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♦Tapescript for Exercise 3a (p. 77)

♦Tapescript for Exercise 3a (p. 77)

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S u g g e s t e d A n sw ers

S ectio n



Suggested Answers Section



M odule 1: M om ents in life

U n it 1a

Exercise 1b (p. 4)



2 A firefighter needs to be physically fit and brave.

3 A hairdresser needs to be friendly and creative w ith

his/her customers.

4 A receptionist needs to be friendly, polite and

patient w ith the hotel guests.

5 A lawyer needs to be reliable and polite w ith his/her

clients.

6 A mechanic needs to be physically fit.

7 A secretary needs to be friendly, polite, patient and

reliable.

8 A sales assistant needs to be friendly, polite and

patient w ith his/her customers.

U n it 1b

Exercise 3a (p. 5)



The text is a message board. I would expect to read

about issues affecting teenagers.

Exercise 4 (p. 5)



Exercise 3b (p. 7)



2

3

4

5



I usually play football, but sometimes I go diving.

I often play computer games or surf the Net.

I'm too tired to cook during the week, so I order out.

I visit my friend and we have lunch together.



Exercise 6 (p. 7)



Dear Mike,

How's everything? I hope you are well. Here's w h a t I

do in my free tim e at the weekend.

I spend my week w orking hard at the office so I

really try and relax at the weekends. On Saturday

mornings, I go to the gym and do a tough w ork out.

Then, I go jogging w ith some friends fo r about an hour.

I have a good lunch and then I take a nap in the

afternoon. On Saturday evenings, I usually go out for

dinner w ith my family or go to a nightclub w ith my

friends. On Sundays, I go fo r a long walk in the

mountains and then on Sunday evening, I always get

my clothes ready for the week ahead.

Well, that's all, I guess. W rite soon and tell me w hat

you like to do in your free time.

Best wishes,

Sam



Fiona, 17, York



I help around at home quite a lot, much more than my

friends do, but my mum still complains th at I d o n 't do

enough. I have lots o f studying to do at the mom ent

and have no free tim e to see my friends, but she still

insists th a t I do loads o f housework. It's not fair!

U n it 1c

Exercise 2 (p. 6)



In picture 6 , 1can see four people, w ho are standing on

a balcony. There is a barbecue in the corner and a table

w ith food on it. The sea is in the background. The

weather is probably very nice because the people are

wearing light summer clothes. They look like they are

enjoying themselves and are having fun, talking and

laughing. They seem happy.



G r a m m a r in Use

Exercise 7 (p. 9)

2 A: Is John going to the bank on Tuesday at 1 pm?

B: No, he isn't. He's going to the bank on Monday

at 1 pm.

3 A: Is John playing chess w ith Jack on Monday at 3

pm?



B: No, he isn’t. He's playing chess w ith Jack on

Tuesday at 3 pm.

4 A: Is John watching a football game on Tuesday at

8 pm?

B: No, he isn't. He's watching a football game on

Monday at 8 pm.

5 A: Is John meeting Karen for dinner on Monday at

8 pm?



B: No, he isn't. He's meeting Karen fo r dinner on

Tuesday at 8 pm.



U n it 1d

Exercise 1 (p. 7)



1 I am going to w rite a letter.

2 My pen friend is going to read it.

3 meet my friends, w ork part-time, go to the cinema,

go for pizza, do homework, do housework etc.

4 Dear M ike.. ./Please w rite soon. Best wishes, John.



94



Exercise 10 (p. 9)



Lynn

Lynn

Lynn

Lynn



is going

is going

is going

is going



to

to

to

to



practise the violin.

save some money.

eat more vegetables.

take a computer course.



Suggested Answers Section



Exercise 11 (p. 9)

2

3

4

5

6



She is going to buy flowers.

She is going to try on a dress.

He is going to dive into the pool.

They are going to have lunch.

They are going to play tennis.



R e ad er's C o rn e r



A: When did he die?

B: He died in 1727.

U n it 2 b

Exercise 2a (p. 13)

You can see old toys.

You can do fun activities.

You can paint.



Exercise 1 (p. 10)

I think th a t the British spend their free tim e meeting

friends, doing yoga, going for walks in the park, going

to the pub, watching TV and going to the cinema.

Exercise 2 (p. 10)

home-based: activities th a t you do at home

social: involving other people

regular weekly: at the same tim e every week

viewers: people w ho watch TV

include: comprise

theatre company: a group o f people who put on plays

Exercise 3 (p. 10)

People in Britain spend a lot of their free time at home.

They watch TV and listen to music. They also go to pubs

with friends or they go to the cinema or the theatre. People

in Britain walk a lot. The sports they do include golf,

snooker, football, swimming, keep-fit classes and yoga.

U n it 2 a

Exercise 4 (p. 12)

1 A:

B:

A:

B:

A:

B:

A:

B:

A:

B:



W ho was Marilyn Monroe?

She was a famous actress.

When was she born?

She was born in 1926.

Where was she born?

She was born in America.

W hat nationality was she?

She was American.

When did she die?

She died in 1962.



A:

B:

A:

B:

A:

B:

A:

B:



W ho was Isaac Newton?

He was a famous physicist.

When was he born?

He was born in 1642.

Where was he born?

He was born in England.

W hat nationality was he?

He was English.



Exercise 2b (p. 13)

dolls: children's toys which look like small people or babies

teddy bears: children's toys made from soft or furry

material, which look like friendly bears

train sets: miniature versions o f a train/station/tracks

which children play w ith

rocking horses: toy horses which children can sit on and

which can be made to rock backwards and forwards

board games: games such as chess or backgammon which

people play by moving small objects around on a board

jigsaw puzzles: pictures on cardboard or wood th a t have

been cut up into odd shapes

interactive story-telling: when someone tells a story and

the children become involved in the action o f the story

vegetable patch: a small area o f ground used to grow

vegetables

sculpture: a w ork o f art th at is produced by carving or

shaping stone or wood

memories: things th a t you remember from the past

U n it 2c

Exercise 3 (p. 14)

The castle is spacious and attractive.

The mansion is expensive and attractive.

The bungalow is small, plain and modern.

Exercise 4 (p. 14)

A:

B:

A:

B:

A:

B:

A:

B:

A:

B:



Where is the house?

It is close to the centre o f London.

How much does it cost?

It costs £ 600,000.

How many rooms are there?

There are eleven rooms.

Is there a garden?

Yes, there is a large garden.

W hat is the telephone number?

The telephone number is 0967 987 4576.



95



Suggested Answers Section



U n it 2 d

Exercise 1a (p. 15)



Audrey Hepburn was a famous actress.



How old was he when he died?

He was 34 years old.

How did he die?

He died in a plane crash.



Exercise 1 b (p. 15)



Exercise 4a (p. 15)



I expect to read about Audrey Hepburn's life and the

films she made.



The article will have four paragraphs,

para 1 IntroductiorVW hat famous for

para 2 Early years

para 3 Later years

para 4 Brief conclusion and w hat people th ou g h t o f

the person



Exercise 2a (p. 15)



a)

b)

c)

d)



second paragraph

third paragraph

first paragraph

fourth paragraph



Exercise 2 b (p. 15)



The past simple tense is mainly used because the text is

talking about the things th a t Audrey Hepburn did in

the past.

Exercise 2c (p. 15)



stylish - fashionable

fascinating - interesting

wealthy - rich

famous - well-known

brilliant - excellent

All these words are adjectives.

Exercise 3 (p. 15)



A:

B:

A:

B:

A:

B:

A:

B:

A:

B:

A:

B:

A:

B:

A:

B:



W hat were his first words from space?

'I see Earth. It's so beautiful!'

When was he born?

He was born on 9th March, 1934.

Where was he born?

He was born near Moscow, Russia.

Where did he grow up?

He grew up on a farm.

W hat was he when he left school?

He was a metalworker.

When did he join the Soviet Air Force?

He joined the Soviet A ir Force in 1955.

Was he good at flying?

Yes, he had a natural talent for flying.

W hat did he do in 1961?

He travelled into space for 108 minutes on the

Soviet spaceship, Vostok 1.

A: When did he die?

B: He died on 7th March, 1968.



96



A:

B:

A:

B:



Exercise 4 b (p. 15)



Yuri Gagarin

Yuri Gagarin was the first man in space. The first words

he spoke when he saw the Earth from space were "I

see Earth. It's so beautiful! ”

Yuri was born near Moscow, Russia, on 9th March,

1934. His father was a farmer. In 1951, he left school as

a metalworker and in 1955, he joined the Soviet Air

Force. Yuri had a natural talent for flying and he

volunteered to become a cosmonaut.

On 12th April, 1961, Yuri travelled into space for 108

minutes on the Soviet spaceship Vostok 1. This great

event made headlines in newspapers all over the world.

Gagarin continued to fly for the Soviet A ir Force. On

27th March, 1968, Yuri was doing a test flight on an

aircraft when it crashed and he was killed.

Yuri Gagarin was a brave, energetic man w ho loved life

and wanted to do as much as he could for his country.

A crater on the moon is named after him. He is

certainly a man w ho made his mark on history.

G ra m m a r in Use

Exercise 2 (p. 16)



2 A:

B:

3 A:

B:

4 A:

B:

5 A:

B:

6 A:

B:



Did you see the news this morning?

No, I didn't. I did n 't switch on the TV.

Did John w rite th a t article?

No, he didn't. Sam w rote it.

Did you catch the bus home yesterday?

No, I didn't. I took the Underground.

Did you do the shopping this afternoon?

No, I didn't. I d id n 't have time.

Did Mary get back from London today?

No, she didn't. She came back yesterday.



Exercise 5 (p. 17)



1 A: When did the Battle o f W aterloo take place?

B: It took place on 18th June, 1815.



Suggested Answers Section



2



B: It lasted fo r 11 hours.



pull: to rem ove

sword: a w e a p o n w ith a long sharp blade

wedding gift: a p resent fo r sb's w ed d in g

ruled: co n tro lle d ; governed



A : W h o to o k part?



fell in love: started loving



B: A ro u n d 1 5 0 ,0 0 0 soldiers to o k part.



found out: lea rn t; discovered

sentenced: punished

saved: rescued

ran away: w e n t a w a y secretly

chased: ran after

nephew: th e son o f sb's sister or brother

in charge of: having co ntro l over sb or sth

kingdom : a region ruled by a king or queen

take over: to get co ntro l o f sth

battle: a fig h t b e tw ee n groups o f people

nun: a m em b er o f a fe m ale religious co m m u n ity

alone: n o t being w ith o th e r people



A : W h e re did it ta k e place?

B: It to o k place so uth o f Brussels, Belgium .



3



4



5



A : H o w long did it last?



A : W h a t happened in th e end?

B: The D uke o f W e llin g to n and his allies d efeated

N apoleon B o n ap arte.



6



A : H o w m an y m en died?

B: 5 0 ,0 0 0 m en died.



Exercise 8 (p. 17)

A : Did M rs Forbes use to ride a bicycle?

B: No, she d id n 't. She used to drive a car.

A : Did M rs Forbes use to w e a r light clothes?

B: No, she d id n 't. She used to w e a r w a rm clo thes.

A : Did M rs Forbes use to e a t a lot o f cheese?

B: No, she d id n 't. She used to e a t a lot o f m eat.



Exercise 2b (p. 18)



A : Did M rs Forbes use to w a k e up late?



T h e life and death o f King A rth u r



B: No, she d id n 't. She used to w a k e up early.



Exercise 3 (p. 18)

Exercise 9 (p. 17)



Family background: Father w a s U ther Pendragon; M other's



2



I w a tc h e d an am azing film last n ig ht.



nam e w a s Lady Igraine. Taken aw a y by Merlin for safety.



3



W e d id n 't have/didn't use to have co m p uters w h e n



Early years: Raised by an o ther family. Did not k n o w his true



w e w e re little.



background. Pulled th e sw ord, Excalibur, from the stone.



4



Dave go t m arried tw o years ago.



Later years: M arried G u in eve re ; round ta b le ; knig h ts.



5



K ate and Laura w e re n 't/d id n 't use to be friends at



Lan ce lo t fell in love w ith G u in eve re . T h e y ran aw ay



scho o l.



to geth er.



M a tt played/used to play h ockey a t university.



Death: C h ase d a fte r G u in eve re and Lancelo t. W h ile



6



aw ay, M ordred to o k over. A rth u r fo u g h t M ordred and



R ead er's C o rn e r

Exercise 1 (p. 18)



died in b attle.



King A rth u r w a s a king o f Eng land .



M odule 2: In a world o f our own



G u in eve re w a s his w ife .

M erlin w a s his m agician frien d .

U th er w a s his father.

Lan ce lo t w a s one o f his kn ig h ts.



U n it 3 b

Exercise 2



(p .



21)



Excalibur w a s his sw o rd .



2



co m fo rta b le and enjoyable



3



safe but slo w



Exercise 2a (p. 18)



4



fa st and co n ve n ien t



5



slo w and tiring



6



cheap b u t slo w



1



M erlin w a s afraid th a t A rth u r w o u ld be killed so he

gave him to a friend so th a t he w o u ld be safe.



2



He pulled th e sw o rd , Excalibur, from th e sto n e .



3



He fo un d o u t th a t Lan ce lo t, his kn ig h t, w a s in love



Exercise 3b (p. 21)



w ith her.



I



He died in a battle ag ain st his n ep h ew , M ordred.



sta y a t th e 4 -sta r hotel w h ic h has a luxury resta u ran t, a



4



th in k I w o u ld choose th e trip to Rom e. I w o u ld like to



gym and a h eated indoor pool. I could also go and see



enemies: people w h o hate you or w a n t to harm you

look after: ta k e care o f sb



th e sights and do m y sho pp in g in Rom e's stylish shops.



97



Suggested Answers Section



I th in k I w o u ld choose th e trip to th e H oliday V illag e.



U n it 3 d



T h e a p a rtm e n ts are brand n ew , th ere are sn a ck bars



Exercise 1 (p. 23)



and resta u ran ts and th ere is so m uch you can do th e re .

You can ta k e a te n n is or sailing lesson, you can go

horse riding or you can relax by th e pool.



can see a lot o f people dressed



up in co lo urful



co stu m e s, I can hear loud m usic and lau g h ter and I can

d ance, w a tc h th e p arad es, and e a t trad itio n a l fo o d . I

feel very h appy and excited.



U n it 3c

Exercise 3 (p. 22)

In



I



picture a,



Exercise 2a (p. 23)



th e people are a t hom e. I th in k it's



co lo u rfu l co stu m es, m usic, trad itio n a l food



T h an ksg ivin g Day b ecause th e re is a tu rk e y on th e tab le

and everybo dy is sittin g aro und ready to have lunch.

T h e y are all very casu ally dressed. O ne w o m a n is trying

to cu t th e tu rk e y and th e o th ers are looking a t h er and

sm iling. I th in k she's find ing it d ifficu lt b ecause th e

tu rk e y is so big! T h e y all look very happy. T h e y seem to

be enjoying th is fam ily tim e to geth er.

In



picture b,



Exercise 2b (p. 23)

closing rem arks: 4th para

o pening rem arks: 1st para

th e fo o d : 3rd para

w h a t she s a w and did: 2nd para and 3rd para

gre etin g : to p o f em ail



I can see a lot o f people o u t in th e stre e t. I



th in k it's w in te r tim e because th e y are w e a rin g co ats,



Exercise 3a (p. 23)



scarves and hats to keep w a rm . T h e y are all carrying



H o w are yo u ?



green,



I've finished m ine ...



o rang e



and



w h ite



b allo ons.



These



are



the



colours o f th e flag o f Ireland. I sup pose it's St Patrick's



. .. C arn ival in Lo ndo n.



Day th a t th e people are ce le b ratin g . I can even see th e



T h e co stu m e s, d ancers, . ..



flag o f Ireland hanging from a light pole at th e very end



T h e re 's also delicious ...



o f th e stree t. I'm sure th e people are very h appy to be



To m o rro w I'm going ...



celeb ratin g th is day.

In



picture c,



th ere are a fe w children dressed up in



Exercise 3b (p. 23)



co stu m es. T h e y are dressed as a w itc h . B a tm a n , a



am azin g - th e C arn ival



pirate, a flo w e r, a princess and a c lo w n . I th in k it's



co lo u rfu l - th e parades



H allow een and people are having a big party o u t in th e



f a n t a s t ic - t h e co stu m es, dancers and steel bands



o pen , m aybe in a park. T h e children seem very h appy



g reat - th e m usic p erfo rm ers



and th e y are all having a g reat tim e.



cro w d e d - th e streets



In



picture d,



I can see a lot o f children dancing around



a M aypole. It's obviously M ay Day since dancing around

th e M aypole is th e trad itio n a l cu sto m . M ost children

are dressed in red and som e in pink. I'm not sure w h e re

th e children are; m aybe in th e to w n 's square or in th e ir

scho o lyard. T h e y seem to be having lots o f fu n.

In



picture e,



lively - th e atm o sp h ere

delicious - th e carnival food

tra d itio n a l, W e st Indian - th e food



Exercise 4 (p. 23)

1



To m y pen friend.



2



The G reen Festival, 2 4 th & 2 5 th in W ashin g to n



I can see p eop le, a d u lts and child ren , o ut



D C . It's a tw o -d a y festival th a t te a c h e s people



in a field picking p u m p kins. I th in k th e y are gettin g



im p o rta n t th in g s ab o u t th e e n viro n m e n t.



ready fo r H allo w een w h e n it's trad itio n a l to carve scary



Activities:



face s on p u m p kins. T h e y all look very tired because



ab o u t th e e nviro n m en t, learn ab o u t enviro nm ental



th e y are carrying th e se p u m p kins w h ic h are very heavy.

In



picture f,



o rg an isation s, m eet interesting people, listen to

local m usicians, eat delicious, healthy, o rg an ic food,



I can see a fam ily having a small birthday



buy enviro n m en tally-frien dly gifts fo r friends.



party. I th in k it's th e m other's birthday. She's opening gifts

and looking at her beautiful birthday cake. They all have



go to lectures and w o rk sh o p s to learn



3



1st paragraph,



broad sm iles on th eir faces and look extrem ely happy.



4th paragraph,

4



98



2nd paragraph,

- 3rd paragraph, m usic, food -



opening rem arks -



w h a t you can learn



closing re m a rk s .



Hi H arry !, Love, Helen xxx



Suggested Answers Section



Exercise 5 (p. 23)



Exercise 2 (p. 26)



Hi Harry!



planned: decided in detail w h a t you are going to do

b lo w u p :d e s tro y sth w ith an explosion

displays: exhibits

takes place: happens

lin k : co nn ectio n



H o w are yo u ? I hope you are having a g reat tim e on

yo u r



holidays.



I'm



having



a



great



tim e



here



in



W a sh in g to n DC visiting m y a u n t. Now , I'm a t th e G reen

Festival and it's am azing !

T here are so m an y lectures and w o rk sh o p s you can go

to and learn a b o u t th e en viro n m e n t and e nviro n m en tal

o rg an isa tio n s.

interesting



You



people



can



m eet so



here.



I even



m any

m et



clever

a



and



u niversity



drag: pull

torches: long sticks w ith burning m aterial at one end,

used to light th e w a y



roll: tu rn over and over



p rofesso r th is m o rn in g ! Everyb o dy is talkin g ab o u t th e



Exercise 3 (p. 26)



e n viro n m e n t.

T here are also stalls selling delicious h ea lth y o rg an ic



1



B: In B ritain .



fo o d! I've alread y tried so m e o rg an ic fru it. It d id n 't



A : W h e n do th e y celeb rate it?



ta ste like an yth in g I've ever ta ste d before! You can also



B: On N ovem ber 5th .



buy e n viro n m e n tally-frien d ly g ifts fo r yo u r frie n d s. I've



A : W h a t h appens th e n ?



b o ug ht so m e th in g fo r you but I'm not tellin g you w h a t



B: T h e re are fire w o rk displays, b o nfires, sp arklers



it is! It's a surprise!

M aybe



n ext



ye ar



A : W h e re do people ce le b rate G u y Fa w k es nig ht?



and special fo o d.

we



can



co m e



to



W a sh in g to n



to g e th e r! Say hi to yo u r fam ily! W rite soon.



2



A : W h e re do p eople ce le b rate Up Helly A a ?

B: On th e S h etlan d Islands in Sco tlan d .



Love,



A : W h e n do th e y ce le b rate it?



Helen



B: T h e last Tuesday in January.

A : W h a t happens th e n ?



G ra m m a r in Use



B: People dress up



Exercise 1 (p. 24)



in V ikin g



co stu m e s,



drag a



lo ng b o at th ro u g h th e stree ts and th en burn it.



irre g ula r verbs: be, buy, co m e, e a t, fly, get, go, have,

keep, leave, lose, m ee t, p u t, ride, see, ta k e , tell



3



A : H o w do people ce le b rate N ew Ye a r in C o lo m b ia?

B: A t m id nig h t on N ew Year's Eve th e y burn a doll

w ith fire w o rk s and o b jects inside it.



Exercise 2 (p. 24)

2



He has m issed th e bus.



3



T h e y have scored a goal.



4



T h e y have b o u g h t a house.



5



She has finished her stu dies.



6



T h e y have go t lost.



4



A : H o w do people celeb rate N ew Ye a r in som e

villag es in S co tlan d ?

B: T h e y set barrels o f ta r on fire and roll them

th ro u g h th e stree ts.



U n it 4 b

Exercise 4 (p. 24)

1



The person has visited a place and has co m e b ack.



(have been)

2



T h e person has visited a place and is still th e re .



(have gone)

R e ad er's C o rn e r



Exercise 3b (p. 29)

70% :



A n ta rc tic a has 7 0 % o f all th e fresh w a te r in th e



w h o le w o rld .



98% : Ice covers 9 8 % o f A n ta rc tic a .

1983/-89°C: A te m p e ra tu re o f -8 9 °C



w a s recorded in



A n ta rc tic a in 1 9 8 3 . The lo w e st ever recorded.



The article is ab o u t festivals th a t have so m e th in g to do



5: 5 cm o f rain falls in th e Sah ara D esert and A n ta rc tica .

90% : A n ta rc tic a has 90% o f all th e ice in th e w o rld .

2 m illion: The last tim e it rained in T h e Dry Valleys w a s



w ith fire.



tw o m illion years ago.



Exercise 1a (p. 26)



Exercise 1b (p. 26)

B ritain , Sh etland Islands, Sco tlan d , C o lo m b ia, villag es in

Scotland



99



Suggested Answers Section



U n it 4c



U n it 4 d



Exercise 1 (p. 30)



Exercise 1 (p. 31)



hooves: g o at, deer, sh eep , cam el

paws: w o lf

antlers: deer

feathers: o w l, d u ck, eagle, p eaco ck

shell: to rto ise

w ings: o w l, d u ck, eagle, p eaco ck

beak: o w l, d u ck, eagle, peaco ck



It could be a place so m e w h e re in th e north b ecause it's



Exercise 3a (p. 30)

Across

3



The g o at is w h ite and it has go t horns and hooves.



5



The lizard is green and it has go t a long tail and



very cold. I d o n 't th in k it's easy fo r people to travel

aro u n d . M aybe bears and w o lve s live th ere .



Exercise



2



(p. 31)



situated: located

state: one o f th e se ctio n s th a t th e U SA is divided into

glaciers: large m asses o f ice

population: th e n um ber o f people th a t live in a place

residents: th e in h ab ita n ts o f a place

reach: arrive at

record-breaking: beating a previous result



th re e to e s on each fo o t.

6



The deer is b row n and it has got an tle rs and



Exercise 4 (p. 31)



hooves.



p a ra 2: A lask a is a b eau tiful sta te full o f rich co untryside



7



The o w ls are w h ite and th e y have go t fe ath e rs,



and w ild life .



w in g s and beaks.



A ltern a tive topic sentence: The co un trysid e and w ild life



The sheep is w h ite and it has go t w o o l and hooves.



in A lask a is rich and b e au tifu l.



8



10 The goose is brow n and w h ite . It has g o t fe ath e rs,

w in g s and a beak.

12 The e le p h an t is grey and very big. It has go t a tru n k .



Down

1



The tu rtle is brow n and it has go t a shell.



2



The w o lf is black, b row n and w h ite . It has g o t fur,

p aw s and a long tail.



3



The goldfish is o rang e. It has go t scales and fins.



4



The p eaco ck is m any co lo u rs. It has g o t fe ath e rs,

w in g s, a long tail and a beak.



9



The eagle is black and w h ite . It has g o t fe ath e rs,



p a ra 3 : The p o p ulation o f A lask a is alm o st 6 5 0 ,0 0 0 .

A ltern a tive topic sentence: T here are ab o u t 6 5 0 ,0 0 0

people living in A lask a.



E x e rc is e 5a (p . 31)

K e y w o r d s : A children's G eo g rap h y m ag a zin e , articles,

interestin g geo graph ical lo catio n s, include in fo rm atio n ,

geo g rap h ical fe a tu re s, w ild life and people.

I am going to w rite a b o u t an interestin g geographical

lo ca tio n .



The



readers



of



a



children 's



G eo g rap h y



m ag azin e are going to read it.



w in g s and a beak.

10 The cam el is b ro w n . It has go t a big h um p , long

neck and hooves.



E x e rc is e 5b (p . 3 1 )

para 1 - lo catio n , size

para 2 - geograph cal fe atu re s, anim al and p lan t life



Exercise 3b (p. 30)

A : Tom is 8 0 years old, lives alone and d o e sn 't go o ut



para 3 - p o p u latio n , w e a th e r, life in th e Sahara

para 4 - conclusion



m uch , so I d o n 't th in k a dog is th e best pet fo r him .

B: Yes, I agree. W h a t ab o u t a ca t? T h e y are q u iet and

you d o n 't need to ta ke th em o u t fo r a w a lk .



E x e rc is e 5c (p . 3 1 )

para 2



B: I ab so lu tely ag ree. T h e y can play and run around

to g e th e r in th e garden.

A : Hayley loves anim als and already has a dog. She w o rks

part-tim e, so I th in k a parrot is th e.b e st pet for her.

B: I ag ree. I th in k th a t th e dog and th e parrot can

becom e very good friends.



100



Sah ara



is



a



desert



w ith



beau tiful



geo graphical fe atu res, a rich w ild life and



A : Sim on is 7 years old and lives in a big house w ith a

garden. I th in k th a t a dog is th e best pet fo r him .



The



so m e p lan t life,

para 3



T h e po pulation o f th e Sah ara D esert is 2 .5

m illion.



Suggested Answers Section



Exercise 2 (p. 34)



Exercise 6 (p. 31)

Boiling h o t days, freezin g cold nig hts

The Sah ara D esert is situ a te d in North A fric a and it

covers nine m illion square kilo m etres. It is th e largest

desert in th e w o rld . In fa c t, it is th e sam e size as th e



Description - w h a t th e p latypus looks like

H a b ita t-w h e re it lives

Reproduction - h o w p latypuses reproduce

Characteristics - w h a t it is like

D / e f- w h a t it eats



U SA.



Senses - w h ic h senses are developed

The Sah ara



is a desert w ith



b eautiful geographical



fe atu res, rich w ild life and som e p lant life. T here are

rocks, som e underground rivers, sand dunes, flat areas

o f sand and high m o un tain s. The rich w ild life o f the

Sahara includes foxes, hedg eho gs, ostriches, o w ls, frogs,

crocodiles, lizards and cobras. There are also ab o u t

1 ,2 0 0 species o f plants th a t can live in th e h ot and dry

co nditio ns o f th e d esert such as grasses and cacti.



Exercise 4 (p. 34)

shut: closed

underwater: u nder th e su rfa ce o f th e w a te r

cheeks: th e sides o f th e face b e lo w th e eyes

poison: a su b stan ce th a t can m ake people and



anim als



ill or kill th em



The population o f th e Sahara D esert is 2 .5 m illion. The



waterproof: not allo w in g w a te r to go th ro u g h

species: a group o f an im als or plants w ith



living co nditio ns th ere are quite difficult. People live



ch a ra cte ristics



th e sam e



around oases - th ese are places w h e re w a te r breaks

th ro u g h th e su rface - and get th e ir food from th e cam el

caravan s w h ich



tran sp o rt it across th e



Module 3: For dear life



desert. The



w e a th e r co nditio ns in th e Sahara are extre m e ; th e re is

very little rainfall and th e te m p eratu re can reach 5 0 °C



U n it 5a



during th e day, but in th e nig ht it can drop to 1B °C .



Exercise 4 (p. 36)

T h e h urrican e hit a t aro und 6 am in th e m o rn in g . The



G ra m m a r in Use



sound o f th e ho w lin g w in d w a s te rrifyin g . I looked o ut



Exercise 4 (p. 33)



th e w in d o w and sa w th e trees in th e garden sw ayin g



T h e lion is m ore dangerou s th an th e cam el.



w ildly. T h e ro o f o f o ur neighb o ur's house w a s destroyed



T he cam el is sm aller th an th e g iraffe.



and



T he cam el is bigger th an th e tiger.



p arents sho u ted a t me to g et o u t o f m y room and after



T he lion is as d ang ero u s as th e tiger.



cars w e re



being



b lo w n



along



th e



stre e t.



My



I le ft, a big tre e fell o nto th e roof. I ran d o w n sta irs and

w e g o t o u t o f th e house ju s t in tim e . People w ere

afra id and w e re leaving th e ir houses as fa s t as th ey



Exercise 5 (p. 33)



co u ld . A lo t o f peop le w e re running d o w n th e street



1



th e biggest



5



th e deepest



2



is b etter



6



larger th an



3



is longer



7



is sm aller th an



It had been raining h eavily fo r tw o days and th e local



4



m uch h ig her th an



8



as w arm as



river w a s a t a d ang ero u s level. T h e police w arn e d



scream in g an d som e had been badly injured.



everyo ne th a t th ere could be a flood and told us to be



Exercise 6b (p. 33)



ready to leave th e house if necessary. T h a t n ig h t, th ere



The bald eagle lives near rivers and large lakes. It has



w a s a te rrib le sto rm and m uch m ore rain fell. In th e



7 ,0 0 0 fe ath e rs and eats m o stly fish. The fe m ale is



m iddle o f th e n ig h t, w e heard th e sound o f rushing



bigger th an th e m ale and sits on th e eggs fo r one to



w a te r and w h e n w e w e n t d o w n sta irs w e could see



one and a h a lf m o n th s. T h e n est w e ig h s ab o u t 1 to n .



dirty, m ud d y w a te r flo w in g into th e house. W e grabbed



T h e bald eagle can fly a t 50 km/h and can travel ab o u t



o u r co ats and ran o u t into th e stre e t. T h e stre e t w a s



7 7 0 km in a single day.



like a river. A ll th e h ouses on o ur stre e t w e re flooded



R eader's C o rn e r



w a y to hig her gro und. T h e y w e re all sho cked and upset



and all th e o th er residents w e re trying to m ake th eir



Exercise 1 (p. 34)

... brow n fur, a sh o rt, flat ta il, a bill, w eb b e d fe e t, sh o rt



and



w o rrie d



about



th e ir



houses



and



belongings.



Eventually, w e go t to th e to p o f th e hill behind our

h ouse and stayed th e re until th e rain sto p ped.



legs and a fla t body.



101



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