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III. POTENTIAL GENERATION ON BILAYER MEMBRANES CONTAINING CHLOROPHYLL

III. POTENTIAL GENERATION ON BILAYER MEMBRANES CONTAINING CHLOROPHYLL

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362

Palladium

dissolution, according to Rand and

Woods, 206-207

and oxide film growth, 205

Palladium oxide, work of El Wakkad

and El Din, 206

Path of electron transport chain, 136

Peak potentials, and pH, for manganese

films, 237

Peerce and Bard, potential sweeping,

184

Permeability, of bilayer membranes, 148

Perram, and the gel layer for the

oxide-solution interface, 189

Peter

and model for photoelectrochemistry,

51

and surface recombination, 49

pH dependence of oxide electrodes,

178

Phase diagram for mercury-sodium, 271

Phospholipid vessicles, 140

Photoelectrochemical cells

chemical engineering description, 69

economics, 198

model of Khan and Bockris, 52

Phototransfer of protons and electrons,

in bilayer membranes, 152

Pits and scratches, and Westwater, 305

Plastoquinones, 151

Platinum

and hydrous films, 203

and hydrous oxide growth, 195

and monolayer oxidation, 190

monolayers on, 194

oxide formation, and Conway and coworkers, 195

and potentiodynamic sweep, 193

Plesset and Zewick, and initial stage of

bubble growth, 306

Polarization curves

for amalgam electrodes, 273

in current efficiency, 264

on ruthenium oxide, 267

Polarization parameters, and current distribution, 330

Porous diaphragms, chemical engineering aspects of, 277



Index

Porphyrin rings, and membranes, 138

Potential

absolute, 9

of the normal hydrogen electrode,

11

cycling, and oxide layers, 213

distribution, at the semiconductorsolution interface, 13

of membrane, 114

sweep methods, and Laviron, 184

Potential sweep techniques, applied to

ruthenium, 228

Potentiodynamic sweep, for platinum oxides, 192

Prager, and entropy principles applied to

the suspension of solid particles, 321

Protein matrix, and transport of protons

through membranes, 154

Proton transfer, in biological membranes, hypothesis for mechanism

of, 153

Proton transport, in bilayers, 157

Protons, in membranes, 142

Q traps, work of Robertson and Boardman, 152

Rajeshwar

and charge transfer pathway, 57

and surface recombination, 49

Raleigh

equation, 325

and heterogeneous conductivity, 320

original expression for bubbles, 306

theoretical work on conductivity ratios

of cubic arrangements, 325

Rand and Woods

and oxide coverages on palladium,

207

and palladium dissolution, 205

work on irridium, 213

Rate expression, for electron transfer, at

illuminated surfaces, 37

Recombination

kinetics, McCann and Haneman, 53

and semiconductors, McCann, 90

and space charge region, 51



Index



363



Redox components, including chloSchottky barrier, 14

rophyll, 138

application to irradiated surfaces, 42

Redox couples, energy level discussion, 23 Schwartz-Christoffel transformations,

Redox potential

93

and chlorophyll, 138

Scriven, and bubble growth, 306

and energy level in solution, 4

Semiconductors

measurement of, 6

and the Gartner equation, 88

theory of, 1

in mitochondrial respiratory chain, 117

transport base description, 70

and potential drop at the

Semiconductor-electrolyte interface, 2,

semiconductor-solution interface, 16

78

Redox properties, of metal oxides, 176

Semiconductor-solution interface

Reichman, and Mott-Schottky treatment,

and Helmholtz layer, 21

52

and original contributions of Green,

Reichman and Bard, and proton diffu23

sion coefficients for hydrated tungpotential difference at, 13

stic oxide layers, 187

Shibata, and period rate interruption,

Reiss

199

and absolute potential, 12

Shockley and Read, and space charge

and surface recombination, 88

recombination, 53

Respiratory chain

Sides, work on bubbles, 304

elements of, 116

Sides and Tobias, on bubbles, 333, 346

and membrane lipids, 119

and cyclic mechanism of oxygen bubRhodium

ble growth, 310

films, 224

observations of coalescence in bubhydrous oxide growth on, 224

bles, 344

Rhodium-platinum alloys, work of

on scavenging, 311

Burke and O'Sullivan, 226

Silly, review on energetics, 137

Roald and Beck, and magnesium dissoluSokolov

tion, control by transport, 343

and lipid hydropyroxides, 131

Rohrengel and Schulze, work on growth

and protons in membranes, 127

of oxide layers, 211

Sokolov and Shipunov, and transmemRoss, and fine structure in the initial

brane potentials, 123

stage of surface oxidation, 195

Solid particles, as treated by minimumRuthenium

entropy principles, 320

oxide

Space charge recombination, Albery's

coatings and electrocatalytic effects,

approach, 53

267

Space charge region, and recombination,

and polarization curves, 267

51

work of Burke and Mulcahy, 227

Spheres of equal size

and Maxwell, 319

Salvador, and model determination of

random arrangement, 323

diffusion length, 45

Sunlight, absorption at semiconductors,

Saveant, and linear potential sweep

64

methods, 186

Surface charge, and semiconductors, in

Scherson and Kolb, and peaks on noble

respect to surface states, 19

metals, 241

Surface gas bubbles and membranes,

Schlotter and Pickelmann, experiments

292

on active oxides, 238



364

Surface recombination

and charge transfer, 45

and Memming, 50

Peter's work, 50

Rajeshwar's work, 50

Surface states

effect on Mott-Schottky plot, 23

foundational discussion by Green, 23

Tafel slopes, 239

Thermodynamics, and oxide electrodes,

177

Thin film photovoltaics, and Mitchell,

92

Tobias, and bubbles at electrodes, 325

Transmembrane potential

and BLM conductance, 132

in the chain NADH-coenzyme Q-O2,

122

and concentration ratios of redox

couple, 141

model for, 128

and NADP, 123

and proton concentration gradient, 143

Transport processes in hydrous oxide

films, 182

Transport theory, application to semiconductors, 71

Trasatti

and the absolute potential, 9, 12

and gel models and interfaces, 189

Tungsten electrodes, oxide films

thereon, 238

Turner, indication of a physical absurdity, 320

Ubiquinone

and bilayer membranes, 152

in respiratory chain, 118

Uosaki and Kita, work on photoelectrochemistry, 20

Venczel, and physics of gas evolution,

316



Index

Vetter and Berndt

oxides on gold, 208

platinum oxide formation, 195

Vetter and Schultze, and platinum oxides, 197

Vibration-rotation levels, for electrode

reactions, 27

Visscher and Blijlevens, and limiting

coverage for platinum oxides, 198

Visscher and Devanathan, and diffusion

of metal into films, 197

Vogt, and macroscopic current distribution, 318

Void fraction, in porous diaphragms,

280

Voltammograms

for cycling ruthenium-platinum electrodes, 228

for gold, 208

for hydrous oxides on irndium



Water transport across membranes, 294

Weaver, and photoelectrochemical cells,

97

White, a general method for treating

boundary conditions, 90

Wide gap semiconductors, and electrochemical theory, 44

Williams

and the localized proton hypothesis,

162

theory of localized proton transfer,

161

Wilson's model for photoelectrochemistry, 46, 48

Winograd, and XPS for lonidization of

platinum, 201

Wright and Hunter, and Grahame model

applied to colloids, 189



Yaguzhinsky, and transmembrane potentials, 122



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