of doing it. So students usually need support

from many people such as parents, friends, teacher, and even themselve. This graph shows who

is the most influence on career choices’ IBD students.

6.2.



6 http://vietnamnet.vn/vn/giao-duc/sinh-vien-ra-truong-co-kien-thuc-dam-me-nhung-that-nghiep-



392183.html

7 https://news.zing.vn/pho-thu-tuong-cac-ban-sinh-vien-dung-gia-truoc-tuoi-post579860.html



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Figure 8 The most influential on IBD students’ career choices

From the figure 8, most students in the survey acknowledged that parents are the biggest

influence on their career choices ( account for 56,70%). It has some reason can explain for this,

for example, young people cannot determine the path that suits them or parents’ educational

background may influence student views on whether or not to continue their education.

Furthermore, 13 students (19.4%) follow their friends’ choice and 14.90% (10 students) believe

in their decisions. Surprisingly, the number of choosing “friends” is quite large because it seems

so adventurous to follow friends who are immature. The other people influence on career choices

of students in survey are teachers. Although they are mature adults with enough knowledge to be

able to inspire students, there are 6 students (9%) choosing them.

Generally, parents could be seen as the most influential people in determining a student's career

but there are still people who support them like teachers ,friends.



The most important goal in career choices

Choosing the right career is always based on the goals that students would like to achieve in

their future careers. This graph will show the important target’s students which are aiming for.

6.3.



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Figure 9 The most important goal in career choices

As the chart figure 9, people can see opinion of IBD student’s the most important goal in

career choice. It can be seen that 37.2% students make a career choice follow their abilities

which take a highest point of 5 important goals. Taking a job suite for their abilities will make

you feel more comfortable and self- confident in their jobs. On the other hand, degree of selfsufficency (account for 3%) seems to be least important aim in job choice. Besides, Family

foundation and favorite level for work had the same percentage about 20.90%. In Vietnamese

society nowadays, family backgrounds greatly contribute to the advancement of their work.

Along with that, favorite level for the job will determine and persistence you have for the job.

Pham Manh Ha professor said "Choosing the right job is a way for children to enjoy working 8

hours a day, to feel valued when they feel the joy of contributing to society”. (Hoang Phuong.

(2015)) 8Finally, the percentage of salary constant decrease 3% in comparison with 2 types of

goal which are mentioned above. It can be said that salaries are the decisive factor for people to

accept work or not.

Overall, everybody has a purpose in choosing a career and in which the most important is in

accordance with ability.



III.



Suggestions



Career selection is one of many important choices students will make determining future

plans. This is decision will impact them throughout their life. Besides, career planning

encourages individuals to explore and gather information, which enables them to synthesize, gain

8 : https://vnexpress.net/tin-tuc/giao-duc/tuyen-sinh/chon-nghe-theo-dam-me-hay-mot-thoi-thuong3158523.html



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competencies, make decisions, set goals and take action. Therefore, making a plan or setting

goals is a way to help students. It is not only developing themselves but also find out what is

right for them.

7. IBD students planning



According to Schermerborn, Hunt, and Osborn, “Career planning is a process of

systematically matching career goals and individual capabilities with opportunities for their

fulfillment”. 9So, planning is a highly effective action for choosing the right career. This pie chart

will show the percentages of IBD students who made plans for their career and the rest.



Figure 10 IBD students planning

Almost IBD students answered “yes” when they were asked about future career. It occupies

88.1% (59 students) of the total number of students who answered this question. This figure

shows that IBD students care about their future career. There are several ways of future career of

IBD students but 8 students who answered “no” accounted for 11.9% with the figure being

significantly lower. For reasons why that lead to that percentage, we are not clear. They maybe

think career choice is not important or they want to keep their secrets.

8. Plans for future career



A career plan helps students determine their skills and interests, what career best suits with

talents, and what skills and training which need for their career. In this graph, it would like to

show some plans of IBD students who said that they have plans for future career from figure 10.



9 http://www.brightermonday.co.ke/blog/choosing-career/



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Figure 11 Plans for future career

As the graph figures out, the most answered is doing part-time jobs. It occupies 33.90% (20

students), accounts for 1/3 of the 59 students who answered this question. There are 30.5% of

students in the survey who choose training at companies. Training at companies is a good option

to find experience. Students who answered studying more skills are accounted for 22% and the

percentage of taking higher education is 13.60%. By developing a career plan, students can focus

on what you would like to do and how to get there. And when students are ready to develop your

resume, they will have a better understanding of their skills and experiences to discuss with

potential employers. A career plan will provide students with tools and information to help them

explore their career options, build experience, prepare for their future career. From the

percentages, it is positive to say that IBD students want to find more experience by doing parttime jobs and training at companies.

Generally, the plans mentioned above are positive. It helps IBD students to perfect

themselves and identify the right career. Particularly, these plans are also recommendation to

support students who do not have plans for their future.



IV.



Opening question



This section deals with the open-ended question “What would you like to be in your future?”

This reflects the interest that is present in IBD intake 13 & intake 14 – Spring students in the

coming years. The following list consists of some of the careers student respondents gave as their

intended job:

Business management



Marketing



Photographer



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