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2 Inhabitants’ Adaptation with the Transformed Pattern Replicating the Root
8 Rethinking Sustainable Public Housing Design …
cultural preferences in space formation. The re-adaptation, new planning and
layout concepts have ensured housing satisfaction of users, thus improving
occupancy ratio, design arrangement and operational effectiveness of spaces
enhanced through transformation process. Therefore, attributes of spatial conﬁguration rooted in culture are afﬁrmed to sustain public housing design and delivery
Indigenous Participation in Sustainable Public
Global strategy on sustainable development for shelter campaigns for the consideration of users’ cultural agitations. Reliance on the previous experiences to project
how consumers participate in deﬁning their housing needs becomes inevitable. It
provides useful design information which extends housing formation beyond
occupation to the period of use and operation, and also offers inhabitants, the
opportunity to participate in housing production. However, the lack of ingredient is
the formalisation of indigenous core cultural space uses. Such that at initial stages,
future design projections and culture-influenced spaces could be standardise in
order to phase development of housing which optimises the built environmental
quality and ensures sustainability.
Rethinking Public Housing Design Concept
Considerably, this research demonstrated the need to rethink the concept of public
housing. Deviating from the concept of a one-time ﬁnished structure to a package
that spans through inhabitants’ habitation cycle allows for subsequent inevitable
transformation. The impact of transformation has overshadowed the violations
emphasised by regulators. Therefore, rather than ignoring the potentials therein,
regulations to standardise patterns that support design elements for culture reflective
public housing design are essential. By this, developers can easily adopt the
paradigm, and further research and practice by architects would be assured. Public
housing provision has advanced beyond homogenous provisions to heterogeneous
forms that reflect innovative social concepts of inhabitants’ liveability. In these
intuitions lies the desired public housing conception that results from an empirical
research raising issues that are outlined below for consideration.
• Transformation practices are yet to gain full understanding and inclusion in the
provisions of building regulations.
• Family sociocultural values connected with the root are reflected in transformed
houses, they blend with urban ideals, and the impact of technology gives rise to
hybrid urban architecture.
8.4 Rethinking Public Housing Design Concept
• Multifunctional ability of spaces in preference to customisation of space use is
fast growing and necessary for spatial flexibility in present and future space
• Compatibility of occupancy rate and overall space needs remains critical;
therefore, unstable household size should correspond with the housing structure
at all times.
Ideals for Policy and Design Implications
Ultimately, the outcome presents creative stanzas that relay design and policy
inferences in attainment of sustainable design in culture sensitive communities.
They evolved from basic parameters of space, culture and housing transformation.
1. First, policies are needed for public housing design and delivery process that
reconceptualises from completed identical products to a system that develops in
stages and periods effectively adjusting to inhabitants’ design needs.
2. Second, architects and developers need to understand that sustainable public
housing design relates inhabitants’ expectation in hybrid habitation dynamics
and that flexibility of household activities projects the functionality of space in
3. Third, the research outcome espoused the need for the provision of regulations
to standardise core-formalised unspoken rules established in the transformed
layout patterns that support design indices for culture reflective public housing
4. Lastly, effective and continuous research development would enrich
evidence-based design ideals that will guide the optimisation of public housing
Irrefutably, government and private developers’ enormous investment in public
housing is of excessive concern especially with the corresponding rise in demand
for cultured housing. Invariably, the design of this book focuses on accomplishing
the task to develop culture-inclusive design index by ﬁnding core culture attributes
at the countryside. Thereafter, it establishes the effect on urban public housing. As a
result, spatial patterns are generated and synthesised with cultural determinants to
achieve culture-responsive design index. The design index implicitly coded,
resulted from a procedure which was rigorously subjected to structured scientiﬁc
system of inquiry that produced ﬁndings which converged as domain statements.
8 Rethinking Sustainable Public Housing Design …
Accordingly, the research outcome gave rise to the afﬁrmation that actualisation
of culture-responsive design should be derived from transformation beneﬁts that
express the engagement with users’ experience. Users’ initiated transformation
offers diversities of architectural and cultural orders that in turn provide potentials
towards upgrading the quality of public housing design. Public housing design thus
should stem from core unit and grow in phases reifying dynamic household needs
and desires. The limitation of root practices by technology reshapes the cultural
orders to practicable standards that yearn for professional perfection. This outcome
presents a culture-responsive design concept embedded in indigenous urban
architecture with potentials for a paradigm in policy and practice. Hereafter,
housing transformation quality could be optimised through incorporating the best
practices of the new paradigm. In addition, young architects are provided with
platform to learn the changing trend in clients’ requirements in their immediate
communities. Signiﬁcantly, this would reduce chaotic neighbourhoods, improve
urban architecture, increase public housing sustainability and enrich the skills of
architects. Above all, users’ preferences are expressed in their participation in the
process; thus, optimisation of this potential portrays the understanding of the client
and the user which architecture professes. Indeed, comfortable designs minimise
health vulnerabilities as witnessed in spontaneous developments, thereby decreasing substandard housing.
Effectually, experts and investors have to realise these existing possibilities in
transformation and allow design schemes conform to essential beneﬁts of cultural
order. Similarly, the shaping of urban spaces by cultural order due to the unbroken
link of urban residents with their root should be acknowledged.
Finally, despite the increasing effect of Western architecture in traditional cities
and the resultant resistivity echoed in morphological products as observed in
transformed layouts, the concept of indigenous urban architectural character is
perceived as a fresh area of study.
Culture inclusion Operationally, the concept of culture regulation in the context of
this book implies regulating cultural expression in building layout by deﬁning
the threshold of what is applicable from the root that can be assimilated in urban
public housing. It provides standardised ideas and systems to peoples’ way of
living. The process satisﬁes the spatial demands of diverse urban dwellers that
agree to their lifestyle with maximum consideration of their norms.
Evidence-based design Design solutions informed by information and ideals
deduced from empirical research outcome.
Integration strategies It involves inculcation of ideas, products and technologies
from one group into another, thereby accepting certain norms, practices and
products of other groups. Contextually, it means establishing mutual social
cohesion among a multicultural groups’ spatial provision with maximum satisfaction of users.
Public housing Mass residential units initiated by government in providing
accommodation for the low- and medium-income categories of the urban population. This was ongoing and managed by authorities until most of them were
sold to occupants on owner occupier sales scheme.
Spatial conﬁguration Networking complex activity spaces to successfully relate
them with the social activities in providing indigenous social meaning to space
Transformation It is also understood as change, consisting of post-occupational
physical and spatial changes made to public housings that alters the original
design concept and in some cases extending with additional floor area.
Root The term root is used to refer to the traditional dwelling set-up basically
found in the country sides or rural areas of the region.
© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
A.D. Isah, Urban Public Housing in Northern Nigeria,
The Urban Book Series, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-40192-8