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2 Inhabitants’ Adaptation with the Transformed Pattern Replicating the Root

2 Inhabitants’ Adaptation with the Transformed Pattern Replicating the Root

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8 Rethinking Sustainable Public Housing Design …

cultural preferences in space formation. The re-adaptation, new planning and

layout concepts have ensured housing satisfaction of users, thus improving

occupancy ratio, design arrangement and operational effectiveness of spaces

enhanced through transformation process. Therefore, attributes of spatial configuration rooted in culture are affirmed to sustain public housing design and delivery



Indigenous Participation in Sustainable Public

Housing Planning

Global strategy on sustainable development for shelter campaigns for the consideration of users’ cultural agitations. Reliance on the previous experiences to project

how consumers participate in defining their housing needs becomes inevitable. It

provides useful design information which extends housing formation beyond

occupation to the period of use and operation, and also offers inhabitants, the

opportunity to participate in housing production. However, the lack of ingredient is

the formalisation of indigenous core cultural space uses. Such that at initial stages,

future design projections and culture-influenced spaces could be standardise in

order to phase development of housing which optimises the built environmental

quality and ensures sustainability.


Rethinking Public Housing Design Concept

Considerably, this research demonstrated the need to rethink the concept of public

housing. Deviating from the concept of a one-time finished structure to a package

that spans through inhabitants’ habitation cycle allows for subsequent inevitable

transformation. The impact of transformation has overshadowed the violations

emphasised by regulators. Therefore, rather than ignoring the potentials therein,

regulations to standardise patterns that support design elements for culture reflective

public housing design are essential. By this, developers can easily adopt the

paradigm, and further research and practice by architects would be assured. Public

housing provision has advanced beyond homogenous provisions to heterogeneous

forms that reflect innovative social concepts of inhabitants’ liveability. In these

intuitions lies the desired public housing conception that results from an empirical

research raising issues that are outlined below for consideration.

• Transformation practices are yet to gain full understanding and inclusion in the

provisions of building regulations.

• Family sociocultural values connected with the root are reflected in transformed

houses, they blend with urban ideals, and the impact of technology gives rise to

hybrid urban architecture.

8.4 Rethinking Public Housing Design Concept


• Multifunctional ability of spaces in preference to customisation of space use is

fast growing and necessary for spatial flexibility in present and future space


• Compatibility of occupancy rate and overall space needs remains critical;

therefore, unstable household size should correspond with the housing structure

at all times.


Ideals for Policy and Design Implications

Ultimately, the outcome presents creative stanzas that relay design and policy

inferences in attainment of sustainable design in culture sensitive communities.

They evolved from basic parameters of space, culture and housing transformation.

1. First, policies are needed for public housing design and delivery process that

reconceptualises from completed identical products to a system that develops in

stages and periods effectively adjusting to inhabitants’ design needs.

2. Second, architects and developers need to understand that sustainable public

housing design relates inhabitants’ expectation in hybrid habitation dynamics

and that flexibility of household activities projects the functionality of space in


3. Third, the research outcome espoused the need for the provision of regulations

to standardise core-formalised unspoken rules established in the transformed

layout patterns that support design indices for culture reflective public housing


4. Lastly, effective and continuous research development would enrich

evidence-based design ideals that will guide the optimisation of public housing




Irrefutably, government and private developers’ enormous investment in public

housing is of excessive concern especially with the corresponding rise in demand

for cultured housing. Invariably, the design of this book focuses on accomplishing

the task to develop culture-inclusive design index by finding core culture attributes

at the countryside. Thereafter, it establishes the effect on urban public housing. As a

result, spatial patterns are generated and synthesised with cultural determinants to

achieve culture-responsive design index. The design index implicitly coded,

resulted from a procedure which was rigorously subjected to structured scientific

system of inquiry that produced findings which converged as domain statements.


8 Rethinking Sustainable Public Housing Design …

Accordingly, the research outcome gave rise to the affirmation that actualisation

of culture-responsive design should be derived from transformation benefits that

express the engagement with users’ experience. Users’ initiated transformation

offers diversities of architectural and cultural orders that in turn provide potentials

towards upgrading the quality of public housing design. Public housing design thus

should stem from core unit and grow in phases reifying dynamic household needs

and desires. The limitation of root practices by technology reshapes the cultural

orders to practicable standards that yearn for professional perfection. This outcome

presents a culture-responsive design concept embedded in indigenous urban

architecture with potentials for a paradigm in policy and practice. Hereafter,

housing transformation quality could be optimised through incorporating the best

practices of the new paradigm. In addition, young architects are provided with

platform to learn the changing trend in clients’ requirements in their immediate

communities. Significantly, this would reduce chaotic neighbourhoods, improve

urban architecture, increase public housing sustainability and enrich the skills of

architects. Above all, users’ preferences are expressed in their participation in the

process; thus, optimisation of this potential portrays the understanding of the client

and the user which architecture professes. Indeed, comfortable designs minimise

health vulnerabilities as witnessed in spontaneous developments, thereby decreasing substandard housing.

Effectually, experts and investors have to realise these existing possibilities in

transformation and allow design schemes conform to essential benefits of cultural

order. Similarly, the shaping of urban spaces by cultural order due to the unbroken

link of urban residents with their root should be acknowledged.

Finally, despite the increasing effect of Western architecture in traditional cities

and the resultant resistivity echoed in morphological products as observed in

transformed layouts, the concept of indigenous urban architectural character is

perceived as a fresh area of study.


Culture inclusion Operationally, the concept of culture regulation in the context of

this book implies regulating cultural expression in building layout by defining

the threshold of what is applicable from the root that can be assimilated in urban

public housing. It provides standardised ideas and systems to peoples’ way of

living. The process satisfies the spatial demands of diverse urban dwellers that

agree to their lifestyle with maximum consideration of their norms.

Evidence-based design Design solutions informed by information and ideals

deduced from empirical research outcome.

Integration strategies It involves inculcation of ideas, products and technologies

from one group into another, thereby accepting certain norms, practices and

products of other groups. Contextually, it means establishing mutual social

cohesion among a multicultural groups’ spatial provision with maximum satisfaction of users.

Public housing Mass residential units initiated by government in providing

accommodation for the low- and medium-income categories of the urban population. This was ongoing and managed by authorities until most of them were

sold to occupants on owner occupier sales scheme.

Spatial configuration Networking complex activity spaces to successfully relate

them with the social activities in providing indigenous social meaning to space


Transformation It is also understood as change, consisting of post-occupational

physical and spatial changes made to public housings that alters the original

design concept and in some cases extending with additional floor area.

Root The term root is used to refer to the traditional dwelling set-up basically

found in the country sides or rural areas of the region.

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

A.D. Isah, Urban Public Housing in Northern Nigeria,

The Urban Book Series, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-40192-8


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