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2 Amorphous Polymers: Phenomenological and Molecular Aspects

2 Amorphous Polymers: Phenomenological and Molecular Aspects

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Polymer Spectroscopy

Edited by



ALLAN H. FAWCETT

The Queens University of Belfast,

Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK



JOHN WILEY & SONS

Chichester • New York • Brisbane • Toronto • Singapore



Copyright © 1996 by John Wiley & Sons Ltd,

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West Sussex PO19 IUD, England

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International



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A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

ISBNO 471960292

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LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS



Gordon G. Cameron

Department of Chemistry, University of Aberdeen, Meeston Walk, Old Aberdeen

AB92UE, Scotland, UK

Michelle Carey

Department of Chemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine,

South Kensington, London SWl'2AY, UK

Trudy G. Carswell

Chemistry Department, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia

Francesco Ciardelli

Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, Universita of Pisa, Via

Risorgimento 35, 56126 Pisa, Italy

Iain G. Davidson

Department of Chemistry, University of Aberdeen, Meeston Walk, Old Aberdeen

AB9 2UE, Scotland, UK

Christine Duch

Chemistry Department, University of Wales, Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea

SA2 8PP, Wales, UK

Allan H. Fawcett

School of Chemistry, The Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast BT95AG, Northern Ireland, UK

Adriano Fissi, CNR

Institute of Biophysics, University of Pisa, Via Risorgimento 35,56126 Pisa, Italy

Jerome Fournier

Chemistry Department, University of Wales, Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea

SA2 8PP, Wales, UK

R. Wayne Garrett

Chemistry Department, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia

J. G. Hamilton

School of Chemistry, The Queens University of Belfast, Belfast BT95AG,

Northern Ireland, UK



Robin K. Harris

Department of Chemistry, University of Durham, Science Laboratories, South

Road, Durham DHl 3LE, UK

James R. Hayden

Chemistry Department, University of Wales, Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea

SA28PP,Wales,UK

Patrick J. Hendra

Department of Chemistry, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton

SO95NH, UK

Ian R. Herbert

Department of Chemistry, University of Durham, Science Laboratories, South

Road, Durham DHl 3LE, UK

David J. T. Hill

Chemistry Department, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia

Oliver W. Howarth

Centre for Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Department of Chemistry, University of

Warwick, Coventry CV4IAL, UK

Roger N. Ibbett

Department of Chemistry, University of Durham, Science Laboratories, South

Road, Durham DHl 3LE, UK

Jack L. Koenig

Department of Macromolecular Science, Case Western Reserve University, 10900

Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106-7202, USA



W.F.Maddams,

Department of Chemistry, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton

SO95NH,UK

James H. O'Donnell

Chemistry Department, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia

(Deceased)

David Phillips

Department of Chemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine,

South Kensington, London SW72AY, UK

Osvaldo Pieroni

Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, and CNR, Institute of Biophysics,

Universita di Pisa, Via Risorgimemto 35, 56126 Pisa, Italy

Peter J. Pomery

Chemistry Department, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia



Adrian R. Rennie

Polymers and Colloids Group, Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge,

Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 OHE, UK

R. W. Richards

Department of Chemistry, University of Durham, Durham DHl 3LE, UK

J. J. Rooney

School of Chemistry, The Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast BT9 5AG,

Northern Ireland, UK



H.W.Spiess

Max-Planck-Institute

Germany



fur Polymerforschung, Postfach 3148, D-55021 Mainz,



Alan E. Tonelli

Fiber and Polymer Science Program, College of Textiles, North Carolina State

University, PO Box 8301, Raleigh, NC 27695-8301, USA

Graham Williams

Chemistry Department, University of Wales, Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea

SA2 8PP, Wales, UK

Mark A. Whiskens

Department of Chemistry, University of Durham, Science Laboratories, South

Road, Durham DHl 3LE, UK

Catherine L. Winzor

Chemistry of Department University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia

Robert J. Young

Manchester Materials Science Centre, University of Manchester, Grosvenor

Street, Manchester Ml 7HS, UK



Index

Index terms



Links



A

AB quartet



18



acrylonitrile-furan copolymers



27



adsorbtion



242



afine deformation



183



aggregation



355



alignment (Homeotropic, planar)



282



alkylcyanobiphenyl



282



alpha (shift) effect



339



9



56



alpha (greek) process



277



alpha helix



355



amorphous polymers



276



332



anisotropies



173



235



APT (attached proton test)



11



autocorrelation function



278



azobenzene groups



351



B

Bernoullian statistics

beta (shift) effect



21

9



beta (greek) process



277



biaxial orientation



176



blends



245



57



340



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391



392



Index terms



Links



C

catalysts



33



C– –C(triple) stretch



214



CD Circular dichroism



350



chain transfer



32



charge-transfer complex participation



22



chiral macromolecules

chemical shift

chemical shift image

cis double bonds



347

2

157



159



36



Cobalt-60 gamma irradiation



263



Cole-Cole plot



290



composites



159



conformation



55



conformational data



97



conformational transitions



352



correlation times



235



COSY



221



221



84



coupling constant

cross polarization Robin



7



111



135



crosslinked systems



12



Cryogenic trapping



270



crystalline polymers



280



261



D

deformation



203



degradation



253



263



11



73



DEPT Assignment technique



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393



Index terms



Links



desorption



165



diacetylene monomers



204



dichroic difference



187



dichroic ratio



180



dielectric constant/permittivity



258



dielectric relaxation modes



279



Dielectric Relaxation Spectroscopy (DRS)



275



dienes as monomers



287



25



diffusion



162



167



diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A (DGEBA)



121



288



domain size



125



146



double bond dyada, triads

dynamic dichroic



38

192



E

elastomers



197



electroactive



282



electron spin resonance (esr)



231



electrooptical



282



enantiomer copolymerization



41



ethylene glycol dimethacrylate



254



ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers

excimer



253



88

374



F

Fourier transform (NMR)

Fourier transform vibration spectroscopy

fractal



8

173



257



15



free radical



231



255



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315



394



Index terms

fumarate-vinyl acetate copolymer

furan-acrylonitrile copolymers



Links

245

27



G

g value (esr)

gamma gauche effect



235



255



57



64



97



gamma rays



263



gamma relaxation



280



gels



259



311



332



glass transition temperature



142



165



240



Goldman-Shen pulse sequence



126



H

helix content



354



367



I

imaging (NMR)

INEPT assignment technique



151

72



inhomogeneities



151



interfacial



224



interferometer



177



IR



173



isotope enrichment (D)



257



30



K

Karplus



111



Kerr Constant



280



Kevlar



204



Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts



277



207



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395



Index terms



Links



L

lamellar morphology

Lewis acid effect



125

29



light scattering



297



linear response theory



278



liquid crystalline polymers



145



282



loss (dielectric)



275



283



luminescence



369



M

Magic-angle Spinning (MAS) NMR

Markov statistics



92

144

359



meso dyads



18



metallacarbenes



35



methacrylate radical



260



methylmethacrylate



254



41



8



18



55



97



molecular anisotropy



173



molecular size



331



morphology



136



Motion (of polymer)



231



Motionally-narrowed



239



multidimensional NMR



135



N

natural rubber



138



21



merocyanine



microstructure



119



161



198



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32



396



Index terms



Links



near lR



257



neutron scattering



325



nitroxide



232



NMR



7



117



135



160



281



27



103



151

NOESY NMR assignment



87



Norris-Tromsdorf region



257



nylon



128



O

optical activity



347



orientation



173



P

permittivity(dielectric)



275



phase separating mixtures



305



photophysics



369



pixel



165



poly(acrylonitrile)



19



poly(alpha amino acids)



351



poly(alpha methyl styrene)



265



poly(bisphenylurethane-2,4-hexadiyne-1,6-diol)



205



poly(butadiene)



27



poly(but-l-ene sulphone)



16



poly(isobutylene)



199



polycarbonate



167



poly(diacetylene) single crystal fibre



205



poly(dimethyl siloxane)



161



poly(2,6-dimethyl-l,4-phenylene oxide)



196



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21



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