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B. SYDNEY, HERE WE COME

B. SYDNEY, HERE WE COME

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Past Simple

* Positive.

E.g. - She lived in Hanoi last year.

- He started working when he was eight.



Form ?



S + V-ed …



- She (watch) TV yesterday evening.

 She watched TV yesterday evening.



- Two years ago he (work) in Hanoi.

 Two years ago he worked in Hanoi.



- Yesterday morning I (visit) my girlfriend.

 Yesterday morning I visited my girlfriend.



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!Rules for V(ed)



work



worked start



- The normal rule is to add -ed



started

live



lived



love



loved



study



studied



carry



carried



stop



stopped



plan



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planned



- If the verbs end in - e, add -d



- If the verbs end in a consonant + y, change - y

to i + ed



- If the verb has only one syllable and one vowel

and one consonant, double the consonant.



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! The pronunciations of –ed : /t/ , /d/ , /id/



watched



washed



worked



 /t/ after unvoiced vowels -ch, -sh, -ss, -p, -f, -k

wanted



/id/ after t,

moved



hated



decided



d in phonetic spelling

lived



loved



 /d/ with other verbs

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* Negative.

- I didn’t learn until I was 86



E.g.



- She didn’t live in Hanoi last year.

- I didn’t learn English yesterday.



Form ?



S + didn’t + V…



- She (not watch) TV yesterday evening.

 She didn’t watch TV yesterday evening.



- Two years ago he (not work) in Hanoi.

 Two years ago he didn’t work in Hanoi.



- Yesterday morning I (not visit) my girlfriend.

 Yesterday morning I didn’t visit my girlfriend.

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* Yes/No questions

E.g. - Did she live in Hanoi last year?

 Yes, she did./ No, she didn’t.

- Did you learn English yesterday?

 Yes, I did./ No, I didn’t.



Form ?



Did + S + V …?



 Yes, S did.

 No, S didn’t.



- She/watch/TV/yesterday evening?

 Did she watch TV yesterday evening?



- Two years ago/he/work/ in Hanoi?

 Did he work in Hanoi two year ago?



- Yesterday morning/you/visit/your girlfriend?

 Did you visit your girlfriend yesterday morning?

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* W/H questions



-When did I learn to read and write?



E.g.



 I didn’t learn until I was 86

- Where did she live last year?

She lived in Hanoi.

- What did you learn yesterday?

I learned English.



Form ?



W/H did + S + V …?

 S + V-ed



- What did she do yesterday evening?

 She watched TV yesterday evening.



- Where did he work two years ago?

 Two years ago he worked in Hanoi.



- Who did you visit yesterday morning?

 Yesterday morning I visited my girlfriend.

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* Uses

Thì quá khứ đơn được dùng để diễn đạt hành động xảy ra tại một thời điểm cụ thể trong quá khứ

nhưng nay đã chấm dứt.



Note: Thì quá khứ đơn thường được dùng với các trạng từ hoặc cụm trạng từ chỉ thời gian quá khứ

như: yesterday, last + Ntime,…ago.



night

Last



week

month

year



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Yesterday



morning



Two days



afternoon



Two years



evening



Two hours



32



ago



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B. SYDNEY, HERE WE COME



Do you think they were in Sydney?



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B. SYDNEY, HERE WE COME

5

8



6



3



7



4



2



9



1



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B. SYDNEY, HERE WE COME

5

8



6



3



7



4



1.

2.

3.

4.

5.



2



9



They decided to go to AUS

They searched for cheap tickets

They arrived at Heathrow airport



1



They checked in

They landed at a big airport



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B. SYDNEY, HERE WE COME



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