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Exercise 2 (p. 31) situated: located

Exercise 2 (p. 31) situated: located

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Suggested Answers Section



Exercise 2 (p. 34)



Exercise 6 (p. 31)

Boiling h o t days, freezin g cold nig hts

The Sah ara D esert is situ a te d in North A fric a and it

covers nine m illion square kilo m etres. It is th e largest

desert in th e w o rld . In fa c t, it is th e sam e size as th e



Description - w h a t th e p latypus looks like

H a b ita t-w h e re it lives

Reproduction - h o w p latypuses reproduce

Characteristics - w h a t it is like

D / e f- w h a t it eats



U SA.



Senses - w h ic h senses are developed

The Sah ara



is a desert w ith



b eautiful geographical



fe atu res, rich w ild life and som e p lant life. T here are

rocks, som e underground rivers, sand dunes, flat areas

o f sand and high m o un tain s. The rich w ild life o f the

Sahara includes foxes, hedg eho gs, ostriches, o w ls, frogs,

crocodiles, lizards and cobras. There are also ab o u t

1 ,2 0 0 species o f plants th a t can live in th e h ot and dry

co nditio ns o f th e d esert such as grasses and cacti.



Exercise 4 (p. 34)

shut: closed

underwater: u nder th e su rfa ce o f th e w a te r

cheeks: th e sides o f th e face b e lo w th e eyes

poison: a su b stan ce th a t can m ake people and



anim als



ill or kill th em



The population o f th e Sahara D esert is 2 .5 m illion. The



waterproof: not allo w in g w a te r to go th ro u g h

species: a group o f an im als or plants w ith



living co nditio ns th ere are quite difficult. People live



ch a ra cte ristics



th e sam e



around oases - th ese are places w h e re w a te r breaks

th ro u g h th e su rface - and get th e ir food from th e cam el

caravan s w h ich



tran sp o rt it across th e



Module 3: For dear life



desert. The



w e a th e r co nditio ns in th e Sahara are extre m e ; th e re is

very little rainfall and th e te m p eratu re can reach 5 0 °C



U n it 5a



during th e day, but in th e nig ht it can drop to 1B °C .



Exercise 4 (p. 36)

T h e h urrican e hit a t aro und 6 am in th e m o rn in g . The



G ra m m a r in Use



sound o f th e ho w lin g w in d w a s te rrifyin g . I looked o ut



Exercise 4 (p. 33)



th e w in d o w and sa w th e trees in th e garden sw ayin g



T h e lion is m ore dangerou s th an th e cam el.



w ildly. T h e ro o f o f o ur neighb o ur's house w a s destroyed



T he cam el is sm aller th an th e g iraffe.



and



T he cam el is bigger th an th e tiger.



p arents sho u ted a t me to g et o u t o f m y room and after



T he lion is as d ang ero u s as th e tiger.



cars w e re



being



b lo w n



along



th e



stre e t.



My



I le ft, a big tre e fell o nto th e roof. I ran d o w n sta irs and

w e g o t o u t o f th e house ju s t in tim e . People w ere

afra id and w e re leaving th e ir houses as fa s t as th ey



Exercise 5 (p. 33)



co u ld . A lo t o f peop le w e re running d o w n th e street



1



th e biggest



5



th e deepest



2



is b etter



6



larger th an



3



is longer



7



is sm aller th an



It had been raining h eavily fo r tw o days and th e local



4



m uch h ig her th an



8



as w arm as



river w a s a t a d ang ero u s level. T h e police w arn e d



scream in g an d som e had been badly injured.



everyo ne th a t th ere could be a flood and told us to be



Exercise 6b (p. 33)



ready to leave th e house if necessary. T h a t n ig h t, th ere



The bald eagle lives near rivers and large lakes. It has



w a s a te rrib le sto rm and m uch m ore rain fell. In th e



7 ,0 0 0 fe ath e rs and eats m o stly fish. The fe m ale is



m iddle o f th e n ig h t, w e heard th e sound o f rushing



bigger th an th e m ale and sits on th e eggs fo r one to



w a te r and w h e n w e w e n t d o w n sta irs w e could see



one and a h a lf m o n th s. T h e n est w e ig h s ab o u t 1 to n .



dirty, m ud d y w a te r flo w in g into th e house. W e grabbed



T h e bald eagle can fly a t 50 km/h and can travel ab o u t



o u r co ats and ran o u t into th e stre e t. T h e stre e t w a s



7 7 0 km in a single day.



like a river. A ll th e h ouses on o ur stre e t w e re flooded



R eader's C o rn e r



w a y to hig her gro und. T h e y w e re all sho cked and upset



and all th e o th er residents w e re trying to m ake th eir



Exercise 1 (p. 34)

... brow n fur, a sh o rt, flat ta il, a bill, w eb b e d fe e t, sh o rt



and



w o rrie d



about



th e ir



houses



and



belongings.



Eventually, w e go t to th e to p o f th e hill behind our

h ouse and stayed th e re until th e rain sto p ped.



legs and a fla t body.



101



Suggested Answers Section



U n it 5 b



Exercise 4a (p. 39)



Exercise 3a (p. 37)



Daniel and Ja ke w e re on th e ir w a y to visit som e friends



The story m ight be ab o u t a dog w h ich helped its ow ner.



in th e n ext to w n w h e n it sta rte d raining heavily. They

pulled over to w a it until th e rain sto p p ed . H ow ever,

th e y d id n 't realise th a t th e y had parked a t th e to p o f a



Exercise 3c (p. 37)



m ud dy hill. A t th e b o tto m o f th e hill th e re w a s a lake.



You could read th is te x t in a n ew sp aper.

A n o th e r title fo r th e te x t could be: "End al Saves th e

D a y ".



A s th e rain go t w o rse , th e car sta rte d to slip slo w ly

d o w n th e hill to w a rd s th e lake.

Daniel sta rte d honking th e horn and suddenly, a fire

engin e app eared at th e to p o f th e hill. T h e fire fig h te rs



U n it 5d



lo w ered a rope and th e boys attach ed it to th e car.



Exercise 1a (p. 39)



T h e n , th e fire engine pulled th em to safety. It w a s a



I am going to w rite a story. I am w ritin g th e sto ry fo r a



lucky escape.



co m p etitio n .



Exercise 4b (p. 39)

Exercise 1b (p. 39)



1



You can have a lucky escape from a car/plane/bus/train

crash or from o th e r typ es o f accid e n ts.



Daniel and Ja ke are th e m ain ch a ra cte rs in th e

story. T h e y feel scared.



2



Driving



I w a s nearly run over by a car. I had a lucky escape



over/car



because m y m um pulled me b ack from th e road ju st in



horn/fire



tim e.



to



visit



sta rts



frien d s/starts

slipping



engine



down



raining/they

hill/Daniel



ap p ears/firefig hters



let



pull

honk

dow n



rope/fire engine pulls th e car up

3



Exercise 2a (p. 39)



T h e clim a x eve n t is w h e n th e car sta rts to slip

d o w n th e hill.



It is a b o u t som e people w h o go to th e co u n trysid e.



4



T h e boys are saved by th e fire fig h te rs.



T h e n , th ere is a sto rm and th e y ta k e sh e lte r u nd er som e



5



It w a s a 'lu cky escap e' b ecause th e car and th e



tre es. Ju st a fte r th e y leave to go b ack to th e ir car, th e



boys nearly ended up in th e lake. T h e y could have



trees are stru ck by lightn ing .



d ro w n ed but th e y w e re saved a t th e last m inu te.



Exercise 2b (p. 39)



E x e rc is e 5 (p . 39)



A fam ily decided to go fo r a picnic and a w a lk in th e



A Lu cky Escape



co u n trysid e. Suddenly, a sto rm began and th e fam ily



It w a s a b rig h t, su n n y day as Daniel and Ja ke se t o ff to



to o k sh e lte r u nd er som e tre es. T h e y left to go back to



visit so m e frien d s in th e n ext to w n , w h ic h w a s ab o u t an



th e car and th e trees w e re stru ck by lig htn ing . W h e n



hour's drive aw ay. Daniel had ju s t b o u g h t a n e w car



th e y reached th e car, th e y realised th a t th ey had had a



and he w a n te d to s h o w it to his frien ds.



lucky escape.



A s th e y w e re driving alo ng , th e y noticed dark clouds

g atherin g and a fte r ab o u t a q u arte r o f an hour, heavy



Exercise 3a (p. 39)



rain sta rte d pouring d o w n so hard th a t Daniel could



Paragraph 1 sets th e scene.



h ardly see w h e re he w a s driving. He decided to pull



P aragraphs 2 and 3 develop th e story.



o ver until th e sto rm passed.



Paragraph 4 describes w h a t h ap p ens in th e end.

Daniel and Ja ke w e re sittin g in th e car, looking o u t at

th e rain w h e n sud d enly th e y fe lt th e car m oving. Jake



Exercise 3b (p. 39)

The



past simple



and th e



rolled d o w n th e w in d o w and looked o u t. T h e y w ere



past continuous



are used to



describe th e actio n s in th e sto ry and th e



simple



present



is used fo r th e dialogue.



The w o rd s used to link th e ideas and even ts are: and,



parked a t th e top o f a hill and the rain w a s flo w in g

d o w n th e hillside, tu rn in g it into a river o f m ud. The car

sta rte d to slip do w n th e hill! A t th e b o tto m o f th e hill,

th e re w a s a deep lake.



so, w h e n , th e n , w h ile

Daniel sta rte d honking th e horn to a ttra c t a tte n tio n .

S u ddenly a fire engine app eared at th e to p o f th e hill.

T h e fire fig h ters q u ickly realised w h a t w a s happening



102



Suggested Answers Section



and pulled o u t a long rope. T h e y th re w it d o w n to th e



Exercise



car. Ja ke ca u g h t it and tied it to th e car and th en th e



W h a t are cyclones?



fire eng in e pulled th e car slo w ly b ack up to th e to p o f



huge storm s/over A tla n tic and



th e hill. It w a s a lucky escape!



dam age



3b



(p. 42)

Pacific o ceans/cause



H ow are they form ed?



Grammar in Use



over w a rm w ate r/m o d e rate to strong w in d s/d ifferen ce



Exercise 1 (p. 40)



in atm o sp h eric pressure



T he lo nger actio n in each se n te n ce w a s:

1



w e re sleeping



4



w e re trying



2



w a s shakin g



5



w e re running



3



w a s m oving



W h a t are cyclones like?

w in d s and clouds tw is t aro un d th e eye/eye is calm /tw ist

c lo ck w ise or a n ti-clo ckw ise /w in d s b lo w up to 2 5 0 km

per h our/dam age buildings, trees and cars



Exercise 3 (p. 40)

2



W arnings



Daniel w a s having d in n e r



w hen



Em m a cam e in.



dang erou s/satellites and scien tists can w a rn people



W h ile Daniel w a s having dinner, Em m a cam e in.

3



Tim w a s playing th e violin



W hile



w hen



th e doorbell rang.



Tim w a s playing th e vio lin, th e doorbell



rang.

4



Liz w a s driving her car



W hile

5



w hen



Exercise 1 (p. 44)

Jo h n 's g o t a sto m ach ache.



she ran o u t o f fu el.



Liz w a s driving her car, she ran o u t o f fu el.



Ross w a s w o rk in g in th e garden



w hen



it sta rte d to



rain.



W hile



Unit 6a



Ja n e t's g o t a to o th a c h e .

Su san's g o t a te m p e ra tu re .

M aria's go t a co ugh.

Peter's go t (an) e arach e.



Ross w a s w o rk in g in th e gard en , it started



A le x has go t a sore th ro a t.



to rain.

6



S te w a rt w a s w a lk in g in th e park



w hen



a dog



atta ck e d him .



W hile



S te w a rt w a s w a lk in g in th e p ark, a dog



Exercise 4 (p. 44)

A : W h a t's th e m a tte r? You d o n 't look very w e ll.

B: No,



a tta c k e d him .



I'm



n ot. I've go t a te rrib ly sore th ro a t.



A : W h y d o n 't you buy som e th ro a t lozenges at th e

ch e m ist's?



Exercise 4 (p. 40)



B: W h e re is th e n earest ch e m ist's?

2



He cu t his fin g er w h ile he w a s slicing bread.



3



He w a s eatin g sw e e ts w h e n he broke his to o th .



4



He h u rt his back w h ile he w a s riding his bike.



5



He w a s skiing w h e n he broke his arm .



6



She b u rn t h er hand w h ile she w a s m aking an

o m ele tte .



7



She w a s jo gging w h e n she tw iste d her an kle.



A : It's d o w n th e stre e t, on th e rig ht-h an d side, n ext to

th e bakery.

B: T h a n k s.



Exercise 1 (p. 45)



Exercise 2 (p. 42)

in line 3 is a noun w h ile



damage



go rig ht now .



Unit 6b



Reader's Corner

Damage



I'll



2



A ch e m ist is a person w h o sells m ed icine.



3



An optician is a person w h o m akes and sells glasses.



4



A d o cto r is a person w h o exam in es people w h e n

th e y d o n 't feel w e ll.



in line 15 is a



verb.



5



A d e n tist is a person w h o checks people's te e th .



6



A surgeon is a person w h o o p erates on people.



O th e r exam ples include: hit, cau se, blow , calm .



Exercise 3a (p. 42)

para 1 - W h a t are cyclo nes?

para 2 - H o w are th ey fo rm ed ?



U n it 6d

Exercise 1 (p. 47)

I



am going to w rite an opinion essay.



para 3 - W h a t are cyclones like?

para 4 - W a rn in g s



103



Exercise 2a (p. 47)



6



If you d o n 't have an u m brella, I w ill lend you m ine.



I agree w ith th e sta te m e n t in th e rubric b ecause fast

food is full o f fa t and is u nh ealthy. It does not co ntain



Exercise 4 (p. 48)



an y fru it or veg etab les.



2

3



You m ust w a it in th e qu eu e.



Exercise 3 (p. 47)



4



You m ust be qu iet.



Introduce opinions: I strongly b e lie v e .../T h e w a y I see it ...

Introduce topic or supporting sentences: First o f a l l .. For



5



You m u stn 't eat or drink.



6



You m u stn 't feed th e an im als.



You m u stn 't drop litter.



e xa m p le .../In tu rn .../S e c o n d ly .../B e c a u s e o f th is .../ A s a

re s u lt.../F o r in s ta n c e .../In c o n c lu s io n ...



R e ad er's C o rn e r



Introduce an opposing view: On



Exercise 2a (p. 50)



th e o th e r hand



cho p ping boards - A



Exercise 4 (p. 47)

V ie w p o in ts



1



and



fire e xtin g u ish er - C

2



ag ree



w ith



th e



sta te m e n t.



V ie w p o in t 3 d isagrees w ith th e sta te m e n t.



ra w m eat - D

sharp knives - B

dairy prod ucts - F



Exercise 5 (p. 47)



salad - G



Do you exercise daily?



s p ill - E



M an y people do very little



exercise or none a t all. I stro n g ly believe th a t daily



Exercise



exercise is n ecessary fo r good h ealth .

First o f all, daily exercise is an e ffe ctiv e w a y to keep a

h ealthy w e ig h t. W h e n you exercise, your body burns

calories faster. A s a resu lt, you w o n 't put on extra

w e ig h t or you w ill lose th e e xtra w e ig h t th a t you

already have.



3



(p. 50)



The rules in th e questionnaire are im portant because they

m ake us think about th e w ays w e can cook m ore safely.

My score w a s high w hich m eans th a t my kitchen is safe.



Exercise 4 (p. 50)

You m ust w a sh chopping boards and knives a fte r you



Secondly, exercise can give you m ore energy.



M any



people w h o go to th e gym regularly say th a t th ey have

m ore energy after a tough w o rk o u t th an they did before.

This is because w h e n you exercise, it helps your heart and

lungs w o rk better and m akes you feel more lively.



cho p ra w fo o d.

You m u st w a sh yo u r hands a fte r you chop food.

You m ust have a fire e xtin g u ish er in yo u r kitch e n .

You m ust alw ay s p u t ra w m eat a t th e b o tto m o f th e

frid ge.



On th e o th e r h an d , exercise is n ot th e only w a y to keep



You m ust be careful w h e n you use sharp knives.



healthy. It is also im p o rta n t to e a t h ealthy fo o d . For



You m u stn 't fo rg et to p ut dairy p ro d ucts b ack in th e



in stan ce , if you e a t fru it and veg eta b les, you w ill sup ply



frid ge w h e n you are finished using th em .



yo u r body w ith all th e essential n u trien ts it needs.



You m ust w a sh fru it and salad w ell before you eat



In co n clu sio n , th e best w a y to keep yo u r body fit is to

exercise every day, even fo r a little w h ile . T h e w a y I see

it, if w e m ake som e tim e availab le each day to do a



th e m .

You m ust alw ay s dry th e flo o r o f th e kitch en q u ickly if

you spill so m e th in g .



little exercise, w e w ill lead m uch h ealth ie r lives.



G ra m m a r in Use

Exercise 2 (p. 48)



M odule 4: Go for it!

U n it 7a



2



If you d o n 't w e a r glasses, you w ill have tired eyes.



Exercise 1 b (p. 52)



3



If you d o n 't ta k e th e m ed icin e, th e infectio n w ill



fish: sardines, salm o n, cod, tro u t

dairy products: m ilk, ch eese,_yo g h u rt, b u tte r

seafood: shrim p s, lobster, o ysters, crab

vegetables:to m a to e s, p o tato e s, o nio ns, broccoli

meat: ste a k , b eef, c h ick e n , rabbit

drinks: tea, m ilk, o rang e ju ic e , C o k e , w a te r



get w o rse .

4



If you stay up late, you w ill m iss th e ap p o in tm e n t

to m o rro w .



5



If you e a t lots o f sw e e ts and crisps, you w ill p u t on

w e ig h t.



Suggested Answers Section



snacks: biscuits, crisps, cracke rs, ch o co late bar

fru it: m elo n, pineap p le, peach, o rang e



You w o u ld find a lam p on th e third floor.

You w o u ld find a pair o f san d als on th e first floor.

You w o u ld find a chess se t on th e fo u rth floor.



Exercise 4 (p. 52)



You w o u ld find a p lan t on th e fifth floor.



1



H o w can I help you



You w o u ld find co sm e tics on th e ground floor.



2



A n yth in g else to go w ith th a t



You w o u ld find a D iscm an on th e third floor.



3



Is th a t all



4



C o uld I have yo u r ad dress and te lep h o n e num ber,



U n it 7 d



please



Exercise 1 (p. 55)



5



It'll be th e re in ab o u t 2 0 m inutes



Exercise 5 (p. 52)



1



A n d y's friend



2



He w a n ts to k n o w ab o u t th e n e w shopping centre.



3



Sh op s, resta u ran ts, car parks, café s, etc.



A : W h a t are you going to have?

B: I'm not very hungry so I d o n 't th in k I'll have a starter.

A : I'm starvin g . I'm going to have a M exican salad to

sta rt and th en th e s w e e t and so ur ch icken .



Exercise 5 (p. 55)

2



The prices w e re q u ite expensive.



3



The shopping centre is really ugly.



B: I'm going to ord er th e sliced b e e f and p o tato e s.



4



The shop assistan ts w e re slo w and rude.



A : A n d w h a t ab o u t d e ssert? W e c a n 't m iss dessert!



5



T h e re w a s a tin y car park.



6



The shops w e re really em pty.



T h a t's th e best part.

B: W e ll, th e crepes sound g re at. I'll have th o se .

A : Y e a h , me to o .



U n it 7 b

Exercise 1 (p. 53)



Exercise



6a



(p. 55)



types o f goods: e lectrical



goods, clo th e s, accessories,



shoes



service: fa st, e fficie n t, p o lite, friendly

prices: ch e a p , reason able, special o ffer

facilities: resta u ran t, car p ark, café , cash



2



You can buy a sh irt and tie a t a bo utiq ue.



3



You can buy a cam era at an electrical shop.



4



You can buy flo w e rs a t a flo rist's.



5



You can buy m eat a t th e b u tcher's.



Exercise



6



You can buy bread a t th e baker's.



D ear Ja sm in e,



7



You can buy aspirin a t th e chem ist's.



It w a s g reat to h ear from yo u . I'm fin e but I've been



8



You can buy lobster a t th e fishm o ng er's.



doing lots o f shopping an d I am very tired .



9



You can buy o rang es at th e grocer's.



1



You can buy paper a t a bo okshop.



2



You can buy a pair o f tro users a t a b o utiq ue.



3



You can buy a m obile phone a t an electrical shop



4



You can buy a p lan t a t th e florist's.



5



You can buy chicken a t th e bu tcher's.



6



You can buy a cake a t th e baker's.



7



You can buy cough syrup a t th e chem ist's.



9



You can buy crab a t th e fishm o ng er's.



10



You can buy peaches a t th e grocer's.



6b (p .



m ach in e



55)



You m en tio ned th e



n e w d e p a rtm e n t store in your



em ail. It opened ju s t a fe w days ago and I decided to go

and have a look. It is really g re at. T h e re are e ig ht flo ors,

packed w ith all kinds o f goods. You can buy clothes,

sh o es, accessories, h ouseho ld goods, m ake-u p , toys

and gam es - basically an ything th a t you need. There is

a lovely café on th e to p flo o r w ith a fa n ta stic v ie w o f

th e city. The o utsid e is really nice to o , w ith lots o f

plants and trees.

T h e prices are quite low . A ctu ally, I fo un d lots o f th ing s

very cheap . I got tw o shirts fo r £ 3 0 and a pair o f shoes



U n it 7c



fo r £ 2 0 . M an y o f th e shops had special o ffers.



Exercise 1b (p. 54)



T here is one th in g , th o u g h , th a t I did not like very



You w o u ld find a handbag on th e second floor.

You w o u ld find a pair o f je a n s on th e first floor.

You w o u ld find a pair o f earrin g s on th e second floor.



m uch . Because it had ju s t o p en e d , th e sales assistan ts

did not seem to k n o w w h a t th e y w e re do ing, so th e y

w e re a bit slow .



You w o u ld find a m ug on th e fifth floor.



105



Suggested Answers Section



I



did not have tim e to visit all th e floors so I am



Exercise



3



(p.



58)



planning to go back ag ain . W h e n I go, I w ill call you so



1840/The. D uchess o f B ed ford/hungry a t 4 pm /asked for



th a t w e can go to g eth er. W h a t do you say?



te a ,



Talk to you so on ,



w o m e n w o re nice dresses, gloves and h ats/d rank tea



bread



and



cake/b ecam e



fash io n ab le



occasion/



and ate san d w ich e s, cakes and scones/average British



Yvo nn e



hom e



has



B la ke w ell's



G ra m m a r in Use



aftern o o n

Tea



tea/sm all



Room



cake



opened



in



or



biscuit/M rs



1912/aftern o on ,



te a/w id e selectio n o f te a s, cakes and sco nes



Exercise 2 (p. 56)



In 1 8 4 0 , th e D uchess o f Bedford used to get hun g ry at



a lo af o f bread



4 pm , so she asked fo r so m e te a and bread and butter.



a tin o f soup



T his becam e a fash io n ab le occasion and soon w o m e n



a p acke t o f biscuits



w e re



a ja r o f honey



w e a rin g



a ftern o o n



a carto n o f eggs/m ilk



s a n d w ic h e s,



a bo ttle o f m ilk



nice



te a .



dresses,



gloves



w o u ld



drink



They



cakes



and



sco nes.



and

tea



hats

and



N o w ad ays,



in



to

eat

the



average British hom e, a fte rn o o n te a is ju st a cup o f tea



a cup o f tea



and a sm all cake or b iscuit. M rs B la ke w ell's Tea Room



a bow l o f straw b erries/so u p etc



opened in 19 12 and th e y serve aftern o o n tea w ith a

w id e selectio n o f te a s, cakes and scones.



Exercise 6 (p. 57)

2



Denise is going to try e xo tic drinks.



3



Denise is going to visit open m arkets.



4



Denise is going to su n b ath e on b eau tiful beaches.



5



Denise is going to ta ste local food.



6



U n it 8 b

Exercise 2 (p. 61)

W e use a sh u ttle co ck fo r b ad m in to n .

W e use a hoop for basketball.



Denise is going to learn flam e n co dancing .



W e use a racke t fo r b ad m in to n and te n n is.



R eader's C o rn e r



W e use ska te s fo r ice-skatin g.



Exercise 1 (p. 58)



W e use goggles fo r sw im m in g and w a te r polo.

W e use a ball fo r tab le te n n is, b aske tb all, hockey, etc.



T h e picture sh o w s th e th in g s th a t w e w o u ld see on th e

ta b le during aftern o o n te a : a vase o f flo w e rs, a te a p o t,



W e use a b at fo r b aseball, ta b le te n n is and cricket.

W e use w e ig h ts fo r w e ig h t train in g .



a te acu p and sau cer and a plate w ith cakes on it.



Exercise



Exercise 2 (p. 58)



3 (p . 6 1 )



B: ... an u m b rella, it's n o t going to rain.

Sen te n ces 1 and 3 are false.



A : Y o u 're rig ht. B ut w e need to ta k e sw im m in g suits



It w a s A n n a , th e seventh D uchess o f B ed ford, w h o first

cam e up w ith th e idea o f aftern o o n te a .



B: Yes. B ut w e d o n 't need a m obile p hone, o ur parents



British people do have a fte rn o o n te a but it is n o t as

form al as it used to be.



interval: a break

fray: flat piece o f w o o d or m etal used to carry

gather: co m e to g e th e r

cucumber: long, th in veg eta b le, so m etim es



can call us on th e landline.

A : A n d w e d o n 't need a lot o f m oney b ecause th ere

a re n 't an y shops.



th ing s



B: I ag ree. B ut w e need to ta ke a cam era to ta ke lots

o f pictures.



used to



m ake san d w ich e s



pastries: sm all s w e e t cakes

poured: m ade a liquid flo w



fo r sw im m in g and playing in th e pool.



U n it 8c

from



one co n ta in e r to



Exercise



2 (p . 6 2 )



an o th e r



'E xcitin g ' can describe ad ve n tu re film s.



delicate: sm all and easily broken

likely: possible

wide selection: large variety

freshly-baked:ju st baked in th e o ven ,



'F rig h te n in g ' can describe h orror film s.

'R elaxin g ' can describe m usicals/ro m ance film s.

'D epressing' can describe dram as.

fresh



'D ra m a tic' can describe actio n film s.

'T h rillin g ' can describe w este rn s/scie n ce fiction etc.



106



Suggested Answers Section



Exercise 3a (p. 62)



I



A te x t ab o u t a trap e ze artist.



Yo u rs faith fu lly,



look fo rw ard to hearing from you.



Penelope Hill



U n it 8 d

G ra m m a r in Use



Exercise 1 (p. 63)

1



A letter.



Exercise 3 (p. 64)



2



A m em ber o f s ta ff a t th e activ ity centre.



staying up late,

eatin g boiled veg etab les,



Exercise 2 (p. 63)









choosing friends,



Its purpose is to ad vertise a special w e e k e n d rate



to going on holiday,



a t an activ ity centre.



fly a helicopter,



It includes th e centre's lo catio n , th e price and w h a t



w a tc h in g w e ste rn s.



it includes, w h o it is fo r and h o w to g et m ore



Exercise 5 (p. 64)



in fo rm atio n .





You w a n t to find o u t if bikes are p rovided, if







You d o n 't have to w e a r a unifo rm .



special







You d o n 't have to buy goggles fo r th e sw im m in g



e q u ip m e n t



veg etarian



is



dishes and



required,

m ore



if



th ere



in fo rm atio n



are



ab o u t



a cco m m o d atio n .



lesson.





You m u stn 't fall asleep in th e classroom .







You d o n 't have to ask fo r perm ission to play during



Exercise 3b (p. 63)



th e break.





You m u stn 't e a t in th e classroom .



Yo u rs faith fu lly,







You d o n 't have to bring food from hom e.



In a lette r to a friend you w o u ld put th e frien d 's nam e







You m u stn 't sing during th e lesson.



and end w ith 'Lo ve' or 'All th e b est'.







You d o n 't have to w rite in pencil all th e tim e.







You m u stn 't sp e ak w ith yo u r classm ates during th e







You m u stn 't dam age th e co m p u ters.



Dear Sir,



Exercise 4 (p. 63)



lesson.



I w o u ld like to k n o w ...

C o uld you also tell me ...



R e ad er's C o rn e r



C an you tell m e ...



Exercise 3 (p. 66)

Exercise 5 (p. 63)



A : W as he good a t m usic w h e n he w a s a child ?



I w o u ld like to k n o w if I need to buy any e q u ip m e n t fo r



B: Yes. He w a s a n atu ra l.



scuba diving.



A : H o w old w a s he w h e n he w e n t blind?



C an you tell m e w h a t I need to bring fo r cam p in g ?



B: He w a s tw e lv e .



C o uld you also tell me w h a t o th e r sports you o ffe r?



A : Did th is m ake a d iffe re n ce?



Exercise 6 (p. 63)



B: It m ade him w o rk harder.



Dear Sir/M adam ,



A : W h y do his co lleagu es respect him ?



I have ju st read yo u r ad ve rtise m e n t in th e school



B: Because som e th in g s are harder fo r him to do.



m ag azine.



A : W h a t does he do to avoid accid e n ts?



It looks g reat and



m y fam ily and



I are



interested in ta kin g a w e e k e n d break a t yo u r activity



B: He co u n ts his steps.



ce n tre . But I w o u ld like so m e m ore info rm atio n before



A : Is he fam o u s?



w e book.



B: Yes, he has perform ed fo r very dem anding audiences



Firstly, I w o u ld like to k n o w if w e need special clothing



and has lots o f fans.



or e q u ip m en t fo r rock clim bing and scuba diving, or if

th e centre provides us w ith all th e necessary eq uip m ent.

Co uld you also tell me w h a t w e need to bring for

cam ping ? Finally, I w o u ld like to k n o w w h a t o th er sports

are o ffered because m y m o ther do esn't like extrem e



Exercise 4a (p. 66)

Name: Liinah Bukenya

Place & date o f b irth : U g an d a,

Job: S tu d e n t and ath le te



1991



sports.



107



Suggested Answers Section



Achievements:



She



learn t to



sw im



eleven



m o nth s



In th e first p ic tu re , th ere is an ad u lt w ith th em w h ile in



before she co m p eted in th e Special O lym pics W o rld



th e



Su m m er G am e s in 2 0 0 3 , w h e re she w o n a gold and a



w ith o u t a d u lt sup ervision.



bronze m edal.



In both p ictures, th e children look interested in the



Reason I adm ire her:



Despite her disability, she is very



second



picture,



th e y



are



using



th e



co m p u te r



co m p uter. T h e y look like th e y are enjoying th em selves.



co m p etitive, h ard w o rkin g and stro n g . She w a n ts to be



U n it 9 d



a w in n e r in life no m atte r w h a t it ta ke s.



Exercise

Exercise 4b (p. 66)



1



1



(p.



71)



Secondly, you can do it from th e co m fo rt o f your



Liinah B uken ya w a s born in U ganda in 1 9 9 1 . Liinah is



o w n h om e. You d o n 't have to go to th e post



both a stu d e n t and a g reat a th le te . Believe it or n ot,



o ffice.



she learnt to sw im a m ere eleven m o n th s before she

co m p eted



in th e



Special



O lym pics W o rld



2



Su m m er



G am e s in 2 0 0 3 w h e re she w o n a gold and bronze



3



m edal. I adm ire th is w o m a n very m uch because, despite

her disability, she is very co m p etitive, h ard w o rkin g and



Fu rth e rm o re, in m an y cases, an a d u lt is needed to

sh o w th e children h o w to use th e In te rn e t.

In a d d itio n , you only see w h a t you are buying in a

p icture.



4



Secondly,



children



becom e



m ore



fam iliar



w ith



stron g. Liinah w a n ts to be a w in n e r in life no m atter



co m p u te rs and th is w ill co m e in h an dy w h e n th ey



w h a t it ta ke s.



are looking for a job w h e n th ey leave scho o l.



Module 5: Incredible but true

U n it 9a

Exercise 4a (p. 68)

You w o u ld see se n te n ce s E, F, G and H on prod uct

p ackag in g .



Exercise



2



(p.



71 )



1



Fu rth e rm o re, In ad dition



2



On th e o th er hand



3



in spite o f



4



because



5



For instance



6



In co nclusio n



U n it 9c



E x e rc is e 3



Exercise 1b (p. 70)



Topic se n te n ce 2 can be used.



2



3



4



(p.



71 )



A : H o w m uch is th e m ouse?

B: It's € 2 0 .



E x e rc is e 5 (p . 7 1 )



A : H o w m uch are th e sp eakers?



T h e In te rn e t a ffe cts m odern life. Indeed, it is d ifficu lt to



B: T h e y're € 2 4 .



th in k o f life w ith o u t it. H ow ever, th ere are also th ing s



A : H o w m uch is th e to w e r?



a b o u t it w e need to be careful of.



B: It's € 4 3 0 .

5



6



A : H o w m uch is th e keyboard ?



The In te rn e t is a fa n ta stic so urce o f in fo rm atio n . You



B: It's € 1 5 .



can find o u t so m any th in g s ab o u t o th er co u n trie s and



A : H o w m uch is th e m o d em ?

B: It's € 3 2 .



7



A : H o w m uch is th e scan n e r?

B: It's € 7 2 .



8



peop le. It is e xtre m e ly useful fo r children w h o are doing

school p rojects. H ow ever, som e peop le, w h e n th e y su rf,

ju st d o n 't k n o w w h e n to sto p . T h e y becom e ad dicted

to su rfin g .



A : H o w m uch is th e p rin ter?

B: It's € 5 5 .



Secondly, lots o f people use th e In te rn e t fo r sho pping.

You can buy th in g s from o th e r co u n tries and have



Exercise 3 (p. 70)



108



th em delivered to yo u r door. It is also usually m uch



In th e first picture, th e children are prob ably looking at



ch e ap er th a n buying th em in a norm al sho p. H ow ever,



kids' sites w ith th e help o f th e ir father, w h ile in th e



th ere



second picture th e stu d e n ts are p robably su rfing th e



d isad van tag e is th a t you need to give yo u r cred it card



Net to find in fo rm atio n fo r an essay.



n um b er w h ich is not very safe because o f h ackers.



are



som e



d ra w b a ck s



to



th is.



The



m ain



Suggested Answers Section



In co n clu sio n , th e In te rn e t has its good and bad p oints.



5



If w e use it carefully, it can help us a lot in o ur daily



6



a big recta n g u lar beige box



lives.



7



a horrible long pink dress



8



an a ttra c tive ye llo w p lastic te lep h o n e



a nice green glass vase



G ra m m a r in Use

Exercise 5 (p. 72)



R e a d e r's C o rn e r



The co m p u te r h a sn 't been fixed.



Exercise



The d o cu m e n ts h aven 't been fo un d .



1



2



(p. 74)



The P ate n t O ffice is th e place w h e re inventors



The files h av e n 't been p rin ted.



reg ister th e ir inventio ns so th a t no one else steals



The m odem h a sn 't been replaced.



th e ir ideas.



The scan n e r h a sn 't been repaired.



2



B oo th's inventio n sucked up dirt.



3



It has m ade travel fo r business and pleasure m uch



4



The invention o f a w a y to clone an im als has caused



Exercise 6 (p. 73)



faster and easier.



a



The o ffice w a s not cleaned,



b



T h e co m p u te r w a s fixed,



d e b ate.

5



In 1 8 9 9 , he said th a t everyth ing th a t could be



c



T h e keyboard s w e re cleaned ,



d



A n e w m o n ito r w a s b o ug ht,



invented had been invented. B ut w e k n o w th a t



e



T h e batteries o f th e clock w e re replaced,



m an y th in g s w e re invented a fte r 1 8 9 9 , so he w a s



f



The p hotos w e re not scan ned .



w ro n g .



Exercise 3 (p. 74)



Exercise 7 (p. 73)

This book w a s b o ug ht in C am b rid g e .



a



internal



g w a s granted



2



This poem w a s w ritte n by a fam o u s Spanish poet.



b



developed



h com e up w ith



3



The file w a s saved.



c



clone



i



suck



4



The co m p u te r w a s fixed (by Jack) last M onday.



d



registered



j



accu ra te



5



T h e essay w a s not printed (by her).



e



m echanism



k arguing



f



w in d



1



Exercise 8 (p. 73)

1



2



U n it 1 0 a



A : W h e re are th e best co m p u te rs prod uced?

B: The best co m p u te rs are produced in Jap an .



Exercise 3c (p. 76)



A : W h o w a s penicillin invented by?



A : W o u ld you like to ta k e a space holiday?



B: Penicillin w a s invented by A le xa n d e r Flem ing.



B: I sure w o u ld . T h a t w o u ld be an am azing experience.

A : C a n you im agine being able to see th e Earth from



3



A : Have th e d o cu m e n ts been saved n o w ?



sp ace ? It m ust look b e au tifu l.



B: Yes, th e d o cu m e n ts have been saved now .

4



B: T h e only problem is th a t it w o u ld be very expensive



A : W as your phone sw itch ed o ff yesterday evening?

B: No, it w a s n 't sw itc h e d o ff yesterd ay even in g.



to go on a sp ace holiday.

A : Yes, yo u 're rig ht. B ut it m ight get ch e a p er in th e

fu tu re .



Exercise 9 (p. 73)

2



The Q u artz clock w a s invented by W arren M arrison.



U n it 1 0 b



3



T h e sau ce



is m ade w ith m ayon naise and



m ustard.Exercise 2



4



T h e M ona



Lisa w a s p ainted by Leonardo



da V in ci.



5



D isneyland is located in Florida.



Exercise 10 (p. 73)

1



an ugly black plastic chair



2



a nice French w o o d e n arm ch air



3



a cu te old brow n te d d y bear



4



a practical



w h ite m etal lam p



1



(p. 77)



I w e n t to see a fo rtu n e te lle r and she told m e I

w o u ld hear som e good n ew s soon.



2



M ike is a tru e believer. He believes in aliens and

even says he has seen a UFO.



3



D o n 't



go



near th a t



house.



Everyone



says



it's



h au n te d .



4



T h e y w o k e up in th e m o rning to find crop circles in

th e ir co rn field .



109



Suggested Answers Section



5



W h a t's th a t up th e re ? It looks like a flying sau cer!



Exercise 5b (p. 78)

1



Exercise 3b (p. 77)



The w o m a n seem s to be a t th e e n tran ce to som e

large e sta te or castle gro un ds. M aybe she is going



Amanda: Hey, H elen. G uess w h e re I w e n t th is e ven in g ?

Helen: S o m e w h e re in terestin g ?

Amanda: You bet! I ju s t w e n t on th e Y o rk G h o st W a lk.

Helen: I d id n 't k n o w th ere w a s such a th in g . W as it



to



have a secret m eeting w ith



hap pening at n ig h t so th a t no one is aro un d to



2



She seem s to be holding a lette r or paper o f som e

kind.



Amanda:



It w a s b rillian t. I d id n 't really w a n t to go but



3



Helen: So, did you see any g h o sts?

Amanda: W e ll, w e d id n 't actu ally



see any g h o sts, but



M aybe it is an alien ship landing to ta k e th e

w o m a n into sp ace. M aybe she is an alien herself.



Sam co nvinced m e. I'm glad he did.



U n it 1 0 d



th e guide told us all th e se g reat g h o st sto ries ab o u t



Exercise 3 (p. 79)



Yo rk.



adjectives: cold,



Helen:Tell me o n e , th en .

Amanda: W e ll, w e w e n t to



Y o rk M in ste r and th e people



n ig ht, th e y see a real person being burned in th e

bo nfire. He h o w ls and cries like he is in terrib le pain and

th en ju st a fte r m id nig h t, he sto ps and d isapp ears.



Helen: O oh ,



sp o oky! It so unds really cool, th o u g h . C an



you em ail me th e details? I'd love to go on th a t w a lk .



Amanda:



kind, se n sitive, old, grey, silver, spooky,



d a rk, lonely, m o on lit, loud, te rrifie d , w h ite



around th ere claim th a t every year, on G u y Faw kes



W e ll, I enjoyed it so m uch th a t I'd like to go



ag ain. H o w a b o u t S atu rd ay n ig h t?

So unds good. You never k n o w , w e m ig ht even



see a g h o st th is tim e!



adverbs: excitedly, suddenly, sim ply, app arently,

direct speech: "Tell m e a story, G ra n n y ," ; "T h e



Exercise 3 (p. 78)



an n o u n ce d ... c o m b ," ; "O o h G ra n n y th a t's sp o o k y ";

"T h a t's th e b a n s h e e ." ;



"M a y b e she's co m e fo r my



g r a n n y !" ; "W h a t's w ro n g ... s h e e t." ; " D o n 't w o rry, ...

fe w y e a rs !" ;



similes: ran like th e w in d , as w h ite as

variety o f verbs: w a s visitin g , k n e w ,



a sheet

arrived , sa t, tell,



cried, sm iled, ap p eared , an n o u n ce d , w a ilin g , crying,

co m b in g , w e n t, w a s th in k in g , w a s w a lk in g ,



heard,



co m e , tu rn e d , ran , go t b ack, asked, described, had



Exercise 4 (p. 79)



The sea aro und here is filthy. Let's go so m e w h e re



A fte r th e visit to th e h au nted house, she w a s as w h ite



else.



as a sh e e t.







I th in k th a t th e re is a recycling centre nearby.



She ran like th e w in d b ecause she th o u g h t som eone







C an you pick me up a fte r w o rk ? M y car is in th e



w a s chasing her.



garage.



She w a s so te rrified th a t she w a s shakin g like a leaf.



A fte r th e w ar, all th e soldiers returned to th e ir



M ike is as busy as a bee. He h asn 't sto p ped w o rk in g all



country.



m o rning.



It's best to se p arate p ap er from glass if you are



I looked in th e w in d o w o f th e old house but it w a s as



going to recycle.



black as n ig h t and I co u ld n 't see a th in g .















C e rtain chem icals can harm th e o zo ne layer.



Exercise 5 (p. 79)

Exercise 5a (p. 78)

In th e picture, I can see a w o m a n . She looks yo u n g ,



1



nice - b eau tiful



2



bad - horrible/terrible



She is stand in g n ext to a big iron g ate.



3



sm all - little



It is n ig ht-tim e and it is very d ark. There seem s to be



4



bad - terrible/horrible



som e stran g e kind o f light in th e b ackgro un d.



5



good - e xcellen t



ab o u t



110



badly

banshee



heard, had been playing, had h u rt, w o n 't com e



U n it 10c





It is



see.



good?



Helen:



so m eo ne.



18



or



19.



Suggested Answers Section



Exercise 6 (p. 79)



My brother bought a leather jacket th a t/w h ic h is

black.

5 I w ork in Sydney w hich is a beautiful city.

6 The zoo is full o f animals whose cages are very

dirty.

7 This is a great football team w hich has won many

championships.

8 Did you see the light th at/w h ic h came from the

sky?

9 My sister has tw o daughters w hose names are

Jemma and Jackie.

10 The children are playing w ith a woman w h o is

holding a balloon.

4



A Scary Experience

The last bus had ju st left as I ran to th e bus sto p . I

w o u ld have to w a lk h om e. It w a s a dark cold n ig h t and

I w a s n ot very h appy a b o u t being o u t a t n ig h t on m y

o w n , b u t I had no m o ney fo r a taxi so I had no cho ice.

I se t o ff d o w n th e road, tryin g n ot to listen to all th o se

creepy n ig h t so un ds. T h e m oon w a s ju s t beginning to

peep th ro u g h th e clouds as I ap p ro ach ed th e e n tran ce

to th e graveyard. All w a s sile n t e xcep t fo r th e sound o f

th e w in d w h istlin g th ro u g h th e tre e s. Suddenly, I heard

a te rrib le scream ing sound and a large w h ite figure

cam e flying at m e th ro u g h th e air. It w h izz e d past m y

ear and I w a s so scared I fell over.

I m ust have banged m y head on th e p avem en t because

afte r a second or tw o , I o pened m y eyes and found

m yself lying on th e g ro un d , looking up a t th e tree

bran ches hanging over th e graveyard w a ll. I sud d enly

rem em bered w h a t had happ ened and go t up to run

a w a y w h e n I s a w w h a t th e w h ite 'fig u re ' w a s . A large

w h ite o w l w a s sitting on a branch above m e. It w a s

looking d o w n a t me as if to say, "Yo u silly girl. You



Exercise 5 (p. 81)

1 This is Sophie who is a student from France.

2 This is Luke whose sister is a nurse.

3 This is Alice whose son is three years old.

4 This is Carol w ho is expecting a baby.

5 This is Mrs Johnson w ho is an English teacher.

6 This is G eoff whose business is going very well.

7 This is Dr Bakshi w ho works at the local

hospital.

8 This is M r Thompson who is Carol'shusband.



scare very e a sily !"

W ith a nod o f its head, th e o w l spread its w in g s and

fle w silen tly o ff into th e n ig h t. I heaved a sigh o f relief

and prom ised m yself th a t I w o u ld never w a lk hom e

alo ne ag ain.



G ra m m a r in Use

Exercise 3 (p. 80)

1



Karen told th e rep o rter th a t she w a s w o rk in g in

London a t th a t tim e.



2



Exercise 7 (p. 81)



Karen said (th at) she d id n 't e a t ch o co late or w h ite

bread.



4



Karen said (th a t) she really enjoyed going o u t w ith

frien ds.



5



Karen told th e rep o rter th a t she d id n 't like light

co lo urs a t all.



6



1 (me) if I could swim.

2 (me) where I lived.

3 (me) if I was enjoying the party.

4 (me) how she could help me.

5 (me) why I was crying.

6 (me) if I liked playing tennis.

7

(me) if Emma studied hard.

8 (me) when I met my friends.



Karen said (th a t) u n fo rtu n a te ly she d id n 't have any

pets.



3



Exercise 6 (p. 81)



Karen said (th a t) she loved going to th e cinem a



2 The teacher told us to recycle.

3 The teacher told us not to throw away plastic bottles.

4 The teacher told us to walk to school.

5 The teacher told us to use less water.

6 The teacher told us to use public transport.

7 The teacher told us not to drop litter.

8 The teacher told us to buy organic products.



and w a tc h in g com edies.

7



Karen said (th a t) she hated spiders.



R e ad er's C o rn e r



8



Karen said (th at) she w a s afraid o f heights.



Exercise 1 (p. 82)



Exercise 4 (pp. 80-81)

w h o looks angry.

w hich is a t th e to p o f a hill.

cat whose nam e is Nicole.



1



Rachel is ta lk in g to a w o m a n



2



I live in a co tta g e



3



Sim on has go t a



The picture shows the planets in our solar system and

NASA is an organisation th a t studies space and the

planets.

Planet name in Ss' L1: (Ss' own answers)



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