Tải bản đầy đủ - 0 (trang)
Table 1. The results of reliability analysis

Table 1. The results of reliability analysis

Tải bản đầy đủ - 0trang

Each item involving in perception assessment will be evaluated by five points

Likert scale from strongly disagree (1 point), disagree (2 point), undecided (3 point),

agree (4 point) to strongly agree (5 point). The total score for perception of each

component in the model will be the average of scores of items in that component. For

examples, the perceptions of social support constitute of 5 items and the score of each

item is 5, so the total score of perception of social support will be 5. The more higher

the average of score had, the more perceptive patients experienced.

Exercise assessment

All participants would be asked about their exercises that they performed at

different times after surgery including the first 7 days after surgery, first 6 weeks after

surgery, and the interval from 6 weeks after surgery to the day they complete the

questionnaire. Besides asked about type of exercises, they also will be asked about the

frequency of these exercises.

3.5.4. Data analysis strategy

Data entry and data analysis was performed by using SPSS 16.0. Qualitative

variables would be summarized by frequency, proportion and tested by chi-square test.

Quantitative variables would be described by mean, standard deviation and t test, if

necessary. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.



3.6. Ethic issues

This study was approved by Expert Committee of Oncology Hospital. Only

patients who were willing to participant in and signed in the informed consent were

included in the study. Before interviewing, patients were always informed about the

purposes of the study. After the interview if patients had the needs of consulting of

exercises practicing, investigators always instructed and guided patients. In addition,

all data related to patients would be coded and only used for studying purposes.



3.7. Chapter summary

The present study is designed as a cross-sectional study in which interviewing of

all survivors after breast cancer visit the Oncology Hospital from January to February

2014 is performed. A Health Belief Model is applied to investigate the perceptions and

Met-score is used to evaluate exercises performance of patients. A questionnaire with

40



five sections including socio-demographic characteristics, general health information,

breast cancer treatment, perceptions of exercises, prevalence exercises performance is

designed to serve face-to-face interviewing toward all of patients. Commercial SPSS

v16 package is utilized for data analysis and all ethic issues are also considered

carefully.



41



Chapter 4. Results

4.1. Introduction

This chapter discussed about all findings in this study. The first part displayed the

findings relater to demographic characteristic of participants. The second part showed

tables with general health information of breast cancer survivors. Breast cancer

treatment information was performed in the next part. The fourth part displayed the

finding involving perception about breast cancer and exercise performance. Following

the perceptions was three parts displaying prevalence of exercise performance of

survivor at three different intervals after breast cancer surgery. The relationships

between perceptions and background profile of patients were included as well. This

chapter also mentioned on the relationships between exercise performance and other

study factors. Finally, a summary of this chapter was present so that the readers had a

clear picture about what achieved in this study.



4.2. Demographic characteristic of breast cancer survivors

The mean age of survivors was 52.75 ± 10.60 with the range varied from 27 to 80

years of age. A great portion of participants had the level of education as secondary to

high school (63.64%). The average mean of family income of survivors was 4.15 ±

3.71 million dong. More than ninety percent of respondents got married, and most of

them were housekeepers, manual labour and white collar workers (44.6%, 20.66%,

and 17.36%, respectively) (Table 1).



42



Table 2. Demographic characteristics of breast cancer survivors (n=121)

Variable

Frequency

Percent (%)

Age [mean ± sd(range)] (years)

52.75 ± 10.60 (27-80)

Education

Illiterature

5

4.13

Elementary school

24

19.83

Secondary school

46

38.02

High school

31

25.62

Graduate/college

13

10.74

Postgraduate

2

1.65

*

Family Income [mean ± SD(range)] (million dong)

4.15 ± 3.71 (1-20)

Marital status

Married/Living with partner

113

93.39

Single/divorced

8

6.61

Occupation

White collar workers

21

17.36

Blue collar workers

6

4.96

Housekeepers

54

44.63

Manual labour

25

20.66

Business

9

7.44

Unemployed/retired

6

4.96

*: n = 104: the number of participants answered the question



4.3. General health information

From the weight and the height of all participants, the BMI index was calculated

with the mean BMI was 22.77 ± 2.81. A great deal of patients had post-menopause

(75.21%). There were 34.71% of participants suffered chronic diseases such as

hypertension and cardiovascular diseases and 11.57% lived with diabetes for years. It

is noted that 17.36% patients had relatives acquiring breast cancer. The number of

patients who smoked cigarette and consumed alcohol was low (Table 2).



Table 3. General health information of survivors (n=121)

Variable

Weight [mean ± SD (range)] (kg)

Height [mean ± SD (range)] (m)

BMI [mean ± SD (range)] (kg/m2)

Menopause status

Not yet

Pre-menopause

Post-menopause



Frequency

Percent (%)

54.53 ± 7.49 (40-76)

1.55 ± 0.06 (1.4- 1.8)

22.77 ± 2.81 (17.1-31.63)

22

8

91

43



18.18

6.61

75.21



Comorbidities

Diabetes mellitus

Immune diseases

Kidney failure

Other chronic diseases

Family history of breast cancer



14

3

4

42

21



11.57

2.48

3.31

34.71

17.36



Cigarret smoking



1



0.83



Alcohol consumption



3



2.48



4.4. Breast cancer treatment information

It is estimated that 88.43% patients had received chemotherapy, 60.33% had

radiotherapy treatment, and 52.07% was prescribed with Tamoxifen during treatment

of breast cancer. Mastectomy was done in 93.39%, while only 6.61% had conservation

treatment. The mean survival time was 30.23 ± 35.49 and 16.53% cases had

recurrence of breast cancer (Table 3).



44



Tài liệu bạn tìm kiếm đã sẵn sàng tải về

Table 1. The results of reliability analysis

Tải bản đầy đủ ngay(0 tr)

×