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3 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPROVING STATE’S REGULATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF VIETNAM’S AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY FOR THE PERIOD 2011 – 2020

3 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPROVING STATE’S REGULATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF VIETNAM’S AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY FOR THE PERIOD 2011 – 2020

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For automobile manufacture and assembly companies: giving priority to

investors who invest in manufacturing accessories, car styles satisfying

following conditions: consistent to market conditions of Vietnam, with

good quality and environment-friendly.

For awareness: Being aware that cars with less than 09 seats (high-class

cars) are not luxury goods. It is a motive power for the development of the

nation. It is essential to promulgate proper tax policies to promote the

development of domestic automobile industry as well as lowering the

prices.

For technology: giving priority to investors who invest in high technology,

have many different brand name cars. Proposing technical regulations for

manufacturing cars, especially regulations for emission for which Euro III

or Euro IV can be applied.

For businesses: an equality policy for all forms of business who take part

in Vietnam’s automobile industry is essential.



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37



CONCLUSIONS

Based on the analysis of the current status of Vietnam Automobile Industry

and development orientation for the period of 2011-2020, it can generally

be concluded that:

- Vietnam Automobile Industry is underdeveloped in comparison with other

countries in Asian region. Main reason for that are the poor economy (lowincome nation) and other reasons such as backward technology,

underdeveloped infrastructure and tough competition with imported

goods….

- However, the automobile industry has considerable contribution to

development of the economy, the society as well as establishing a new

industry in Vietnam (i.e. the automobile industry).

- Although the government has desired to attract investment and to develop

the automobile industry, proposed policies/strategies which were not based

on a firm scientific and practical base have not supported the automobile

industry.

- Currently, Vietnam’s automobile industry is still a young industry. This

industry requires big investment, long capital return, high technology.

Vietnam’s automobile industry has experienced a difficult stage for past

few years due to no clear orientation from the government.

- Development trend of Vietnam’s automobile industry in the period of

2011-2020 is car assembly-export for joint venture companies and car

assembly-auxiliary outsourcing for domestic enterprises.



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38



ANNEX

Table 2.1



Establishment of car assembly joint venture companies in Vietnam



No (1) Name

(1)Investment

.

(2) No., date of capital

issue

(2) Legal capital



Projected

capacity



(2)Capital

contribution ratio of

Vietnamese member



(3) Location

1



(1)

Mekong (1) 60,000,000

auto company

(2) 20,000,000

(2)

208/GP,

26/6/1991



(1) Member of Joint Remark

venture



10,000

cars/year



(3) Dong Anh

district, Hanoi



(1)



Started

- Seilo machinary production

from

Co., Ltd. (Japan)

1992.

- Sea Young Intl’Inc.

Ltd. (Korea)

- Co Loa mechanical

factory (Vietnam)



HCMC



- Sakyno

(Vietnam)



factory



(2) 30%

2



(1)Vietnam

Motors

Corporation

(VMC)



(1)

31,150,000



10,900

cars/year



(2)



(2)

228/GP, 10,000,000

19/8/1991



(1)



Started

- Columbia Motor production

from

Corp. (Philippine)

1992.

- Imex Pan Pacific

(Philippine)

- Hoa Binh auto

factory (Vietnam)



(3) Hanoi



-Trancimex (Vietnam)

(2) 30%

3



(1)

Vietnam- (1)

GM

Daewoo 32,229,000

Company

(2)

(VIDAMCO)

(2)

744/GP, 10,000,000

11/12/1993



10,000

cars/year



(1) Vina Star (1)

Motors

50,000,000

Corporation

(2)

(2)

847/GP,

16,000,000

23/4/1994



Started

- Daewoo Motor production

from

Corp. (Korea)

1996.

- Z798 auto factory

(Vietnam)

(2) 35%



(3) Hanoi

4



(1)



9,600

cars/year



39



(1)



Started

production

- Proton (Malaysia)

from

- Mitsubishi Corp. 1995.

(Japan)



8



(3) Song

province



Be



- Mitsubishi Motor

Corp. (Japan)

Viettrancimex

(Vietnam)

(2) 25%



5



(1) Mercedes (1)

11,000

Benz Vietnam

cars/year

70,000,000

(2)

1205/GP, First contribution:

14/04/1995

40,000,000



Daimler-Benz

Vietnam



(3)



(2)



Investment Singapore

Pte. Ltd. (Singapore)



- HCMC



15,000,000



Samco (Vietnam)



- Dong Anh

district, Hanoi

6



(1)



(1)

Daihatsu (1)

Vietindo

10,000,000

(Vindaco)

(2)

(2)

1260/GP,

8,485,000

14/4/1995



1/5 motor

(Vietnam)

3,600

cars/year



(1)

Astra

(Indonesia)

Mistra

(Indonesia)



(3) Soc Son,

Hanoi



Started

production

from

1996.



factory



Started

Inter production

from

1996.

Corp.



- 19/8 motor factory

(Vietnam)

(2) 34%



7



(1)

Suzuki (1)

Vietnam

20,957,000

(2)

1212/GP, (2) 7,740,000

22/4/1995



12,400

cars/year



9



(1)

Ford (1)

Vietnam Ltd.

102,000,000

(2)

1365/GP, (2)

5/9/1995

72,000,000

(3) Hai Duong



- Vikyno (Vietnam)

(2) 30%

20,000

cars/year



Tuy



(1)

- Ford Motor (USA)



In

operation



- Song Cong Diesel

Company (Vietnam)

(2) 25%



(1)

Chrysler (1)

17,000

Vietnam Ltd.

cars/year

199,000,000

(2)

366/GP, First contribution:

5/9/1995

99,500,000

(3)



In

- Suzuki motor Corp. operation

(Japan)

- Nissho Iwai Co.,

Ltd. (Japan)



(3) Bien Hoa

city, Dong Nai

province

8



(1)



Ha,



(1)



withdrew



- Chrysler Inter Corp.

(USA)

- Vinapro (Vietnam)



8

40



Dong Nai



(2)



(2) 30%



30,000,000

10



(1)

Toyota (1)

Vietnam

89, 609, 490

(2)

1367/GP, (2)

5/9/1995

42,140,000

(3) Me Linh,

Vinh Phuc



20,000

cars/year



(1)



Started

- Toyota Motor Corp. production

from

(Japan)

1996.

- Kuo (Asia) Pte. Ltd.

(Singapore)

- Vietnam engine

agricultural

machinery

corporation (VEAM)

(Vietnam)

(2) 20%



11



(1)

Isuzu (1)

Vietnam

50,000,000

(2) 16/GPĐT, (2)

19/10/1995

15,000,000

(3) HCMC



23,600

cars/year



(1)

- Isuzu Corp. (Japan)



In

operation



- Itchu Corp. (Japan)

- Samco (Vietnam)

- Govimex (Vietnam)

(2) 30%



12



(1)

Vietnam- (1)

Singapore

16,376,000

motor industrial

(2)

co.



2,200

cars/year



(1)

Motors

Vietnam



Hino (1)

17,000,000



withdrew



- Sin Bus Engineering

Pte. Ltd. (Singapore)

Trancimex

(Vietnam)



(2)

1500/GP,

16/2/1996

13



(1)



1,760

cars/year



(2)

(2)

1599/GP,

4,983,000

18/6/1996



(1)



In

- Hino Motor Ltd. operation

(Japan)

- Sumitomo

(Japan)



(3) Thanh Tri,

Hanoi



Corp.



- Automobile repair

factory

No.

1

(Vietnam)

(2) 33%



14



(1)

Nissan (1)

TCM Vietnam 17,000,000

Co., Ltd.

(2)

(2)

188/GP,

4,983,000

30/9/1996



3,600

cars/year



(3) Da Nang



8

41



Source: Ministry of Planning and Investment



8

42



ANNEX 2



Comparative automobile tariff cuts – WTO, CEPT1 and VN-Japan FTA

CEPT

WTO

(for vehicles from 1 – 30 seaters)

Applied

(2008)



Bound

(%)



schedule



2007 - 2012



2013



2014



2015



2016



2017



2018



60%



50%



35%



20%



10%



0%



VN-Japan FTA



83%2

CBU (less than 9 seater) :

- engine from 1000cc to

2500cc

- engine more than 2500cc

- SUV more than 4000cc



83



70



2014



83



52



2019



83



47



2017



Part by part (automobile):

- gear box;



15



15



- engine/engine parts;



25



Unbound



- bolt, nut;



5



Unbound



5%



1



Japan embassy

in Hanoi



10-20% within

10years3;

3-20% within 10

– 15 years;

5% within 5

years;



0% within 10

years4;

0% within 1015 years;

0% within 5-10

years;



10% within 10 –

15 years



0% within 1015 years



2008 - 2013

2014



- brakes:

-bracket assy:

-support assy brake

pedal:

-tube brake:



Japan’s MoFA



25

10

20



2012



3



Common Effective Preferential Tariff/ ASEAN Free Trade Area

Vietnam Ministry of Finance is considering to lower the scheduled 83% tariff on imported CBU vehicles to 81% in 2009 according to classified news of VAMA.

3

since the date of the FTA enters into force according to Japan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs ( Mr Sayuri Fujita got the information from communication with Japan’s MoFA)

4

since the date of the FTA enters into force according to Ms Yoko Yamoto, an official of the Japan’s MoFA working in the Japanese Embassy in Hanoi.

2



REFERENCES

1. E-newspaper of industry and trade

“Journey” of automobile industry? October, 2010

2. Government

Decision No.175/2002/QD-TTg of December 03, 2002 approving the

strategy on development of Vietnam's automobile industry till 2010 and

the vision till 2020. Hanoi, 2002

3. VAMA

Report on production and trade status of VAMA’s members in 2010

4. Tran Thi Bich Huong

Vietnam’s automobile industry- Current status and solutions to speed up

the development. University of Economics and Foreign Trade. Hanoi,

2003

5. Saga.vn

Valuable lessons for Vietnam’s Automobile Industry. 2010

6. Saga.vn

Current status and solutions to develop Vietnam’s Automobile Industry.

2010

7. vnexpress.net

China: Car Capital of the world? May, 2009

8. Website: Google.com.vn

9. WTO

10. AFTA



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